A report on New York City and Albany, New York

New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York"
Fort George and the City of New York c. 1731. Royal Navy ships of the line are seen guarding what would become New York Harbor.
North Pearl Street from Maiden Lane North by James Eights, circa 1805
Columbia University was founded by royal charter in 1754 under the name of King's College.
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
This 1895 map of Albany shows the gridded block system as it expanded around the former turnpikes.
Broadway follows the Native American Wickquasgeck Trail through Manhattan.
The steamer Albany departs for New York City; at the height of steam travel in 1884, more than 1.5 million passengers took the trip.
The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, New York City is shown by hatching in southern New York County on the island of Manhattan, and Richmond County on Staten Island.
The Albany Lumber District was home to the largest lumber market in the nation in 1865.
A construction worker atop the Empire State Building as it was being built in 1930. The Chrysler Building is behind him.
Broadway in Albany during the funeral ceremonies for Abraham Lincoln (1865)
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
The Albany Institute of History & Art
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement
This 1955 map shows the planned expansion of the Interstate Highway System around Albany.
United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
The Albany Pine Bush is the only sizable inland pine barrens sand dune ecosystem in the United States.
The core of the New York City metropolitan area, with Manhattan Island at its center
Housing in Ten Broeck Triangle, a subset of the Arbor Hill neighborhood
The 1929 Washington Park Lake House replaced a wooden lake house built in 1876.
Lower and Midtown Manhattan, as seen by a SkySat satellite in 2017
Lincoln Park is flanked on the north by the Empire State Plaza.
Central Park in Winter by Raymond Speers, in Munsey's Magazine, February 1900
The New York State Capitol
Flushing Meadows–Corona Park was used in both the 1939 and 1964 New York World's Fair, with the Unisphere as the centerpiece of the latter and which remains today.
Aerial view of Albany looking northeast
The Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
System Administration Building of the State University of New York
View of The Pond and Midtown Manhattan from the Gapstow Bridge in Central Park, one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, in 2019
This 1789 etching shows the Dutch influence on the architecture of early Albany.
California sea lions play at the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
Price Chopper sponsors the annual Fourth of July fireworks show at the Empire State Plaza (2009 show pictured).
A map of racial distribution in New York, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
An artist paints tulips during the Tulip Fest at Washington Park.
The landmark Neo-Gothic Roman Catholic St. Patrick's Cathedral, Midtown Manhattan
Ten Broeck Mansion is home to the Albany County Historical Association.
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents in Brooklyn. Brooklyn has the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals.
Southwest corner of the Cultural Education Center on Empire State Plaza housing the State Museum, Library, and Archives.
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York in Upper Manhattan was the first mosque built in New York City.
Albany High School is the central high school of the City School District of Albany.
Ganesh Temple in Flushing, Queens, is the oldest Hindu temple in the Western Hemisphere.
State Quad is one of the four iconic dormitory towers at SUNY Albany's Uptown Campus.
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.
One Commerce Plaza
The Deutsche Bank Center as viewed from Central Park West
SUNY Polytechnic Institute's College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering embodies Albany's emerging high-tech industry.
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a media center. It also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million.
Albany City Hall, an 1883 Richardsonian Romanesque structure, is the seat of Albany's government.
The I Love New York logo, designed by Milton Glaser in 1977
The First Church in Albany (Reformed) is the oldest congregation in Upstate New York.
Rockefeller Center is home to NBC Studios.
WTEN (headquarters pictured), WXXA, and Spectrum News broadcast from within city limits.
Times Square Studios, home of Good Morning America
Albany-Rensselaer Amtrak Station
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States
Albany International Airport
The Washington Square Arch, an unofficial icon of both New York University (NYU) and its Greenwich Village neighborhood
The Port of Albany-Rensselaer adds $428 million to the Capital District's $70.1 billion gross product.
New York-Presbyterian Hospital, affiliated with Columbia University and Cornell University, the largest hospital and largest private employer in New York City and one of the world's busiest
Siena guard Ronald Moore dribbles toward the basket in a game against Loyola in January 2010.
The New York Police Department (NYPD) is the largest police force in the United States.
Police officers of New York Police Department (NYPD)
The Fire Department of New York (FDNY) is the largest municipal fire department in the United States.
The Stephen A. Schwarzman Headquarters Building of the New York Public Library, at 5th Avenue and 42nd Street
The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, part of Museum Mile, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Smorgasburg opened in 2011 as an open-air food market and is part of the Brooklyn Flea.
As of 2012, the city had about 6,000 hybrid taxis (shown) in service, the largest number of any city in North America.
New York City Hall is the oldest City Hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions.
The New York County Courthouse houses the New York Supreme Court and other offices.
Eric Adams, the current and 110th Mayor of New York City
New York City is home to the two busiest train stations in the U.S., including Grand Central Terminal.
The New York City Subway is the world's largest rapid transit system by number of stations.
The Port Authority Bus Terminal, the world's busiest bus station, at 8th Avenue and 42nd Street
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Staten Island Ferry shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island.
Yellow medallion taxicabs are widely recognized icons of the city.
8th Avenue, looking northward ("uptown"). Most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration.
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Upper Manhattan (background) from Fort Lee, New Jersey across the Hudson River, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.
The growing skyline of Long Island City, Queens (background),<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/nyc-s-fastest-growing-neighborhood-gets-180-million-investment|title=NYC's Fastest-Growing Neighborhood Gets $180 Million Investment|first=Henry|last=Goldman|date=October 30, 2018|publisher=Bloomberg L.P|access-date=October 30, 2018}}</ref> facing the East River and Manhattan in May 2017
The Grand Concourse in the Bronx, foreground, with Manhattan in the background in February 2018
St. George, Staten Island as seen from the Staten Island Ferry, the world's busiest passenger-only ferry system, shuttling passengers between Manhattan and Staten Island
The Asia gate entrance to the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Spanish Harlem Orchestra. New York City is home to nearly 3 million Latino Americans, the largest Hispanic population of any city outside Latin America and Spain.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan including Wall Street, the world's principal financial center

Albany is on the west bank of the Hudson River, about 10 mi south of its confluence with the Mohawk River, and about 135 mi north of New York City.

- Albany, New York

Hudson sailed roughly 150 miles north, past the site of the present-day New York State capital city of Albany, in the belief that it might be an oceanic tributary before the river became too shallow to continue.

- New York City

11 related topics with Alpha

Overall

New York (state)

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State in the Northeastern United States.

State in the Northeastern United States.

New York was dominated by Iroquoian (purple) and Algonquian (pink) tribes.
New Amsterdam, present-day Lower Manhattan, 1660
New York and neighboring provinces, by Claude Joseph Sauthier, 1777
British general John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga in 1777
1800 map of New York from Low's Encyclopaedia
The Erie Canal at Lockport, New York, in 1839
Flight 175 hitting the South Tower on September11, 2001
Flooding on AvenueC in Lower Manhattan caused by Hurricane Sandy
New York is bordered by six U.S. states, two Great Lakes, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
Enveloped by the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound, New York City and Long Island alone are home to about eleven million residents conjointly.
Lake-effect snow is a major contributor to heavy snowfall totals in western New York, including the Tug Hill region.
Two major state parks (in green) are the Adirondack Park (north) and the Catskill Park (south).
The Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals.
The African Burial Ground National Monument in Lower Manhattan
Map of the counties in New York
New York population distribution map. New York's population is primarily concentrated in the Greater New York area, including New York City and Long Island.
The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Lower Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, the cradle of the modern LGBT rights movement
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The main laboratory building of the IBM Watson Research Center is located in Yorktown Heights, New York.
Times Square in Midtown Manhattan, hub of the Broadway theater district, a media center, and one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections
"I Love New York"
CMA CGM Theodore Roosevelt, the largest container ship to enter the Port of New York and New Jersey as of September7, 2017
Harris Hall of the City College of New York, a public college of the City University of New York
Butler Library at Columbia University
University of Rochester
South campus of the University at Buffalo, the flagship of the State University of New York
The New York City Subway is one of the world's busiest, serving more than five million passengers per average weekday.
Grand Central Terminal in New York City
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The New York State Capitol in Albany
New York State Court of Appeals
Kirsten Gillibrand and Chuck Schumer, New York's U.S. Senators
Kathy Hochul (D), the 57th Governor of New York
Yankee Stadium in The Bronx
Koppen climate of New York

It is often called New York State to distinguish it from its largest city, New York City.

The next five most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Yonkers, Rochester, Syracuse, and the state capital of Albany.

Hudson Valley

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The Hudson Valley (also known as the Hudson River Valley) comprises the valley of the Hudson River and its adjacent communities in the U.S. state of New York.

The Hudson Valley (also known as the Hudson River Valley) comprises the valley of the Hudson River and its adjacent communities in the U.S. state of New York.

Map of Washington's retreat through New York and New Jersey
Robert Havell, Jr., View of the Hudson River from Tarrytown, c. 1866
The Stone Barns Center for Food & Agriculture is a leading nonprofit farm and educational center in the region.
The main laboratory building of the IBM Watson Research Center is located in Yorktown Heights.
Upper Hudson (light yellow),
Mid-Hudson (green),
Lower Hudson (blue)
The Mid-Hudson Bridge, connecting Poughkeepsie and Highland
The Yonkers station serves Amtrak intercity trains and Metro-North commuter trains.

The region stretches from the Capital District including Albany and Troy south to Yonkers in Westchester County, bordering New York City.

Hudson River

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315 mi river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York in the United States.

315 mi river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York in the United States.

The Hudson River Watershed, including the Hudson and Mohawk rivers
The mouth of the Hudson (yellow), located between Jersey City and New York City
The Hudson River flowing out of Henderson Lake in Tahawus
The river from Poughkeepsie, looking north.
The river between Hudson Waterfront in New Jersey (left) and Manhattan (right)
The bulk carrier Nord Angel breaking ice on the Hudson
Robert Havell, Jr., View of the Hudson River from Tarrytown, c. 1866
The Erie Canal in Amsterdam, New York
The George Washington Bridge links Upper Manhattan and Fort Lee, New Jersey
The Hudson Valley Hot-Air Balloon Festival, 2009
US Airways Flight 1549 after landing on the waters of the Hudson River in January 2009
North River by George Bellows, 1908, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
The Norrie Point Environmental Center in Staatsburg, headquarters of the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve
Debris floating on the river near the World Trade Center, 1973
A juvenile house sparrow by the Hudson River

It originates in the Adirondack Mountains of Upstate New York and flows southward through the Hudson Valley to the Upper New York Bay between New York City and Jersey City, eventually draining into the Atlantic Ocean at New York Harbor.

The river enters the Hudson Valley, flowing along the west bank of Albany and the east bank of Rensselaer.

New Netherland

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17th-century colonial province of the Dutch Republic that was located on what is now the East Coast of the United States.

17th-century colonial province of the Dutch Republic that was located on what is now the East Coast of the United States.

New Netherland map published by Nicolaes Visscher II (1649–1702)
Map based on Adriaen Block's 1614 expedition to New Netherland, featuring the first use of the name. It was created by Dutch cartographers in the (ca. 1590s–1720s) and Netherlandish cartography (ca. 1570s–1670s).
New Netherland map published by Nicolaes Visscher II (1649–1702)
Map of New Netherland and New England, with north to the right
The West India House in Amsterdam, headquarters of the Dutch West India Company from 1623 to 1647
The storehouse of the Dutch West India Company in Amsterdam, built in 1642, became the headquarters of the board in 1647 because of financial difficulties after the loss of Dutch Brazil.
Map showing the area claimed by the Dutch in North-America and several Dutch settlements, against modern state boundaries
Map (c. 1639), Manhattan situated on the North River (North arrow pointing to the right)
St. Mark's Church in-the-Bowery, site of Stuyvesant's grave
Nicolaes Visscher I (1618–1679), Novi Belgii Novæque Angliæ, reprint of 1685 which is not a completely correct representation of the situation at the time. The border with New England had been adjusted to 50 mi west of the Fresh River, while the Lange Eylandt towns west of Oyster Bay were under Dutch jurisdiction.
Image of " " made in 1664, the year that it was surrendered to English forces under Richard Nicolls
The original settlement has grown into the largest metropolis in the United States, seen here in 2006
The Prinsenvlag or "Prince's Flag", featuring the blue, white, and orange of some flags in the region
The Noort Rivier was one of the three main rivers in New Netherland.

Soon after, traders built Fort Nassau on Castle Island in the area of Albany up Hudson's river.

It was during the early British colonial period that the New Netherlanders actually developed the land and society that had an enduring impact on the Capital District, the Hudson Valley, North Jersey, western Long Island, New York City, Fairfield County, and ultimately the United States.

Erie Canal

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Historic canal in upstate New York that runs east-west between the Hudson River and Lake Erie.

Historic canal in upstate New York that runs east-west between the Hudson River and Lake Erie.

Erie Canal map c. 1840
Aqueduct over the Mohawk River at Rexford, one of 32 navigable aqueducts on the Erie Canal
The Mohawk Valley, running east and west, cuts a natural pathway (water gap) between the Catskill Mountains to the south and the Adirondack Mountains to the north.
Profile of the original canal
Operations at Lockport, New York, in 1839
Stonework of lock abandoned because of route change, at Durhamville, New York
An original five-step lock structure crossing the Niagara Escarpment at Lockport, now without gates and used as a cascade for excess water
Erie Canal lock in Lockport, New York
1853 map of New York canals emboldened, center: the Erie Canal; other lines: railroads, rivers and county borders
Lithograph of the Erie Canal at Lockport, New York c. 1855. Published for Herrman J. Meyer, 164 William Street, New York City.
Aqueduct over Nine Mile Creek north of Camillus, New York, built in 1841 and abandoned c. 1918; one of 32 navigable aqueducts on the Erie Canal, it has since been restored.
Upstream view of the downstream lock at Lock 32, Pittsford, New York
Map of the "Water Level Routes" of the New York Central Railroad (purple), West Shore Railroad (red) and Erie Canal (blue)
Rochester, New York, aqueduct c. 1890
Two "low" lift bridges in Lockport, New York, July 2010
The modern Erie Canal has 34 locks, which are painted with the blue and gold colors of the New York State Canal System.
Gateway Harbor in North Tonawanda, about 1000 ft from the present-day western terminus of the Erie Canal where it connects to the Niagara River
The Old Erie Canal and its towpath at Kirkville, New York, within Old Erie Canal State Historic Park
Buffalo's Erie Canal Commercial Slip in Spring 2008
Erie Canal Lock 18, Cohoes, New York
Old Erie Canal State Historic Park, DeWitt, New York
The modern single lock at the Niagara Escarpment

The westward connection gave New York City a strong advantage over all other U.S. ports and brought major growth to canal cities such as Albany, Utica, Syracuse, Rochester, and Buffalo.

Separate municipal buildings for the town and village of Monroe in Orange County

Administrative divisions of New York (state)

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The administrative divisions of New York are the various units of government that provide local services in the State of New York.

The administrative divisions of New York are the various units of government that provide local services in the State of New York.

Separate municipal buildings for the town and village of Monroe in Orange County
Albany City Hall, the seat of local government in New York's capital city
The wards of New York City as established in 1683
Map showing municipalities in New York, as well as cities not included within a town. New York City is shown as divided into boroughs.
Sign for the Hamlet of Sand Lake within the Town of Sand Lake, New York
The village of Pomona (red) in Rockland County is partly within two different towns.

Except for its 10 Indian Reservations and the City of New York, every piece of land in the State is part of a city or town, which, with the exception of the city of Geneva, is part of one and only one county.

In 1686, the English colonial governor granted the cities of New York and Albany city charters, which were recognized by the first State Constitution in 1777.

Westchester County, New York

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Located in the U.S. state of New York.

Located in the U.S. state of New York.

Harbors, islands and shoreline of New Rochelle
Philipsburg Manor House in Sleepy Hollow
The New Croton Reservoir is the largest of many in the county.
Municipalities in Westchester County, New York
Philipse Manor Hall in Yonkers
Tarrytown Music Hall on Main Street
The Tappan Zee Bridge connecting Tarrytown to South Nyack
Westchester County Airport near White Plains
The Old Dutch Church in Sleepy Hollow

It is the seventh most populous county in New York State and the most populous north of New York City.

The term originated in 1998 to promote the Greater Albany metropolitan area as a competitor to regions such as Silicon Valley and Boston.

Portrait by Sir Peter Lely

James II of England

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King of England and Ireland as James II, and King of Scotland as James VII from the death of his elder brother, Charles II, on 6 February 1685.

King of England and Ireland as James II, and King of Scotland as James VII from the death of his elder brother, Charles II, on 6 February 1685.

Portrait by Sir Peter Lely
James with his father, Charles I, by Sir Peter Lely, 1647
Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Viscount of Turenne, James's commander in France
James and Anne Hyde in the 1660s, by Sir Peter Lely
James in the 1660s by John Riley
Wedding suit of James II, 1673, in the Victoria and Albert Museum
The Duke of Monmouth was involved in plots against James.
Coronation procession of King James II and Queen Mary, 1685
James portrayed c. 1685 in his role as head of the army, wearing a general officer's state coat
Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester, once a supporter of James, turned against him by 1688.
1686 statue of James II by Peter Van Dievoet in Trafalgar Square, London
James's nephew and son-in-law, William of Orange, was invited to "save the Protestant religion".
Louis XIV greeting the exiled James II in 1689 ("La Reception faite au Roy d'Angleterre par le Roy à St. Germain en Laye le VIIe janvier 1689", engraving by Nicolas Langlois, 1690)
Battle of the Boyne between James II and William III, 11 July 1690, Jan van Huchtenburg
The Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, James's home during his final exile
Tomb of James II in the parish church of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, commissioned in 1828 by George IV when the church was rebuilt.
James's son was known as "James III and VIII" to his supporters, and "The Old Pretender" to his enemies.
Macaulay wrote in the Whig tradition.
Belloc was a notable apologist for James II.
Half crown coin of James II, 1686

Following its capture by the British, the former Dutch territory of New Netherland and its principal port, New Amsterdam, were named the Province and City of New York in James's honour.

Fort Orange, 150 mi north on the Hudson River, was renamed Albany after James's Scottish title.

Notable Irish Americans

Irish Americans

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Irish Americans or Hiberno-Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánaigh) are Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland.

Irish Americans or Hiberno-Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánaigh) are Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland.

Notable Irish Americans
Charles Carroll, the sole Catholic signer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence, was the descendant of Irish nobility in County Tipperary. Signers Matthew Thornton, George Taylor were born in Ireland and were "Ulster" Scots, while Thomas Lynch Jr., for example, was Protestant; he was of Irish ancestry and retained a strong Irish identity.
"Leacht Cuimhneacháin na nGael", Irish famine memorial located on Penn's Landing, Philadelphia
Thomas Ambrose Butler, an Irish Catholic priest, was a leading voice in urging Irish immigrants to colonize Kansas
Gravestone in Boston Catholic cemetery erected in memory of County Roscommon native born shortly before the Great Famine
Population density of people born in Ireland, 1870; these were mostly Catholics; the older Scots Irish immigration is not shown.
U.S. President Grover Cleveland twisting the tail of the British Lion as Americans cheer in the Venezuelan crisis of 1895; cartoon in Puck by J.S. Pughe
American political cartoon by Thomas Nast titled "The Usual Irish Way of Doing Things", depicting a drunken Irishman lighting a powder keg and swinging a bottle. Published 2 September 1871 in Harper's Weekly
The Orange riot of 1871 as depicted in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper. The view is at 25th Street in Manhattan looking south down Eighth Avenue.
St. Augustine's Church on fire. Anti-Irish, anti-Catholic Nativist riots in Philadelphia in 1844.
The mass hanging of Irish Catholic soldiers who joined the Mexican army
Officers and men of the Irish-Catholic 69th New York Volunteer Regiment attend church services at Fort Corcoran in 1861.
Irish Lass depiction in 1885.
Irish immigrants in Kansas City, Missouri, c. 1909
1862 song (Female versian)
1862 song that used the "No Irish Need Apply" slogan. It was copied from a similar London song.
New York Times want ad 1854—the only New York Times ad with NINA for men.
1882 illustration from Puck depicting Irish immigrants as troublemakers, as compared to those of other nationalities
St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York
Logo of the Boston Celtics basketball team
The Philadelphia Phillies started the tradition of wearing green uniforms on St. Patrick's day.
Two Irish stars: "Gentleman Jim" Corbett licks John L. Sullivan in 1892
Actor Tom Cruise descends from paternal Irish ("Cruise" and "O'Mara") lineage around County Dublin.
Irish Republican mural in South Boston, Massachusetts
The Chicago River, dyed green for the 2005 St. Patrick's Day celebration
1928 Democratic Presidential Nominee Al Smith was the first Irish Catholic nominee of a major political party.
Distribution of Irish Americans according to the 2000 Census
President John F. Kennedy in motorcade in Cork on June 27, 1963
President Ronald Reagan speaking to a large crowd in his ancestral home in Ballyporeen, Ireland, in 1984.
President Barack Obama greets local residents on Main Street in Moneygall, Ireland, May 23, 2011.

Many of the Famine immigrants to New York City required quarantine on Staten Island or Blackwell's Island and thousands died from typhoid fever or cholera for reasons directly or indirectly related to the Famine.

Areas that retain a significant Irish American population include the metropolitan areas of Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, Providence, Hartford, Pittsburgh, Buffalo, Albany, Syracuse, Baltimore, St. Louis, Chicago, Cleveland, San Francisco, Savannah, and Los Angeles, where most new arrivals of the 1830–1910 period settled.

The Arthur family arrived at Chicago's Polk Street Depot on August 30, 1920, during the Great Migration.

Great Migration (African American)

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The movement of six million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West between 1910 and 1970.

The movement of six million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West between 1910 and 1970.

The Arthur family arrived at Chicago's Polk Street Depot on August 30, 1920, during the Great Migration.
African-American youths play basketball in Chicago's Stateway Gardens high-rise housing project in 1973.
The Hub is the retail heart of the South Bronx, New York City.
White tenants seeking to prevent Black people from moving into the Sojourner Truth housing project in Detroit erected this sign, 1942
Graph showing the percentage of the African-American population living in the American South, 1790–2010
The Great Migration shown by changes in the African-American share of populations of major U.S. cities, 1910–40 and 1940–70
Racially motivated murders per decade from 1865 to 1965.
A map of the black percentage of the U.S. population by each state/territory in 1900.
A map of the black percentage of the U.S. population by each state/territory in 1990.
A map showing the change in the total Black population (in percent) between 1900 and 1990 by U.S. state.

The historic change brought by the migration was amplified because the migrants, for the most part, moved to the then-largest cities in the United States (New York City, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C.) at a time when those cities had a central cultural, social, political, and economic influence over the United States.

Second-tier industrial cities that were destinations for numerous Black migrants were Buffalo, Rochester, Boston, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, Kansas City, Columbus, Cincinnati, Grand Rapids and Indianapolis, and smaller industrial cities such as Chester, Gary, Dayton, Erie, Toledo, Youngstown, Peoria, Muskegon, Newark, Flint, Saginaw, New Haven, and Albany.