A report on Alberta

A topographic map of Alberta, showing cities, towns, municipal district (county) and rural municipality borders, and natural features
Moraine Lake at Banff National Park. The Alberta Mountain forests makes up the southwestern boundary of Alberta.
Köppen climate types in Alberta
Southeastern Alberta features a semi-arid steppe climate.
The wild rose is the provincial flower of Alberta.
A bighorn sheep in Kananaskis Country. The bighorn sheep is the provincial mammal of Alberta.
Specimens at the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology, located in the Horseshoe Canyon Formation at Dinosaur Provincial Park. Some of the specimens, from left to right, are Hypacrosaurus, Edmontosaurus, Lambeosaurus, Gorgosaurus (both in the background), Tyrannosaurus, and Triceratops.
Blackfoot Confederacy warriors in Macleod in 1907
Fort Chipewyan, a trading post and regional headquarters for the Hudson's Bay Company in 1820
Downtown Calgary was one of several areas afflicted during the 2013 Alberta floods.
Population density of Alberta
Petroleum resources in Alberta
Cows in Rocky View. Nearly one-half of Canadian beef is produced in Alberta.
A canola field in Alberta
The Three Sisters at Bow Valley Provincial Park in Canmore
Bronco riding at the Calgary Stampede. The event is one of the world's largest rodeos
Distribution of Alberta's 6 specialized municipalities (red) and 74 rural municipalities, which include municipal districts (often named as counties) (orange), improvement districts (dark green) and special areas (light green) (2020)
The Alberta Legislative Building serves as the meeting place for the Legislative Assembly of Alberta.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police officers in St. Albert. The RCMP provides municipal policing throughout most of Alberta.
The University of Alberta in 2005. The institution is the oldest, and largest university in Alberta.
Foothills Medical Centre in Calgary is the largest hospital in Alberta.
Calgary International Airport, the province's largest airport by passenger traffic.
A Via Rail passenger train passing by freight trains in the background, at Jasper station
Highway 1 (the Trans-Canada Highway) at Alberta Highway 22 (Cowboy Trail).

One of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada.

- Alberta

260 related topics with Alpha



40 links

In 1875, the North-West Mounted Police erected Fort Calgary in an effort to police the area.
Downtown Calgary after the Calgary Fire of 1886
Postcard of 1st Street West, Calgary, postmarked May 8, 1913
Rounding up cattle for the first Calgary Stampede in 1912. The Stampede is one of the world's largest rodeos.
Program for the 1912 Calgary Stampede, featuring the Big Four: Burns, Lane, Cross, and McLean
Richard Bedford Bennett, the eleventh Prime Minister of Canada, and first Prime Minister from Calgary.
From the 1970s onward, the population of Calgary grew significantly, with many high-rises constructed to accommodate the growth.
Satellite view of Calgary
Calgary's Eau Claire community, adjacent to downtown and Prince's Island Park
Ice skating on the frozen stream in Bowness Park. Winters in Calgary are cold and dry, with temperatures dropping below -20 C.
The Arts Commons is a multi-venue arts centre in Downtown Calgary.
Calgary's Central Library has won numerous international architectural and urban design awards.
The Calgary Stampede draws in over a million visitors every year, doubling the city's population during the event.
Calgary has held an LGBT+ Pride event every year since 1988.
Featuring a mix of boutiques, high-end retailers and restaurants, Stephen Avenue is a major pedestrian mall and tourist attraction in Calgary.
Despite no longer being the tallest building in the city, the Calgary Tower remains a prominent attraction and symbol of Calgary's culture.
The grassy fields of Nose Hill Park overlooking Canada Olympic Park and the Canadian Rockies
The Peace Bridge is a pedestrian and cycling bridge at Eau Claire Park, suspended over the Bow River.
The Scotiabank Saddledome is a multi-use indoor arena that is home to the NHL's Calgary Flames and the NLL's Calgary Roughnecks.
McMahon Stadium is the home stadium for the CFL's Calgary Stampeders and was the Olympic Stadium for the 1988 Winter Olympics.
Calgary Municipal Building is the seat of local government for the City of Calgary. Attached to the building is the historic Calgary City Hall built in 1911.
Members of the Calgary Police Service on duty in Rideau Park
The CTrain is Calgary's light rail transit system, boasting the second-highest ridership in North America.
Calgary International Airport is the gateway to Canada's Rocky Mountains.
Calgary has the largest paved pathway network in North America.
Calgary's +15 skyway network is the world's most extensive elevated pedestrian skywalk system.
Located in Calgary, Foothills Medical Centre is the largest hospital in the province of Alberta.
The University of Calgary campus spans approximately 200 hectares (490 acres).

Calgary is a very large city in the western Canadian province of Alberta.


38 links

The last of five Fort Edmontons was constructed in 1830. It was the third to be built within present day Edmonton.
The completed Alberta Legislature Building in 1914, just above the last Fort Edmonton. The city was selected as Alberta's capital in 1905.
Edmonton City Hall is the home of the municipal government for Edmonton.
The North Saskatchewan River is a glacier-fed river that bisects the city.
Winters in Edmonton are typically cold and dry.
Downtown Edmonton is the centre of the Edmonton Metropolitan Region.
Victoria Promenade in the residential neighbourhood of Oliver. The neighbourhood borders downtown Edmonton.
Houses in Crestwood, a residential neighbourhood typical of most suburban areas of Edmonton
Row housing in Blatchford
St. Joseph's Basilica is the only basilica in Western Canada. In 2011, 26.2 percent of residents of Edmonton identified as Catholic.
Edmonton is home to Alberta Innovates, a provincially-funded applied research and development corporation based in Edmonton's Bell Tower.
View of Edmonton's central business district in 2018
West Edmonton Mall is the second-largest shopping mall in the Americas.
Francis Winspear Centre for Music is a performing arts centre in downtown Edmonton. The centre is home to the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra.
The Edmonton Folk Music Festival. Edmonton plays host to several large festivals each year.
Opened in 1915, the Princess Theatre is the oldest cinema in the city.
A trail in the North Saskatchewan River valley parks system
Entry to Larch Sanctuary
Interior entrance lobby to the new Royal Alberta Museum
Fort Edmonton Park is Canada's largest living museum by area.
The Art Gallery of Alberta is Edmonton's largest art gallery.
Rogers Place is a multi-use indoor arena, and the present home arena for the NHL's Edmonton Oilers.
Commonwealth Stadium is an open-air multi-purpose stadium. Opened in 1978 for the 1978 Commonwealth Games, the facility is also used as the home stadium for CFL's Edmonton Elks.
Edmonton is home to the Alberta Legislature Building, the meeting place for the Legislative Assembly of Alberta.
Edmonton Fire Rescue Services Headquarters, Administration Offices, & Number 1 Station
Edmonton Police Service vehicle at Downtown Headquarters
Control tower for Edmonton International Airport. The international airport is the primary air passenger and air cargo facility for the Edmonton Metropolitan Region.
An ETS bus at the Stadium Station transit centre
Anthony Henday Drive in Edmonton. The freeway is the main ring road for the city.
The Edmonton Composting Facility was the largest co-composting facility in North America by volume and capacity.
Headquarters of Edmonton Public Schools, one of three publicly funded school districts in the city
Edmonton River Valley and Dawson Bridge
Edmonton City Hall

Edmonton is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta.

British Columbia

36 links

Westernmost province of Canada.

Westernmost province of Canada.

British Columbia's geography is epitomized by the variety and intensity of its physical relief, which has defined patterns of settlement and industry since colonization.
Outline map of British Columbia with significant cities and towns
Köppen climate types in British Columbia
The Strait of Georgia, near Vancouver
Shuswap Lake as seen from Sorrento
The Okanagan region has a climate suitable to vineyards.
Mount Robson, Canadian Rockies
Odaray Mountain and Lake O'Hara
Yoho National Park
Cheakamus Lake in Garibaldi Provincial Park
Humpback whale in Sooke coast
'Namgis Thunderbird Transformation Mask, 19th century
Fort San Miguel at Nootka in 1793
Kwakwaka'wakw house pole, second half of the 19th century
Fort Rupert, Vancouver Island, 1851
Cattle near the Maas by Dutch painter Aelbert Cuyp. Moody likened his vision of the nascent Colony of British Columbia to the pastoral scenes painted by Cuyp.
Victoria, 1864
Lord Strathcona drives the Last Spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway, at Craigellachie, November 7, 1885. Completion of the transcontinental railroad was a condition of British Columbia's entry into Confederation.
Memorial to the "last spike" in Craigellachie
Statue of Queen Victoria outside the British Columbia Parliament Buildings in Victoria
Internment camp for Japanese Canadians during World War II
W.A.C. Bennett, 25th premier of British Columbia
British Columbia's pavilion for Expo 86, Vancouver
The Coquihalla Highway was one of the legacies of the Expo 86 world's fair, though creation of the toll highway sparked controversy. Tolling was removed in 2008.
The cauldron of the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver
Population density map of British Columbia, with regional district borders shown
The Vancouver skyline
Canada Place in Downtown Vancouver
Entrance to Telus Garden
The British Columbia Parliament Buildings in Victoria
Coat of arms' escutcheon of the current lieutenant governor
John Horgan is premier, BC's head of government.
The meeting chamber of the Legislative Assembly
The flower of the Pacific dogwood is often associated with British Columbia.
The Alex Fraser Bridge on Highway 91 between Richmond and Delta
British Columbia Highway 1 near Brentwood, Burnaby
CPR train traversing the Stoney Creek Bridge
Spirit of Vancouver Island S-class ferry
Ice sailing in Whistler
Shoreline Trail in Victoria
Hatley Castle on the campus of Royal Roads University
Aerial view of Simon Fraser University in Burnaby
Quest University Canada Academic Building, aerial view

It borders the Canadian province of Alberta to the east and the Canadian territories of Yukon and the Northwest Territories to the north.


23 links

Prairie and boreal province in Western Canada, the middle of the three prairie provinces.

Prairie and boreal province in Western Canada, the middle of the three prairie provinces.

A topographic map of Saskatchewan, showing cities, towns, rural municipality borders, and natural features.
Köppen climate types of Saskatchewan
Henry Kelsey observing a herd of bison on the western plains. Kelsey is believed to be the first European to visit Saskatchewan.
The Battle of Batoche was a battle during the North-West Rebellion.
An ad to attract immigrants to Western Canada, 1898
A banquet being held to commemorate the creation of Saskatchewan, 1905
Farmers at work in 1907. The introduction of Marquis wheat saw wheat output soar in the province.
A memorial stone for Ukrainian Canadians interned during the First World War at the Saskatchewan Railway Museum
An equestrian statue of Elizabeth II in Regina. The statue was unveiled by the Queen in 2005.
Population density of Saskatchewan
A PotashCorp mine in Patience Lake. The province is the world's largest exporter of potash.
The Royal University Hospital is one of several hospitals operating in Saskatchewan.
The Saskatchewan Legislative Building serves as the meeting place for the province's legislative assembly.
Distribution of Saskatchewan's 466 urban, 296 rural and 24 northern municipalities (2013)
The CanAm Highway near Buffalo Pound Lake
The Royal Saskatchewan Museum is a natural history museum based in Saskatchewan.
Mosaic Stadium is the home stadium for the Saskatchewan Roughriders, a professional Canadian football team.
A pond hockey rink set up on Emma Lake
The official tartan of Saskatchewan, created in 1961

It is bordered on the west by Alberta, on the north by the Northwest Territories, on the east by Manitoba, to the northeast by Nunavut, and on the south by the U.S. states of Montana and North Dakota.


19 links

State in the Mountain West subregion of the Western United States.

State in the Mountain West subregion of the Western United States.

Early Indian treaty territories in Montana
Assiniboine family, Montana, 1890–91
Montana Territory in 1865
Chief Joseph and Col. John Gibbon met again on the Big Hole Battlefield site in 1889.
Buffalo Soldiers, Ft. Keogh, Montana, 1890. The nickname was given to the "Black Cavalry" by the Native American tribes they fought.
Mennonite family in Montana, c. 1937
Map of Montana
Relief map of Montana
Saint Mary Lake in Glacier National Park
Belly River in Waterton Lakes National Park
Missouri Breaks region in central Montana
Pompeys Pillar National Monument
Quake Lake was created by a landslide during the 1959 Hebgen Lake earthquake.
Temperature and precipitation for Montana's capital city, Helena
Köppen climate types of Montana, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Clark Fork River, Missoula, in autumn
Missoula, the second-largest city in Montana
Montana population density map
Population of Montana 1870–2018
Indian reservations in Montana. Borders are not exact.
Montana ranks 2nd nationally in craft breweries per capita.
First Interstate Center, in downtown Billings, is the tallest building in Montana.
Dancers at Crow Fair in 1941
Montana State Bobcats football at Bobcat Stadium (Montana State University), Bozeman
Lone Mountain at Big Sky Ski Resort
The Big Sky Resort
The Palisades area on the north end of the ski area at Red Lodge Mountain Resort
Guided snowmobile tours in Yellowstone Park
Yellowstone Airport, West Yellowstone, Montana
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election

It is bordered by Idaho to the west; North Dakota and South Dakota to the east; Wyoming to the south; and by the Canadian provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan to the north.

The summits of the Teton Range in Wyoming

Rocky Mountains

18 links

The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range and the largest mountain system in North America.

The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range and the largest mountain system in North America.

The summits of the Teton Range in Wyoming
Mount Robson in British Columbia
Glaciers, such as Jackson Glacier in Glacier National Park, Montana, as shown here, have dramatically shaped the Rocky Mountains.
Tilted slabs of sedimentary rock in Roxborough State Park near Denver
Great Sand Dunes of Colorado
Bighorn sheep (such as this lamb in Alberta) have declined dramatically since European-American settlement of the mountains
Mesa Verde ruins in Colorado
Cherokee Trail near Fort Collins, Colorado, from a sketch taken June 7, 1859
Sir Alexander MacKenzie in 1800
Aspen, Colorado silver mining in 1898
The Saltair Pavilion on the Great Salt Lake in 1900
Drilling rig for natural gas near the Wind River Range
Castle Geyser in Yellowstone National Park
Icefields Parkway

Of the 50 most prominent summits of the Rocky Mountains, 12 are located in British Columbia, 12 in Montana, ten in Alberta, eight in Colorado, four in Wyoming, three in Utah, three in Idaho, and one in New Mexico.

Northwest Territories

16 links

Federal territory of Canada.

Federal territory of Canada.

Köppen climate types in the Northwest Territories
Members of the Coppermine expedition caught by a storm in Coronation Gulf, August 1821
Map of the North-Western Territory and Rupert's Land, 1859
A proclamation concerning the formation of the North-West Territories, from recently transferred territories to the Canadian government
Sign for an eye clinic in Yellowknife with all 11 official territorial languages
Aerial view of the Diavik Diamond Mine in the North Slave Region
Nahanni National Park Reserve, one of several national parks and reserves in the Northwest Territories
The chamber of the Northwest Territories Legislative Building
Administrative regions of the Northwest Territories
A snow fort at the annual Snowking Winter Festival in Yellowknife
Dempster Highway, south of Inuvik
Entrance to Yellowknife Airport, the largest airport in the territory

The Northwest Territories is bordered by Canada's two other territories, Nunavut to the east and Yukon to the west, and by the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan to the south, and may touch Manitoba to the southeast (historic surveys being uncertain) at a quadripoint including Nunavut and Saskatchewan.

The northern short grasslands (WWF terminology) shown here on a map of North America in green, is a type of true prairie (grassland) that occurs in the southern parts of the Prairie Provinces.

Canadian Prairies

12 links

Region in Western Canada.

Region in Western Canada.

The northern short grasslands (WWF terminology) shown here on a map of North America in green, is a type of true prairie (grassland) that occurs in the southern parts of the Prairie Provinces.
Palliser's Triangle, delineating prairie soil types in the Prairie provinces
A canola field in the Qu'Appelle Valley in Southern Saskatchewan.
The Alberta badlands

It includes the Canadian portion of the Great Plains and the Prairie Provinces, namely Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba.


22 links

Province of Canada at the longitudinal centre of the country.

Province of Canada at the longitudinal centre of the country.

Territorial evolution of Canada, 1867–present
Crowds gathering outside the old City Hall during the Winnipeg general strike, 21 June 1919
Aerial view of the Red River Floodway
Relief map of Manitoba
Deep Lake at Riding Mountain National Park
Köppen climate types of Manitoba
Polar bears are common in northern Manitoba.
Red River cart train
The Manitoba Legislative Building, meeting place of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba
Union Station
Centennial Concert Hall in Winnipeg
Author Margaret Laurence's home in Neepawa
The Morden Corn and Apple Festival
Assiniboine Park Pavilion
The Winnipeg Jets celebrate their first regulation win in Winnipeg at the MTS Centre on 17 October 2011

Facing racism from the new flood of white settlers from Ontario, large numbers of Métis moved to what would become Saskatchewan and Alberta.

The Jasper Park Information Centre, originally constructed in 1914 as an administration building and as the park superintendent's residence

Jasper National Park

9 links

The Jasper Park Information Centre, originally constructed in 1914 as an administration building and as the park superintendent's residence
CNR advertising campaign from 1929
Mount Athabasca in the park
Fryatt Valley from the top of the head wall
A Grizzly Bear roams in a wooded area near Jasper Townsite in Jasper National Park, Alberta, Canada.
Entering the park on Yellowhead Highway
Glacier Sky Walk in Sunwapta Valley

Jasper National Park is a national park in Alberta, Canada.