Album

studio albumlive albumtribute albumstudio albumsbonus tracksolo albumalbumslivebonus trackslive albums
An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a collection on compact disc (CD), vinyl, audio tape, or another medium.wikipedia
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Record sales

album salesMusic Salespure album sales
Vinyl LPs are still issued, though album sales in the 21st-century have mostly focused on CD and MP3 formats.
Record sales, alternatively called music recording sales, are activities related to selling albums, singles, or music videos through record shops or online music store.

Album cover

artworkalbum artcover art
Album covers and liner notes are used, and sometimes additional information is provided, such as analysis of the recording, and lyrics or librettos.
An album cover is the front of the packaging of a commercially released audio recording product, or album.

Sheet music

scoremusical scorescores
In musical usage the word was used for collections of short pieces of printed music from the early nineteenth century.
In everyday use, "sheet music" (or simply "music") can refer to the print publication of commercial sheet music in conjunction with the release of a new film, TV show, record album, or other special or popular event which involves music.

Liner notes

sleeve notesliner notebooklet
Album covers and liner notes are used, and sometimes additional information is provided, such as analysis of the recording, and lyrics or librettos.
Liner notes are descended from the program notes for musical concerts, and developed into notes that were printed on the inner sleeve used to protect a traditional 12-inch vinyl record, i.e., long playing or gramophone record album.

Album era

album rock erarock album formatdeath of the album
As part of a trend of shifting sales in the music industry, some observers feel that the early 21st century experienced the death of the album.
The album era (also known as the album-rock era) was a period in English-language popular music from the mid 1960s to the mid 2000s, in which the album was the dominant form of recorded music expression and consumption.

Odeon Records

OdeonEMI-OdeonEMI Odeon
German record company Odeon released the Nutcracker Suite by Tchaikovsky in 1909 on 4 double-sided discs in a specially designed package.
In 1909 it created the first recording of a large orchestral work — and what may have been the first record album — when it released a 4-disc set of Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite with Hermann Finck conducting the London Palace Orchestra.

Double album

doubledouble LPtriple album
If an album becomes too long to fit onto a single vinyl record or CD, it may be released as a double album where two vinyl LPs or compact discs are packaged together in a single case, or a triple album containing three LPs or compact discs.
A double album (or double record) is an audio album which spans two units of the primary medium in which it is sold, typically records and compact disc.

LP record

LPLP albumvinyl
If an album becomes too long to fit onto a single vinyl record or CD, it may be released as a double album where two vinyl LPs or compact discs are packaged together in a single case, or a triple album containing three LPs or compact discs. Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century as individual 78-rpm records collected in a bound book resembling a photograph album; this format evolved after 1948 into single vinyl LP records played at 33 1⁄3 rpm.
Apart from a few relatively minor refinements and the important later addition of stereophonic sound, it has remained the standard format for vinyl albums.

Extended play

EPEPsextended plays
Sometimes shorter albums are referred to as "mini-albums" or EPs. The term is particularly associated with popular music where separate tracks are known as album tracks; the term is also used for other formats such as EPs and singles.
An extended play record, often referred to as an EP, is a musical recording that contains more tracks than a single, but is usually unqualified as an album or LP.

Single (music)

singlesingles7" single
The term is particularly associated with popular music where separate tracks are known as album tracks; the term is also used for other formats such as EPs and singles.
In the music industry, a single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album.

Phonograph record

vinyl7LP
Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century as individual 78-rpm records collected in a bound book resembling a photograph album; this format evolved after 1948 into single vinyl LP records played at 33 1⁄3 rpm. An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a collection on compact disc (CD), vinyl, audio tape, or another medium.
By about 1910, bound collections of empty sleeves with a paperboard or leather cover, similar to a photograph album, were sold as record albums that customers could use to store their records (the term "record album" was printed on some covers).

A-side and B-side

B-sidedouble A-sideB-sides
Albums have been issued that are compilations of older tracks not originally released together, such as singles not originally found on albums, b-sides of singles, or unfinished "demo" recordings.
However, the term "B-side" is still used to refer to the "bonus" tracks or "coupling" tracks on a CD single.

Mixtape

mixtapesmix tapemix tapes
Compact cassettes also saw the creation of mixtapes, which are tapes containing a compilation of songs created by any average listener of music.
In hip hop and R&B culture, a mixtape often describes a self-produced or independently released album issued free of charge to gain publicity or avoid possible copyright infringement.

Cassette tape

cassetteCScompact cassette
The audio cassette was a format widely used alongside vinyl from the 1970s into the first decade of the 2000s.
During the early 1980s some record labels sought to solve this problem by introducing new, larger packages for cassettes which would allow them to be displayed alongside vinyl records and compact discs, or giving them a further market advantage over vinyl by adding bonus tracks.

Independent record label

Independentindependent labelindie label
Recently there has been a revival of Compact Cassettes by independent record labels and DIY musicians who prefer the format because of its difficulty to share over the internet.
Independent record labels are small companies that produce and distribute records.

Odelay

from 1996
The contents of the album are usually recorded in a studio or live in concert, though may be recorded in other locations, such as at home (as with JJ Cale's Okie, Beck's Odelay, David Gray's White Ladder, and others), in the field - as with early Blues recordings, in prison, or with a mobile recording unit such as the Rolling Stones Mobile Studio.
Odelay is the fifth studio album by American musician Beck, released on June 18, 1996 by DGC Records.

Album (Ancient Rome)

Albumwhite board
An album (Latin albus, white), in ancient Rome, was a board chalked or painted white, on which decrees, edicts and other public notices were inscribed in black.
Which in turn led to the modern meaning of an album as a collection of audio recordings issued as a single item on CD, record, audio tape or another medium.

Before the Flood (album)

Before the FloodBefore the Flood'' (album)Bob-Dylan-in-the-arena
Appraising the concept in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981), Robert Christgau said most "are profit-taking recaps marred by sound and format inappropriate to phonographic reproduction (you can't put sights, smells, or fellowship on audio tape). But for Joe Cocker and Bette Midler and Bob-Dylan-in-the-arena, the form makes a compelling kind of sense."
Before the Flood is a live album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan and The Band, released on June 20, 1974, on Asylum Records in the United States and Island Records in the United Kingdom.

Double Live (Garth Brooks album)

Double LiveDouble Live'' (Garth Brooks album)
The best-selling live album worldwide is Garth Brooks' Double Live, which shipped over 10.5 million 2-CD sets in the United States alone as of November 2006.
Double Live is the first live album by American country music singer Garth Brooks.

Remote recording

mobile recording truckfield recordingslive recording
Concert or stage performances are recorded using remote recording techniques.
The multitrack recording is then carefully mixed, and the finished result is called a remote recording or a live album.

Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies

Christgau's Record GuideRock Albums of the Seventies
Appraising the concept in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981), Robert Christgau said most "are profit-taking recaps marred by sound and format inappropriate to phonographic reproduction (you can't put sights, smells, or fellowship on audio tape). But for Joe Cocker and Bette Midler and Bob-Dylan-in-the-arena, the form makes a compelling kind of sense."
In 1969, Robert Christgau began reviewing contemporary album releases in his "Consumer Guide" column, which was published more-or-less monthly in The Village Voice, and for brief periods in Newsday and Creem magazine during the 1970s.

Hidden track

hidden songghost trackhidden
In contrast to hidden tracks, bonus tracks are included on track listings and usually do not have a gap of silence between other album tracks.

Album-oriented rock

AORalbum rockalbum oriented rock
Album-oriented rock (AOR) is an American FM radio format focusing on album tracks by rock artists.

Concept album

conceptconcept albumsconcept record
A concept album is an album in which its tracks hold a larger purpose or meaning collectively than they do individually.

Compilation album

compilationVarious artistscompilations
A compilation album comprises tracks, which may be previously released or unreleased, usually from several separate recordings by either one or several performers.