Alcohol

alcoholssecondary alcoholtertiary alcoholindustrial alcoholhydroxylethanoltertiarysecondary alcoholsalcohol-freealcoholic beverages
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.wikipedia
2,493 Related Articles

Ethanol

alcoholbioethanolethyl alcohol
The term alcohol originally referred to the primary alcohol ethanol (ethyl alcohol), which is used as a drug and is the main alcohol present in alcoholic beverages.
Ethanol (also called ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, drinking alcohol, or simply alcohol) is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.

Alcoholic drink

alcoholic beveragealcoholalcoholic beverages
The term alcohol originally referred to the primary alcohol ethanol (ethyl alcohol), which is used as a drug and is the main alcohol present in alcoholic beverages.
An alcoholic drink (or alcoholic beverage) is a drink that contains ethanol, a type of alcohol produced by fermentation of grains, fruits, or other sources of sugar.

Alcohol (drug)

alcoholdrinkingdrink
The term alcohol originally referred to the primary alcohol ethanol (ethyl alcohol), which is used as a drug and is the main alcohol present in alcoholic beverages.
Ethanol is a type of chemical compound known as an alcohol, and is the only type of alcohol that is found in alcoholic beverages or is commonly used for recreational purposes; other alcohols such as methanol and isopropyl alcohol are toxic.

Cholesterol

serum cholesteroldietary cholesterolcholesterol level
The suffix -ol in non-IUPAC names (such as paracetamol or cholesterol) also typically indicates that the substance is an alcohol.
Cholesterol (from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid), followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol) is an organic molecule.

Methanol

methyl alcoholwood alcoholCH 3 OH
An important class of alcohols, of which methanol and ethanol are the simplest members, includes all compounds for which the general formula is C n H 2n+1 OH.
Methanol is the simplest alcohol, consisting of a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group.

Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi

Rhazesal-RaziRazi
The Persian physician, alchemist, polymath and philosopher Rhazes (854 CE – 925 CE) is credited with the discovery of ethanol.
He also discovered numerous compounds and chemicals including alcohol and sulfuric acid.

Functional group

groupfunctional groupsmoiety
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.

Tert-Butyl alcohol

tert''-butanoltert''-butyl alcoholtert-butanol
For the tertiary alcohols the general form is RR'R"COH. The simplest example is tert-butanol (2-methylpropan-2-ol), for which each of R, R', and R" is CH 3 . In these shorthands, R, R', and R" represent substituents, alkyl or other attached, generally organic groups.
tert-Butyl alcohol (TBA), also called tert-butanol or t-butanol, is the simplest tertiary alcohol, with a formula of (CH 3 ) 3 COH (sometimes represented as t-BuOH).

Carboxylic acid

carboxylcarboxyl groupcarboxylic acids
If a higher priority group is present (such as an aldehyde, ketone, or carboxylic acid), then the prefix hydroxy-is used, e.g., as in 1-hydroxy-2-propanone . In cases where the OH functional group is bonded to an sp 2 carbon on an aromatic ring the molecule is known as a phenol, and is named using the IUPAC rules for naming phenols.
Carboxylate ions are resonance-stabilized, and this increased stability makes carboxylic acids more acidic than alcohols, along with the electron-withdrawing effect of the carbonyl bond, which makes the terminal oxygen-hydrogen bond weaker and thus makes acid dissociation more favorable (lowers pKa).

1-Pentanol

n''-Pentanolpentan-1-ol
1-Pentanol, (or n-pentanol, pentan-1-ol), is an alcohol with five carbon atoms and the molecular formula C 5 H 11 OH. 1-Pentanol is a colorless liquid with an unpleasant aroma.

Isopropyl alcohol

isopropanol2-propanolpropan-2-ol
When necessary, the position of the hydroxyl group is indicated by a number between the alkane name and the -ol: propan-1-ol for, propan-2-ol for.
As an isopropyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, it is the simplest example of a secondary alcohol, where the alcohol carbon atom is attached to two other carbon atoms.

Geraniol

geranylgeranyl group
Geraniol is a monoterpenoid and an alcohol.

Carbon

Ccarbonaceouscarbon atom
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
When combined with oxygen and hydrogen, carbon can form many groups of important biological compounds including sugars, lignans, chitins, alcohols, fats, and aromatic esters, carotenoids and terpenes.

Allyl alcohol

allylic alcoholAllylic alcoholsalcohol
Like many alcohols, it is a water-soluble, colourless liquid, but it is more toxic than typical small alcohols.

Amyl alcohol

pentanolisoamyl alcohol5%C 5 H 12 O
For pentanols, hexanols, octanols and longer alcohols, LD50 range from 2–5 g/kg (rats, oral).
An amyl alcohol is any of 8 alcohols with the formula C 5 H 12 O. A mixture of amyl alcohols (also called amyl alcohol) can be obtained from fusel alcohol.

Propargyl alcohol

hydroxyalkynepropargylic alcoholpropargylic alcohols
Propargyl alcohol, or 2-propyn-1-ol, is an organic compound with the formula C 3 H 4 O. It is the simplest stable alcohol containing an alkyne functional group.

N-Butanol

n''-butanol1-butanolbutanol
Butanol, with a four-carbon chain, is moderately soluble.
n-Butanol or n-butyl alcohol or normal butanol is a primary alcohol with a 4-carbon structure and the chemical formula C 4 H 9 OH. Its isomers include isobutanol, 2-butanol, and tert-butanol.

List of gasoline additives

fuel additivegasoline additiveadditive
methanol, mainly for the production of formaldehyde and as a fuel additive
Alcohols:

Sucrose

cane sugarsugarcaster sugar
However, many substances that contain hydroxyl functional groups (particularly sugars, such as glucose and sucrose) have names which include neither the suffix -ol, nor the prefix hydroxy-.
While cane molasses is often used in food preparation, humans find molasses from sugar beets unpalatable, and it consequently ends up mostly as industrial fermentation feedstock (for example in alcohol distilleries), or as animal feed.

Fatty alcohol

fatty alcoholslong-chain alcoholalcohols
Such processes give fatty alcohols, which are useful for detergents.
Fatty alcohols (or long-chain alcohols) are usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4–6 carbons to as many as 22–26, derived from natural fats and oils.

Hydroxy group

hydroxylhydroxyl grouphydroxy
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
In organic chemistry, alcohol and carboxylic acids contain hydroxy groups.

IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry

IUPAC nomenclatureorganic nomenclatureIUPAC
The suffix -ol appears in the IUPAC chemical name of all substances where the hydroxyl group is the functional group with the highest priority.

Hydroformylation

oxo processoxo synthesishydroformylated
Many higher alcohols are produced by hydroformylation of alkenes followed by hydrogenation.
For example, the resulting aldehydes are hydrogenated to alcohols that are converted to detergents.

Antiseptic

antisepsisantisepticsgermicide
It was used as an antiseptic, eyeliner, and cosmetic.
Alcohols, including ethanol and 2-propanol/isopropanol are sometimes referred to as surgical spirit. They are used to disinfect the skin before injections are given, among other uses.

Oxygen

OO 2 molecular oxygen
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Among the most important classes of organic compounds that contain oxygen are (where "R" is an organic group): alcohols (R-OH); ethers (R-O-R); ketones (R-CO-R); aldehydes (R-CO-H); carboxylic acids (R-COOH); esters (R-COO-R); acid anhydrides (R-CO-O-CO-R); and amides . There are many important organic solvents that contain oxygen, including: acetone, methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, furan, THF, diethyl ether, dioxane, ethyl acetate, DMF, DMSO, acetic acid, and formic acid.