Alcohol abuse

alcoholalcohol misuseabusing alcoholdrinking heavilyabuse of alcoholexcessive drinkingabuse alcoholabused alcoholalcohol evaluationalcohol problems
Alcohol abuse encompasses a spectrum of unhealthy alcohol drinking behaviors, ranging from binge drinking to alcohol dependence, in extreme cases resulting in health problems for individuals and large scale social problems such as alcohol-related crimes.wikipedia
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Alcoholism

alcoholicalcoholicsalcohol
The DSM-5 combined those two disorders into alcohol use disorder with sub-classifications of severity. Social skills are significantly impaired in people suffering from alcoholism due to the neurotoxic effects of alcohol on the brain, especially the prefrontal cortex area of the brain.
The disorder was previously divided into two types: alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence.

Alcohol dependence

alcohol dependencyalcoholalcohol dependent
Alcohol abuse encompasses a spectrum of unhealthy alcohol drinking behaviors, ranging from binge drinking to alcohol dependence, in extreme cases resulting in health problems for individuals and large scale social problems such as alcohol-related crimes. Alcohol is the most significant health concern in Native American communities because of very high rates of alcohol dependence and abuse; up to 80 percent of suicides and 60 percent of violent acts are a result of alcohol abuse in Native American communities.
In 2013 it was reclassified as alcohol use disorder in DSM-5, which combined alcohol dependence and alcohol abuse into this diagnosis.

Alcohol-related crime

alcohol-related
Alcohol abuse encompasses a spectrum of unhealthy alcohol drinking behaviors, ranging from binge drinking to alcohol dependence, in extreme cases resulting in health problems for individuals and large scale social problems such as alcohol-related crimes.
Studies and theories of alcohol abuse suggest, among others, that use of alcohol likely reduces the offender's perception and awareness of consequences of their actions.

Liver disease

liver problemsliver dysfunctionliver
Alcohol use is a major cause of preventable liver disease worldwide, and alcoholic liver disease is the main alcohol-related chronic medical illness.
These major causes include infection by hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus, alcohol abuse, and obesity.

Binge drinking

benderdrinking bingebinge
Alcohol abuse encompasses a spectrum of unhealthy alcohol drinking behaviors, ranging from binge drinking to alcohol dependence, in extreme cases resulting in health problems for individuals and large scale social problems such as alcohol-related crimes.
Other risk factors that influence the development of alcohol abuse or alcoholism include social and genetic factors.

Fatigue

exhaustionOverexertiontiredness
Alcohol abuse is also an important cause of chronic fatigue.

Social skills

interpersonal skillssocial skillsocially awkward
Social skills are significantly impaired in people suffering from alcoholism due to the neurotoxic effects of alcohol on the brain, especially the prefrontal cortex area of the brain.
The social skills that are impaired by alcohol abuse, include impairments in perceiving facial emotions, prosody perception problems, and theory of mind deficits.

Alcohol and Native Americans

American Indian alcoholismalcoholismNative Americans
Alcohol is the most significant health concern in Native American communities because of very high rates of alcohol dependence and abuse; up to 80 percent of suicides and 60 percent of violent acts are a result of alcohol abuse in Native American communities.
By the 1730s the effects of alcohol abuse were damaging Native American communities.

Alcohol (drug)

alcoholdrinkingdrink
Alcohol abuse encompasses a spectrum of unhealthy alcohol drinking behaviors, ranging from binge drinking to alcohol dependence, in extreme cases resulting in health problems for individuals and large scale social problems such as alcohol-related crimes.
Alcohol abuse and dependence are major problems and many health problems as well as death can result from excessive alcohol use.

Emotional prosody

perceiving vocal emotionsvocal emotions
The social skills that are impaired by alcohol abuse include impairments in perceiving facial emotions, difficulty with perceiving vocal emotions and theory of mind deficits; the ability to understand humour is also impaired in alcohol abusers.
Aprosodia can be caused by stroke and alcohol abuse as well.

Prefrontal cortex

medial prefrontal cortexprefrontalAttention versus memory in prefrontal cortex
Social skills are significantly impaired in people suffering from alcoholism due to the neurotoxic effects of alcohol on the brain, especially the prefrontal cortex area of the brain.
Chronic intake of alcohol leads to persistent alterations in brain function including altered decision making ability.

0-0-1-3

* 0-0-1-3 – a United States Air Force program for alcohol abuse prevention
0-0-1-3 is an alcohol abuse prevention program developed in 2004 at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base based on research by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism regarding binge drinking in college students.

Child abuse

abuseabusiveabused
Studies show that child maltreatment such as neglect, physical, and/or sexual abuse, as well as having parents with alcohol abuse problems, increases the likelihood of that child developing alcohol use disorders later in life.
According to their findings, there was a series of correlations between the potential risk factors of parental employment status, alcohol abuse, and family size within the abuse ratings.

Substance abuse

drug abusedrug useabuse
Approaches like contingency management and motivational interviewing have shown to be effective means of treating substance abuse in impulsive adolescents by focusing on positive rewards and redirecting them towards healthier goals.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

DSM-IVDSM-IV-TRDSM
Alcohol abuse was a psychiatric diagnosis in the DSM-IV, and has been merged with alcohol dependence into alcohol use disorder in the DSM-5.

DSM-5

DSM-Vmental health disordersDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Alcohol abuse was a psychiatric diagnosis in the DSM-IV, and has been merged with alcohol dependence into alcohol use disorder in the DSM-5.

Disease burden

burden of diseaseglobal burden of disease(disability- adjusted life year) global burden of disease
Globally, alcohol consumption is the seventh leading risk factor for both death and the burden of disease and injury.

Tobacco

tobacco leavessnufftobacco leaf
In short, except for tobacco, alcohol accounts for a higher burden of disease than any other drug.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
Millions of men and women of all ages, from adolescents to the elderly, engage in unhealthy drinking in the United States.

United States Preventive Services Task Force

U.S. Preventive Services Task ForceUS Preventive Services Task ForceUSPSTF
Alcohol misuse is a term used by United States Preventive Services Task Force to describe a spectrum of drinking behaviors that encompass risky drinking, alcohol abuse, and alcohol dependence (similar meaning to alcohol use disorder but not a term used in DSM).

Insomnia

trouble sleepingsleeplessnessdifficulty sleeping
Additionally, people may complain of irritability and insomnia.

Cirrhosis

cirrhosis of the liverliver cirrhosisliver fibrosis
Prolonged use leads to cirrhosis and liver failure.

Cherry angioma

Cherry hemangiomacherry angiomasCampbell de Morgan spot
The skin of a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis can feature cherry angiomas, palmar erythema and — in acute liver failure — jaundice and ascites.

Acute liver failure

fulminant liver failurefulminant hepatic failureliver failure
The skin of a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis can feature cherry angiomas, palmar erythema and — in acute liver failure — jaundice and ascites.