Aldine Press

AldineAldine EditionAldine editionsAldusAldinesAldus Manutiuspress in Venice
Aldine Press was the printing office started by Aldus Manutius in 1494 in Venice, from which were issued the celebrated Aldine editions of the classics (Latin and Greek masterpieces plus a few more modern works).wikipedia
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Aldus Manutius

Aldo ManuzioAldusManutius
Aldine Press was the printing office started by Aldus Manutius in 1494 in Venice, from which were issued the celebrated Aldine editions of the classics (Latin and Greek masterpieces plus a few more modern works).
Aldus Pius Manutius (Aldo Pio Manuzio; 1449/1452 – 6 February 1515) was a humanist, scholar, educator, and the founder of the Aldine Press.

Venice

VenetianVenice, ItalyVenezia
Aldine Press was the printing office started by Aldus Manutius in 1494 in Venice, from which were issued the celebrated Aldine editions of the classics (Latin and Greek masterpieces plus a few more modern works).
The city was the location of one of Italy's earliest printing presses called Aldine Press, established by Aldus Manutius in 1494.

Nicolas Jenson

JensonNicolaus JensonNicholas Jenson
Manutius met Andrea Torresani, who had acquired publishing equipment from Nicholas Jensen's widow.
Following his death respective typefaces were employed by the Aldine Press, and have continued to be the basis for numerous fonts.

Italic type

italicitalicsitalicized
The Aldine Press is famous in the history of typography, among other things, for the introduction of italics.
Italic type was first used by Aldus Manutius and his press in Venice in 1500.

Erasmus

Desiderius ErasmusErasmus of RotterdamErasmian
Erasmus was one of the scholars learned in Greek with whom the Aldine Press partnered in order to provide accurately translated text.
From 1506 to 1509, he was in Italy: in 1506 he graduated as Doctor of Divinity at the Turin University, and he spent part of the time as a proofreader at the publishing house of Aldus Manutius in Venice.

Paulus Manutius

Paolo ManuzioPaulo
In 1533, Paulus Manutius managed the firm, starting it up again and changing its name to "Heirs of Aldus and Andrea Torresano".
During Paulus' education his grandfather, Andrea Torresani and two uncles, Frederick and Francesco, carried on the Aldine Press.

Aldus Manutius the Younger

AldoAldus Manutius
His grandson Aldus Manutius the Younger then ran the firm until his death in 1597.
He was the last member of the Manuzio family to be active in the Aldine Press that his grandfather founded.

John Rylands Library

John RylandsJohn Rylands University Library of Manchesterlibrary
The most nearly complete collection of Aldine editions ever brought together was in the Althorp library of the 2nd Earl Spencer, now in the John Rylands Library, Manchester.
The special collections, believed to be among the largest in the United Kingdom, include medieval illuminated manuscripts and examples of early European printing, including a Gutenberg Bible, the second largest collection of printing by William Caxton, and the most extensive collection of the editions of the Aldine Press of Venice.

Harry Ransom Center

Harry Ransom Humanities Research CenterThe Harry Ransom Humanities Research CenterHarry Ransom Center at the University of Texas, Austin
In North America, the most substantial Aldine holdings can be found in the Ahmanson-Murphy Aldine Collection at University of California, Los Angeles, at the Harry Ransom Center at University of Texas at Austin, and at the Harold B. Lee Library at Brigham Young University.
Turner acquired the Giorgio Uzielli Collection of Aldine editions, the Anne Sexton archive, the Robert Lee Wolff Collection of 19th-century fiction, the Pforzheimer Collection, the David O. Selznick archive, the Gloria Swanson archive, and the Ernest Lehman Collection.

George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer

Earl SpencerLord Spencer2nd Earl Spencer
The most nearly complete collection of Aldine editions ever brought together was in the Althorp library of the 2nd Earl Spencer, now in the John Rylands Library, Manchester.
His collection of tens of thousands of volumes, which included the most nearly complete collection of Aldine editions ever brought together, was put up for sale in 1892 and acquired by Enriqueta Rylands for the John Rylands Library and it was catalogued by Alice Margaret Cooke.

Printing

Printprintedprinter
Aldine Press was the printing office started by Aldus Manutius in 1494 in Venice, from which were issued the celebrated Aldine editions of the classics (Latin and Greek masterpieces plus a few more modern works).

Typography

typographertypographictypographical
The Aldine Press is famous in the history of typography, among other things, for the introduction of italics.

Printing patent

patentmonopolyprinting license
The press enjoyed a monopoly of works printed in Greek in the Republic of Venice, effectively giving it copyright protection.

Agostino Barbarigo

Agostino Barbarigo, Doge of VeniceAgostin Barbarigo, Doge of VeniceDoge Barbarigo
The Aldine Press was originally owned half by Pier Francesco Barbarigo, the nephew of the current doge of the time, Agostino Barbarigo, and the other half by Andrea Torresani.

San Polo

Sestiere of San PoloSestieri of San PoloSestiere San Polo
In 1496, Aldus established his own location in a building called the Thermae in the Sestiere di San Polo.

Elizabeth Eisenstein

Elizabeth L. EisensteinEisenstein (1980)Eisenstein, Elizabeth
Historian Elizabeth Eisenstein claimed that the fall of Constantinople in 1453 had threatened the importance and survival of Greek scholarship, but publications such as those by the Aldine Press secured it.

Constantinople

ConstantinopolitanConstantinopolisConstantinopole
Historian Elizabeth Eisenstein claimed that the fall of Constantinople in 1453 had threatened the importance and survival of Greek scholarship, but publications such as those by the Aldine Press secured it.

Francesco Griffo

Francesco da Bologna
Aldus Manutius hired Francesco Griffo to create a typeface designed to reproduce the written hand of the humanists.

Pietro Bembo

Cardinal BemboBemboBembo, Pietro
It was first used to print Cardinal Pietro Bembo's De Aetna in 1495.

Enchiridion

enchiridia
In 1505 Manutius produced plain texts in useful form, using the term enchiridion, meaning a manual or small, hand-held weapon.

Octavo

8voRoyal Octavooctavo volume
The press was the first to issue printed books in the small octavo size, similar to that of a modern paperback, and like that intended for portability and ease of reading.

Dolphin

dolphinsgenital slitaquatic mammal
In 1501, Aldus used as his publisher's device the image of a dolphin wrapped around an anchor.

Anchor

anchorskedge anchorkedge
In 1501, Aldus used as his publisher's device the image of a dolphin wrapped around an anchor.

University of California, Los Angeles

UCLAUniversity of California at Los AngelesUniversity of California Los Angeles
In North America, the most substantial Aldine holdings can be found in the Ahmanson-Murphy Aldine Collection at University of California, Los Angeles, at the Harry Ransom Center at University of Texas at Austin, and at the Harold B. Lee Library at Brigham Young University.

University of Texas at Austin

University of TexasTexasThe University of Texas at Austin
In North America, the most substantial Aldine holdings can be found in the Ahmanson-Murphy Aldine Collection at University of California, Los Angeles, at the Harry Ransom Center at University of Texas at Austin, and at the Harold B. Lee Library at Brigham Young University.