Aldus Manutius

Aldo ManuzioAldusManutiusAldineAldine editionAldo MantiusAldo Manutio II.Aldo Manuzio (Aldus Manutius)Aldus Manutius the ElderAldus Pius Manutius
Aldus Pius Manutius (Aldo Pio Manuzio; 1449/1452 – 6 February 1515) was a humanist, scholar, educator, and the founder of the Aldine Press.wikipedia
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Aldine Press

AldineAldine EditionAldine editions
Aldus Pius Manutius (Aldo Pio Manuzio; 1449/1452 – 6 February 1515) was a humanist, scholar, educator, and the founder of the Aldine Press.
Aldine Press was the printing office started by Aldus Manutius in 1494 in Venice, from which were issued the celebrated Aldine editions of the classics (Latin and Greek masterpieces plus a few more modern works).

Italic type

He commissioned the creation of typefaces in Greek and Latin resembling humanist handwriting of his time; typefaces that are the first known precursor of italic type.
Aldus Manutius and Ludovico Arrighi (both between the 15th and 16th centuries) were the main type designers involved in this process at the time.


VenetianVenice, ItalyVenezia
In his late thirties or early forties Manutius settled in Venice to become a print publisher.
the leading printer was Aldus Manutius, who invented paperback books that could be carried in a saddlebag.

Italian Renaissance

Renaissance ItalyRenaissanceFlorentine Renaissance
He grew up in a wealthy family during the Italian Renaissance and in his youth was sent to Rome to become a humanist scholar.
The Aldine Press, founded by the printer Aldo Manuzio, active in Venice, developed Italic type and pocket editions that could be carried in one's pocket, as well as being the first to publish editions of books in Ancient Greek.

Alberto III Pio, Prince of Carpi

AlbertoAlberto III PioAlberto Pio
Pico recommended Manutius to become the tutor of his nephews, Alberto and Leonello Pio, princes of the town of Carpi.
They supervised his education and engaged as tutor Aldus Manutius, who was later to found the famed Aldine Press in Venice, which Alberto funded.

Aldus Manutius the Younger

AldoAldus Manutius
Manutius is also known as "Aldus Manutius the Elder" to distinguish him from his grandson, Aldus Manutius the Younger.
Aldus Manutius, the Younger (Aldo Manuzio il Giovane) (13 February 1547 — 28 October 1597) was the grandson of Aldus Manutius and son of Paulus Manutius.

Girolamo Aleandro

AleanderHieronymus AleanderGirolamo Aleander
He lived in Manutius and Torresani's home, where he shared a room with Girolamo Aleandro.
He studied in Venice, where he became acquainted with Erasmus and Aldus Manutius, and at an early age was reputed one of the most learned men of the time.

Hypnerotomachia Poliphili

HypnerotomachiaHypnerotomachia PolifiliHypnerotomachia Poliphilii
The press printed first editions of Poliziano's collected works, Pietro Bembo's Asolani, Francesco Colonna's Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, and Dante's Divine Comedy.
The Hypnerotomachia Poliphili was printed by Aldus Manutius in Venice in December 1499.

Marcus Musurus

Marco MusuroMarkos MusurosMarcos Mousouros
Manutius relied on Marcus Musurus, Ioannis Grigoropoulos, and other Greek collaborators to translate for the Aldine Press.
In 1512 he was made professor of Greek language in Venice: during this time he published through Aldus Manutius, a contemporary printer and publisher, his edition on Plato.

Francesco Griffo

Francesco da Bologna
Manutius commissioned the punchcutter Francesco Griffo of Bologna to create the new typeface.
He worked for Aldus Manutius, designing the printer's more important humanist typefaces, including the first italic type.


8voRoyal Octavooctavo volume
In December 1507, the Aldine Press published Iphigenia in Audlis in an 80-page octavo with Erasmus's translation from Greek into Latin.
Beginning in 1501, Aldus Manutius of Venice began to print classical works in small octavo format which were easily portable.


Instructions for typesetters and binders were written in Greek, and the prefaces to Manutius's editions were also in Greek.
In the early sixteenth century, the Italian printer Aldus Manutius realized that personal books would need to fit in saddle bags and thus produced books in the smaller formats of quartos (one-quarter-size pages) and octavos (one-eighth-size pages).

Pietro Bembo

Cardinal BemboBemboBembo, Pietro
The press printed first editions of Poliziano's collected works, Pietro Bembo's Asolani, Francesco Colonna's Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, and Dante's Divine Comedy. The Aldine Press produced nine comedies of Aristophanes in 1498, and Pietro Bembo edited Petrarch's poems that Manutius published in July 1501.
His edition of Petrarch's Tuscan Poems, published by Aldus in 1501, and the Terzerime, which Aldus published in 1502, were also influential.


Aldus CorporationAldus SoftwareAldus Prepress Group
The company is named after 15th-century Venetian printer Aldus Manutius, and was founded by Jeremy Jaech, Mark Sundstrom, Mike Templeman, Dave Walter, and chairman Paul Brainerd.

Beta Phi Mu

Pi Lambda Sigma
The international honor society for library and information science, Beta Phi Mu, uses the dolphin and anchor as its insignia.
A dolphin and anchor, the mark of Venetian printer Aldus Manutius, serves as the society's insignia, appearing on various pins, buttons, and similar memorabilia.

Festina lente

dolphin and anchorHurry slowlyMore haste, less speed
The dolphin-and-anchor symbol is associated with the phrase festina lente, meaning "make haste slowly," indicating quickness combined with firmness in the execution of a great scheme.
The Renaissance printer Aldus Manutius adopted the symbol of the dolphin and anchor as his printer's mark.

Divine Comedy

The Divine ComedyInfernoDivina Commedia
The press printed first editions of Poliziano's collected works, Pietro Bembo's Asolani, Francesco Colonna's Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, and Dante's Divine Comedy.

Foucault's Pendulum

Foucault’s Pendulum
Casaubon learns that as well as the respectable Garamond publishing house, Mr. Garamond also owns Manuzio, a vanity publisher that charges incompetent authors large sums of money to print their work (rendered "Manutius" in the English translation, a reference to the 15th century printer Aldus Manutius).

Giulio Campagnola

Manutius wrote his will on 16 January 1515 instructing Giulio Campagnola to provide capital letters for the Aldine Press's italic type.
His engraving of an Astrologer is dated 1509 on the plate, and the only later record comes from the will of Aldus Manutius in 1515, when Manutius asks that he be given the work of cutting the moulds for, or perhaps designing, some printing type.


The most famous incunabula include two from Mainz, the Gutenberg Bible of 1455 and the Peregrinatio in terram sanctam of 1486, printed and illustrated by Erhard Reuwich; the Nuremberg Chronicle written by Hartmann Schedel and printed by Anton Koberger in 1493; and the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili printed by Aldus Manutius with important illustrations by an unknown artist.


LXXGreek Old TestamentGreek
However, before his death Manutius had begun an edition of the Septuagint, also known as the Greek Old Testament translated from Hebrew, the first ever to be published; it appeared posthumously in 1518.

History of Western typography

Fell typesHistory of typographyHistory of typography, 20th century
Some parts of Europe call roman "antiqua" from its connection with the humanistic "lettera antica"; "medieval" and "old-style" are also employed to indicate roman types dating from the late 15th century, especially those used by Aldus Manutius (Italian: Manuzio).

Pliny the Younger

PlinyPliniusyounger Pliny
The first complete edition was produced by the press of Aldus Manutius in 1508.

Giovanni Pontano

Iovianus PontanusPontanoJovianus Pontanus
Pontano's prose and poems were printed by Aldus Manutius at Venice.