Alec Douglas-Home

Sir Alec Douglas-HomeLord HomeThe Earl of HomeDouglas-HomeLord DunglassEarl of HomeHomeLord Home of the Hirsel14th Earl of HomeAlec Douglas-Home '''The Earl of Home
Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel, (2 July 1903 – 9 October 1995) was a British statesman and Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from October 1963 to October 1964.wikipedia
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Charles Douglas-Home, 13th Earl of Home

13th Earl of HomeCharles Cospatrick Archibald Douglas-Home, 13th Earl of Home13th Earl
He was the eldest child of Charles Douglas-Home, Lord Dunglass, later 13th Earl of Home, and was educated at Ludgrove School, Eton College, and Christ Church, Oxford.
He was the father of British prime minister, Sir Alec Douglas-Home.

1964 United Kingdom general election

19641964 general election1964 election
After narrow defeat in the general election of 1964, Home resigned the party leadership in July 1965, having instituted a new and less secretive method of electing the leader.
It resulted in the Conservatives, now led by its fourth leader, Sir Alec Douglas-Home, narrowly losing the election to the Labour Party, led by Harold Wilson, with Labour having an overall majority of four seats.

Peerage Act 1963

disclaimedPeerage Act1963 Peerage Act
He is the most recent Prime Minister to hold office while a member of the House of Lords, before he renounced his peerage and took up a seat in the House of Commons for the remainder of his premiership.
Quintin Hogg, 2nd Viscount Hailsham and Alec Douglas-Home, 14th Earl of Home took advantage of the Act to disclaim their peerages, despite having inherited them in 1950 and 1951 respectively.

Earl of Home

Earls of HomeLord Home (1473)Earl of Home (1605)
He was the eldest child of Charles Douglas-Home, Lord Dunglass, later 13th Earl of Home, and was educated at Ludgrove School, Eton College, and Christ Church, Oxford.
The most famous recent holder of the title was the 14th Earl, Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, better known as Sir Alec Douglas-Home.

William Douglas Home

William Douglas-HomeDouglas-Home, William
Among the couple's younger children was the playwright William Douglas-Home.
His eldest brother was Sir Alec Douglas-Home, Prime Minister from 1963 to 1964.

House of Lords

LordsBritish House of Lordspeer
He is the most recent Prime Minister to hold office while a member of the House of Lords, before he renounced his peerage and took up a seat in the House of Commons for the remainder of his premiership.
(Alec Douglas-Home, who became Prime Minister in 1963 whilst still an Earl, disclaimed his peerage and was elected to the Commons soon after his term began.) In recent history, it has been very rare for major cabinet positions (except Lord Chancellor and Leader of the House of Lords) to have been filled by peers.

Cyril Connolly

Connolly
At Eton his contemporaries included Cyril Connolly, who later described him as:
In his last term at Eton, he was elected to Pop, which brought him into contact with others he respected, including Nico Davies, Teddy Jessel and Lord Dunglass.

1945 United Kingdom general election

1945 general election19451945 election
By the later stages of the war he had recovered enough to resume his political career, but lost his seat in the general election of 1945.

Harold Wilson

Wilsonwhite heat of technologySir Harold Wilson
He was criticised by the Labour Party as an aristocrat, out of touch with the problems of ordinary families, and he came over stiffly in television interviews, by contrast with the Labour leader, Harold Wilson.
Sir Alec Douglas-Home was an aristocrat who had given up his peerage to sit in the House of Commons and become Prime Minister upon Macmillan's resignation.

Unionist Party (Scotland)

UnionistUnionist PartyScottish Unionist Party
His political thinking was influenced by that of Noel Skelton, a member of the Unionist party (as the Conservatives were called in Scotland between 1912 and 1965).
At Westminster, the differences between the Scottish Unionist and the English party could appear blurred or non-existent to the external casual observer, especially as many Scottish MPs were prominent in the parliamentary Conservative Party, such as party leaders Andrew Bonar Law (1911–1921 and 1922–1923) and Sir Alec Douglas-Home (1963–1965), both of whom served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Neville Chamberlain

ChamberlainMr. ChamberlainNeville
Within six years of first entering the House of Commons in 1931, Douglas-Home (then called by the courtesy title Lord Dunglass) became parliamentary aide to Neville Chamberlain, witnessing at first hand Chamberlain's efforts as Prime Minister to preserve peace through appeasement in the two years before the outbreak of the Second World War.
Chamberlain had few friends among his parliamentary colleagues; an attempt by his Parliamentary Private Secretary, Lord Dunglass (later Prime Minister himself as Alec Douglas-Home), to bring him to the Commons Smoking Room to socialise with colleagues ended in embarrassing silence.

Elizabeth Douglas-Home

Elizabeth AlingtonElizabethElizabeth, Lady Douglas-Home
In 1936 Dunglass married Elizabeth Alington; her father, Cyril Alington, had been Dunglass's headmaster at Eton, and was from 1933 Dean of Durham.
Elizabeth Hester Douglas-Home, Baroness Home of the Hirsel (6 November 1909 – 13 September 1990) was the wife of British statesman Alec Douglas-Home.

Edward Heath

HeathSir Edward HeathTed Heath
From 1970 to 1974, he served in the cabinet of Edward Heath as Secretary of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, an expanded version of the post of Foreign Secretary, which he had held earlier.
Under Prime Minister Sir Alec Douglas-Home he was President of the Board of Trade and Secretary of State for Industry, Trade and Regional Development, and oversaw the abolition of retail price maintenance.

Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence

Unilateral Declaration of IndependenceUDIunilaterally declared independence
Decolonisation issues were largely routine, and the Rhodesian and South African crises lay in the future.
Smith was promptly sent to London, where he held a round of inconclusive Southern Rhodesian independence talks with the new British Prime Minister, Sir Alec Douglas-Home.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
His political thinking was influenced by that of Noel Skelton, a member of the Unionist party (as the Conservatives were called in Scotland between 1912 and 1965). Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel, (2 July 1903 – 9 October 1995) was a British statesman and Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from October 1963 to October 1964.
Conservative Prime Ministers Churchill, Sir Anthony Eden, Harold Macmillan and Sir Alec Douglas-Home promoted relatively liberal trade regulations and less state involvement throughout the 1950s and early-1960s.

D. R. Thorpe

D R ThorpeD.R. Thorpe
He retained Dunglass as his PPS, a role described by the biographer D R Thorpe as "the right-hand man ... the eyes and ears of Neville Chamberlain", and by Dutton as "liaison officer with the Parliamentary party, transmitting and receiving information and [keeping] his master informed of the mood on the government's back benches".
D. R. (Richard) Thorpe (born 1943) is a historian and biographer who has written biographies of three British Prime Ministers of the mid 20th century, Sir Anthony Eden, Sir Alec Douglas-Home and Harold Macmillan.

Douglas Castle

Douglascastle of DouglasDouglasdale
In addition to the large number of aristocratic guests, the household and estate staffs of the Douglas-Home properties at Douglas Castle and the Hirsel were invited.
The castle was the former family seat of the Prime Minister, Sir Alec Douglas-Home.

David Douglas-Home, 15th Earl of Home

DavidDavid Alexander Cospatrick Douglas-HomeDavid Douglas-Home
There were four children of the marriage: Caroline, Meriel, Diana and David.
Home is the only son of Sir Alec Douglas-Home, formerly 14th Earl of Home and British Prime Minister and later Lord Home of the Hirsel, and Elizabeth Alington, daughter of Cyril Alington.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom

House of CommonsCommonsparliamentary
He is the most recent Prime Minister to hold office while a member of the House of Lords, before he renounced his peerage and took up a seat in the House of Commons for the remainder of his premiership.
Since 1902, all prime ministers have been members of the Commons; the sole exception was during the long Summer Recess in 1963, the 14th Earl of Home, disclaimed his peerage (under a new mechanism which remains in force), three days after becoming prime minister, thereby becoming Sir Alec Douglas-Home.

Eton College

EtonEtonianOld Etonian
He was the eldest child of Charles Douglas-Home, Lord Dunglass, later 13th Earl of Home, and was educated at Ludgrove School, Eton College, and Christ Church, Oxford.
Eton has produced nineteen British Prime Ministers, including Sir Robert Walpole, William Pitt the Elder, the first Duke of Wellington, William Ewart Gladstone, the third Marquess of Salisbury, the fifth Earl of Rosebery, Arthur James Balfour, Anthony Eden, Harold Macmillan, Alec Douglas-Home, and David Cameron.

Ludgrove School

Ludgrove
He was the eldest child of Charles Douglas-Home, Lord Dunglass, later 13th Earl of Home, and was educated at Ludgrove School, Eton College, and Christ Church, Oxford.
Alec Douglas-Home, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1963 to 1964

Reginald Maudling

MaudlingThe Right Honourable '''Reginald Maudling The Right Honourable '''Reginald Maudling
His understanding of economics was primitive, and he gave his Chancellor, Reginald Maudling, free rein to handle financial affairs.
Back in London the following week, a process of "consultation" by Lord Chancellor Dilhorne and by Redmayne declared Foreign Secretary Lord Home, rather than Maudling or Butler, to be the compromise candidate.

Cyril Alington

Cyril Argentine AlingtonReverend Cyril Argentine Alington
In 1936 Dunglass married Elizabeth Alington; her father, Cyril Alington, had been Dunglass's headmaster at Eton, and was from 1933 Dean of Durham.
Lavinia married Sir Roger Mynors, academic and classical scholar; Elizabeth married Sir Alec Douglas-Home, British prime minister; and Joan married Rev. John Wilkes, Master in College and later housemaster at Eton, Warden of Radley College and later vicar of Marlow.

Iain Macleod

Ian MacleodMacleod The Right Honourable '''Iain Macleod
More important was Iain Macleod's prickly relationship with Home.
Macleod was unhappy with the "emergence" of Sir Alec Douglas-Home as party leader and Prime Minister in succession to Macmillan in 1963 (he claimed to have supported Macmillan's deputy Rab Butler, although it is unclear exactly what his recommendation had been).

Selwyn Lloyd

LloydJohn Selwyn Brooke LloydThe Right Honourable '''Selwyn Lloyd'''
Macmillan agreed with Heathcoat-Amory that the best successor at the Treasury would be the current Foreign Secretary, Selwyn Lloyd.
He returned to office under Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home as Leader of the House of Commons (1963-4), and was elected Speaker of the House of Commons from 1971 until his retirement in 1976.