Alexander the Great

AlexanderAlexander III of MacedonAlexander of MacedonAlexander IIIAlexander of MacedoniaAlexandrianAlexandrian EmpireIskandarAlexandrian periodAlexander the Grape
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.wikipedia
3,960 Related Articles

Ancient Greece

Greekancient Greekancient Greeks
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
Due to the conquests by Alexander the Great of Macedon, Hellenistic civilization flourished from Central Asia to the western end of the Mediterranean Sea.

Wars of Alexander the Great

conquests of Alexander the GreatconquestsAlexander's conquests
In 334 BC, he invaded the Achaemenid Empire (Persian Empire) and began a series of campaigns that lasted 10 years.
The wars of Alexander the Great were fought by King Alexander III of Macedon ("The Great"), first against the Achaemenid Persian Empire under Darius III, and then against local chieftains and warlords as far east as Punjab, India.

Battle of Gaugamela

GaugamelaArbelaBattle of Arbela
Following the conquest of Anatolia, Alexander broke the power of Persia in a series of decisive battles, most notably the battles of Issus and Gaugamela.
The Battle of Gaugamela, also called the Battle of Arbela, was the decisive battle of Alexander the Great's invasion of the Persian Achaemenid Empire.

Philip II of Macedon

Philip IIPhilip of MacedonPhilip
He was born in Pella in 356 BC and succeeded his father Philip II to the throne at the age of 20. He was the son of the king of Macedon, Philip II, and his fourth wife, Olympias, the daughter of Neoptolemus I, king of Epirus.
He was a member of the Argead dynasty of Macedonian kings, the third son of King Amyntas III of Macedon, and father of Alexander the Great and Philip III.

Greece

GreekHellenic RepublicGreeks
He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, and by the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to northwestern India.
Philip of Macedon united most of the Greek mainland in the fourth century BC, with his son Alexander the Great rapidly conquering much of the ancient world, from the eastern Mediterranean to India.

Pella

ancient city of Pellaof PhacosPella Macedonian Tombs
He was born in Pella in 356 BC and succeeded his father Philip II to the throne at the age of 20.
Pella is an ancient city located in Central Macedonia, Greece, best known as the historical capital of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and birthplace of Alexander the Great.

Indian campaign of Alexander the Great

Indian campaignAlexander's India campaigncampaign in India
Alexander endeavoured to reach the "ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea" and invaded India in 326 BC, winning an important victory over the Pauravas at the Battle of the Hydaspes.
The Indian campaign of Alexander the Great began in 326BC.

Battle of Issus

IssusFirst Battle of IssusAlexander the Great defeated Darius
Following the conquest of Anatolia, Alexander broke the power of Persia in a series of decisive battles, most notably the battles of Issus and Gaugamela.
The Battle of Issus (also Issos) occurred in southern Anatolia, on November 5, 333 BC between the Hellenic League led by Alexander the Great and the Achaemenid Empire, led by Darius III, in the second great battle of Alexander's conquest of Asia.

Achaemenid Empire

AchaemenidPersianPersian Empire
In 334 BC, he invaded the Achaemenid Empire (Persian Empire) and began a series of campaigns that lasted 10 years.
Alexander the Great, an avid admirer of Cyrus the Great, conquered most of the empire by 330 BC.

Death of Alexander the Great

Alexander's deathdeathdeath of Alexander
In the years following his death, a series of civil wars tore his empire apart, resulting in the establishment of several states ruled by the Diadochi: Alexander's surviving generals and heirs.
The death of Alexander the Great and subsequent related events have been the subjects of debates.

Wars of the Diadochi

First War of the DiadochiFourth War of the DiadochiDiadochi wars
In the years following his death, a series of civil wars tore his empire apart, resulting in the establishment of several states ruled by the Diadochi: Alexander's surviving generals and heirs.
The Wars of the Diadochi, or Wars of Alexander's Successors''', were a series of conflicts fought between Alexander the Great's generals over the rule of his vast empire after his death.

Diadochi

successorsdiadochdiadochus
In the years following his death, a series of civil wars tore his empire apart, resulting in the establishment of several states ruled by the Diadochi: Alexander's surviving generals and heirs.
The Diadochi (plural of Latin Diadochus, from, Diádokhoi, "successors") were the rival generals, families, and friends of Alexander the Great who fought for control over his empire after his death in 323 BC.

Aristotle

AristotelianAristotelesAristote
During his youth, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until age 16.
Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip II of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great beginning in 343 BC.

Greco-Buddhism

Greco-BuddhistBuddhism in GreeceGandhara
Alexander's legacy includes the cultural diffusion and syncretism which his conquests engendered, such as Greco-Buddhism.
It was a cultural consequence of a long chain of interactions begun by Greek forays into India from the time of Alexander the Great.

Darius III

DariusDarius III of PersiaDarius III Codomannus
He subsequently overthrew Persian King Darius III and conquered the Achaemenid Empire in its entirety.
In 334 BC, Alexander the Great began his invasion of the Persian Empire and subsequently defeated the Persians in a number of battles before looting and destroying their capital, Persepolis, by fire in 330 BC.

Alexandria

Alexandria, EgyptAlexandrianAl-Iskandariyya
He founded some twenty cities that bore his name, most notably Alexandria in Egypt.
332 BC by Alexander the Great, king of Macedon and leader of the Greek League of Corinth, during his conquest of the Achaemenid Empire.

League of Corinth

Hellenic LeagueCorinthian Leagueleague of the Greeks
Alexander was awarded the generalship of Greece and used this authority to launch his father's pan-Hellenic project to lead the Greeks in the conquest of Persia.
The League of Corinth, also referred to as the Hellenic League (from Greek Ἑλληνικός Hellenikos, "pertaining to Greece and Greeks" ), was a confederation of Greek states created by Philip II during the winter of 338 BC/337 BC after the Battle of Chaeronea and succeeded by Alexander the Great at 336 BC, to facilitate the use of military forces in the war of Greece against Persia.

Cappadocian Greeks

Cappadocian GreekGreekCappadocian Greek family
Alexander's settlement of Greek colonists and the resulting spread of Greek culture in the east resulted in a new Hellenistic civilization, aspects of which were still evident in the traditions of the Byzantine Empire in the mid-15th century AD and the presence of Greek speakers in central and far eastern Anatolia until the 1920s.
In the Hellenistic era, following the conquest of Anatolia by Alexander the Great, Greek settlers began arriving in the mountainous regions of Cappadocia at this time.

Olympias

Queen OlympiasMyrtaleOlympia
He was the son of the king of Macedon, Philip II, and his fourth wife, Olympias, the daughter of Neoptolemus I, king of Epirus.
Olympias (, c. 375–316 BC ) was the daughter of king Neoptolemus I of Epirus, the sister of Alexander I of Epirus, the fourth wife of Philip II, the king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia and the mother of Alexander the Great.

Cleitus the Black

CleitusClitus the BlackKleitos
In his early years, Alexander was raised by a nurse, Lanike, sister of Alexander's future general Cleitus the Black.
Cleitus (Clitus) the Black (c. 375 BC – 328 BC) was an officer of the Macedonian army led by Alexander the Great.

Alexandria Bucephalous

BucephalaAlexandria BucephalusAlexandria Bucephala
When the animal died (because of old age, according to Plutarch, at age thirty), Alexander named a city after him, Bucephala.
Alexandria Bucephalous (also variously known as Alexandria Bucephalus, Alexandria Bucephala, Bucephala, or Bucephalia), was a city founded by Alexander the Great in memory of his beloved horse Bucephalus.

Ptolemy I Soter

PtolemyPtolemy IPtolemy I of Egypt
Mieza was like a boarding school for Alexander and the children of Macedonian nobles, such as Ptolemy, Hephaistion, and Cassander.
Ptolemy I Soter (, Ptolemaîos Sōtḗr "Ptolemy the Savior"; c. 367 BC – January 282 BC) was a companion and historian of Alexander the Great of the Kingdom of Macedon in northern Greece who became ruler of Egypt, part of Alexander's former empire.

Parmenion

Parmenio
That same day, Philip received news that his general Parmenion had defeated the combined Illyrian and Paeonian armies and that his horses had won at the Olympic Games.
Parmenion (also Parmenio; ; c. 400 – Ecbatana, 330 BC) was an ancient Macedonian general in the service of Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great.

History of India

ancient IndiaIndiaIndian history
He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, and by the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to northwestern India.
However, the Nanda Empire did not have the opportunity to see their army face Alexander, who invaded north-western India at the time of Dhana Nanda, since Alexander was forced to confine his campaign to the plains of Punjab and Sindh, for his forces mutinied at the river Beas and refused to go any further upon encountering Nanda and Gangaridai forces.

Anaximenes of Lampsacus

Anaximenes
Suda writes that, also, Anaximenes of Lampsacus was one of his teachers.
He was one of the teachers of Alexander the Great and accompanied him on his campaigns.