Alexandre Alexeieff

Alexandre Alexeieff and Claire ParkerAlexandre AlexieffAlexander AlexeieffAlexander AlexeïeffAlexandre AlexeïeffAlexeieff
Alexandre Alexandrovitch Alexeieff (Russian: Александр Александрович Алексеев; 18 April 1901 – 9 August 1982) was a Russian Empire-born artist, filmmaker and illustrator who lived and worked mainly in Paris.wikipedia
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Pinscreen animation

pinscreenPin screenanimation in films
He and his second wife Claire Parker (1906–1981) are credited with inventing the pinscreen as well as the animation technique totalization.
The technique was invented and developed by Alexandre Alexeïeff and his wife Claire Parker in their own studio in Paris, between 1932 (first tests) and 1935, when Claire Parker registered in her own name the Brevet d´Invention nº 792340 at the Direction de la Propriété Industrielle, Ministère du Commerce et de L´Industrie, République Française, Paris 1935.

Claire Parker

He and his second wife Claire Parker (1906–1981) are credited with inventing the pinscreen as well as the animation technique totalization.
Parker shared directing credits for her films with her husband and collaborator, Russian animator Alexandre Alexeieff; however, the 1935 patent on the Pinscreen was made in her name alone.

The Trial (1962 film)

The TrialLe ProcèsTrial
In 1962, they used it to make the prologue to Orson Welles' film adaptation of Franz Kafka's novel The Trial.
The film begins with Welles narrating Kafka's parable "Before the Law" to pinscreen scenes created by the artist Alexandre Alexeieff.

Stop motion

stop-motionstop-motion animationstop motion animation
Alexeieff, Parker and Grinevskaya made about 25 stop motion-animated commercials to sustain themselves financially, though they reportedly did not see much difference between their "artistic" and "commercial" films.
Notable among these are the pinscreen animation films of Jacques Drouin, made with the original pinscreen donated by Alexandre Alexeieff and Claire Parker.

Alexandre Rockwell

Her son, Alexandre Rockwell is an independent film maker in the United States.
Rockwell is the grandson of the Russian animator Alexandre Alexeieff, who invented the pinscreen, and of Alexandra Grinevsky, Countess de Lowendhal.

Yuri Norstein

Yuriy NorshteynYury Norstein
Itineraire d’un Maitre consists of essays by Yuri Norstein, Nikolay Izvolov, Oleg Kovalov, Georges Nivat, Claudine Eizykman, Guy Fihman, Dominique Willoughby, Svetlana Alexeieff-Rockwell as well as Alexandre Rockwell.
Norstein wrote an essay for a book by Giannalberto Bendazzi about the pinscreen animator Alexander Alexeïeff titled Alexeïeff: Itinerary of a Master.

The Nose (Gogol short story)

The NoseThe Nose" (Gogol short story)novel
The Nose, based on Nikolai Gogol's satirical short story was released in 1963 and marks the first narrative film made on the pinscreen.
A short film based on the story was made by Alexandre Alexeieff and Claire Parker in 1963 and used pinscreen animation.

Kazan

Kazan, RussiaKazan, TatarstanQazan
Alexeieff was born in the town of Kazan in Russia.

Istanbul

İstanbulConstantinopleIstanbul, Turkey
He spent his early childhood in Istanbul where his father, Alexei Alexeieff, was a military attaché.

Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution of 1917Revolution1917 Revolution
You must keep on drawing.” His second brother, Nikolai, disappeared in Georgia, Russia, during the Russian Revolution of 1917.

Nicholas II of Russia

Nicholas IITsar Nicholas IICzar Nicholas II
Shortly thereafter, he received word that Tsar Nicholas the Second had been arrested and abdicated.

French Riviera

Côte d'AzurRivieraCote d'Azur
During one of the crossings, a storm forced them to anchor in the French Riviera where Alexeieff jumped ship holding on to a letter of recommendation to the Russian set designer Sergei Soudeikin who was living in Paris.

Serge Sudeikin

Sergei SudeikinSergei SoudeikinSergey Sudeykin
During one of the crossings, a storm forced them to anchor in the French Riviera where Alexeieff jumped ship holding on to a letter of recommendation to the Russian set designer Sergei Soudeikin who was living in Paris.

Montparnasse

Montparnasse Quarterartistic community of MontparnasseMontparnasse art studios
He lived in Montparnasse, a bohemian area of Paris.

Georges Pitoëff

GeorgesGeorges PitoeffPitoeff Theater
When she grew up, Grinevskaya left her aunt to become one of the main actresses in the avant-garde Pitoeff Theater.

Konstantin Stanislavski

Constantin StanislavskiStanislavskiKonstantin Stanislavsky
When Konstantin Stanislavski came to Paris and saw her acting, he offered to have her go back to Russia but Alexandra refused, remaining by Alexeieff's side.

Sanatorium

sanitariumsanitoriumsanatoria
However, he lost one of his lungs while using nitric acid to do his aquatints and was forced to spend two years in a sanatorium.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MITM.I.T.Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Claire Parker (1910–1981), a well-to-do American art student and graduate of MIT came to France in 1931 to study art.

Night on Bald Mountain

A Night on Bald MountainNight on Disco MountainNight on the Bare Mountain
After building the first large pinscreen, Alexeieff and Parker began work on the first pinscreen film in 1931, Night on Bald Mountain, an adaptation of the piece by Modest Mussorgsky, his favorite Russian composer.

Anschluss

annexation of AustriaAnschlußannexation
He made a few animated films for German products and returned to Paris right before the Anschluss, the German annexation of Austria.

Orson Welles

WellesWellesianWelles, Orson
In 1962, they used it to make the prologue to Orson Welles' film adaptation of Franz Kafka's novel The Trial.

Franz Kafka

KafkaKafkaesqueKafka, Franz
In 1962, they used it to make the prologue to Orson Welles' film adaptation of Franz Kafka's novel The Trial.

The Trial

Joseph KDer ProcessJoseph K.
In 1962, they used it to make the prologue to Orson Welles' film adaptation of Franz Kafka's novel The Trial.

Before the Law

Vor dem Gesetz
Instead still shots were filmed while Orson Welles read Kafka's parable "Before the Law" over it.