# Algebraic notation (chess)

algebraic notationalgebraic chess notationalgebraic notation used for chessalgebraicchess notationfigurine algebraic notationlong algebraic notationalgebraic notation in chessalgebraic symbolf7- or f2-square
Algebraic notation (or AN) is a method for recording and describing the moves in a game of chess.wikipedia
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### Chessboard

boardchess boardboards
It is based on a system of coordinates to uniquely identify each square on the chessboard.
Each subdivision of the board is called a square and receives a unique identification to be used in chess notation, which may be descriptive, algebraic, or numeric.

### Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings

ECOECO codeECO'' codes
Some texts, such as the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, omit any indication that a capture has been made.
The bulk of the book consists of diagrams of positions and chess moves in International figurine algebraic notation, with special symbols for comments about moves (see Chess annotation symbols).

### Chess

chess playerchess gamewestern chess
Algebraic notation (or AN) is a method for recording and describing the moves in a game of chess.
Chess games and positions are recorded using a system of notation, most commonly algebraic chess notation.

### En passant

En passant captures are indicated by specifying the capturing pawn's file of departure, the "x", the destination square (not the square of the captured pawn), and (optionally) the suffix "e.p."
In either algebraic or descriptive chess notation, en passant captures are sometimes denoted by "e.p."

### Philipp Stamma

Stamma
Algebraic notation exists in various forms and languages and is based on a system developed by Philipp Stamma.
Stamma's book introduced algebraic chess notation in an almost fully developed form before the now obsolete descriptive chess notation evolved.

### Castling

castlecastledcastles
Castling is indicated by the special notations 0-0 (for castling) and 0-0-0 ( castling).
The notation for castling, in both the descriptive and the algebraic systems, is 0-0 with the rook and 0-0-0 with the rook; in PGN, O-O and O-O-O are used instead.

### Portable Game Notation

PGNPGN format
In Portable Game Notation (PGN), pawn promotion is always indicated using the equals sign format (e8=Q).
The chess moves themselves are given in algebraic chess notation.

### Checkmate

matecheckmatingmates
Checkmate at the completion of moves can be represented by the symbol "# ".
A checkmating move is recorded in algebraic notation using the hash symbol "#", for example: 34.Qg7#.

### Chess symbols in Unicode

Chess symbolsfigurine algebraic notationfigurines
Players who speak other languages may employ different letters, for example, French-speaking players use F for bishop (from fou). In chess literature, especially that intended for an international audience, the language-specific letters are often replaced by universal icons for the pieces, for example, Nf3 is represented as ♘ f3. This style is known as figurine algebraic notation.
Use figurine algebraic notation, which replaces the letter that stands for a piece by its symbol, e.g. ♘c6 instead of Nc6. This enables the moves to be read independent of language (the letter abbreviations of pieces in algebraic notation vary from language to language).

### Check (chess)

checkcheckschecking
A move that places the opponent's king in check usually has the symbol "+" appended.
In algebraic chess notation, a checking move is recorded like any other move, except that a "+" is normally written after the move.

### Descriptive notation

descriptive chess notationdescriptiveEnglish notation
In English-speaking countries, the parallel method of descriptive notation was generally used in chess publications until about 1980.
It was used in Europe until it was superseded by algebraic notation, introduced by Philipp Stamma in 1737.

### ICCF numeric notation

language-independent chess notationnumeric
In international correspondence chess the use of algebraic notation may cause confusion, since different languages employ different names (and therefore different letters) for the pieces; hence the standard for transmitting moves in this form of chess is ICCF numeric notation.
This is because in international correspondence chess the use of algebraic notation may cause confusion, since different languages have different names (and therefore different initials) for the pieces.

### Chess notation

notation0-11-0
Chess notation
Currently algebraic chess notation is the accepted standard and is widely used.

### Coordinate system

coordinatescoordinateaxis
It is based on a system of coordinates to uniquely identify each square on the chessboard.

### FIDE

World Chess FederationFédération Internationale des ÉchecsAgon
Some older players still use descriptive notation, but it is no longer recognized by FIDE.

### Chess piece

piecepieceschess pieces
Each piece type (other than pawns) is identified by an uppercase letter.

### King (chess)

kingkingschess king
A move that places the opponent's king in check usually has the symbol "+" appended. English-speaking players use the letters K for king, Q for queen, R for rook, B for bishop, and N for knight (since K is already used).

### Queen (chess)

queenqueenschess queen
English-speaking players use the letters K for king, Q for queen, R for rook, B for bishop, and N for knight (since K is already used).

### Rook (chess)

rookrookschess rook
English-speaking players use the letters K for king, Q for queen, R for rook, B for bishop, and N for knight (since K is already used).

### Bishop (chess)

bishopbishopschess bishop
English-speaking players use the letters K for king, Q for queen, R for rook, B for bishop, and N for knight (since K is already used).

### Knight (chess)

knightknightsKnight's Move
English-speaking players use the letters K for king, Q for queen, R for rook, B for bishop, and N for knight (since K is already used).

### Chess problem

chess problemschess compositionproblem
S (from the German Springer) was also used for the knight in the early days of algebraic notation and is still used in some chess problems (where N stands for the nightrider, a popular fairy chess piece).

### Nightrider (chess)

nightridernightriders
S (from the German Springer) was also used for the knight in the early days of algebraic notation and is still used in some chess problems (where N stands for the nightrider, a popular fairy chess piece).

### Fairy chess piece

Betza's funny notationfairy piecesfairy piece
S (from the German Springer) was also used for the knight in the early days of algebraic notation and is still used in some chess problems (where N stands for the nightrider, a popular fairy chess piece).

### Colon (punctuation)

colon:colons
A colon is sometimes used instead of "x", either in the same place the "x" would go (B:e5) or at the end (Be5:).