Algiers

AlgerAlgiers, AlgeriaAl-Jazā'irAlgerianAlgerineAl-Jaza'irAl-Ŷazā'irArgelel-Jazair ولاية الجزائرAlgeria
Algiers (undefined, Al-Jazāʾir; Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.wikipedia
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Algeria

🇩🇿AlgerianPeople's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Algiers (undefined, Al-Jazāʾir; Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.
The capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the far north of the country on the Mediterranean coast.

Icosium

Yksm
In antiquity, the Greeks knew the town as Ikosion, which was Latinized as Icosium under Roman rule.
Icosium (, Ikosion) was a Punic and Berber city, a Roman colony, and an early medieval bishopric (now a Latin titular see) in the casbah area of Algiers.

Oran

Oran, AlgeriaWahrānOran Harbour
Nominally part of the sultanate of Tlemcen, Algiers had a large measure of independence under amirs of its own due to Oran being the chief seaport of the Ziyanids.
It is considered the second most important city of Algeria after the capital Algiers, due to its commercial, industrial, and cultural importance.

Oruç Reis

BarbarossaOruçBaba Aruj
In 1516, the amir of Algiers, Selim b. Teumi, invited the corsair brothers Aruj and Hayreddin Barbarossa to expel the Spaniards.
undefined 1474–1518) was an Ottoman bey (governor) of Algiers and beylerbey (chief governor) of the West Mediterranean, and the elder brother of Hayreddin Barbarossa.

Catalan language

CatalancaCatalan-language
The city's name is derived via French and Catalan Alger from the Arabic name Al-Jazā’ir, "The Islands".
People from the Spanish Alacant province settled around Oran, whereas Algiers received immigration from Northern Catalonia and Menorca.

Kingdom of Tlemcen

TlemcenEmir of Tlemcensultan of Tlemcen
The city was wrested from the Hammadids by the Almohads in 1159, and in the 13th century came under the dominion of the Ziyanid sultans of Tlemcen.
Its territory stretched from Tlemcen to the Chelif bend and Algiers, and reached at its zenith the Moulouya River to the west, Sijilmasa to the south and the Soummam river to the east.

Zayyanid dynasty

ZayyanidZayyanidsAbd al-Wadid
The city was wrested from the Hammadids by the Almohads in 1159, and in the 13th century came under the dominion of the Ziyanid sultans of Tlemcen.
The territory stretched from Tlemcen to the Chelif bend and Algiers.

Buluggin ibn Ziri

The present city was founded in 944 by Bologhine ibn Ziri, the founder of the Berber Zirid–Sanhaja dynasty.
Buluggin was already given responsibility under the governorship of his father Ziri ibn Manad, during which time he founded the cities of Algiers, Miliana and Médéa.

Barbary pirates

corsairscorsairpirates
In 1510, following their occupation of Oran and other towns on the coast of Africa, the Spaniards fortified the islet of Peñon and imposed a levy intended to suppress corsair activity.
The Barbary pirates, sometimes called Barbary corsairs or Ottoman corsairs, were Ottoman and Maghrebi pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Salé, Rabat, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli.

Peñón of Algiers

The Peñón of Algiers, an islet in front of Algiers harbour had been occupied by the Spaniards as early as 1302.
Peñón of Algiers (Peñón de Argel) was a small islet off the coast of Algiers, fortified by the Kingdom of Spain during the 16th century.

Algiers expedition (1541)

Algiers expeditionAlgiersExpedition against Algiers
In October 1541 in the Algiers expedition, the King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V sought to capture the city, but a storm destroyed a great number of his ships, and his army of some 30,000, chiefly made up of Spaniards, was defeated by the Algerians under their Pasha, Hassan.
The 1541 Algiers expedition occurred when Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire attempted to lead a fleet against the Ottoman Empire's stronghold of Algiers, in modern Algeria.

Mediterranean Sea

MediterraneanMediterranean coastMediterranean islands
Algiers is situated on the west side of a bay of the Mediterranean Sea.

Capture of Peñón of Algiers (1529)

Capture of AlgiersCapture of Peñón of Algiers1529
Barbarossa lost Algiers in 1524 but regained it with the Capture of Algiers (1529), and then formally invited the Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent to accept sovereignty over the territory and to annex Algiers to the Ottoman Empire.
The Capture of Peñón of Algiers was accomplished when the beylerbey of Algiers Hayreddin Barbarossa took a fortress (called Peñón of Algiers) in a small islet facing the Algerian city of Algiers from the Habsburg Spaniards.

Kabyle people

KabyleKabylesAlgerian
A major road running north to south divided the city in two: The upper city (al-Gabal, or 'the mountain') which consisted of about fifty small quarters of Andalusian, Jewish, Moorish and Kabyle communities, and the lower city (al-Wata, or 'the plains') which was the administrative, military and commercial centre of the city, mostly inhabited by Turkish dignitaries and other upper-class families.
The Kabyle people (Kabyle: Iqbayliyen, ) are a Berber ethnic group indigenous to Kabylia in the north of Algeria, spread across the Atlas Mountains, one hundred miles east of Algiers.

Zirid dynasty

ZiridsZiridemir of Tunis
The present city was founded in 944 by Bologhine ibn Ziri, the founder of the Berber Zirid–Sanhaja dynasty.
Ziri was installed as the governor of central Maghreb and founded the gubernatorial residence of Ashir south-east of Algiers, with Fatimid support.

French Algeria

AlgeriaFrench ruleFrench colonial era
Algiers became the capital of French Algeria.
In 1681, Louis XIV asked Admiral Abraham Duquesne to fight the Berber pirates and also ordered a large-scale attack on Algiers between 1682 and 1683 on the pretext of assisting Christian captives.

Geography of Algeria

AlgeriaMitidjaExtreme points of Algeria
It now has about five million inhabitants, or 10 percent of Algeria's population—and its suburbs now cover most of the surrounding Mitidja plain.
Its Arabic name, Al Jazair (the islands), derives from the name of the capital Algiers (Al Jazair in Arabic), after the small islands formerly found in its harbor.

Algerian War

AlgeriaAlgerian War of Independenceindependence of Algeria
Algiers also played a pivotal role in the Algerian War (1954–1962), particularly during the Battle of Algiers when the 10th Parachute Division of the French Army, starting on January 7, 1957, and on the orders of the French Minister of Justice François Mitterrand (who authorized any means "to eliminate the insurrectionists"), led attacks against the Algerian fighters for independence.
After major demonstrations in Algiers and several other cities in favor of independence (1960) and a United Nations resolution recognizing the right to independence, De Gaulle decided to open a series of negotiations with the FLN.

Berbers

BerberAmazighBerber tribes
The present city was founded in 944 by Bologhine ibn Ziri, the founder of the Berber Zirid–Sanhaja dynasty.
Just to the west of Aghlabid lands, Abd ar Rahman ibn Rustam ruled most of the central Maghreb from Tahert, south-west of Algiers.

Operation Torch

invasion of North AfricaOperation ''TorchNorth Africa
During World War II, Algiers was the first city to be seized from the Germans by the Allies during Operation Torch.
The Allies believed that the Vichy French forces would not fight, partly because of information supplied by American Consul Robert Daniel Murphy in Algiers.

Capture of Algiers (1516)

Capture of Algiers1516captured Algiers
Aruj came to Algiers, ordered the assassination of Selim, and seized the town and ousted the Spanish in the Capture of Algiers (1516).
The Capture of Algiers in 1516 was accomplished by the Ottoman brothers Oruç and Hayreddin Barbarossa against Sālim al-Tūmī, the ruler of the city of Algiers.

Casbah of Algiers

Casbahthe CasbahKasbah
The Casbah (of Al Qasbah, “the Citadel”), Ier District of Algiers: called Al-Djazaïr Al Mahroussa (“Well Kept Algiers”), it is founded on the ruins of old Icosium. It is a small city which, built on a hill, goes down towards the sea, divided in two: the High city and the Low city. One finds there masonries and mosques of the 17th century; Ketchaoua mosque (built in 1794 by the Dey Baba Hassan) flanked by two minarets, mosque el Djedid (built in 1660, at the time of Turkish regency) with its large finished ovoid cupola points some and its four coupolettes, mosque El Kébir (oldest of the mosques, it was built by Almoravid Youssef Ibn Tachfin and rebuilt later in 1794), mosque Ali Betchnin (Raïs, 1623), Dar Aziza, palate of Jénina. In the Kasbah, there are also labyrinths of lanes and houses that are very picturesque, and if one gets lost there, it is enough to go down again towards the sea to reposition oneself.
The Casbah (قصبة, qaṣba, meaning citadel (fortress)) is specifically the citadel of Algiers in Algeria and the traditional quarter clustered around it. In 1992, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) proclaimed Kasbah of Algiers a World Cultural Heritage site, as "There are the remains of the citadel, old mosques and Ottoman-style palaces as well as the remains of a traditional urban structure associated with a deep-rooted sense of community."

Bab El Oued

a traditionally working-class European quarter
Roman cemeteries existed near Bab-el-Oued and Bab Azoun.
Bab El Oued is a neighbourhood in Algiers, the capital of Algeria, along the coast north of the city centre.

December 11, 2007 Algiers bombings

11 December 2007 Algiers bombingsAlgiers bombings of 11 December 2007attacked U.N. offices in Algiers
On December 11, 2007, two car bombs exploded in Algiers.
There were two near simultaneous bombings in Algiers which occurred on 11 December 2007 when two car bombs exploded 10 minutes apart starting at around 9:30 a.m. local time, in the Algerian capital Algiers.

Phoenicia

PhoenicianPhoeniciansPhoenicio
A small Phoenician colony on Algiers's former islands was established and taken over by the Carthaginians sometime before the 3rd century.
Icosium (modern Algiers)