Algiers

AlgerAlgiers, AlgeriaAlgerianAlgerineAl-Jazā'irel-Jazair ولاية الجزائرArgelAl-Jaza'irAl-Ŷazā'irAlgerines
Algiers (undefined al-Jazā’er; Alger ) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.wikipedia
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Algeria

🇩🇿AlgerianPeople's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Algiers (undefined al-Jazā’er; Alger ) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.
The capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the far north of the country.

Oran

WahrānOran, AlgeriaOran Harbour
Nominally part of the sultanate of Tlemcen, Algiers had a large measure of independence under amirs of its own due to Oran being the chief seaport of the Ziyanids.
It is considered the second most important city of Algeria after the capital Algiers, due to its commercial, industrial, and cultural importance.

Oruç Reis

BarbarossaOruçBaba Aruj
In 1516, the amir of Algiers, Selim b. Teumi, invited the corsair brothers Aruj and Hayreddin Barbarossa to expel the Spaniards.
undefined 1474–1518) was an Ottoman bey (governor) of Algiers and beylerbey (chief governor) of the West Mediterranean, and the elder brother of Hayreddin Barbarossa.

Kingdom of Tlemcen

Tlemcensultan of TlemcenEmir of Tlemcen
The city was wrested from the Hammadids by the Almohads in 1159, and in the 13th century came under the dominion of the Ziyanid sultans of Tlemcen.
Its territory stretched from Tlemcen to the Chelif bend and Algiers, and reached at its zenith the Moulouya River to the west, Sijilmasa to the south and the Soummam river to the east.

Barbary pirates

corsairscorsairpirates
In 1510, following their occupation of Oran and other towns on the coast of Africa, the Spaniards fortified the islet of Peñon and imposed a levy intended to suppress corsair activity.
The Barbary pirates, sometimes called Barbary corsairs or Ottoman corsairs, were Ottoman and Maghrebis pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Salé, Rabat, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli.

Icosium

Yksm
A Phoenician commercial outpost called Ikosim which later developed into a small Roman town called Icosium existed on what is now the marine quarter of the city.
Icosium (, Ikhosion) was a Punic and Berber city, a Roman colony, and an early medieval bishopric (now a Latin titular see) in the casbah area of Algiers.

Zayyanid dynasty

ZayyanidZayyanidsAbd al-Wadid
The city was wrested from the Hammadids by the Almohads in 1159, and in the 13th century came under the dominion of the Ziyanid sultans of Tlemcen.
The territory stretched from Tlemcen to the Chelif bend and Algiers.

Kabyle people

KabyleKabylesKabylia
A major road running north to south divided the city in two: The upper city (al-Gabal, or 'the mountain') which consisted of about fifty small quarters of Andalusian, Jewish, Moorish and Kabyle communities, and the lower city (al-Wata, or 'the plains') which was the administrative, military and commercial centre of the city, mostly inhabited by Turkish dignitaries and other upper-class families.
The Kabyle people (Kabyle: Iqbayliyen, ) are a Berber ethnic group indigenous to Kabylia in the north of Algeria, spread across the Atlas Mountains, one hundred miles east of Algiers.

Algiers expedition (1541)

Algiers expeditionAlgiersexpedition against Algiers
In October 1541 in the Algiers expedition, the King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V sought to capture the city, but a storm destroyed a great number of his ships, and his army of some 30,000, chiefly made up of Spaniards, was defeated by the Algerians under their Pasha, Hassan.
The 1541 Algiers expedition occurred when Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire attempted to lead a fleet against the Ottoman Empire's stronghold of Algiers, in modern Algeria.

Algerian War

AlgeriaAlgerian War of Independenceindependence of Algeria
Algiers also played a pivotal role in the Algerian War (1954–1962), particularly during the Battle of Algiers when the 10th Parachute Division of the French Army, starting on January 7, 1957, and on the orders of the French Minister of Justice François Mitterrand (who authorized any means "to eliminate the insurrectionists"), led attacks against the Algerian fighters for independence.
After major demonstrations in Algiers and several other cities in favor of independence (1960) and a United Nations resolution recognizing the right to independence, De Gaulle decided to open a series of negotiations with the FLN.

Peñón of Algiers

The Peñón of Algiers, an islet in front of Algiers harbour had been occupied by the Spaniards as early as 1302.
Peñón of Algiers (Peñón de Argel) was a small islet off the coast of Algiers, fortified by the Kingdom of Spain during the 16th century.

Capture of Peñón of Algiers (1529)

Capture of AlgiersCapture of Peñón of Algiers1529
Barbarossa lost Algiers in 1524 but regained it with the Capture of Algiers (1529), and then formally invited the Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent to accept sovereignty over the territory and to annex Algiers to the Ottoman Empire.
The Capture of Peñón of Algiers was accomplished when the beylerbey of Algiers Hayreddin Barbarossa took a fortress (called Peñón of Algiers) in a small islet facing the Algerian city of Algiers from the Habsburg Spaniards.

Buluggin ibn Ziri

The present-day city was founded in 944 by Bologhine ibn Ziri, the founder of the Berber Zirid–Sanhaja dynasty.
Buluggin was already given responsibility under the governorship of his father Ziri ibn Manad, during which time he founded the cities of Algiers, Miliana and Médéa.

Geography of Algeria

MitidjaAlgeriaExtreme points of Algeria
It now has about five million inhabitants, or 10 percent of Algeria's population—and its suburbs now cover most of the surrounding Mitidja plain.
Its Arabic name, Al Jazair (the islands), derives from the name of the capital Algiers (Al Jazair in Arabic), after the small islands formerly found in its harbor.

French Algeria

AlgeriaFrench ruleFrench colonial era
Algiers became the capital of French Algeria.
In 1681, Louis XIV asked Admiral Abraham Duquesne to fight the Berber pirates and also ordered a large-scale attack on Algiers between 1682 and 1683 on the pretext of assisting Christian captives.

Bab El Oued

a traditionally working-class European quarter
Bab El Oued: Literally the River's Gate, the popular district which extends from the Casbah beyond "the gate of the river". It is the capital's darling and best liked borough. Famous for its square with “the three clocks” and for its “market Triplet”, it is also a district of workshops and manufacturing plants.
Bab El Oued is a neighbourhood in Algiers, the capital of Algeria, along the coast north of the city centre.

Casbah of Algiers

Casbahthe CasbahKasbah
The Casbah (of Al Qasbah, “the Citadel”), Ier District of Algiers: called Al-Djazaïr Al Mahroussa (“Well Kept Algiers”), it is founded on the ruins of old Icosium. It is a small city which, built on a hill, goes down towards the sea, divided in two: the High city and the Low city. One finds there masonries and mosques of the 17th century; Ketchaoua mosque (built in 1794 by the Dey Baba Hassan) flanked by two minarets, mosque el Djedid (built in 1660, at the time of Turkish regency) with its large finished ovoid cupola points some and its four coupolettes, mosque El Kébir (oldest of the mosques, it was built by Almoravid Youssef Ibn Tachfin and rebuilt later in 1794), mosque Ali Betchnin (Raïs, 1623), Dar Aziza, palate of Jénina. In the Kasbah, there are also labyrinths of lanes and houses that are very picturesque, and if one gets lost there, it is enough to go down again towards the sea to reposition oneself.
The Casbah (قصبة, qaṣba, meaning citadel (fortress)) is specifically the citadel of Algiers in Algeria and the traditional quarter clustered around it. In 1992, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) proclaimed Kasbah of Algiers a World Cultural Heritage site, as "There are the remains of the citadel, old mosques and Ottoman-style palaces as well as the remains of a traditional urban structure associated with a deep-rooted sense of community."

Catalan language

CatalancaCatalan-language
The city name is derived (via French and Catalan Alger ) from the Arabic name الجزائر al-Jazā’ir, which translates as "The Islands", referring to the four islands which used to lie off the city's coast until becoming part of the mainland in 1525.
People from the Spanish Alacant province settled around Oran, whereas Algiers received immigration from Northern Catalonia and Menorca.

December 11, 2007 Algiers bombings

11 December 2007 Algiers bombingsbombs exploded in AlgiersTwo car bombs explode
On December 11, 2007, two car bombs exploded in Algiers.
There were two near simultaneous bombings in Algiers which occurred on 11 December 2007 when two car bombs exploded 10 minutes apart starting at around 9:30 a.m. local time, in the Algerian capital Algiers.

Bouzaréah

BouzaréaBouzareah
The communes of Hydra, Ben Aknoun, El-Biar and Bouzareah form what the inhabitants of Algiers call the heights of Algiers. These communes shelter the majority of the foreign embassies of Algiers, of many ministries and university centers, which makes it one of the administrative and policy centers of the country.
Bouzaréah is a suburb of Algiers, the capital of Algeria, North Africa, and its eleventh district.

Djamaa el Kebir

Great Mosque
The Great Mosque (Jamaa-el-Kebir الجامع الكبير) is the oldest mosque in Algiers.
The Great Mosque of Algiers (الجامع الكبير, Jemaa Kebir) or “Djama’a al-Kebir” (meaning Great Mosque) is a mosque in Algiers, Algeria, located very close to Algiers Harbor.

Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present)

Insurgency in the MaghrebMaghreb insurgencyoperating in Algeria since around 2002
Indigenous terrorist groups have been actively operating in Algeria since around 2002.
The strategic leadership of AQIM continued to be headquartered in the mountainous region of Kabylie east of the Algerian capital Algiers, headed by a 14-member Shura council leadership.

Mediterranean climate

warm-summer Mediterranean climateMediterraneanCsb
Algiers has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). Its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea aids in moderating the city's temperatures.
Most large, historic cities of the Mediterranean basin, including Athens, Algiers, Barcelona, Beirut, İzmir, Jerusalem, Marseille, Rome, Valencia and Tunis, lie within Mediterranean climatic zones, as do major cities outside the Mediterranean basin, such as Adelaide, Cape Town, Casablanca, Dushanbe, Los Angeles, Lisbon, Perth, San Francisco, Santiago and Tashkent.

Operation Torch

invasion of North AfricaOperation ''TorchNorth Africa
During World War II, Algiers was the first city to be seized from the Germans by the Allies during Operation Torch.
The Allies believed that the Vichy French forces would not fight, partly because of information supplied by American Consul Robert Daniel Murphy in Algiers.

Zirid dynasty

ZiridsZiridZayrids
The present-day city was founded in 944 by Bologhine ibn Ziri, the founder of the Berber Zirid–Sanhaja dynasty.
Ziri was installed as the governor of central Maghreb and founded the gubernatorial residence of Ashir south-east of Algiers, with Fatimid support.