Ali Fuat Cebesoy

Ali Fuat PashaAli Fuad PashaAli FuadAli Fuad BeyAli Fuad PaşaAli Fuat (Cebesoy)Ali Fuat (Cebesoy) PashaAli Fuat BeyAli Fuat PaşaFuad Pasha
Ali Fuat Cebesoy (September 23, 1882 – January 10, 1968) was a Turkish army officer and politician.wikipedia
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Mehmed Ali Pasha (marshal)

Mehmed Ali PashaMehmet Ali PashaMehmed Pasha
Ali Fuat was the grandson (on his mother's side) of Mushir Mehmet Ali Pasha (Ludwig Karl Friedrich Detroit) who was the commander of the Danube Army (Tuna Şark Ordusu) during the Russo-Turkish war, participated in the Congress of Berlin as one of three representatives of the Ottoman Empire and was killed on September 7, 1878 in Đakovica (Kosovo) by Albanian insurgents who were dissatisfied with the results of the Berlin Congress.
He was the grandfather of the Turkish statesman Ali Fuat Cebesoy, and the great-grandfather of famous poets Nâzım Hikmet and Oktay Rıfat Horozcu and the socialist activist, lawyer, and athlete Mehmet Ali Aybar.

Ismail Fazıl Pasha

Ismail Fazil PashaIsmail Fazılİsmail Fazıl
Ali Fuat was born in September 1882 to father Ismail Fazil Pasha and mother Zekiye Hanım.
They had two sons, Ali Fuat Cebesoy and Mehmet Ali Cebesoy.

Yanya Corps

He became the chief of staff of the Yanya Corps and on November 10 he was appointed to the deputy commander of the 23rd Division (Yirmi Üçüncü Fırka), replacing Mirliva Cevat Pasha.
Yanya Corps HQ (commander: Esad Pasha, chief of staff: Binbaşı Ali Fuad Bey, later: Kaymakam Turgut Bey)

Progressive Republican Party (Turkey)

Progressive Republican PartyProgressive Republican Party (TCF)Terakkiperver Cumhuriyet Fırkası
In this new era of his political career, he joined the founders of the opposition party, the Progressive Republican Party, and he was elected as the general secretary of the party in 1924.
It was established by Ali Fuat (Cebesoy) Pasha, Kâzım Karabekir, Refet (Bele) Pasha, Rauf (Orbay) Bey and Adnan (Adıvar) Bey on 17 November 1924, but was later banned on 5 June 1925 after the Sheikh Said Rebellion.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

AtatürkMustafa KemalKemal Atatürk
After the Armistice of Mudros was signed, he concurrently became the deputy commander of Seventh Army, replacing Mustafa Kemal.
He was born Mustafa, and his second name Kemal (meaning Perfection or Maturity) was given to him by his mathematics teacher, Captain Üsküplü Mustafa Efendi, "in admiration of his capability and maturity" according to Afet İnan, and, according to Ali Fuat Cebesoy, because his teacher wanted to distinguish his student who had the same name as him, although biographer Andrew Mango suggests that he may have chosen the name himself as a tribute to the nationalist poet Namık Kemal.

Turkish War of Independence

War of IndependenceTurkish Independence WarIndependence War
Ali Fuat Pasha organized the resistance in Western Turkey against the Greek invasion and thus actually started the National Independence War.
Mirliva Ali Fuad Paşa in the meantime had moved his XX Corps from Ereğli to Ankara and started organizing resistance groups, including Circassian immigrants under Çerkes Ethem.

XX Corps (Ottoman Empire)

XX CorpsOttoman XX CorpsXV Corps
On June 30, 1917, he became the commander of the XX Corps.

Speaker of the Grand National Assembly

SpeakerSpeaker of the Parliament of TurkeyList of Speakers of the Parliament of Turkey

Turkish State Cemetery

State Cemetery
However, his remains were moved to the Turkish State Cemetery in Ankara, after the military coup of 1980.

Republican People's Party (Turkey)

Republican People's PartyCHPRepublican People's Party (CHP)
The first one was the Progressive Republican Party established in 1924 by famous generals such as Kazım Karabekir and Ali Fuat Cebesoy, who both served during the Turkish War of Independence, and the second was the Liberal Republican Party founded by Ali Fethi Okyar in 1930.

Seventh Army (Ottoman Empire)

Seventh ArmySeventh7th Army
After the Armistice of Mudros was signed, he concurrently became the deputy commander of Seventh Army, replacing Mustafa Kemal.

Treaty of Moscow (1921)

Treaty of MoscowMoscowtreaty of friendship
By personally negotiating with Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin in Moscow, he signed the Treaty of Moscow (1921), along the lines of the Brest-Litovsk Peace Treaty, as the representative of the Ankara government, which provided financial and military support from Russia to the Turkish Independence War, in exchange for ceding the right to Batum, then controlled by the Georgian Republic, to the Soviet government.

List of high-ranking commanders of the Turkish War of Independence

companion-in-arms of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in the Turkish War of Independence
*List of high-ranking commanders of the Turkish War of Independence

Turkish people

TurkishTurksTurk
Ali Fuat Cebesoy (September 23, 1882 – January 10, 1968) was a Turkish army officer and politician.

Mushir

MüşirField marshalMarshal
Ali Fuat was the grandson (on his mother's side) of Mushir Mehmet Ali Pasha (Ludwig Karl Friedrich Detroit) who was the commander of the Danube Army (Tuna Şark Ordusu) during the Russo-Turkish war, participated in the Congress of Berlin as one of three representatives of the Ottoman Empire and was killed on September 7, 1878 in Đakovica (Kosovo) by Albanian insurgents who were dissatisfied with the results of the Berlin Congress.

Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)

Russo-Turkish WarRusso-Turkish War (1877–78)Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878
Ali Fuat was the grandson (on his mother's side) of Mushir Mehmet Ali Pasha (Ludwig Karl Friedrich Detroit) who was the commander of the Danube Army (Tuna Şark Ordusu) during the Russo-Turkish war, participated in the Congress of Berlin as one of three representatives of the Ottoman Empire and was killed on September 7, 1878 in Đakovica (Kosovo) by Albanian insurgents who were dissatisfied with the results of the Berlin Congress.

Congress of Berlin

Berlin CongressBerlin AgreementBerlin Congress of 1878
Ali Fuat was the grandson (on his mother's side) of Mushir Mehmet Ali Pasha (Ludwig Karl Friedrich Detroit) who was the commander of the Danube Army (Tuna Şark Ordusu) during the Russo-Turkish war, participated in the Congress of Berlin as one of three representatives of the Ottoman Empire and was killed on September 7, 1878 in Đakovica (Kosovo) by Albanian insurgents who were dissatisfied with the results of the Berlin Congress.

Gjakova

ĐakovicaGjakovëYakova
Ali Fuat was the grandson (on his mother's side) of Mushir Mehmet Ali Pasha (Ludwig Karl Friedrich Detroit) who was the commander of the Danube Army (Tuna Şark Ordusu) during the Russo-Turkish war, participated in the Congress of Berlin as one of three representatives of the Ottoman Empire and was killed on September 7, 1878 in Đakovica (Kosovo) by Albanian insurgents who were dissatisfied with the results of the Berlin Congress.

Kosovo Vilayet

Vilayet of KosovoKosovoOttoman Kosovo
Ali Fuat was the grandson (on his mother's side) of Mushir Mehmet Ali Pasha (Ludwig Karl Friedrich Detroit) who was the commander of the Danube Army (Tuna Şark Ordusu) during the Russo-Turkish war, participated in the Congress of Berlin as one of three representatives of the Ottoman Empire and was killed on September 7, 1878 in Đakovica (Kosovo) by Albanian insurgents who were dissatisfied with the results of the Berlin Congress.

Insurgency

insurgentinsurgentsmilitant
Ali Fuat was the grandson (on his mother's side) of Mushir Mehmet Ali Pasha (Ludwig Karl Friedrich Detroit) who was the commander of the Danube Army (Tuna Şark Ordusu) during the Russo-Turkish war, participated in the Congress of Berlin as one of three representatives of the Ottoman Empire and was killed on September 7, 1878 in Đakovica (Kosovo) by Albanian insurgents who were dissatisfied with the results of the Berlin Congress.

Staff (military)

General Staffstaff officerstaff
Ali Fuat attended the War School in 1902, and graduated from the Ottoman War College in 1905 as a Staff Captain (Erkân-ı Harp Yüzbaşısı).