Max Schreck as Count Orlok in the 1922 film Nosferatu. Critic and historian Kim Newman declared it as a film that set the template for the horror film.
Theatrical release poster by Philip Gips
Depiction of the usage of mirrors in horror films.
The principal cast members of Alien (left to right: Holm, Stanton, Weaver, Kotto, Skerritt, Cartwright, and Hurt)
Bela Lugosi in Dracula (1931), a film noted as inspiring a wave of subsequent American horror films in the 1930s.
Screenwriter Dan O'Bannon
George A. Romero's Night of the Living Dead (1968) led to what Newman described as a "slow burning influence" in independent and thoughtful horror films in the 1970s.
Director Ridley Scott
Some cast and crew members of The Blair Witch Project (1999), one of the highest grossing horror films of the 1990s.
Ridley Scott filmed model shots of the Nostromo and its attached ore refinery. He made slow passes filming at 21⁄2 frames per second to give the models the appearance of motion.
Park Chan-wook, the director of Thirst (2009), one of the many varied Korean horror films from the early 21st century.
Jerry Goldsmith composed the music for Alien.
French director Julia Ducournau (centre) won the Palme d'Or for horror film Titane. She is pictured with actors Agathe Rousselle and Vincent Lindon, who star in the film, at the 2021 Cannes Film Festival.
Sigourney Weaver became the star of the Alien films, reprising her role as Ripley in three sequels between 1986 and 1997. She did not appear in either of the Alien vs. Predator crossovers of the 2000s, but has expressed interest in doing a fifth Alien film.
Jörg Buttgereit in 2015. Buttgereit was described by Kai-Uwe Werbeck as "arguably the most visible German horror director of the 1980s and early 1990s"
Still from Dario Argento's Suspiria (1977). Curti described the film as developing an "artistic rebirth" and "irrational dimension" to the Italian gothic from its "set pieces to the color and the music."
Filmmaker and composer John Carpenter, who has directed and scored numerous horror films, performing in 2016.
Cannibal Holocaust (1980) uses a found footage style.
Still of Madhubala in Mahal (1949), considered one of the first Indian horror films.

Alien is a 1979 science fiction horror film directed by Ridley Scott and written by Dan O'Bannon.

- Alien (film)

This ranged from fans of different genres who may view a film like Alien (1979) as belonging to science fiction, and horror fan bases dismissing it as being inauthentic to either genre.

- Horror film
Max Schreck as Count Orlok in the 1922 film Nosferatu. Critic and historian Kim Newman declared it as a film that set the template for the horror film.

4 related topics

Alpha

Carpenter in 2010

John Carpenter

American filmmaker, actor and composer.

American filmmaker, actor and composer.

Carpenter in 2010
Carpenter in September 2001
Carpenter performing live in October 2016
Carpenter with Bruce Robb (right) and son Cody Carpenter (middle) in 2005
Carpenter at a signing in Chicago, 2014

Carpenter's first major film as director, Dark Star (1974), was a science-fiction comedy that he co-wrote with Dan O'Bannon (who later went on to write Alien, borrowing freely from much of Dark Star).

Being a graphic, sinister horror film, it did not appeal to audiences during the summer of 1982, especially when E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, which presented a much more lighthearted and family-friendly depiction of alien visitation, was released two weeks prior.

A scene from the Grand Guignol, a format some critics have cited as an influence on the slasher film

Slasher film

A scene from the Grand Guignol, a format some critics have cited as an influence on the slasher film
Dorothy McGuire in The Spiral Staircase (1946)
Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho (1960) was a huge success on release, and a critical influence on the slasher genre
The masked killer in Mario Bava's giallo film, Blood and Black Lace (1964)

A slasher film is a genre of horror films involving a killer stalking and murdering a group of people, usually by use of bladed tools.

Ridley Scott's successful Alien (1979) spawned its own sci-fi-horror subgenre that included slasher films Scared to Death and Without Warning.

2001: A Space Odyssey, the landmark 1968 collaboration between filmmaker Stanley Kubrick and classic science-fiction author Arthur C. Clarke, featured groundbreaking special effects, such as the realization of the spaceship 
USSC Discovery One (pictured here).

Science fiction film

Film genre that uses speculative, fictional science-based depictions of phenomena that are not fully accepted by mainstream science, such as extraterrestrial lifeforms, spacecraft, robots, cyborgs, interstellar travel or other technologies.

Film genre that uses speculative, fictional science-based depictions of phenomena that are not fully accepted by mainstream science, such as extraterrestrial lifeforms, spacecraft, robots, cyborgs, interstellar travel or other technologies.

2001: A Space Odyssey, the landmark 1968 collaboration between filmmaker Stanley Kubrick and classic science-fiction author Arthur C. Clarke, featured groundbreaking special effects, such as the realization of the spaceship 
USSC Discovery One (pictured here).
Metropolis (1927) by Fritz Lang was one of the first feature length science fiction films. It was produced at Studio Babelsberg, Germany. (Photo shows the statue depicting the Machinenmensch before it is given Maria's soul, at Filmpark Babelsberg).
Peter Sellers as the titular character from Dr. Strangelove (1964)
Transformers characters at Universal Studios Hollywood

The other ten super-genres are action, crime, fantasy, horror, romance, slice of life, sports, thriller, war, and western.

However, there are numerous well-known examples of science fiction horror films, epitomized by such pictures as Frankenstein and Alien.

Bava in 1975

Mario Bava

Italian filmmaker who worked variously as a director, cinematographer, special effects artist and screenwriter, frequently referred to as the "Master of Italian Horror" and the "Master of the Macabre".

Italian filmmaker who worked variously as a director, cinematographer, special effects artist and screenwriter, frequently referred to as the "Master of Italian Horror" and the "Master of the Macabre".

Bava in 1975
Bava in 1962

He was a pioneer of Italian genre cinema, and is regarded as one of the most influential auteurs of the horror film genre.

His 1965 science fiction horror film Planet of the Vampires was a thematic precursor to Alien (1979).