Alkmaar

Alkmaar, NetherlandsHuiswaard
Alkmaar is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland.wikipedia
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Siege of Alkmaar

besieged AlkmaarIn Alkmaar begint de victoriesiege
In 1573 the city underwent a siege by Spanish forces under the leadership of Don Fadrique, son of the Duke of Alva.
The burghers of the Dutch city of Alkmaar held off the Spanish (who had set up their camp in Oudorp) between 21 August and 8 October 1573, with boiling tar and burning branches from their renewed city walls.

Achtermeer

first polderoldest
Even so, it is only a couple of metres above the surrounding region, which consists of some of the oldest polders in existence.
The Achtermeer polder south of Alkmaar in the Dutch province of North Holland is the first known polder in the Netherlands.

Eighty Years' War

Eighty Years WarDutch War of IndependenceWar of Independence
It was a turning point in the Eighty Years War and gave rise to the expression Bij Alkmaar begint de victorie ("Victory begins at Alkmaar").
Diederik Sonoy persuaded the cities of Enkhuizen, Hoorn, Medemblik, Edam, Haarlem, and Alkmaar to defect to Orange.

Schermer

On 1 January 2015 the municipalities of Graft-De Rijp and Schermer were merged into Alkmaar.
Since 2015 it has been a part of Alkmaar.

De Rijp

The historical village of De Rijp is thus since a part of Alkmaar.
It is a part of the municipality of Alkmaar, and lies about 10 km northwest of Purmerend, between the Schermer and the Beemster polders.

Graft-De Rijp

On 1 January 2015 the municipalities of Graft-De Rijp and Schermer were merged into Alkmaar.
Since 2015 it has been a part of Alkmaar.

North Holland

Noord-HollandNorth-HollandNoord Holland
Alkmaar is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland.
They are, in order of size, Amsterdam (in terms of population this is also the largest municipality in the Netherlands), Haarlem, Zaanstad, Haarlemmermeer and Alkmaar.

Koedijk

Alkmaar-Koedijk
The municipality of Alkmaar historically consists of the following cities, towns, villages and districts: Alkmaar, Bergermeer, Daalmeer, De Hoef, De Horn, De Nollen, Het Rak, Huiswaard, Koedijk (southeastern part), Overdie, Oudorp and Omval.
It is now a part of Alkmaar and of Langedijk, but before 1972 those two parts were a separate municipality first mentioned in the 14th century.

City rights in the Low Countries

city rightscitycity charter
As the village grew into a town, it was granted city rights in 1254.

Independent Party of Alkmaar

OPA
The Independent Party of Alkmaar (Onafhankelijke Partij Alkmaar, OPA) is a municipal political party from Alkmaar.

Noordhollandsch Kanaal

North Holland CanalNorth Holland
The North Holland Canal, opened in 1824, was dug through Alkmaar.
The canal stretches about 75 kilometres, connecting several cities in North Holland: from Den Helder in the north, through Alkmaar and Purmerend, to Amsterdam at its southern end.

List of cities in the Netherlands by province

cityList of cities in the Netherlandscities
Alkmaar is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland.

Haarlem

Haarlem, NetherlandsVV Young BoysWaarderpolder
There are direct trains to Den Helder, Hoorn, Zaandam, Amsterdam, Utrecht, Ede, Arnhem, Nijmegen, 's-Hertogenbosch, Eindhoven, Maastricht and Haarlem.
Haarlem has a rich history dating back to pre-medieval times, as it lies on a thin strip of land above sea level known as the strandwal (beach ridge), which connects Leiden to Alkmaar.

Alkmaar railway station

AlkmaarAlkmaar train station
For exact details see Alkmaar railway station.
Alkmaar railway station serves the town of Alkmaar, Netherlands.

Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 4th Duke of Alba

Don FadriqueFadrique Álvarez de ToledoFadrique
In 1573 the city underwent a siege by Spanish forces under the leadership of Don Fadrique, son of the Duke of Alva.
His army failed in the siege of Alkmaar, and he had to retreat.

Battle of Castricum

Castricumat Castricumtheir joint invasion
In 1799, during the French Revolutionary Wars, an Anglo-Russian expeditionary force captured the city but was ultimately defeated in the Battle of Castricum.
An Anglo-Russian force of 32,000 men landed in North Holland on August 27, 1799, captured the Dutch fleet at Den Helder on August 30 and the city of Alkmaar on October 3.

Polder

poldersempolderedimpoldering
Even so, it is only a couple of metres above the surrounding region, which consists of some of the oldest polders in existence.

Weigh house

Waagweighing houseweigh-house
The Waag is also home to the local tourist office and a cheese museum.
One of the very few remaining weigh houses still in use is the one in Alkmaar, Netherlands, where the Cheese Market still includes the weighing of the cheeses as a demonstration for tourists.

AZ Alkmaar

AZAZ'67AZ '67
Alkmaar is home to the professional football team AZ (Alkmaar Zaanstreek).
Alkmaar Zaanstreek, better known as AZ Alkmaar or simply AZ, is a Dutch professional football club from Alkmaar and the Zaanstreek.

Grote or Sint-Laurenskerk (Alkmaar)

church of Saint Lawrence in AlkmaarGrote of Sint-LaurenskerkChurch of Saint Lawrence
Alkmaar has many medieval buildings that are still intact, most notably the tall tower of the Grote of Sint-Laurenskerk, where many people from Alkmaar hold their wedding ceremony.
Grote or Sint-Laurenskerk (English: Great, or St. Lawrence church) is a landmark formerly Protestant church in Alkmaar, Netherlands, now in secular use.

Stedelijk Museum Alkmaar

City Museum Alkmaar
Stedelijk Museum Alkmaar is a city museum located in the center of Alkmaar on the Canadaplein (Canada Square).

Oudorp

Oudedorp
The municipality of Alkmaar historically consists of the following cities, towns, villages and districts: Alkmaar, Bergermeer, Daalmeer, De Hoef, De Horn, De Nollen, Het Rak, Huiswaard, Koedijk (southeastern part), Overdie, Oudorp and Omval.
It is located in the municipality of Alkmaar, about 2 km east of the city centre.

Achterdam

A red light district is situated at the Achterdam, and Alkmaar has a nightlife scene as well which takes place in the pubs in front of the cheesemarket.
The Achterdam is a red light district in the Dutch city of Alkmaar, 30 km North of Amsterdam.

Dutch cheese markets

Kaasmarkt
It is one of only four traditional Dutch cheese markets still in existence.
There are currently five cheese markets operating in the Netherlands – Woerden, Alkmaar, Gouda, Edam, and Hoorn.

AFAS Stadion

DSB StadionAZ StadionDSB
In 2006, the club moved to a new 17,000 capacity stadium, the DSB Stadion, now named the AFAS Stadion.
AFAS Stadion is a stadium in Alkmaar, Netherlands.