Allen Lane

Sir Allen LaneAllen Lane Williams Lane
Sir Allen Lane (born Allen Lane Williams; 21 September 1902 – 7 July 1970) was a British publisher who together with his brothers Richard and John Lane founded Penguin Books in 1935, bringing high-quality paperback fiction and non-fiction to the mass market.wikipedia
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Penguin Books

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Sir Allen Lane (born Allen Lane Williams; 21 September 1902 – 7 July 1970) was a British publisher who together with his brothers Richard and John Lane founded Penguin Books in 1935, bringing high-quality paperback fiction and non-fiction to the mass market. After conflict with the board of directors who were wary at first — for fear of being prosecuted — of publishing James Joyce's controversial book Ulysses, Lane, together with his brothers Richard and John, founded Penguin Books in 1935 as part of the Bodley Head.
It was co-founded in 1935 by Sir Allen Lane with his brothers Richard and John, as a line of the publishers The Bodley Head, only becoming a separate company the following year.

John Lane (publisher)

John LaneJohn Lane CompanyLane
In 1919 he joined the publishing company Bodley Head as an apprentice to his uncle and founder of the company John Lane.
He was the uncle of Allen Lane, one of the founders of Penguin Books.

Bristol Grammar School

Old BristoliansBristol GrammarGrammar school
Allen Lane Williams was born in Bristol, to Camilla (née Lane) and Samuel Williams, and studied at Bristol Grammar School.
The school counts among its alumni prominent personalities including Nobel laureate Sir John Pople, former British ambassador to the US Lord Oliver Franks, and founder of Penguin Books Sir Allen Lane.

Paperback

trade paperbackSoftcovermass market paperback
Sir Allen Lane (born Allen Lane Williams; 21 September 1902 – 7 July 1970) was a British publisher who together with his brothers Richard and John Lane founded Penguin Books in 1935, bringing high-quality paperback fiction and non-fiction to the mass market.
British publisher Allen Lane invested his own financial capital to launch the Penguin Books imprint in 1935, initiating the paperback revolution in the English-language book market by releasing ten reprint titles.

The Bodley Head

Bodley HeadJohn Lane, The Bodley HeadBodley Head (first edition)
In 1919 he joined the publishing company Bodley Head as an apprentice to his uncle and founder of the company John Lane.
Allen Lane, John Lane's nephew who had inherited control, finally left to found Penguin Books.

Pelican Books

PelicanPelican Book
His Pelican Books were non-fiction books. The paperback venture was extremely successful, and he expanded into other areas such as Pelican Books in 1937, Puffin Books in 1940 and the Penguin Classics series in 1945.
Founder Allen Lane wrote, ‘We… believed in the existence in this country of a vast reading public for intelligent books at a low price, and staked everything on it.’ Pelican lowered the traditional barriers to knowledge by selling books at the cost of a packet of cigarettes.

Clare Morpurgo

Clare
Lane married Lettice Lucy Orr on 28 June 1941 and had three daughters: Clare, Christine, and Anna.
She is the wife of British author Michael Morpurgo and the eldest daughter of Allen Lane, founder of Penguin Books.

Puffin Books

PuffinPuffin PostPuffin Picture Books
The paperback venture was extremely successful, and he expanded into other areas such as Pelican Books in 1937, Puffin Books in 1940 and the Penguin Classics series in 1945.
Four years after Penguin Books had been founded by Allen Lane, the idea for Puffin Books was hatched in 1939, when Noel Carrington, at the time an editor for Country Life books, met him and proposed a series of children's non-fiction picture books, inspired by the brightly coloured lithographed books mass-produced at the time for Soviet children.

Henderson's

The Bomb Shop
He conceived of paperback editions of literature of proven quality which would be cheap enough to be sold from a vending machine; the first was set up outside Henderson's in Charing Cross Road and dubbed the "Penguincubator".
The first Penguincubator, an early book vending machine developed by Allen Lane of Penguin Books, was installed at the shop.

Albatross Books

AlbatrosAlbatross
Lane was also well aware of the Hamburg publisher Albatross Books and adopted many of its innovations.
The outbreak of World War II brought the Albatross experiment to a halt, but by then Allen Lane had adopted many of Albatross' ideas, including the standard size, the idea of covers using typography and logo but no illustrations, and the use of color coding by type of content, for Penguin Books.

Siné

Maurice Sinet
In 1965, during an attempt by chief editor Tony Godwin and the board of directors to remove him, Lane stole and burnt the entire print run of the French cartoonist Siné's book Massacre, which was reportedly deeply offensive.
During an attempt by chief editor Tony Godwin and the board of directors to remove the company founder Allen Lane, Lane stole and burned the entire print run of the English edition of Siné's book Massacre, which was reportedly deeply offensive.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
Sir Allen Lane (born Allen Lane Williams; 21 September 1902 – 7 July 1970) was a British publisher who together with his brothers Richard and John Lane founded Penguin Books in 1935, bringing high-quality paperback fiction and non-fiction to the mass market.

Bristol

Bristol, EnglandCity of BristolBristol, UK
Allen Lane Williams was born in Bristol, to Camilla (née Lane) and Samuel Williams, and studied at Bristol Grammar School.

James Joyce

JoyceJoyceanJoyce, James
After conflict with the board of directors who were wary at first — for fear of being prosecuted — of publishing James Joyce's controversial book Ulysses, Lane, together with his brothers Richard and John, founded Penguin Books in 1935 as part of the Bodley Head.

Ulysses (novel)

Ulysses UlyssesPrivate Carr
After conflict with the board of directors who were wary at first — for fear of being prosecuted — of publishing James Joyce's controversial book Ulysses, Lane, together with his brothers Richard and John, founded Penguin Books in 1935 as part of the Bodley Head.

Agatha Christie

Rosalind HicksDame Agatha ChristieRosalind
The legend goes that on a train journey back from visiting Agatha Christie in 1934, Lane found himself on an Exeter station platform with nothing available worth reading.

Vending machine

vending machinesvendingcoin-operated machine
He conceived of paperback editions of literature of proven quality which would be cheap enough to be sold from a vending machine; the first was set up outside Henderson's in Charing Cross Road and dubbed the "Penguincubator".

Charing Cross Road

Charing CrossCharing Cross Rd
He conceived of paperback editions of literature of proven quality which would be cheap enough to be sold from a vending machine; the first was set up outside Henderson's in Charing Cross Road and dubbed the "Penguincubator".

Hamburg

Hamburg, GermanyFree and Hanseatic City of HamburgFree City of Hamburg
Lane was also well aware of the Hamburg publisher Albatross Books and adopted many of its innovations.

Bantam Books

BantamBantam PublishingBantam Dell
These individuals eventually left Penguin books and started their own publishing companies: Bantam Books and New American Library.

New American Library

Signet BooksSignetSignet/New American Library
These individuals eventually left Penguin books and started their own publishing companies: Bantam Books and New American Library.

Penguin Classics

Penguin Modern ClassicsPenguin ClassicPenguin Modern Classic
The paperback venture was extremely successful, and he expanded into other areas such as Pelican Books in 1937, Puffin Books in 1940 and the Penguin Classics series in 1945.

D. H. Lawrence

D.H. LawrenceD H LawrenceDH Lawrence
Lane was responsible for the decision to publish an unexpurgated edition of D. H. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover as a means of testing the Obscene Publications Act 1959.