Allergic conjunctivitis

Giant papillary conjunctivitisred eyesallergic rhinoconjunctivitisconjunctivitis, allergicconjunctivalconjunctivitis
Allergic conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva (the membrane covering the white part of the eye) due to allergy.wikipedia
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Allergic rhinitis

hay feverhayfeverhay-fever
Although allergens differ among patients, the most common cause is hay fever.
Many people with allergic rhinitis also have asthma, allergic conjunctivitis, or atopic dermatitis.

Allergy

allergiesallergic reactionallergic
Allergic conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva (the membrane covering the white part of the eye) due to allergy.
Symptoms may include red eyes, an itchy rash, sneezing, a runny nose, shortness of breath, or swelling.

Allergen

allergensallergenicantiallergic
Although allergens differ among patients, the most common cause is hay fever.
Symptoms include rhinitis, which causes sneezing and a runny nose, as well as allergic conjunctivitis, which includes watering and itchy eyes.

Olopatadine

Olopatadine (Pazeo)Patanol
Olopatadine (Patanol, Pazeo) and ketotifen fumarate (Alaway or Zaditor) are both commonly prescribed.
Olopatadine is a medication used to decrease the symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis and allergic rhinitis (hay fever).

House dust mite

dust mitedust mitesDermatophagoides pteronyssinus
House dust mites are associated with allergic rhinitis and asthma, as well as allergic conjunctivitis.

Mast cell stabilizer

Mast cell stabilizersmast cell inhibitorMast-cell stabilizing
Treatment consists of antihistamine, mast cell stabilizers, dual mechanism anti-allergen agents, or topical antihistamines.
As inhalers they are used to treat asthma, as nasal sprays to treat hay fever (allergic rhinitis) and as eye drops for allergic conjunctivitis.

Mast cell

mast cellsanaphylactic degranulationMast cell disease
The symptoms are due to release of histamine and other active substances by mast cells, which stimulate dilation of blood vessels, irritate nerve endings, and increase secretion of tears.
Many forms of cutaneous and mucosal allergy are mediated in large part by mast cells; they play a central role in asthma, eczema, itch (from various causes), and allergic rhinitis and allergic conjunctivitis.

Loteprednol

Loteprednol etabonateLotemaxAlrex
Ester based “soft” steroids such as loteprednol (Alrex) are typically sufficient to calm inflammation due to allergies, and carry a much lower risk of adverse reactions than amide based steroids.
Applications for this drug include the reduction of inflammation after eye surgery, seasonal allergic conjunctivitis, uveitis, as well as chronic forms of keratitis (e.g. adenoviral and Thygeson's keratitis), vernal keratoconjunctivitis, pingueculitis, and episcleritis.

Allergen immunotherapy

sublingual immunotherapyallergy immunotherapyoral immunotherapy
Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) treatment involves administering doses of allergens to accustom the body to substances that are generally harmless (pollen, house dust mites), thereby inducing specific long-term tolerance.
It is generally safe and effective for allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, allergic forms of asthma, and stinging insects.

Ketotifen

Ketotifen (Zaditor)ketotifen fumarateZaditen
Olopatadine (Patanol, Pazeo) and ketotifen fumarate (Alaway or Zaditor) are both commonly prescribed.
In its ophthalmic form, it is used to treat allergic conjunctivitis.

Nedocromil

TiladeAlocrilNedocromil sodium
Doctors commonly prescribe lodoxamide and nedocromil as mast cell stabilizers, which come as eye drops.
Nedocromil sodium has been shown to be effective in alleviating symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis.

Atopy

atopicatopic disordersallergic diseases
Allergic conjunctivitis is a frequent condition as it is estimated to affect 20 percent of the population on an annual basis and approximately one-half of these people have a personal or family history of atopy.
People with atopy also have a tendency to have food allergies, allergic conjunctivitis, and other symptoms characterized by their hyperallergic state.

Cromoglicic acid

sodium cromoglycatecromolyn sodiumCromolyn
Another common mast cell stabilizer that is used for treating allergic conjunctivitis is sodium cromoglicate.

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis

Vernal conjunctivitis
Both vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) and atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) are chronic allergic diseases wherein eosinophils, conjunctival fibroblasts, epithelial cells, mast cells, and TH2 lymphocytes aggravate the biochemistry and histology of the conjunctiva.

Allergic inflammation

inflammationallergicimmune
Allergic conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva (the membrane covering the white part of the eye) due to allergy.

Conjunctiva

conjunctivalbulbar conjunctivaconjunctival sac
Allergic conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva (the membrane covering the white part of the eye) due to allergy. Both vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) and atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) are chronic allergic diseases wherein eosinophils, conjunctival fibroblasts, epithelial cells, mast cells, and TH2 lymphocytes aggravate the biochemistry and histology of the conjunctiva. Symptoms consist of redness (mainly due to vasodilation of the peripheral small blood vessels), edema (swelling) of the conjunctiva, itching, and increased lacrimation (production of tears).

Membrane

membranousmembranesBiomembrane
Allergic conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva (the membrane covering the white part of the eye) due to allergy.

Blood vessel

vascularblood vesselsintravascular
Symptoms consist of redness (mainly due to vasodilation of the peripheral small blood vessels), edema (swelling) of the conjunctiva, itching, and increased lacrimation (production of tears).

Edema

dropsyoedemaswelling
Symptoms consist of redness (mainly due to vasodilation of the peripheral small blood vessels), edema (swelling) of the conjunctiva, itching, and increased lacrimation (production of tears).

Itch

itchingpruritusitchiness
Symptoms consist of redness (mainly due to vasodilation of the peripheral small blood vessels), edema (swelling) of the conjunctiva, itching, and increased lacrimation (production of tears).

Tears

lacrimationteartear film
Symptoms consist of redness (mainly due to vasodilation of the peripheral small blood vessels), edema (swelling) of the conjunctiva, itching, and increased lacrimation (production of tears).

Rhinitis

coryzaseasonal allergic rhinitisrhinitis, allergic, perennial
If this is combined with rhinitis, the condition is termed allergic rhinoconjunctivitis.

Histamine

histaminesHistaminantihistaminic
The symptoms are due to release of histamine and other active substances by mast cells, which stimulate dilation of blood vessels, irritate nerve endings, and increase secretion of tears.

Free nerve ending

nerve endingfree nerve endingsfree' non-specialized endings
The symptoms are due to release of histamine and other active substances by mast cells, which stimulate dilation of blood vessels, irritate nerve endings, and increase secretion of tears.

Eye drop

eye dropseyedropsophthalmic
Treatment of allergic conjunctivitis is by avoiding the allergen (e.g., avoiding grass in bloom during "hay fever season") and treatment with antihistamines, either topical (in the form of eye drops), or systemic (in the form of tablets).