Allies of World War II

AlliedAlliesAllied forcesWestern AlliesAllied Powersthe AlliesAllied nationsAllied troopsWestern AlliedAllied countries
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).wikipedia
7,115 Related Articles

Declaration by United Nations

United Nationsembryonic United Nations1 January 1942 declaration
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Declaration by United Nations was the main treaty that formalized the Allies of World War II; the declaration was signed by 47 national governments between 1942 and 1945.

Empire of Japan

JapaneseJapanImperial Japan
The Allies promoted the alliance as a means to control German, Japanese and Italian aggression.
However, after many Allied victories and following the Soviet Union's declaration of war against Japan and invasion of Manchuria, and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Empire surrendered to the Allies on August 15, 1945.

Battle of Belgium

BelgiumGerman invasion of BelgiumGerman invasion
After the start of the German invasion of North Europe until the Balkan Campaign, the Netherlands, Belgium, Greece, and Yugoslavia joined the Allies.
After the French had fully committed the best of the Allied armies to Belgium between 10 and 12 May, the Germans enacted the second phase of their operation, a break-through, or sickle cut, through the Ardennes, and advanced toward the English Channel.

Kingdom of Italy

ItalyFascist ItalyItalian
The Allies promoted the alliance as a means to control German, Japanese and Italian aggression.
Italy was an important member of the Axis powers in World War II, until it signed an armistice with the Allies in September 1943, after ousting Mussolini and shutting down the Fascist Party in areas (south of Rome) controlled by the Allied invaders.

Battle of the Netherlands

German invasion of the Netherlandsinvasion of the NetherlandsNetherlands
After the start of the German invasion of North Europe until the Balkan Campaign, the Netherlands, Belgium, Greece, and Yugoslavia joined the Allies.
On 9 October, Adolf Hitler ordered plans to be made for an invasion of the Low Countries, to use them as a base against Great Britain and to pre-empt a similar attack by the Allied forces, which could threaten the vital Ruhr Area.

Operation Barbarossa

German invasion of the Soviet Unioninvasion of the Soviet UnionGerman invasion
After first having cooperated with Germany in invading Poland whilst remaining neutral in the Allied-Axis conflict, the Soviet Union perforce joined the Allies in June 1941 after being invaded by Germany.
The offensive marked an escalation of World War II, both geographically and in the formation of the Allied coalition.

Grand Alliance (World War II)

Big ThreeGrand Alliancethe Grand Alliance
The leaders of the "Big Three"—the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States—controlled Allied strategy; relations between the United Kingdom and the United States were especially close.
The Grand Alliance, also known as The Big Three, was a military alliance consisting of the three major Allies of World War II: the Soviet Union, the United States, and the United Kingdom.

Second Sino-Japanese War

Sino-Japanese WarJapanese invasion of ChinaJapanese invasion
China had already been in a prolonged war with Japan since the Marco Polo Bridge Incident of 1937, but officially joined the Allies in 1941.
The United States began to aid China by airlifting material over the Himalayas after the Allied defeat in Burma that closed the Burma Road.

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

YugoslaviaKingdom of Serbs, Croats and SlovenesYugoslav
After the start of the German invasion of North Europe until the Balkan Campaign, the Netherlands, Belgium, Greece, and Yugoslavia joined the Allies.
A royal government-in-exile, recognized by the United Kingdom and, later, by all the Allies, was established in London.

Winston Churchill

ChurchillSir Winston ChurchillChurchill, Winston
During December 1941, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt devised the name "United Nations" for the Allies and proposed it to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
Churchill oversaw British involvement in the Allied war effort, resulting in victory in 1945.

Nazi Party

NazisNaziNSDAP
By the early 1930s, the Nazi Party led by Adolf Hitler became the dominant revanchist movement in Germany and Hitler and the Nazis gained power in 1933.
Following the defeat of the Third Reich at the conclusion of World War II in Europe, the party was "declared to be illegal" by the Allied powers, who carried out denazification in the years after the war.

Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council

permanent membersfive permanent memberspermanent member
At the Potsdam Conference of July–August 1945, Roosevelt's successor, Harry S. Truman, proposed that the foreign ministers of China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States "should draft the peace treaties and boundary settlements of Europe", which led to the creation of the Council of Foreign Ministers of the "Big Five", and soon thereafter the establishment of those states as the permanent members of the UNSC.
These countries were all allies in World War II, which they won.

Four Policemen

Big FourAllied Big FourBig Four of the Allies
The Big Three together with China were referred as a "trusteeship of the powerful", then were recognized as the Allied "Big Four" in the Declaration by United Nations and later as the "Four Policemen" of the United Nations.
The members of the Big Four, called the Four Powers during World War II, were the four major Allies of World War II: the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union and China.

United Nations

UN🇺🇳U.N.
After the war ended, the Allied nations became the basis of the modern United Nations.
Roosevelt first coined the term United Nations to describe the Allied countries.

Operation Compass

TobrukBattle of TobrukCapture of Tobruk
The regiment was involved in action from the very start and served at Dunkirk, in the Greek Campaign (Battle of Greece) (about 600 soldiers were captured in Kalamata in 1941), North Africa (Operation Compass), France, the Middle East and Italy.
Operation Compass (also la battaglia della Marmarica) was the first large Allied military operation of the Western Desert Campaign (1940–1943) during the Second World War.

United States

American🇺🇸U.S.
The United States provided war materiel and money all along, and officially joined in December 1941 after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. The Battle of France in May–June 1940, which resulted in the defeat of the Allies, the fall of the French Third Republic, the German occupation of northern and western France, and the creation of the rump state Vichy France, which received diplomatic recognition from the Axis and most neutral countries including the United States.
At first effectively neutral during World War II while Germany conquered much of continental Europe, the United States began supplying material to the Allies in March 1941 through the Lend-Lease program.

Franco-Polish alliance (1921)

Franco-Polish alliancePoles and French were also alliesFrance
Also, the French had a long-standing alliance with Poland since 1921.
Near the end of that period, along with the Franco-British Alliance, it was the basis for the creation of the Allies of World War II.

Sarawak

Sarawak, MalaysiaSarawakianBritish Borneo
British Malaya covers the areas of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, while British Borneo covers the area of Brunei, including Sabah and Sarawak of Malaysia.
After ten weeks of fighting there, the Allied forces surrendered on 1 April 1942.

Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai ShekChiangPresident Chiang Kai-shek
However, following the nominal unification of China at the end of the Northern Expedition in 1928, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek purged leftists from his party and fought against the revolting Chinese Communist Party, former warlords, and other militarist factions.
Supporters credit him with playing a major part in the Allied victory of World War II and unifying the nation and a national figure of the Chinese resistance against Japan as well as his staunch anti-Soviet and anti-communist stance.

Pacific War

Pacific TheaterPacific TheatrePacific
China fought the Japanese Empire before joining the Allies In the Pacific War.
The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy.

Sabah

British BorneoSabah, MalaysiaNorth Borneo
British Malaya covers the areas of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, while British Borneo covers the area of Brunei, including Sabah and Sarawak of Malaysia.
As part of the Borneo Campaign to retake the territory, Allied forces bombed most of the major towns under Japanese control, including Sandakan, which was razed to the ground.

French Resistance

ResistanceRésistanceResistant
The period of resistance against the occupation and Franco-French struggle for control of the colonies between the Vichy regime and the Free French, who continued the fight on the Allies' side after the Appeal of 18 June by General Charles de Gaulle, recognized by the United Kingdom as France's government-in-exile. It culminated in the Allied landings in North Africa on 11 November 1942, when Vichy ceased to exist as an independent entity after having been invaded by both the Axis and the Allies simultaneously, being thereafter only the nominal government in charge during the occupation of France. Vichy forces in French North Africa switched allegiance and merged with the Free French to participate in the campaigns of Tunisia and of Italy and the invasion of Corsica in 1943–44.
Resistance cells were small groups of armed men and women (called the Maquis in rural areas), who, in addition to their guerrilla warfare activities, were also publishers of underground newspapers, providers of first-hand intelligence information, and maintainers of escape networks that helped Allied soldiers and airmen trapped behind enemy lines.

Vichy France

VichyVichy FrenchVichy regime
The Battle of France in May–June 1940, which resulted in the defeat of the Allies, the fall of the French Third Republic, the German occupation of northern and western France, and the creation of the rump state Vichy France, which received diplomatic recognition from the Axis and most neutral countries including the United States.
The government at Vichy remained there until late 1944, when it lost its de facto authority due to the Allied invasion of France and the government was compelled to relocate to the Sigmaringen enclave in Germany, where it continued to exist on paper until the end of hostilities in Europe.

Phoney War

phony warDrôle de Guerre3 September 1939 to 9 May 1940
The "Phoney War" of 1939–1940, also called drôle de guerre in France, dziwna wojna in Poland (both meaning "Strange War"), or the "Sitzkrieg" ("Sitting War") in Germany.
The quiet of the Phoney War was punctuated by a few Allied actions.

Flying Tigers

1st American Volunteer GroupFlying TigerAmerican Volunteer Group
In November 1940, American military aviator Claire Lee Chennault upon observing the dire situation in the air war between China and Japan, set out to organize a volunteer squadron of American fighter pilots to fight alongside the Chinese against Japan, known as the Flying Tigers.
It demonstrated innovative tactical victories when the news in the U.S. was filled with little more than stories of defeat at the hands of the Japanese forces, and achieved such notable success during the lowest period of the war for both the U.S. and the Allied Forces as to give hope to America that it might eventually defeat the Japanese.