Almaty

Alma-AtaAlma AtaAlmaty, KazakhstanAlmaty cityVernyVerniyAlmaty (Kazakh: Алматы) Alma AtaAlamtyAlma Ata, Kazakhstan
Almaty, formerly known as Alma-Ata and Verny (Верный Vernyy), is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with a population of 1,801,713 people, about 8% of the country's total population and more than 2 milion in its built-up area that encompasses Talgar, Boraldai, Otegen Batyr and many others suburbs.wikipedia
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Astana

Astana, KazakhstanTselinogradAkmolinsk
In 1997, the government relocated the capital to Astana in the north of the country and about 12 hours away by train. In 1997 the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev approved the Decree to transfer the capital from Almaty to Astana in the north of the country.
The 2017 official estimate reported a population of 1,029,556 within the city limits, making it the second-largest city in Kazakhstan, behind Almaty.

Alma Ata Declaration

Conference of Alma-AtaInternational Conference on Primary Health Care
The city was the host for a 1978 international conference on Primary Health Care where the Alma Ata Declaration was adopted, marking a paradigm shift in global public health.
The Declaration of Alma-Ata was adopted at the International Conference on Primary Health Care (PHC), Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), Kazakhstan (formerly Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic), 6–12 September 1978.

Leon Trotsky

TrotskyTrotskyistdefeat of Trotsky
On 31 January 1928, Leon Trotsky, leader of the 1917 October Revolution, accompanied by his wife Natalia Sedova and his son Lev Sedov, was exiled to Alma Ata by Joseph Stalin, then head of the Bolshevik party in Moscow.
After leading a failed struggle of the Left Opposition against the policies and rise of Joseph Stalin in the 1920s and against the increasing role of bureaucracy in the Soviet Union, Trotsky was removed as Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs (January 1925), removed from the Politburo (October 1926), removed from the Central Committee (October 1927), expelled from the Communist Party (November 1927), exiled to Alma–Ata (January 1928), and exiled from the Soviet Union (February 1929).

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
It served as capital of the Kazakh state in its various forms from 1929 to 1997, under the influence of the then Soviet Union and its appointees.
Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk.

Jeltoqsan

Almaty revolt in 1986demonstrations protesting the moveJeltoqsan massacre
On 16 December 1986, the Jeltoqsan riot took place in response to General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev's dismissal of Dinmukhamed Kunayev.
The Jeltoqsan (Желтоқсан көтерілісі, Jeltoqsan kóterilisi) or "December" of 1986 were riots that took place in Alma-Ata (present-day Almaty), Kazakhstan, in response to General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev's dismissal of Dinmukhamed Kunaev, the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan and an ethnic Kazakh, and his appointment of Gennady Kolbin, an outsider from the Russian SFSR.

8th Guards Motor Rifle Division

8th Guards Rifle DivisionPanfilovtsy316th Rifle Division
Three rifle divisions were raised in Alma-Ata, including the well-known 8th Guards Rifle Division 'Panfilov' (originally the 316th rifle division), along with 2 rifle battalions and 3 aviation regiments that were raised on the bases of the air club of Alma-Ata.
On 12 July 1941, the 316th Rifle Division was established in Alma Ata, the capital of the Kazakh SSR.

Medeu Dam

Medeo DamMedeu Mudflow Control Dam
The Medeu Dam, designed to protect the city of Almaty and the Medeo skating rink from catastrophic mudflows during flood season, was built in 1966.
The Medeu Mudflow Control Dam is a dam across the Medeu Valley south-east of Almaty, Kazakhstan, designed to protect the city from devastating debris flows (or mudflows).

Kazakhstan

🇰🇿KAZKazakh
Almaty, formerly known as Alma-Ata and Verny (Верный Vernyy), is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with a population of 1,801,713 people, about 8% of the country's total population and more than 2 milion in its built-up area that encompasses Talgar, Boraldai, Otegen Batyr and many others suburbs. In 1997 the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev approved the Decree to transfer the capital from Almaty to Astana in the north of the country.
largest_city = Almaty

Primary healthcare

primary health careprimaryprimary care
The city was the host for a 1978 international conference on Primary Health Care where the Alma Ata Declaration was adopted, marking a paradigm shift in global public health.
This ideal model of healthcare was adopted in the declaration of the International Conference on Primary Health Care held in Alma Ata, Kazakhstan in 1978 (known as the "Alma Ata Declaration"), and became a core concept of the World Health Organization's goal of Health for all.

Turkestan–Siberia Railway

Turksib RailwayTurkestan-SiberiaTurkestan-Siberia railway
In 1926, the Council of Labor and Defence approved the construction of the Turkestan-Siberia Railway that was a crucial element of the future growth of Kazakhstan, especially in the east and southeast of the region.
It heads roughly northeast through Shymkent, Taraz, Bishkek (on a spur) to the former Kazakh capital of Almaty.

Kazakh Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic

Kazakh ASSRKazak ASSRKazakhstan
From 1929 to 1936, Almaty was the capital of Kazakh ASSR.
In 1927 or 1929 the city of Alma-Ata was designated as the new capital of the ASSR.

Nursultan Nazarbayev

President NazarbayevNazarbayevNazarbayev administration
In 1997 the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev approved the Decree to transfer the capital from Almaty to Astana in the north of the country.
Nazarbayev was born in Chemolgan, a rural town near Almaty, when Kazakhstan was one of the republics of the Soviet Union.

Zhetysu

Jeti-suSemirechenskYedisu
The most famous archaeological finds have been "The Golden Man", also known as "The Golden Warrior", from the Issyk Kurgan; the Zhalauly treasure, the Kargaly diadem, and the Zhetysu arts bronzes (boilers, lamps and altars).
Average temperatures at Almaty (733 m, 2,405 ft high) are: for the year 8 °C, for January −8°C (17°F), for July 23°C (74°F).

Almaty Metro

metro network
On 7 September 1988, the subway Almaty Metro project started construction; the subway was opened on 1 December 2011 after 23 years.
Almaty Metro is a rapid transit/metro system in Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Hotel Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan Hotel
During this period, many schools, hospitals, cultural, and entertainment facilities were constructed, including Lenin's Palace, the Kazakhstan Hotel, and the "Medeo" sports complex.
Hotel Kazakhstan is the third-tallest building in the city of Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Talgar

The metropolitan area centred upon Almaty includes the cities and towns of Esik, Kaskelen, Talgar, and Kapchagay, and much of Enbekshikazakh, Jambyl, Ile, and Talgar districts, all of which lie within 1.5 hours travel of Almaty city.
The town is located between Almaty and Esik, 25 km from Almaty and several kilometres east of Birlik.

Kazakhstan Stock Exchange

KASEKazakh Interbank Currency ExchangeKazakhstan
The Kazakhstan Stock Exchange is based in Almaty.
The Kazakhstan Stock Exchange (KASE; Қазақстан қор биржасы Qazaqstan qor bïrjası) is a stock exchange located in Almaty, Kazakhstan.

BTA Bank

Bank Turan AlemBank TuranAlemBTA Bank JSC
Almaty is home to BTA Bank, which is the largest bank in Central Asia, Kazkommertsbank, and other major banks.
BTA Bank (BTA Bank Joint-Stock Company in full) is a Kazakhstan bank with headquarters in Almaty.

Tian Shan

Tian Shan mountainsMount HeavenTien Shan
During the Saka period (from 700 BC to the beginning of the Christian era), these lands were occupied by the Saka and later Wusun tribes, who inhabited the territory north of the Tian Shan mountain range.
North of the Kyungey Ala-Too and parallel to it is the Trans-Ili Alatau in Kazakhstan just south of Almaty.

Air Astana

Air Astana is headquartered in the Air Astana Centre 1 in Almaty.
Air Astana is the flag carrier of the Republic of Kazakhstan, based in Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Malus sieversii

wild appleM. sieversiiwild ones
There is great genetic diversity among the wild apples in the region surrounding Almaty; the region is thought to be the apple's ancestral home.
Almaty, the largest city in Kazakhstan, and formerly its capital, derives its name from the Kazakh word for "apple" (Alma), and is often translated as "full of apples" (the region surrounding Almaty is home to forests of Malus sieversii); alma is also "apple" in other Turkic languages, as well as in Hungarian.

Issyk kurgan

Golden Man
The most famous archaeological finds have been "The Golden Man", also known as "The Golden Warrior", from the Issyk Kurgan; the Zhalauly treasure, the Kargaly diadem, and the Zhetysu arts bronzes (boilers, lamps and altars).
A likeness crowns the Independence Monument on the central square of Almaty.

Gorniy Gigant District

The area of the city has been expanded during recent years with the annexation of the suburban settlements of Kalkaman, Kok Tube, Gorniy Gigant District (Mountain Giant).
Gorniy Gigant District (or Gorny Gigant) is a district located in Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Tupolev Tu-144

Tu-144Tu-144DTu-144 "Charger
The supersonic transport Tupolev Tu-144 went into service on 26 December 1975, carrying mail and freight between Moscow and Alma-Ata in preparation for passenger services; these began in November 1977.
The Tu-144S went into service on 26 December 1975, flying mail and freight between Moscow and Alma-Ata in preparation for passenger services, which commenced on 1 November 1977.

Almaty Management University

Almaty Management University (ALMU)
Almaty Management University (ALMA, Халықаралық бизнес академиясы, ХБА, Международная академия бизнеса, МАБ) is a higher educational institution in Almaty, Kazakhstan, providing preparation of specialists of economic fields under bachelor's degree programs, MBA (Master of Business Administration) and DBA (Doctor of Business Administration).