Alpine skiing

alpine skieralpine ski raceralpinedownhilldownhill skiingalpine skiskiingski slopealpine skiersski
Alpine skiing, or downhill skiing, is the pastime of sliding down snow-covered slopes on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing (cross-country, Telemark, or ski jumping), which use skis with free-heel bindings.wikipedia
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Cross-country skiing

cross-country skiercross country skiercross country skiing
Alpine skiing, or downhill skiing, is the pastime of sliding down snow-covered slopes on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing (cross-country, Telemark, or ski jumping), which use skis with free-heel bindings.
Modern cross-country skiing is similar to the original form of skiing, from which all skiing disciplines evolved, including alpine skiing, ski jumping and Telemark skiing.

Ski binding

bindingsbindingski bindings
Alpine skiing, or downhill skiing, is the pastime of sliding down snow-covered slopes on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing (cross-country, Telemark, or ski jumping), which use skis with free-heel bindings.
Modern alpine skiing bindings fix the boot at the toe and heel.

Skiing

skierskiskiers
Alpine skiing, or downhill skiing, is the pastime of sliding down snow-covered slopes on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing (cross-country, Telemark, or ski jumping), which use skis with free-heel bindings. Alpine skiing has been an event at the Winter Olympic Games since 1936.
As equipment evolved and ski lifts were developed during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, two main genres of skiing emerged—Alpine (downhill) skiing and Nordic skiing.

Telemark skiing

Telemarktelemark skierTelemark ski
Alpine skiing, or downhill skiing, is the pastime of sliding down snow-covered slopes on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing (cross-country, Telemark, or ski jumping), which use skis with free-heel bindings.
Telemark skiing is a skiing technique that combines elements of Alpine and Nordic skiing.

Snow

snowfallsnow coverSnowfalls
Alpine skiing, or downhill skiing, is the pastime of sliding down snow-covered slopes on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing (cross-country, Telemark, or ski jumping), which use skis with free-heel bindings.
Common examples include cross-country skiing, Alpine skiing, snowboarding, snowshoeing, and snowmobiling.

Backcountry skiing

off-pistebackcountrybackcountry skier
Back-country skiers may use specialized equipment with a free-heel mode, including 'sticky' skins on the bottoms of the skis to stop them sliding backwards.
This contrasts with alpine skiing which is typically done on groomed trails benefiting from a ski patrol.

Snow grooming

groomedsnow groomersgrooming
Whether for recreation or for sport, it is typically practised at ski resorts, which provide such services as ski lifts, artificial snow making, snow grooming, restaurants, and ski patrol.
Snow groomers built for ski slopes employ front mounted, hydraulically operated blades, powered rotary tillers and specialized shaping equipment for not only maintaining ski slopes, but also for building half pipes, ski/snowboard terrain parks and snow tube parks.

Slalom skiing

slalomSLparallel slalom
Norwegian legend Sondre Norheim first began the trend of skis with curved sides, bindings with stiff heel bands made of willow, and the slalom turn style.
Slalom is an alpine skiing and alpine snowboarding discipline, involving skiing between poles or gates.

Ski patrol

patrolpatrollersski patroller
Whether for recreation or for sport, it is typically practised at ski resorts, which provide such services as ski lifts, artificial snow making, snow grooming, restaurants, and ski patrol.
Contrary to the name's implications, ski patrollers can be snowboarders in addition to alpine, Nordic, or telemark skiers.

FIS Alpine Ski World Cup

World CupAlpine skiing World CupAlpine Ski World Cup
The FIS Alpine Ski World Cup is the top international circuit of alpine skiing competitions, launched in 1966 by a group of ski racing friends and experts which included French journalist Serge Lang and the alpine ski team directors from France (Honore Bonnet) and the USA (Bob Beattie).

International Ski Federation

International Ski Federation (FIS)FISFederation Internationale de Ski
Founded in Chamonix on 2 February 1924, it is responsible for the Olympic disciplines of Alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, ski jumping, Nordic combined, freestyle skiing and snowboarding.

Sondre Norheim

Sondre Nordheim
Norwegian legend Sondre Norheim first began the trend of skis with curved sides, bindings with stiff heel bands made of willow, and the slalom turn style.
Sondre took to downhill skiing as a recreational activity, rising to local fame for his skills.

Fall line (topography)

fall line
A skier following the fall line will reach the maximum possible speed for that slope.
In mountain biking and skiing, a fall line refers to the line down a mountain or hill which is most directly downhill; that is, the direction a ball or other body would accelerate if it were free to move on the slope under gravity.

Alpine skiing at the Winter Olympics

Winter OlympicsAlpine skiingOlympic
Alpine skiing has been contested at every Winter Olympics since 1936, when a combined event was held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.

Giant slalom

GSparallel giant slalomgiant slalom skiing
Giant slalom (GS) is an alpine skiing and alpine snowboarding discipline.

Super-G

Super GSGsuper giant slalom
Super giant slalom, or super-G, is a racing discipline of alpine skiing.

Downhill (ski competition)

downhillDHdownhill skiing
Downhill is a form of alpine skiing competition.

Winter Olympic Games

Winter OlympicsOlympicsOlympic
Alpine skiing has been an event at the Winter Olympic Games since 1936.
The Games saw the addition of big air snowboarding, mass start speed skating, mixed doubles curling, and mixed team alpine skiing to the programme.

Grass skiing

Other disciplines administered by the FIS but not usually considered part of alpine are speed skiing and grass skiing.
Grass skiing, skiing on grass, is a method for training for alpine skiing.

Ski cross

skicrossskiercrosscross
What sets ski cross apart from other alpine skiing disciplines is that there's more than one skier racing down the course.

Para-alpine skiing

Alpine skiingParalympic alpine skiingpara-alpine skier
Paralympic alpine skiing is an adaptation of alpine skiing for athletes with a disability.

Finland

FinnishFINRepublic of Finland
The ancient origins of skiing can be traced back to prehistoric times in Russia, Finland, Sweden and Norway where varying sizes and shapes of wooden planks were preserved in peat bogs.
Some of the most popular recreational sports and activities include floorball, Nordic walking, running, cycling, and skiing (alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, and ski jumping).

Speed skiing

speed skierspeedskiing
Other disciplines administered by the FIS but not usually considered part of alpine are speed skiing and grass skiing.