Altai (mobile telephone system)

AltaiAltay
The Altai mobile telephone system is the pre-cellular 0G radiotelephone service that was first introduced in the Soviet Union in 1963, and became available in the most large cities by 1965.wikipedia
15 Related Articles

Mobile radio telephone

0Gmanual mobile telephone systemmobile radio telephony
The Altai mobile telephone system is the pre-cellular 0G radiotelephone service that was first introduced in the Soviet Union in 1963, and became available in the most large cities by 1965.
"Altai" mobile telephone system was launched into the experimental service in 1963 in the Soviet Union, becoming fully operational in 1965, a first automatic mobile phone system in Europe.

Voronezh

Voronezh CityVoronezh, Voronezh oblastVoronezh, Russia
Work on the system of automatic duplex mobile communication started in 1958 in Voronezh Research Institute of Communications (VNIIS, now concern Sozvezdie).
Sozvezdie (headquarter, JSC Concern “Sozvezdie”, in 1958 the world's first created mobile telephony and wireless telephone Altai

Code-division multiple access

CDMAcode division multiple accessCDMA-450
In 1958, the USSR also started the development of the "Altai" national civil mobile phone service for cars, based on the Soviet MRT-1327 standard.

History of mobile phones

1980s mobile phone handsetsanalog mobile phoneearly days of mobile telephony
The "Altay" national civil mobile phone service was based on Soviet MRT-1327 standard.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
The Altai mobile telephone system is the pre-cellular 0G radiotelephone service that was first introduced in the Soviet Union in 1963, and became available in the most large cities by 1965.

Ultra high frequency

UHFUHF bandUHF radio
It is a fully automated UHF/VHF network that allows a mobile node to connect to a landline phones, and was originally conceived to serve government officials and emergency services, but has since spread into general use, and is still in use in some places, where its advantages outweigh those of conventional cellular networks.

Very high frequency

VHFVHF radioVHF band
It is a fully automated UHF/VHF network that allows a mobile node to connect to a landline phones, and was originally conceived to serve government officials and emergency services, but has since spread into general use, and is still in use in some places, where its advantages outweigh those of conventional cellular networks.

Landline

fixed linefixed-lineland line
It is a fully automated UHF/VHF network that allows a mobile node to connect to a landline phones, and was originally conceived to serve government officials and emergency services, but has since spread into general use, and is still in use in some places, where its advantages outweigh those of conventional cellular networks.

Emergency service

emergency servicesemergency responseemergency responders
It is a fully automated UHF/VHF network that allows a mobile node to connect to a landline phones, and was originally conceived to serve government officials and emergency services, but has since spread into general use, and is still in use in some places, where its advantages outweigh those of conventional cellular networks.

Trunked radio system

trunkedtrunked radiotalkgroups
From the technical standpoint "Altai" was fairly ordinary UHF/VHF trunked radio, but it was equipped with the automatic switching circuits on both mobile and static nodes that allowed the mobile end of the link to generate and transmit dialing signals and to connect the static end to the PSTN.

Public switched telephone network

PSTNtelephone networkpublic telephone network
From the technical standpoint "Altai" was fairly ordinary UHF/VHF trunked radio, but it was equipped with the automatic switching circuits on both mobile and static nodes that allowed the mobile end of the link to generate and transmit dialing signals and to connect the static end to the PSTN.

Hertz

MHzkHzHz
Few initial installations used 150 MHz frequency, but as the network grew the later iterations switched to 330 MHz.

Television

TVtelevisedtelevisions
Base stations have had up to 22 independent trunks of 8 channels each, and were commonly mounted together with the TV transmitters, sometimes even sharing the HF circuitry.

Improved Mobile Telephone Service

IMTSQJ
Improved Mobile Telephone Service, an American contemporary and counterpart of the "Altai" system