A report on Alutiiq language

The ethnonyms of the Sugpiaq-Alutiiq are a predicament.

- Alutiiq language

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Kodiak, Alaska

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The Russian sloop of war Neva visits Kodiak, Alaska in 1805
"Russian Church" photo by John Nathan Cobb, June 1908
Street of Kodiak in 1965
Customers line up in front of the Orpheum Theater
The ferryboat MV Tustumena is part of the Alaska Marine Highway. She can carry 210 passengers and serves Kodiak, Homer, Whittier, and the Aleutian Islands as far west as Dutch Harbor.
A floatplane dropping off guests at a remote wilderness lodge on Raspberry Island, part of the Kodiak Archipelago. All guests at these lodges begin their journey in the city of Kodiak.
Kodiak, sometime shortly after 1900
Panorama of Kodiak, 1908
Alaska Commercial Company buildings in Kodiak, June 1908
Alaska Commercial Company Superintendent's residence, 1908
Warehouse and wharf in Kodiak, June 1908
Kodiak Harbor, July 2009

Kodiak (Alutiiq: Sun'aq, Кадьяк), formerly Paul's Harbor, is the main city and one of seven communities on Kodiak Island in Kodiak Island Borough, Alaska.

A Sugpiaq dancer

Alutiiq

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The Alutiiq people (pronounced in English; from Promyshlenniki Russian Алеутъ, "Aleut"; plural often "Alutiit"), also called by their ancestral name Sugpiaq ( or ; plural often "Sugpiat"), as well as Pacific Eskimo or Pacific Yupik, are a southern coastal people of Alaska Natives.

The Alutiiq people (pronounced in English; from Promyshlenniki Russian Алеутъ, "Aleut"; plural often "Alutiit"), also called by their ancestral name Sugpiaq ( or ; plural often "Sugpiat"), as well as Pacific Eskimo or Pacific Yupik, are a southern coastal people of Alaska Natives.

A Sugpiaq dancer
Salmon drying. Alutiiq village, Old Harbor, Kodiak Island. Photographed by N. B. Miller, 1889
Laminar armour of hardened leather enforced by wood and bones worn by the Chukchi, Aleut, and Chugach (Alutiiq)
Late lamellar armour worn by indigenous peoples of Siberia

In 2010 the high school in Kodiak responded to requests from Alutiiq students and agreed to teach the Alutiiq language.

Chugach man in traditional dress

Chugach

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Name of an Alaska Native people in the region of the Kenai Peninsula and Prince William Sound on the southern coast of Alaska.

Name of an Alaska Native people in the region of the Kenai Peninsula and Prince William Sound on the southern coast of Alaska.

Chugach man in traditional dress
Chugach woven spruce-root hat with dentalium shells and trade beads, Museum of Cultures, Helsinki
Laminar armour of hardened leather enforced by wood and bones worn by the Chukchi, Aleut, and Chugach (Alutiiq)
Late lamellar armour worn by indigenous peoples of Siberia

The Chugach people are an Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo) people who speak the Chugach dialect of the Alutiiq language.

Native artifacts from the Kodiak Islands, engraving c.1805 from a Russian journal

Kodiak Island

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Native artifacts from the Kodiak Islands, engraving c.1805 from a Russian journal
Location of Three Saints Bay and St. Paul on Kodiak in 1805
Map including Kodiak Island
The settlement of Grigory Shelikhov on Kodiak Island.
Snows cling to the mountaintops in summer
Kodiak bear cub, perched on a sign

Kodiak Island (Alutiiq: Qikertaq), is a large island on the south coast of the U.S. state of Alaska, separated from the Alaska mainland by the Shelikof Strait.

Afognak coastline at Kazakof Bay

Afognak

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Afognak coastline at Kazakof Bay
Fog moving in on Afognak Island at midnight in July 2009.
Creek flowing out of lower Malina Lake

Afognak (Alutiiq: Agw’aneq; Афогнак ) is an island in the Kodiak Archipelago 5 km north of Kodiak Island in the U.S. state of Alaska.

Prince William Sound, on the south coast of Alaska

Prince William Sound

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Prince William Sound, on the south coast of Alaska
Prince William Sound was traversed by the 1908 Alexander Alaska Expedition, from the Freshwater and Marine Image Bank

Prince William Sound (Sugpiaq: Suungaaciq) is a sound of the Gulf of Alaska on the south coast of the U.S. state of Alaska.

Volcanoes on the Alaska Peninsula

Alaska Peninsula

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Volcanoes on the Alaska Peninsula
Peulik Volcano and cottongrass meadow
Springtime hiker near Chiginagak Volcano in May 2007.
Peulik Volcano and Ukinrek Maars
Gorge in Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes
Willow Ptarmigan
Northern fur seals

The Alaska Peninsula (also called Aleut Peninsula or Aleutian Peninsula, ; Sugpiaq: Aluuwiq, Al'uwiq) is a peninsula extending about 800 km to the southwest from the mainland of Alaska and ending in the Aleutian Islands.

Where Are Your Keys?

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Interactive technique for learning languages directly from native speakers.

Interactive technique for learning languages directly from native speakers.

The technique has been used in instruction of Alutiiq, Chinuk Wawa, Konkow, Kutenai, Mohawk, Navajo, O'odham, Squamish, Unangax, French, Latin, Irish, Korean, Turkish, and at a Chickasaw language immersion camp for families.