Alveolar consonant

AlveolaralveolarsDentalalveolar consonantsAlveolar or dentalalveolar stops+anteriorAl­veo­larAlveodentalAlveol.
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.wikipedia
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Postalveolar consonant

PostalveolarPost- alveolarpost-alveolar
To disambiguate, the bridge (, etc.) may be used for a dental consonant, or the under-bar (, etc.) may be used for the postalveolars.
Postalveolar consonants (sometimes spelled post-alveolar) are consonants articulated with the tongue near or touching the back of the alveolar ridge, farther back in the mouth than the alveolar consonants, which are at the ridge itself but not as far back as the hard palate, the place of articulation for palatal consonants.

Dental consonant

DentaldentalsAlveolar
The laminal alveolar articulation is often mistakenly called dental, because the tip of the tongue can be seen near to or touching the teeth.
Dentals are usually distinguished from sounds in which contact is made with the tongue and the gum ridge, as in English (see alveolar consonant) because of the acoustic similarity of the sounds and the fact that in the Roman alphabet, they are generally written using the same symbols (like t, d, n).

Dental, alveolar and postalveolar nasals

nalveolar nasaldental nasal
The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents dental, alveolar, and postalveolar nasals is, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is.

Voiceless dental and alveolar stops

tvoiceless alveolar plosivevoiceless alveolar stop
The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents voiceless dental, alveolar, and postalveolar stops is, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is.

Voiced dental and alveolar stops

dvoiced alveolar stopvoiced dental plosive
The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents voiced dental, alveolar, and postalveolar stops is (although the symbol can be used to distinguish the dental stop, and the postalveolar), and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is.

Voiceless alveolar fricative

svoiceless alveolar sibilant s ''' [s
Dentalized laminal alveolar (commonly called "dental"), which means it is articulated with the tongue blade very close to the upper front teeth, with the tongue tip resting behind lower front teeth. The hissing effect in this variety of is very strong.

Voiced alveolar fricative

zvoiced alveolar sibilantvoiced dental sibilant
Dentalized laminal alveolar (commonly called "dental"), which means it is articulated with the tongue blade very close to the upper front teeth, with the tongue tip resting behind lower front teeth. The hissing effect in this variety of is very strong.

Alveolar ridge

Alveolaralveolar marginalveolar rim
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
Consonants whose constriction is made with the tongue tip or blade touching or reaching for the alveolar ridge are called alveolar consonants.

Apical consonant

Apicalapico-alveolarapico
Alveolar consonants may be articulated with the tip of the tongue (the apical consonants), as in English, or with the flat of the tongue just above the tip (the "blade" of the tongue; called laminal consonants), as in French and Spanish.
Basque uses the distinction for alveolar fricatives, as does Serbo-Croatian.

Laminal consonant

laminallaminodentallamino
Alveolar consonants may be articulated with the tip of the tongue (the apical consonants), as in English, or with the flat of the tongue just above the tip (the "blade" of the tongue; called laminal consonants), as in French and Spanish.
Some languages in South Asia contrast apical and laminal stops. In Hindustani, the apical stops are normally called "retroflex" but are really alveolar or postalveolar. Malayalam has a three-way distinction between laminal dental, apical alveolar and true subapical retroflex in nasal and voiceless oral stops.

Voiced alveolar affricate

d͡z j ''' [dzdz
The stop component of this affricate is laminal alveolar, which means it is articulated with the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge. For simplicity, this affricate is usually called after the sibilant fricative component.

Voiceless dental and alveolar lateral fricatives

voiceless alveolar lateral fricativevoiceless lateral fricativeɬ
The voiceless alveolar lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.

Place of articulation

places of articulationarticulatedplace
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.

Voiceless alveolar affricate

t͡sts ts ''' [ts
The stop component of this affricate is laminal alveolar, which means it is articulated with the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge. For simplicity, this affricate is usually called after the sibilant fricative component.

Voiced dental and alveolar lateral fricatives

voiced alveolar lateral fricativeɮvoiced lateral fricative
The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents voiced dental, alveolar, and postalveolar lateral fricatives is, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is.

Alveolar and postalveolar approximants

alveolar approximantɹpostalveolar approximant
The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents the alveolar and postalveolar approximants is, a lowercase letter r rotated 180 degrees.

Dental and alveolar flaps

alveolar tapalveolar flaptap
The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents dental, alveolar, and postalveolar flaps is.

Dental, alveolar and postalveolar trills

alveolar trillrtrill
The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents dental, alveolar, and postalveolar trills is, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is.

Venda language

VendaTshivendaTshivenḓa
Venda distinguishes dental ṱ, ṱh, ḓ, ṋ, ḽ from alveolar t, th, d, n, l as well as (like in Ewe) labiodental f, v from bilabial fh, vh (the last two are slightly rounded).

Dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants

lalveolar lateral approximantdark L
Colloquial Samoan, however, lacks both and, but it has a lateral alveolar approximant.
The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents dental, alveolar, and postalveolar lateral approximants is, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is.

Vietnamese language

VietnameseVietnamese nameVietnamese-language
! Dental/ Alveolar