Amarillo, Texas

Amarillo in 1889, three weeks after incorporation
An aerial view of the Amarillo business district in 1912.
Grand Opera House, Amarillo, Texas (postcard, circa 1909–1924)
Amarillo, March 1943
Lighthouse pinnacle in Palo Duro Canyon: The canyon system is located south of the city.
FirstBank Southwest Tower, the tallest building in the city, dominates the skyline of downtown Amarillo.
This map shows the city's average number of inhabitants per square mile of land in 2000.
Entrance to Texas Panhandle War Memorial in Amarillo
Listing of Amarillo-area personnel killed in the Vietnam War
The Globe-News Center for the Performing Arts building is located near the Amarillo Civic Center.
A coyote sleeps in the afternoon heat in the Amarillo Zoo.
Medical Center Park adjacent to Amarillo Botanical Gardens
The clock tower at the Amarillo College's Washington Street Campus.
Amarillo National Bank Plaza One building in downtown Amarillo
The American Quarter Horse Association and Center City of Amarillo sponsors an ongoing public art project that consist of decorated horse statues located in front of several Amarillo businesses.
Several streets around Amarillo's downtown area are still paved with bricks.
The Harrington Regional Medical Center has two of the city's major hospitals.
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

City in the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Potter County.

- Amarillo, Texas

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Potter County, Texas

County located in the U.S. state of Texas.

A highway sign designating the border between Nicholas and Greenbrier counties in West Virginia along a secondary road

Its county seat is Amarillo.

Texas Panhandle

Region of the U.S. state of Texas consisting of the northernmost 26 counties in the state.

Caprock Canyons of Briscoe County.
A canyon formed by Tierra Blanca Creek
The rugged country of Palo Duro Canyon
Amarillo is the largest city in the Texas Panhandle.
Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum in Canyon, Texas.
The Dallam County Courthouse in Dalhart, Texas.

South of the city of Amarillo, the level terrain gives way to Palo Duro Canyon, the second-largest canyon in the United States.

Interstate 40

Major east–west Interstate Highway running through the south-central portion of the United States.

A sign at the start of I-40 in Barstow, California, showing the distance to the freeway's eastern terminus in Wilmington, North Carolina. This sign has been stolen several times.
I-40 westbound heading toward Flagstaff
An at-grade intersection on I-40 in Texas in 2003
The Hernando de Soto Bridge, where I-40 crosses the Mississippi River into Memphis
I-40 in Nashville
The collapsed section of the I-40 bridge, May 31, 2002

Major cities served by the interstate include Flagstaff, Arizona; Albuquerque, New Mexico; Amarillo, Texas; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Little Rock, Arkansas; Memphis, Nashville, and Knoxville in Tennessee; and Asheville, Winston-Salem, Greensboro, Durham, Raleigh, and Wilmington in North Carolina.

Randall County, Texas

County located in the U.S. state of Texas.

A highway sign designating the border between Nicholas and Greenbrier counties in West Virginia along a secondary road

Randall County is part of the Amarillo, Texas, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Hutchinson County, Texas

County in the U.S. state of Texas.

A highway sign designating the border between Nicholas and Greenbrier counties in West Virginia along a secondary road

Hutchinson County comprises the Borger, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Amarillo-Borger, TX Combined Statistical Area.

Fort Worth and Denver Railway

Class I American railroad company that operated in the northern part of Texas from 1881 to 1982, and had a profound influence on the early settlement and economic development of the region.

Map of the Colorado and Southern Railway lines, including the Fort Worth and Denver City lines in Texas
Fort Worth & Denver Alco 2-8-0 No. 304 at the Wichita Falls Railroad Museum
FW&D Engine 501 in Childress, Texas

The main line of the railroad ran from Fort Worth through Wichita Falls, Childress, Amarillo, and Dalhart, to Texline, where it connected with the rails of parent company Colorado and Southern Railway, both of which became subsidiaries of the Burlington Route in 1908.


Mining, smelting, and refining company based in Tucson, Arizona, which mines and processes primarily copper.

Headframe of an underground mine at the Asarco Mission Complex near Tucson, Arizona
Asarco lead smelter in Murray, Utah; January 1, 1922
These tall smokestacks at Asarco's El Paso Smeltertown site were brought down in 2013.
A 1909 postcard image of Tacoma with its Asarco smelter smokestack
Asarco mine in Silver Reef, Utah
The Asarco smelter in El Paso, operating in 1972, viewed across the Smeltertown cemetery

Refining at the mines as well as at a copper refinery in Amarillo, Texas, produce 375,000,000 lb of refined copper each year.

Llano Estacado

Region in the Southwestern United States that encompasses parts of eastern New Mexico and northwestern Texas.

The northern edge of the Llano Estacado in New Mexico
Caprock Escarpment south of Ralls, Texas
Agricultural land and canyons on the eastern side of the Llano Estacado
Wind turbines
Map of Texas counties with population density
Lubbock, Texas, the largest city on the Llano
A shot of downtown Amarillo, Texas
Midland, "The Tall City" of West Texas
Downtown Odessa

Today, most of the area's population is localized in the principal cities of Amarillo, Lubbock, Midland and Odessa, Texas.


Primary United States nuclear weapons assembly and disassembly facility that aims to maintain the safety, security and reliability of the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile.

Pantex plant
Conventional weapons being assembled at Pantex in 1944
Bunkers at Pantex used for temporary staging of nuclear weapons.
Technicians perform final assembly on a nuclear warhead, circa 1985

The facility is located on a 16000 acre site 17 mi northeast of Amarillo, in Carson County, Texas in the Panhandle of Texas.

High Plains (United States)

The High Plains are a subregion of the Great Plains, mainly in the Western United States, but also partly in the Midwest states of Nebraska, Kansas, and South Dakota, generally encompassing the western part of the Great Plains before the region reaches the Rocky Mountains.

The High Plains ecology region is designated by 25 on this map.
Childress County, Texas, June 1938.
High Plains in Oklahoma west of Guymon (2009)
Cimarron County near Boise City. (2009)
Grain silos, a common sight on the High Plains. (2009)
High Plains in Southeastern Colorado (2009)
The High Plains are broken in places by canyons, such as this one in Sabinoso Wilderness in New Mexico.

For example, the ASARCO refinery in Amarillo, Texas has been in operation since 1924 due to the plentiful and inexpensive natural gas and water that are needed in metal ore refining.