Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud

Amazon EC2EC2Elastic Compute CloudAmazon cloud serversElastic Load BalancerElastic Load BalancingAmazon EC2 (Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud)Amazon EC2 cloudAmazon EC2 F1 cloud instanceAmazon Elastic Compute Cloud ("EC2")
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) forms a central part of Amazon.com's cloud-computing platform, Amazon Web Services (AWS), by allowing users to rent virtual computers on which to run their own computer applications.wikipedia
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Cloud computing

cloudcloud-basedcloud services
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) forms a central part of Amazon.com's cloud-computing platform, Amazon Web Services (AWS), by allowing users to rent virtual computers on which to run their own computer applications.
Cloud computing was popularized with Amazon.com releasing its Elastic Compute Cloud product in 2006.

Amazon Web Services

AWSAmazon AWSAmazon Cloud
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) forms a central part of Amazon.com's cloud-computing platform, Amazon Web Services (AWS), by allowing users to rent virtual computers on which to run their own computer applications.
One of these services is Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud, which allows users to have at their disposal a virtual cluster of computers, available all the time, through the Internet.

Amazon (company)

Amazon.comAmazonAmazon.co.uk
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) forms a central part of Amazon.com's cloud-computing platform, Amazon Web Services (AWS), by allowing users to rent virtual computers on which to run their own computer applications.
In 2006, the organization grew its AWS portfolio when Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), which rents computer processing power as well as Simple Storage Service (S3), that rents data storage via the Internet, were made available.

Amazon Machine Image

Amazon LinuxAmazon Linux AMIAmazon Machine Images (AMI)
EC2 encourages scalable deployment of applications by providing a web service through which a user can boot an Amazon Machine Image (AMI) to configure a virtual machine, which Amazon calls an "instance", containing any software desired.
An Amazon Machine Image (AMI) is a special type of virtual appliance that is used to create a virtual machine within the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud ("EC2").

Xen

XenServerXenSourceXen Cloud Platform
Initially, EC2 used Xen virtualization exclusively.
Amazon EC2 (since August 2006), IBM SoftLayer, Liquid Web, Fujitsu Global Cloud Platform, Linode, OrionVM and Rackspace Cloud use Xen as the primary VM hypervisor for their product offerings.

Willem van Biljon

Pinkham provided the initial architecture guidance for EC2 and then built the team and led the development of the project along with Willem van Biljon.
Van Biljon worked for Amazon.com where he, along with Chris Pinkham and Christopher Brown, led the team that developed Amazon's Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2).

Amazon Elastic Block Store

EBSElastic Block StorageAmazon EBS
On August 20, 2008, Amazon added Elastic Block Store (EBS)
Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS) provides raw block-level storage that can be attached to Amazon EC2 instances and is used by Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS).

Autoscaling

auto-scalingautomatic scalingautoscaling group
The metrics collected by Amazon CloudWatch enables the auto-scaling feature to dynamically add or remove EC2 instances.
Amazon Web Services launched the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) service in August 2006, that allowed developers to programmatically create and terminate instances (machines).

Amazon Virtual Private Cloud

Enterprise customers are able to access the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) over an IPsec based virtual private network.

FlexiScale

Flexiant Flexiscale
Launched shortly after Amazon's EC2 service, it was Europe's first and the world's second cloud computing platform.

Apache Hadoop

HadoopHDFSHadoop Distributed File System
For example, Apache Hadoop supports a special s3: filesystem to support reading from and writing to S3 storage during a MapReduce job.

ElasticHosts

Containers
ElasticHosts is privately held and competes with other public cloud-infrastructure providers such as Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud and Rackspace Cloud.

Amazon Relational Database Service

Amazon RDSRelational Database ServiceAmazon Aurora
Higher-availability database services, like Amazon Relational Database Service run separately from EC2 instances.
Amazon RDS instances are priced very similarly to Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2).

Northern Virginia

NorthernNorthern Virginia areaVirginia
Shortly before 5 am ET on April 21, 2011, an outage started at EC2's Northern Virginia data center that brought down several websites, including Foursquare, Springpad, Reddit, Quora, and Hootsuite.
Accenture estimates that 70 percent of Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud servers are located in their Northern Virginia zone.

Lunacloud

The performance and cost of Lunacloud's offerings have been favourably rated in TechWeekEurope TechRepublic and CloudSpectator when compared to Rackspace and Amazon EC2.

Quora

Kelly BattlesYou Arts
Shortly before 5 am ET on April 21, 2011, an outage started at EC2's Northern Virginia data center that brought down several websites, including Foursquare, Springpad, Reddit, Quora, and Hootsuite.
Quora uses Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud technology to host the servers that run its website.

Nimbula

It was founded in late 2008 by Chris Pinkham and Willem Van Biljon, who had developed the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2).

CopperEgg

CopperEgg Corporation
CopperEgg software products integrate into public cloud providers such as Amazon EC2 and Rackspace.

Eucalyptus (software)

EucalyptusEucalyptus (computing)Eucalyptus Systems
Users can also move instances between a Eucalyptus private cloud and the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud to create a hybrid cloud.

TurnKey Linux Virtual Appliance Library

TurnKey LinuxTurnKeyTurnKey GNU/Linux
They are packaged in several formats, optimized for several different virtualization platforms, in addition to two separate builds for installing onto physical media (to non-virtualized hard disk or USB from a hybrid ISO) or onto the Amazon EC2 cloud.

Rackspace Cloud

RackspaceRackspace Cloud FilesMosso (Rackspace Cloud)
Cloud Servers is a cloud infrastructure service that allows users to deploy "one to hundreds of cloud servers instantly" and create "advanced, high availability architectures" similar to the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud.

Google App Engine

App EngineGoogle AppEnginecloud service
Compared to other scalable hosting services such as Amazon EC2, App Engine provides more infrastructure to make it easy to write scalable applications, but can only run a limited range of applications designed for that infrastructure.

FUJITSU Cloud IaaS Trusted Public S5

Fujitsu Global Cloud PlatformIaaS Trusted Public S5
This is similar to Amazon's Elastic IP Address feature.

Bitnami

Using automated cloud computing management, Bitnami offers users automated application deployments of open source server apps from Oracle Cloud, Amazon EC2, Azure and Google Cloud Platform servers.