Ambiguity

ambiguousambiguitieslexical ambiguityunambiguouslexicalclarifiedclearclear understandingcontextimprecise
Ambiguity is a type of meaning in which a phrase, statement or resolution is not explicitly defined, making several interpretations plausible.wikipedia
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Obfuscation

obfuscateobfuscatedWhite-box cryptography
An exception to this could include a politician whose "weasel words" and obfuscation are necessary to gain support from multiple constituents with mutually exclusive conflicting desires from their candidate of choice.
Obfuscation is the obscuring of the intended meaning of communication by making the message difficult to understand, usually with confusing and ambiguous language.

Uncertainty

uncertaintiesuncertainstandard uncertainty
A common aspect of ambiguity is uncertainty.
Ambiguity is a form of uncertainty where even the possible outcomes have unclear meanings and interpretations.

Ambiguity (law)

can be a problem in lawlatent ambiguityPatent ambiguity
Linguistic ambiguity can be a problem in law, because the interpretation of written documents and oral agreements is often of paramount importance.
Patent ambiguity is that ambiguity which is apparent on the face of an instrument to any one perusing it, even if unacquainted with the circumstances of the parties.

Mathematical notation

notationmathematical formulaealgebraic notation
Mathematical notation, widely used in physics and other sciences, avoids many ambiguities compared to expression in natural language.
Modern mathematics needs to be precise, because ambiguous notations do not allow formal proofs.

Special functions

special functionspecialfunction
In this case, the translation to algorithmic languages admits ambiguity and may lead to confusion.

Syntactic ambiguity

Amphibologyamphibolyambiguity
Syntactic ambiguity arises when a sentence can have two (or more) different meanings because of the structure of the sentence—its syntax.
Newspaper headlines are written in a telegraphic style (headlinese) which often omits the copula, creating syntactic ambiguity.

Mondegreen

misheardmondegreensphonetically approximating
A mishearing of such, based on incorrectly resolved ambiguity, is called a mondegreen.

Berry paradox

Berry's paradox
The Berry paradox arises as a result of systematic ambiguity in the meaning of terms such as "definable" or "nameable".
The Berry paradox as formulated above arises because of systematic ambiguity in the word "definable".

Bystander effect

bystanderbystander interventionBystander apathy
With regard to the Bystander Effect, studies have shown that emergencies deemed ambiguous trigger the appearance of the classic Bystander Effect (wherein more witnesses decrease the likelihood of any of them helping) far more than non-ambiguous emergencies.
Several factors contribute to the bystander effect, including ambiguity, group cohesiveness, and diffusion of responsibility that reinforces mutual denial of a situation's severity.

Multistable perception

bistable perceptionbistablebistable figure
Perceptions of such objects remain stable for a time, then may flip, a phenomenon called multistable perception.
Perceptual multistability can be evoked by visual patterns that are too ambiguous for the human visual system to recognize with one unique interpretation.

Necker cube

In visual art, certain images are visually ambiguous, such as the Necker cube, which can be interpreted in two ways.
The Necker cube is an ambiguous drawing.

Meaning (linguistics)

meaninglinguistic meaningmeanings
Ambiguity is a type of meaning in which a phrase, statement or resolution is not explicitly defined, making several interpretations plausible.

Intention

purposeintentintentional
It is thus an attribute of any idea or statement whose intended meaning cannot be definitively resolved according to a rule or process with a finite number of steps.

Terminology

termtermsterminologies
(The ambi- part of the term reflects an idea of "two", as in "two meanings".)

2

bracetwo2 (number)
(The ambi- part of the term reflects an idea of "two", as in "two meanings".)

Vagueness

vagueCatrina "Vague" Felaimprecise
The concept of ambiguity is generally contrasted with vagueness.

Context (language use)

contextcontextscontextual
The former represents a choice between a finite number of known and meaningful context-dependent interpretations.

Bank

Bankingbankerbanking system
For instance, the word "bank" has several distinct lexical definitions, including "financial institution" and "edge of a river".

Bank (geography)

leftrightbank
For instance, the word "bank" has several distinct lexical definitions, including "financial institution" and "edge of a river".

Apothecary

Pharmacist

pharmacistsdruggistchemist
This could mean one actually spoke to the apothecary (pharmacist) or went to the apothecary (pharmacy).

Pharmacy

pharmaciespharmaceutical sciencesdrugstore
This could mean one actually spoke to the apothecary (pharmacist) or went to the apothecary (pharmacy).

Word-sense disambiguation

word sense disambiguationdisambiguationdisambiguate
Lexical ambiguity can be addressed by algorithmic methods that automatically associate the appropriate meaning with a word in context, a task referred to as word sense disambiguation.

Weasel word

weasel wordsweaselWeasel-word
An exception to this could include a politician whose "weasel words" and obfuscation are necessary to gain support from multiple constituents with mutually exclusive conflicting desires from their candidate of choice.

Electoral district

constituencyconstituenciesdistrict magnitude
An exception to this could include a politician whose "weasel words" and obfuscation are necessary to gain support from multiple constituents with mutually exclusive conflicting desires from their candidate of choice.