Fauré in 1907
Thomas by Wilhelm Benque, c. 1895
Fauré as a student, 1864
Thomas in 1834 by Jean-Hippolyte Flandrin
Staff and students of the École Niedermeyer, 1871. Fauré in front row second from left; André Messager in middle row second from right
Le caïd, 1849
Fauré in 1875
Jean-Baptiste Faure as Hamlet, painted by Manet
Fauré by John Singer Sargent, 1889
Thomas, about 1865
Fauré and Marie in 1889
Statue of Thomas in Paris.
Emma Bardac
Clockwise from top left: Saint-Saëns, Thomas, Massenet, Dubois
Maurice Ravel
Fauré at the turn of the century
National hommage to Fauré, 1922. Fauré and President Millerand are in the box between the statues
Manuscript page of the Requiem

Between then and his death at his home in Paris twenty-five years later, he modernised the Conservatoire's organisation while imposing a rigidly conservative curriculum, hostile to modern music, and attempting to prevent composers such as César Franck and Gabriel Fauré from influencing the students of the Conservatoire.

- Ambroise Thomas

The faculty of the Conservatoire regarded Fauré as dangerously modern, and its head, Ambroise Thomas, blocked the appointment, declaring, "Fauré? Never! If he's appointed, I resign."

- Gabriel Fauré
Fauré in 1907

4 related topics


Dubois in 1896, the year he became director of the Paris Conservatoire

Théodore Dubois

French Romantic composer, organist, and music teacher.

French Romantic composer, organist, and music teacher.

Dubois in 1896, the year he became director of the Paris Conservatoire
Villa de Medici, Rome
Dubois' colleagues in the Société nationale de musique: clockwise from top left: Romain Bussine, Camille Saint-Saëns, Gabriel Fauré, César Franck
1902 caricature of Dubois by Aroun-al-Rascid
Dubois in 1905

He became an organist and choirmaster at several well-known churches in Paris, and at the same time was a professor at the Conservatoire, teaching harmony from 1871 to 1891 and composition from 1891 to 1896, when he succeeded Ambroise Thomas as the Conservatoire's director.

When Camille Saint-Saëns and Romain Bussine established the Société nationale de musique in 1871, Dubois was a founding member together with, among others, Henri Duparc, Gabriel Fauré, César Franck, Ernest Guiraud and Massenet.

Massenet photographed by Pierre Petit, 1880

Jules Massenet

French composer of the Romantic era best known for his operas, of which he wrote more than thirty.

French composer of the Romantic era best known for his operas, of which he wrote more than thirty.

Massenet photographed by Pierre Petit, 1880
Massenet's birthplace in Montaud, photographed c. 1908
Massenet in the early 1860s
Auditorium of the Opéra-Comique
Poster for the première of Don César de Bazan by Célestin Nanteuil
Design by Philippe Chaperon for Le roi de Lahore, 1877
"M. Massenet's bland pâtisserie and Mlle. Sanderson's sugar-candy notes" baked in "the National Musical Oven". Caricature from La Silhouette, March 1894.
Poster for the first French production of Werther.
Mary Garden in the title role of Chérubin, 1905
Poster by Georges Rochegrosse for the 1912 Paris première of Roma.
Poster by Jean de Paleologu for ''Sapho, 1897
Poster by Georges Rochegrosse for Don Quichotte, 1910
Among Massenet's interpreters, clockwise from top left: Pierre Monteux, Renée Fleming, Roberto Alagna and Victoria de los Ángeles
Massenet in his later years

There he studied under Ambroise Thomas, whom he greatly admired.

He was succeeded as professor by Gabriel Fauré, who was doubtful of Massenet's credentials, considering his popular style to be "based on a generally cynical view of art".

Current home of the CNSMDP

Conservatoire de Paris

College of music and dance founded in 1795.

College of music and dance founded in 1795.

Current home of the CNSMDP
Former Conservatoire building (until 1911) in the 9th arrondissement of Paris, which now houses the CNSAD (48.87307°N, 2.347°W)
Site plan (1836) of the Menus-Plaisirs, the Concert Hall, and the Conservatoire
A concert in March 1843
Library, 1895
Camille Urso
Piano class of Charles de Bériot in 1895 with Maurice Ravel on the left
Fauré in the Director's Office at the Conservatoire, 1918
The CNSMDP new building at the Cité de la Musique.

Under Auber, composition teachers included Adolphe Adam, Halévy, and Ambroise Thomas; piano teachers, Louise Farrenc, Henri Herz, and Antoine François Marmontel; violin teachers, Jean-Delphin Alard and Charles Dancla; and cello teachers, Pierre Chevillard and Auguste Franchomme.

Professors included Charles-Marie Widor, Gabriel Fauré, and Charles Lenepveu for composition, Alexandre Guilmant for organ, Paul Taffanel for flute, and Louis Diémer for piano.

Gounod in 1860 soon after his greatest success, Faust

Charles Gounod

French composer.

French composer.

Gounod in 1860 soon after his greatest success, Faust
Gounod aged 22, by Dominique Ingres
Missions étrangères de Paris
Gounod's wife, Anna, by Ingres, 1859
The palace of Méphistophélès, Faust, 1859
Caroline Carvalho as Juliette, 1867
Georgina Weldon in a Victorian advertisement for soap
Cinq-Mars, 1877
Gounod in old age by Nadar, 1890
Gounod in comic vein: the "gurgling" (petits glougloux) couplets from Le Médecin malgré lui (1858)
The finale of the Faust ballet music, composed for large orchestra
The opening of Gounod's Second Symphony: "The introductory Adagio in the key of E flat speaks of Beethoven's Eroica".
"Le Vallon": an early song by Gounod, from c. 1840

In his music there is a strand of romantic sentiment that is continued in the operas of Jules Massenet and others; there is also a strand of classical restraint and elegance that influenced Gabriel Fauré.

Among the pallbearers were Ambroise Thomas, Victorien Sardou and the future French President Raymond Poincaré.