Massenet photographed by Pierre Petit, 1880
Thomas by Wilhelm Benque, c. 1895
Massenet's birthplace in Montaud, photographed c. 1908
Thomas in 1834 by Jean-Hippolyte Flandrin
Massenet in the early 1860s
Le caïd, 1849
Auditorium of the Opéra-Comique
Jean-Baptiste Faure as Hamlet, painted by Manet
Poster for the première of Don César de Bazan by Célestin Nanteuil
Thomas, about 1865
Design by Philippe Chaperon for Le roi de Lahore, 1877
Statue of Thomas in Paris.
"M. Massenet's bland pâtisserie and Mlle. Sanderson's sugar-candy notes" baked in "the National Musical Oven". Caricature from La Silhouette, March 1894.
Poster for the first French production of Werther.
Mary Garden in the title role of Chérubin, 1905
Poster by Georges Rochegrosse for the 1912 Paris première of Roma.
Poster by Jean de Paleologu for ''Sapho, 1897
Poster by Georges Rochegrosse for Don Quichotte, 1910
Among Massenet's interpreters, clockwise from top left: Pierre Monteux, Renée Fleming, Roberto Alagna and Victoria de los Ángeles
Massenet in his later years

There he studied under Ambroise Thomas, whom he greatly admired.

- Jules Massenet

Over these years his students included the composers Jules Massenet, Gaston Serpette, and, late in Thomas' career, George Enescu; future academics included Théodore Dubois and Charles Lenepveu; and conductors who were Thomas' students included Edouard Colonne and Désiré-Émile Inghelbrecht.

- Ambroise Thomas
Massenet photographed by Pierre Petit, 1880

6 related topics

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Gounod in 1860 soon after his greatest success, Faust

Charles Gounod

French composer.

French composer.

Gounod in 1860 soon after his greatest success, Faust
Gounod aged 22, by Dominique Ingres
Missions étrangères de Paris
Gounod's wife, Anna, by Ingres, 1859
The palace of Méphistophélès, Faust, 1859
Caroline Carvalho as Juliette, 1867
Georgina Weldon in a Victorian advertisement for soap
Cinq-Mars, 1877
Gounod in old age by Nadar, 1890
Gounod in comic vein: the "gurgling" (petits glougloux) couplets from Le Médecin malgré lui (1858)
The finale of the Faust ballet music, composed for large orchestra
The opening of Gounod's Second Symphony: "The introductory Adagio in the key of E flat speaks of Beethoven's Eroica".
"Le Vallon": an early song by Gounod, from c. 1840

In his music there is a strand of romantic sentiment that is continued in the operas of Jules Massenet and others; there is also a strand of classical restraint and elegance that influenced Gabriel Fauré.

Among the pallbearers were Ambroise Thomas, Victorien Sardou and the future French President Raymond Poincaré.

Portrait of Daniel Auber, 1827, by Hortense Haudebourt-Lescot

Daniel Auber

French composer and director of the Paris Conservatoire.

French composer and director of the Paris Conservatoire.

Portrait of Daniel Auber, 1827, by Hortense Haudebourt-Lescot
Auber's father, c. 1806
Auber, c. 1830
Eugène Scribe, Auber's principal librettist from 1822 to 1860
Le Cheval de bronze, 1835
Auber by Nadar, late 1860s
Le premier jour de bonheur (1868)
La Muette de Portici, 1828
Opening of Benedictus No 2, for voice, harp and organ, c. 1855

During his 42 years as a member he was joined by composers including Adolphe Adam, Hector Berlioz, Charles Gounod and Ambroise Thomas.

Ernest Guiraud, Théodore Dubois and Jules Massenet.

Fauré in 1907

Gabriel Fauré

French composer, organist, pianist and teacher.

French composer, organist, pianist and teacher.

Fauré in 1907
Fauré as a student, 1864
Staff and students of the École Niedermeyer, 1871. Fauré in front row second from left; André Messager in middle row second from right
Fauré in 1875
Fauré by John Singer Sargent, 1889
Fauré and Marie in 1889
Emma Bardac
Clockwise from top left: Saint-Saëns, Thomas, Massenet, Dubois
Maurice Ravel
Fauré at the turn of the century
National hommage to Fauré, 1922. Fauré and President Millerand are in the box between the statues
Manuscript page of the Requiem

Other members included Georges Bizet, Emmanuel Chabrier, Vincent d'Indy, Henri Duparc, César Franck, Édouard Lalo and Jules Massenet.

The faculty of the Conservatoire regarded Fauré as dangerously modern, and its head, Ambroise Thomas, blocked the appointment, declaring, "Fauré? Never! If he's appointed, I resign."

Giacomo Meyerbeer, engraving from a photograph by Pierre Petit (1865)

Giacomo Meyerbeer

German opera composer of Jewish birth, "the most frequently performed opera composer during the nineteenth century, linking Mozart and Wagner".

German opera composer of Jewish birth, "the most frequently performed opera composer during the nineteenth century, linking Mozart and Wagner".

Giacomo Meyerbeer, engraving from a photograph by Pierre Petit (1865)
The young Jacob Beer, portrait by Friedrich Georg Weitsch (1803)
Amalie Beer, Meyerbeer's mother, painting by, c. 1803
Gioachino Rossini in 1820
Jules Arnout's lithograph of Act 3 scene 2 of Robert (the 'Ballet of the Nuns') at the Paris Opéra (Salle Le Peletier), 1831
Adolphe Nourrit
Eugène Scribe
Pauline Viardot
Meyerbeer's grave in Berlin
Heinrich Heine on his sickbed, 1851
Advertisement for the sheet music of Le pardon de Ploërmel (Dinorah)
Le prophète – Act 4, scene 2, of the original production, set design by Charles-Antoine Cambon and Joseph Thierry
Cover of the first edition of Liszt's Fantasy and Fugue on the chorale "Ad nos, ad salutarem undam"
Robert Schumann in an 1850 daguerreotype
Richard Wagner around the time of his first meeting with Meyerbeer – portrait by, c. 1840
Berlin memorial plaque, Pariser Platz 6a, Berlin-Mitte, Germany

After 1850, Huebner notes a continuing tradition of operas at Paris where 'principals appear with chorus at the end of an act and where private intrigue conjoins a well-articulated public dimension in the plot' and cites amongst others Charles Gounod's La nonne sanglante (1854), Ambroise Thomas's Hamlet and operas by Jules Massenet, amongst them Le roi de Lahore (1877) and Le Cid (1885).

Dubois in 1896, the year he became director of the Paris Conservatoire

Théodore Dubois

French Romantic composer, organist, and music teacher.

French Romantic composer, organist, and music teacher.

Dubois in 1896, the year he became director of the Paris Conservatoire
Villa de Medici, Rome
Dubois' colleagues in the Société nationale de musique: clockwise from top left: Romain Bussine, Camille Saint-Saëns, Gabriel Fauré, César Franck
1902 caricature of Dubois by Aroun-al-Rascid
Dubois in 1905

He became an organist and choirmaster at several well-known churches in Paris, and at the same time was a professor at the Conservatoire, teaching harmony from 1871 to 1891 and composition from 1891 to 1896, when he succeeded Ambroise Thomas as the Conservatoire's director.

During his time there, beginning in December 1861, Dubois became a friend of fellow students including Jules Massenet.

Emma Calvé as Carmen

Emma Calvé

French operatic soprano.

French operatic soprano.

Emma Calvé as Carmen
Poster for Emma Calvé in Massenet's Sapho, Opéra-Comique, Paris, 27 November 1897
Emma Calvé (1895)
Poster of Calvé in La Navarraise
Slumber song as sung by Mme Calvé. Published as a supplement to the New York Herald, 19 April 1903. Cover includes photograph of Emma Calvé.

She created the part of Anita, which was written for her, in Massenet's La Navarraise in London in 1894 and, in 1897, sang Sapho in an opera written by the same composer.

She sang Ophélie in Ambroise Thomas's Hamlet in Paris in 1899, but the part was not suited to her and she dropped it.