A report on Herculaneum and Amedeo Maiuri

The excavations of Ercolano
Amedeo Maiuri in Pompei, 1952
Herculaneum plan showing the ancient site below the modern (1908) town and the 1631 "lava" flow
Entrance to the Cave of the Cumaean Sybil rediscovered by Maiuri in 1932.
Herculaneum and other cities affected by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. The black cloud represents the general distribution of ash and cinder. Modern coast lines are shown.
Small Herculaneum Woman (Dresden)
Insulae numbers
Cupids playing with a lyre, Roman fresco from Herculaneum
A marble tablet from Herculaneum showing women playing knucklebones, depicting Phoebe, Leto, Niobe, Hilearia, and Agle, painted and signed by an artist named "Alexander of Athens", now in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale (Naples)
A fresco depicting Theseus, from Herculaneum (Ercolano), Italy, 45–79 AD
"Boat houses" where skeletons were found
"Boat houses" with skeletons
The skeleton called the "Ring Lady" unearthed in Herculaneum.
Herculaneum, Ercolano, and Vesuvius
House Number 22 is noted for this outstanding summer triclinium with a nymphaeum decorated with coloured mosaics.
Herculaneum, Neptune and Salacia, wall mosaic in House Number 22
Street paving stones in Herculaneum
Residential water pipe made of lead in Herculaneum
Wall paintings in the first style
Inlaid marble floor
Marcus Nonius Balbus, found in dwellings of Resina/Herculaneum.
Most likely a posthumous painted portrait of Cleopatra VII of Ptolemaic Egypt with red hair and her distinct facial features, wearing a royal diadem and pearl-studded hairpins, from Roman Herculaneum, mid-1st century AD<ref>{{citation|last1=Walker|first1=Susan|last2=Higgs|first2=Peter|editor-surname1=Walker|editor-given1=Susan|editor-surname2=Higgs|editor-given2=Peter|title=Cleopatra of Egypt: from History to Myth|location=Princeton, N.J.|chapter=Painting with a portrait of a woman in profile|publisher=Princeton University Press (British Museum Press)|year=2001|pages=314–315|isbn=9780691088358|postscript=.|chapter-url=https://archive.org/details/cleopatraofegypt0000unse/page/314}}</ref><ref>Fletcher, Joann (2008). Cleopatra the Great: The Woman Behind the Legend. New York: Harper. {{ISBN|978-0-06-058558-7}}, image plates and captions between pp. 246-247.</ref>
Bronze sculptures of runners from the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum, now in the Naples National Archaeological Museum

Maiuri excavated other cities destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius, such as Herculaneum.

- Amedeo Maiuri

From 1927 until 1942 a new campaign of excavations was begun by Amedeo Maiuri under the Mussolini regime, which exposed about four hectares of the ancient city in the archaeological park that is visible today.

- Herculaneum
The excavations of Ercolano

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Overall

View of Pompeii and Mount Vesuvius

Pompeii

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Ancient city located in what is now the comune of Pompei near Naples in the Campania region of Italy.

Ancient city located in what is now the comune of Pompei near Naples in the Campania region of Italy.

View of Pompeii and Mount Vesuvius
Settlement phases of Pompeii
red: 1st (Samnite) town
blue: 1st expansion, 4th c. BC
green: 2nd expansion
yellow: Roman expansion, from 89 BC
Greek Doric Temple (6th c BC) in Triangular Forum
Etruscan Temple of Apollo
City walls (6th c BC) south of the Nocera gate
The Temple of Jupiter
Annotated map of Pompeii
Large Theatre
Odeon
Gladiator barracks
Fresco depicting the fight in the amphitheatre between Pompeians and Nucerians
Pompeii and other cities affected by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. The black cloud represents the general distribution of ash and cinder. Modern coast lines are shown.
Plan of Fontana's aqueduct through Pompeii
Periods/areas of excavations
"Garden of the Fugitives". Plaster casts of victims still in situ; many casts are in the Archaeological Museum of Naples.
Fiorelli's plan of regiones
Via dell'Abbondanza, the main street in Pompeii
The buildings on the left show signs of decay due to the infestation of various plants, while the debris accumulating on the footpath indicates erosion of the infrastructure. The footpaths and road have also been worn down by pedestrian activity since excavation.
Portico in front of the entrance of the Macellum
The Amphitheatre of Pompeii
Location of public baths and sports buildings
From the house of Mars and Venus
The Forum
Karl Brullov, The Last Day of Pompeii (1830–1833)
Entrance to the Basilica in the Forum
The Basilica
View of the Forum from the Basilica
The Temple of Apollo
The House of the Faun
Fresco from the Villa dei Misteri
Street in Pompeii

Pompeii, along with Herculaneum and many villas in the surrounding area (e.g. at Boscoreale, Stabiae), was buried under 4 to 6 m of volcanic ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79.

Under the Etruscans a primitive forum or simple market square was built, as well as the Temple of Apollo, in both of which objects including fragments of bucchero were found by Maiuri.