American Philosophical Society

Transactions of the American Philosophical SocietyThe American Philosophical SocietyAmerican Philosophical Society MuseumAmerican Philosophical Society HallAmerican Society for Promoting Useful KnowledgeAmerican Philosophical AssociationAmerican Philosophical Society of PennsylvaniaAmerican Philosophical Society, PhiladelphiaAmerican Philospphical Society of PhiladelphiaAPA
The American Philosophical Society (APS), founded in 1743 and located in Philadelphia, is an eminent scholarly organization of international reputation that promotes useful knowledge in the sciences and humanities through excellence in scholarly research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach.wikipedia
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Benjamin Franklin

Ben FranklinFranklinFranklin, Benjamin
The Philosophical Society, as it was originally called, was founded in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin, James Alexander (lawyer), Francis Hopkinson, John Bartram, Philip Syng, Jr. and others as an offshoot of an earlier club, the Junto.
He organized and was the first secretary of the American Philosophical Society and was elected president in 1769.

Thomas Jefferson

JeffersonPresident JeffersonJeffersonian
Early members included George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, James McHenry, Thomas Paine, David Rittenhouse, Nicholas Biddle, Owen Biddle, Benjamin Rush, James Madison, Michael Hillegas, John Marshall, and John Andrews.
Jefferson's keen interest in religion and philosophy led to his presidency of the American Philosophical Society; he shunned organized religion but was influenced by both Christianity and deism.

Philosophical Hall

Philosophical Hall, now a museum, is located just east of Independence Hall in Independence National Historical Park; it was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1965.
Located near Independence Hall, the building has, for over 200 years, been the headquarters of the American Philosophical Society.

Independence Hall

Pennsylvania State HouseState HouseIndependence Square
Philosophical Hall, now a museum, is located just east of Independence Hall in Independence National Historical Park; it was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1965.
These three buildings are together on a city block known as Independence Square, along with Philosophical Hall, the original home of the American Philosophical Society.

David Rittenhouse

RittenhouseRittenhouse orrery
Early members included George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, James McHenry, Thomas Paine, David Rittenhouse, Nicholas Biddle, Owen Biddle, Benjamin Rush, James Madison, Michael Hillegas, John Marshall, and John Andrews.
Rittenhouse was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the first director of the United States Mint.

James Alexander (lawyer)

James AlexanderAlexander
The Philosophical Society, as it was originally called, was founded in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin, James Alexander (lawyer), Francis Hopkinson, John Bartram, Philip Syng, Jr. and others as an offshoot of an earlier club, the Junto.
He was an original member of the American Philosophical Society, founded in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin, Alexander, Francis Hopkinson, John Bartram, Philip Syng, Jr. and others

John Bartram

JohnBartramJohn Bertram
The Philosophical Society, as it was originally called, was founded in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin, James Alexander (lawyer), Francis Hopkinson, John Bartram, Philip Syng, Jr. and others as an offshoot of an earlier club, the Junto.
He was one of the co-founders, with Benjamin Franklin, of the American Philosophical Society in 1743.

John Andrews (priest)

John AndrewsJohn Andrews (clergyman)John Andrews, D.D.
Early members included George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, James McHenry, Thomas Paine, David Rittenhouse, Nicholas Biddle, Owen Biddle, Benjamin Rush, James Madison, Michael Hillegas, John Marshall, and John Andrews.
Accepted as life member of the American Philosophical Society (1787).

Chesapeake & Delaware Canal

Chesapeake and Delaware CanalC&D CanalChesapeake & Delaware Canal Company
The canal, which had been proposed by Thomas Gilpin, Sr., would not become reality until the 1820s.
One was proposed by Thomas Gilpin, Sr., a Quaker from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, who, along with other members of the American Philosophical Society, sought a waterway to shorten the shipping distance from the Chesapeake Bay to Philadelphia.

Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette

Marquis de LafayetteLafayetteGeneral Lafayette
The society also recruited members from other countries, including Alexander von Humboldt, the Marquis de Lafayette, Baron von Steuben, Tadeusz Kościuszko, and Princess Dashkova.
Lafayette spent the first part of the winter of 1780–81 in Philadelphia, where the American Philosophical Society elected him its first foreign member.

Independence National Historical Park

Independence MallIndependence Mall EastIndependence Hall area
Philosophical Hall, now a museum, is located just east of Independence Hall in Independence National Historical Park; it was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1965.

Alexander von Humboldt

HumboldtHumb.Alexander Humboldt
The society also recruited members from other countries, including Alexander von Humboldt, the Marquis de Lafayette, Baron von Steuben, Tadeusz Kościuszko, and Princess Dashkova.
Academies, both native and foreign, were eager to elect him to their membership, the first being The American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, which he visited at the tail end of his travel through the Americas.

Tadeusz Kościuszko

KościuszkoTadeusz KosciuszkoThaddeus Kosciuszko
The society also recruited members from other countries, including Alexander von Humboldt, the Marquis de Lafayette, Baron von Steuben, Tadeusz Kościuszko, and Princess Dashkova.
and the American Philosophical Society.

Philip Syng

Philip Syng, Jr.
The Philosophical Society, as it was originally called, was founded in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin, James Alexander (lawyer), Francis Hopkinson, John Bartram, Philip Syng, Jr. and others as an offshoot of an earlier club, the Junto.
Besides becoming one of the highly-sought Philadelphia silversmiths, Philip Syng, Jr. was a member of Benjamin Franklin's Junto, and was a founder of the Library Company of Philadelphia, the Union Fire Company, Philadelphia Contributionship, Pennsylvania Hospital, and the American Philosophical Society He was a founding trustee of the Academy and College of Philadelphia (now the University of Pennsylvania), serving from 1749 to 1773.

James McHenry

Secretary of War, James McHenry
Early members included George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, James McHenry, Thomas Paine, David Rittenhouse, Nicholas Biddle, Owen Biddle, Benjamin Rush, James Madison, Michael Hillegas, John Marshall, and John Andrews.

Junto (club)

JuntoJunto Club
The Philosophical Society, as it was originally called, was founded in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin, James Alexander (lawyer), Francis Hopkinson, John Bartram, Philip Syng, Jr. and others as an offshoot of an earlier club, the Junto.

Owen Biddle Sr.

Owen Biddle, Sr.Owen Biddle
Early members included George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, James McHenry, Thomas Paine, David Rittenhouse, Nicholas Biddle, Owen Biddle, Benjamin Rush, James Madison, Michael Hillegas, John Marshall, and John Andrews.
He was an early and active member of the American Philosophical Society, one of its curators from 1769 to 1772, and secretary from 1773 to 1782, when he became one of the councilors, continuing as such until his death.

Karl Spencer Lashley Award

Lashley Award
Other awards include the Barzun Prize for cultural history, Judson Daland Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Clinical Investigation, the Benjamin Franklin Medal, the Lashley Award for neurobiology, the Lewis Award, and the Thomas Jefferson Medal for distinguished achievement in the arts, humanities, or social sciences.
The Karl Spencer Lashley Award is awarded by The American Philosophical Society as a recognition of research on the integrative neuroscience of behavior.

Benjamin Franklin Medal (American Philosophical Society)

Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the SciencesBenjamin Franklin MedalFranklin Medal
Other awards include the Barzun Prize for cultural history, Judson Daland Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Clinical Investigation, the Benjamin Franklin Medal, the Lashley Award for neurobiology, the Lewis Award, and the Thomas Jefferson Medal for distinguished achievement in the arts, humanities, or social sciences.
The Benjamin Franklin Medal presented by the American Philosophical Society located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., also called Benjamin Franklin Bicentennial Medal, is awarded since 1906.

University of Pennsylvania

PennThe University of PennsylvaniaPennsylvania
It was founded two years after the University of Pennsylvania, with which it remains closely tied.
Penn also counts 115 members of the United States National Academies, 79 members of the Academy of Arts and Sciences, eight National Medal of Science laureates, 108 Sloan Fellows, 30 members of the American Philosophical Society and 170 Guggenheim Fellowships.

Michael Hillegas

Early members included George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, James McHenry, Thomas Paine, David Rittenhouse, Nicholas Biddle, Owen Biddle, Benjamin Rush, James Madison, Michael Hillegas, John Marshall, and John Andrews.
Hillegas was also an early member of the American Philosophical Society, along with Franklin.

Society of the Cincinnati

Society of CincinnatiThe Society of the CincinnatiOrder of Cincinnatus
Many members of the Society of the Cincinnati were among the APS's first board members and contributors; today the APS and SOC still maintain an informal, collegial relationship.
*American Philosophical Society: many Cincinnati were among its first board members and contributors; the modern societies maintain informal, collegial relationships only

Yekaterina Vorontsova-Dashkova

Princess DashkovaEkaterina DashkovaYekaterina Romanovna Vorontsova-Dashkova
The society also recruited members from other countries, including Alexander von Humboldt, the Marquis de Lafayette, Baron von Steuben, Tadeusz Kościuszko, and Princess Dashkova.
Franklin invited Dashkova to become the first woman to join the American Philosophical Society, and the only one to be so honored for another 80 years.

Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz

Elizabeth Cary AgassizElizabeth AgassizElizabeth Cabot Cary
Charles Darwin, Robert Frost, Louis Pasteur, Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, John James Audubon, Linus Pauling, Margaret Mead, Maria Mitchell, and Thomas Edison became members of the society.
She was (from 1869) one of the first women members of the American Philosophical Society (with Mary Fairfax Somerville and Maria Mitchell); she became a member on October 15.

Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society

Proc. Am. Philos. Soc.Proceedings
The Proceedings have appeared since 1838: they publish the papers delivered at the biannual meetings of the society.
Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society is a quarterly journal published by the American Philosophical Society since 1838.