American Psychiatric Association

APAAmerican Medico-Psychological AssociationAmerican Psychiatry AssociationAmericanAmerican Psychiatric Association (APA)American Psychiatric PublishingAmerican Psychiatrists AssociationAPA Film Festival Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) American Psychiatric Association
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is the main professional organization of psychiatrists and trainee psychiatrists in the United States, and the largest psychiatric organization in the world.wikipedia
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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

DSM-IVDSM-IV-TRDSM
The association publishes various journals and pamphlets, as well as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).
It is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA).

Psychiatry

psychiatricpsychiatristpsychiatrists
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is the main professional organization of psychiatrists and trainee psychiatrists in the United States, and the largest psychiatric organization in the world.
Mental disorders are often diagnosed in accordance with clinical concepts listed in diagnostic manuals such as the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), edited and used by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the widely used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA).

Association of Medical Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane

At a meeting in 1844 in Philadelphia, thirteen superintendents and organizers of insane asylums and hospitals formed the Association of Medical Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane (AMSAII).
In 1921, the name was changed to the present American Psychiatric Association.

Thomas Story Kirkbride

Thomas KirkbrideDr. Thomas S. Kirkbride,Kirkbride
The group included Thomas Kirkbride, creator of the asylum model which was used throughout the United States.
Thomas Story Kirkbride (July 31, 1809 – December 16, 1883) was a physician, advocate for the mentally ill, and founder of the Association of Medical Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane (AMSAII), a precursor to the American Psychiatric Association.

Donald Ewen Cameron

Ewen CameronDonald Ewan CameronEwan Cameron
Ewen Cameron or Ewen Cameron''' — was a Scottish-born psychiatrist who served as President of the American Psychiatric Association (1952–1953), Canadian Psychiatric Association (1958–1959), American Psychopathological Association (1963), Society of Biological Psychiatry (1965) and World Psychiatric Association (1961–1966).

Antipsychotic

antipsychoticsneurolepticneuroleptics
The American Psychiatric Association and the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommend antipsychotics for managing acute psychotic episodes in schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, and as a longer-term maintenance treatment for reducing the likelihood of further episodes.

Adolf Meyer (psychiatrist)

Adolf MeyerAdolph Meyerneo-Meyerian
He was president of the American Psychiatric Association in 1927–28 and was one of the most influential figures in psychiatry in the first half of the twentieth century.

Jeffrey Lieberman

Jeffrey A. Lieberman
He was previously president of the American Psychiatric Association from May 2013 to May 2014.

Goldwater rule

This became the Goldwater rule.
The Goldwater rule is section 7 in the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) Principles of Medical Ethics, which states that it is unethical for psychiatrists to give a professional opinion about public figures whom they have not examined in person, and from whom they have not obtained consent to discuss their mental health in public statements.

Project MKUltra

MKULTRAMK-ULTRAMK Ultra
During this era, Cameron became known worldwide as the first chairman of the World Psychiatric Association as well as president of the American and Canadian psychiatric associations.

Benjamin Rush

Dr. Benjamin RushRushBenjamin F. Rush
The present seal is a round medallion with a purported likeness of Benjamin Rush's profile and 13 stars over his head to represent the 13 founders of the organization.
The American Psychiatric Association's seal bears an image of Rush's purported profile at its center.

Robert Spitzer (psychiatrist)

Robert SpitzerRobert L. Spitzer
In 1974, Spitzer became the chair of the American Psychiatric Association's task force of the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders the so-called, DSM-III which was released in 1980.

Steven Sharfstein

Steve Sharfstein
The APA president in 2005, Steven Sharfstein, praised the pharmaceutical industry but argued that American psychiatry had "allowed the biopsychosocial model to become the bio-bio-bio model" and accepted "kickbacks and bribes" from pharmaceutical companies leading to the over-use of medication and neglect of other approaches.
He was secretary of the American Psychiatric Association from 1991 to 1995, its vice president from 2002 to 2004, and president from 2005 to 2006.

Fact (US magazine)

FactFact MagazineFact'' magazine
In the 1964 election, Fact magazine polled American Psychiatric Association members on whether Barry Goldwater was fit to be president and published "The Unconscious of a Conservative: A Special Issue on the Mind of Barry Goldwater".
The American Psychiatric Association then issued the Goldwater rule reaffirming medical privacy and forbidding commenting on a patient whom the individual psychiatrist has not personally examined.

List of presidents of the American Psychiatric Association

President of the American Psychiatric AssociationPresidents of the American Psychiatric Association
APA is led by the President of the American Psychiatric Association and a Board of Trustees with an Executive Committee.
Presidents of the American Psychiatric Association

Antidepressant

antidepressantsanti-depressantanti-depressants
The APA president in 2009–10, Alan Schatzberg, was identified as the principal investigator on a federal study into the drug Mifepristone for use as an antidepressant being developed by Corcept Therapeutics, a company Schatzberg had created and in which he had several million dollars' equity.
American Psychiatric Association treatment guidelines recommend that initial treatment should be individually tailored based on factors that include severity of symptoms, co-existing disorders, prior treatment experience, and patient preference.

American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology

ABPNAmerican Board of Psychiatry & Neurologyboard-certified
The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Inc. (ABPN) is a not-for-profit corporation that was founded in 1934 following conferences of committees appointed by the American Psychiatric Association, the American Neurological Association, and the then "Section on Nervous and Mental Diseases" of the American Medical Association.

Alan Schatzberg

The APA president in 2009–10, Alan Schatzberg, was identified as the principal investigator on a federal study into the drug Mifepristone for use as an antidepressant being developed by Corcept Therapeutics, a company Schatzberg had created and in which he had several million dollars' equity.
He was the 136th president of the American Psychiatric Association (2009–2010).

Anti-psychiatry

antipsychiatryanti-psychiatricanti-psychiatry movement
Controversies have related to anti-psychiatry and disability rights campaigners, who regularly protest at American Psychiatric Association offices or meetings.
The gay rights movement continued to challenge the classification of homosexuality as a mental illness and in 1974, in a climate of controversy and activism, the American Psychiatric Association membership (following a unanimous vote by the trustees in 1973) voted by a small majority (58%) to remove it as an illness category from the DSM, replacing it with a category of "sexual orientation disturbance" and then "ego-dystonic homosexuality," which was deleted in 1986, although a wide variety of "paraphilias" remain.

MindFreedom International

Mind FreedomMind Freedom InternationalMindFreedom
In 2003 activists from MindFreedom International staged a 21-day hunger strike, protesting at a perceived unjustified biomedical focus and challenging APA to provide evidence of the widespread claim that mental disorders are due to chemical imbalances in the brain.
SCI's first public action was to stage a counter-conference and protest in May 1990 in New York City at the same time as (and directly outside of) the American Psychiatric Association's annual meeting.

Chuck Grassley

Charles GrassleyCharles E. GrassleySenator Chuck Grassley
In 2008, for the first time, Senator Charles Grassley asked the APA to disclose how much of its annual budget came from drug industry funds.
In 2008, for the first time, Grassley asked the American Psychiatric Association to disclose how much of its annual budget came from drug industry funds.

The American Journal of Psychiatry

American Journal of PsychiatryAmerican Journal of InsanityAm J Psychiatry
The American Journal of Psychiatry is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering all aspects of psychiatry, and is the official journal of the American Psychiatric Association.

Asperger syndrome

Asperger's syndromeAspergerAsperger’s syndrome
The APA's DSM came under criticism from autism specialists Tony Attwood and Simon Baron-Cohen for proposing the elimination of Asperger's syndrome as a disorder and replacing it with an autism spectrum severity scale.
AS became a standard diagnosis in 1992, when it was included in the tenth edition of the World Health Organization's diagnostic manual, International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10); in 1994, it was added to the fourth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's diagnostic reference, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

Royal College of Psychiatrists

FRCPsychRoyal Medico-Psychological AssociationMedico-Psychological Association