American Revolutionary War

Revolutionary WarAmerican War of IndependenceAmerican RevolutionRevolutionWar of IndependenceRevolutionaryWar of American IndependenceAmerican War for IndependenceAmerican RevolutionaryAmerican War
The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies in North America which declared independence in July 1776 as the United States of America.wikipedia
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American Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary WarRevolutionary
After 1765, growing constitutional and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its American colonies.
The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) with the assistance of France, winning independence from Great Britain and establishing the United States of America.

Thirteen Colonies

American coloniescoloniescolonial
The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies in North America which declared independence in July 1776 as the United States of America.
This population included people subject to a system of slavery which was legal in all of the colonies prior to the American Revolutionary War.

Battles of Lexington and Concord

Battle of LexingtonBattle of Lexington and ConcordLexington and Concord
British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia in Concord led to open combat and a British defeat on April 19, 1775.
The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War.

Siege of Boston

besieged Bostonevacuation of Bostonbesieged in Boston
Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army.
The Siege of Boston (April 19, 1775 – March 17, 1776) was the opening phase of the American Revolutionary War.

Continental Army

ContinentalContinental soldiersContinentals
Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army.
The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the ex-British colonies that became the United States of America.

Invasion of Quebec (1775)

invasion of Canadainvasion of QuebecInvasion of Canada (1775)
Concurrently, the Americans failed decisively in an attempt to invade Quebec and raise insurrection against the British.
The Invasion of Quebec in 1775 was the first major military initiative by the newly formed Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.

Battle of Quebec (1775)

Battle of QuebecQuebecsiege of Quebec
Concurrently, the Americans failed decisively in an attempt to invade Quebec and raise insurrection against the British.
The Battle of Quebec (Bataille de Québec) was fought on December 31, 1775, between American Continental Army forces and the British defenders of Quebec City early in the American Revolutionary War.

Battle of Trenton

Trentonsurprise attack on Trentonattacked and defeated
However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence.
The Battle of Trenton was a small but pivotal battle during the American Revolutionary War which took place on the morning of December 26, 1776, in Trenton, New Jersey.

Battle of Princeton

Princetonthe ensuing battlevictory at Princeton
However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence.
The Battle of Princeton was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, fought near Princeton, New Jersey on January 3, 1777 and ending in a small victory for the Colonials.

Second Continental Congress

Continental CongressCongressSecond
On July 2, 1776, the Second Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4.
The Second Continental Congress was a meeting of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies in America which united in the American Revolutionary War.

New York and New Jersey campaign

New York CampaignNew YorkBattle of New York
Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb.
The New York and New Jersey campaign was a series of battles in 1776 and the winter months of 1777 for control of the Port of New York and the state of New Jersey during the American Revolutionary War between British forces under General Sir William Howe and the Continental Army under General George Washington.

William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe

William HoweSir William HoweGeneral Howe
Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb.
William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe, KB, PC (10 August 1729 – 12 July 1814) was a British Army officer who rose to become Commander-in-Chief of British forces during the American War of Independence.

Battles of Saratoga

Battle of SaratogaSaratogaBattle of Bemis Heights
Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777.
The Battles of Saratoga (September 19 and October 7, 1777) marked the climax of the Saratoga campaign, giving a decisive victory to the Americans over the British in the American Revolutionary War.

Philadelphia campaign

British occupation of PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiacampaign
Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777.
The Philadelphia campaign (1777–1778) was a British initiative in the American Revolutionary War to gain control of Philadelphia, which was then the seat of the Second Continental Congress.

Treaty of Alliance (1778)

Treaty of Alliance1778 Treaty of Alliancealliance
France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States.
The Treaty of Alliance with France or Franco-American Treaty was a defensive alliance between France and the United States of America, formed in the midst of the American Revolutionary War, which promised mutual military support in case fighting should break out between French and British forces, as the result of signing the previously concluded Treaty of Amity and Commerce.

Concord, Massachusetts

ConcordConcord, MATown of Concord
British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia in Concord led to open combat and a British defeat on April 19, 1775.
The ensuing conflict, the Battle of Lexington and Concord, was the incident (the shot heard round the world) that triggered the American Revolutionary War.

Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War

southern theatersouthern strategySouthern Campaign
In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward.
The Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War was the central theater of military operations in the second half of the American Revolutionary War, 1778–1781.

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis

Lord CornwallisCornwallisCharles Cornwallis
In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward.
In the United States and the United Kingdom he is best remembered as one of the leading British generals in the American War of Independence.

Battle of the Chesapeake

ChesapeakeBattle of the Virginia CapesBattle of Chesapeake
He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape.
The Battle of the Chesapeake, also known as the Battle of the Virginia Capes or simply the Battle of the Capes, was a crucial naval battle in the American Revolutionary War that took place near the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay on 5 September 1781.

Fourth Anglo-Dutch War

Fourth Anglo–Dutch War4th Anglo-Dutch Warat war
In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war.
The war, contemporary with the War of American Independence, broke out over British and Dutch disagreements on the legality and conduct of Dutch trade with Britain's enemies in that war.

Battle of Cowpens

Cowpensdecisively defeated at Cowpensbattle
Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens.
The Battle of Cowpens was an engagement during the American Revolutionary War fought on January 17, 1781, between American Colonial forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan and British forces under Lieutenant Colonel Sir Banastre Tarleton, as part of the campaign in the Carolinas (North and South).

John Burgoyne

BurgoyneGeneral BurgoyneGeneral John Burgoyne
In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies.
John Burgoyne is best known for his role in the American Revolutionary War.

United States Declaration of Independence

Declaration of IndependenceAmerican Declaration of IndependenceU.S. Declaration of Independence
On July 2, 1776, the Second Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4.
The Declaration was a formal explanation of why Congress had voted to declare independence from Great Britain, more than a year after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War.

Battle of the Saintes

the SaintesThe SaintsSaintes
Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy.
The Battle of the Saintes (known to the French as the Bataille de la Dominique), or Battle of Dominica, was an important naval battle in the Caribbean between the British and the French that took place 9 April 1782 – 12 April 1782, during the American Revolutionary War.

Second Anglo-Mysore War

Second Mysore WarSecondSecond Anglo–Mysore War
In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war.
At the time, Mysore was a key French ally in India, and the conflict between Britain against the French and Dutch in the American Revolutionary War sparked Anglo–Mysorean hostilities in India.