American River

1838 map from Britannica 7th edition, when the river was called Buenaventura River.
View of the American River from below the Guy West Bridge on the Sacramento State campus
American River view from the campus of California State University, Sacramento
North Fork at Foresthill Bridge
Middle Fork canyon
South Fork at Sutter's Mill
North Fork of American River
View of the American River from the William B. Pond Recreation Area
View of the American River from the William B. Pond Recreation Area

30 mi-long river in California that runs from the Sierra Nevada mountain range to its confluence with the Sacramento River in downtown Sacramento.

- American River

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California Gold Rush

Gold rush that began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.

Prospectors working California gold placer deposits in 1850
California goldfields (red) in the Sierra Nevada and northern California
1855 illustration of James W. Marshall, discoverer of gold at Sutter's Mill
Advertisement about sailing to California, circa 1850
Merchant ships fill San Francisco Bay, 1850–51
"Independent Gold Hunter on His Way to California", c. 1850
Portsmouth Square, San Francisco, during the Gold Rush, 1851
1852 photograph, captioned "The Heathen Chinee Prospecting", indicating prejudice against Chinese gold miners
Protecting the Settlers, an illustration by JR Browne for his work The Indians of California (1864)
Forty-niner panning for gold
Sluice for separation of gold from dirt using water
Excavating a riverbed after the water has been diverted
Crushing quartz ore prior to washing out gold
California gold miners with long tom, circa 1850–1852
Mining on the American River near Sacramento, circa 1852
River mining, North Fork of the American River, circa 1850–1855
Excavating a gravel bed with jets, circa 1863
Panning on the Mokelumne River (1860 illustration)
Chinese gold miners in California (illustratrion)

On January 24, 1848, James W. Marshall found shiny metal in the tailrace of a lumber mill he was building for Sacramento pioneer John Sutter—known as Sutter's Mill, near Coloma on the American River.

Placer County, California

County in the U.S. state of California.

Gold specimen from the Eagle's Nest Mine, a source of specimen gold in Placer County

Watercourses in Placer County include the American River and Bunch Creek.

Sierra Nevada

Mountain range in the Western United States, between the Central Valley of California and the Great Basin.

Kearsarge Lakes Basin is named after the USS Kearsarge
The Sierra hosts many waterways, such as the Tuolumne River.
Mount Whitney, the highest peak in the range and the contiguous United States
Mount Tallac above Lake Tahoe
View of Sequoia National Park from Moro Rock
Sevehah Cliff, near Convict Lake, shows severely deformed Devonian rock
Yosemite Valley in Yosemite National Park was carved by glaciers
Red Slate Mountain (elevation 13156 ft) is still covered with snow in June.
Tuolumne Meadows is an example of a subalpine meadow in the Sierra.
John Frémont was an early American explorer of the Sierra
Map of gold fields in the Sierra
The exploration team for the California Geological Survey, 1864
The General Sherman Tree, a giant sequoia in Sequoia National Park, is the world's largest tree by volume.

The northern third of the western Sierra is part of the Sacramento River watershed (including the Feather, Yuba, and American River tributaries), and the middle third is drained by the San Joaquin River (including the Mokelumne, Stanislaus, Tuolumne, and Merced River tributaries).

Auburn, California

City in and the county seat of Placer County, California, United States.

Placer County Courthouse was constructed between 1894 and 1898.
Rolling hills of Auburn, taken near Indian Hill Road
The Queen Anne-style Old Town Firehouse is a landmark. It originally adjoined a row of commercial buildings (now demolished). It was home to the Auburn Volunteer Fire Department.

Auburn is situated in the Northern California foothills of the Sierra Nevada range, approximately 800 vertical feet above the confluence of the North Fork and Middle Fork of the American River.

Sacramento County, California

County located in the U.S. state of California.

Elk Grove
Folsom Lake
1885 map showing the boundaries of the county's 14 civil townships

Major watercourses in the county include the American River, Sacramento River, Cosumnes River, a tributary of the Mokelumne River, and Dry Creek, a tributary of the Sacramento River.

Sacramento River

Principal river of Northern California in the United States and is the largest river in California.

Upper Sacramento River at Castle Crags State Park
The Sacramento River running through Red Bluff, California
Sacramento River in Bend, California
Sacramento River above Sacramento
Aerial view of the Delta region, showing the Sacramento River (above) and the San Joaquin River.
Flooding on the Sacramento River, January 24, 1970
The Sacramento River below Shasta Dam
The Castle Crags, a series of granite peaks rising above the upper Sacramento River canyon just to the right. Mount Shasta, the highest mountain in the Sacramento drainage, is seen in the distance.
The Carquinez Strait, which connects the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta and Suisun Bay to San Pablo and San Francisco Bays, and then the Pacific. The channel formed from water flooding over the Coast Ranges from a gigantic lake that formed in the Central Valley a few hundred thousand years ago, when the rising mountains blocked the Sacramento's route to the Pacific Ocean.
Mt. Shasta and the Sacramento River by Frederick A. Butman (1820-1871)
Chrysopolis, one of several large steamboats that served for transportation on the river during the California Gold Rush
Environmental damage caused by hydraulic mining near Downieville, on the North Yuba River
Shasta Dam
Sacramento Weir is one of several structures along the Sacramento River designed to drain excess floodwaters.
Construction work on Shasta Dam in June 1942
Red Bluff Diversion Dam, which sends Sacramento River water to a pair of irrigation canals near Red Bluff, posed a major barrier to fish movement and migration in the river until replaced with a pumping plant in 2013.
Sacramento River flowing through the Sacramento suburbs
Improvement in water quality throughout the Sacramento and Feather River through the reduction of diazinon concentrations.

Near downtown Sacramento it receives the American River from the east, then passes under the historic Tower Bridge and Interstate 80 Business.

South Fork American River

Map of the American River system. The South Fork flows due west from El Dorado County into Folsom Lake near the bottom of the watershed.
A raft and an inflatable kayak maneuver through Troublemaker rapid in Coloma California
Bald Eagle in flight
California poppies

The South Fork American River is a major tributary of the American River in El Dorado County, California, draining a watershed on the western slope of the Sierra Nevada east of Sacramento.

El Dorado County, California

County in the U.S. state of California.

Map of El Dorado County in Northern California
El Dorado County Courthouse in Placerville

American River

North Fork American River

The North Fork American River is the longest branch of the American River in Northern California.

Sacramento, California

Capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat and largest city of Sacramento County.

Sutter's Fort was founded in 1840 by John Augustus Sutter during the period of Mexican California.
Sacramento in 1849, when the city was an economic center of the California Gold Rush
Tower Bridge over the Sacramento River
The Elks Tower was built in 1926 in an Italianate style.
The 1975 assassination attempt of President Gerald Ford in Capitol Park
Aerial view of Central Sacramento and the Sacramento River
Satellite photo of Sacramento
Downtown Sacramento is the home of numerous corporations and organizations.
Old Sacramento is a popular nighttime destination for fine dining.
The American River is popular for kayaking and recreational boating.
A farmer's market at Chavez Park
Map of racial distribution in Sacramento, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian , Hispanic or other (yellow)
The Roman Catholic Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament
U.S. Bank Tower is the second-tallest building in Sacramento.
The Robert T. Matsui U.S. Courthouse is home to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California.
The Sacramento Convention Center Complex hosts the Sacramento Ballet and the Sacramento Philharmonic Orchestra.
The Spanish Colonial Revival style Ramona Building, built in 1930.
The Crocker Art Museum is the oldest public art museum in the Western United States and has one of the premier public art collections in the country.
The Wells Fargo Pavilion hosts the California Musical Theatre and the Sacramento Theatre Company.
The Sacramento Theatre Company is Sacramento's oldest theatre troupe.
Old Sacramento is a National Historic Landmark District.
Historic Sacramento Chinatown Paifang
The Golden 1 Center is home of the Sacramento Kings of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
The Capitol Mall is a major monumental parkway leading from Tower Bridge to the California Capitol.
The California State Fair is held at the California Exposition.
The California Governor's Mansion is the official residence of the governor of California.
Sacramento City Hall holds the mayor of Sacramento and Sacramento City Council.
Sacramento State University is one of the best-ranked universities on the West Coast.
The McGeorge School of Law of the University of the Pacific is a law school in the Oak Park neighborhood.
The historic C.K. McClatchy High School
Renaissance Tower is Sacramento's fifth-tallest building.
Sacramento is one of the three homes of the Supreme Court of California.
The historic Citizen Hotel in Downtown Sacramento
Amtrak's Sacramento Valley Rail Station is a gateway to the Sacramento Valley.
Sacramento International Airport is a regional hub.
The Sacramento RT Light Rail on K Street

Located at the confluence of the Sacramento and American Rivers in Northern California's Sacramento Valley, Sacramento's 2020 population of 524,943 makes it the sixth-largest city in California and the ninth-largest capital in the United States.