Americans

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Apple pie and baseball are icons of American culture.
The First Baptist Church in America in Providence, Rhode Island.
The Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C. is the largest Catholic church in the United States.
The Salt Lake Temple in Salt Lake City, Utah is the largest LDS temple.
Holy Trinity Orthodox Cathedral in Chicago's Ukrainian Village.
Unity Temple Unitarian Universalist church in Oak Park, Illinois
Touro Synagogue in Newport, Rhode Island is America's oldest surviving synagogue.
The Islamic Center of America in Dearborn, Michigan is the largest mosque in North America.
Hsi Lai Temple in Hacienda Heights, California is one of the largest Buddhist temples in the Western Hemisphere.
Hindu Temple in Malibu, California.
The Bahá'í House of Worship, in Wilmette, Illinois.
The Jain Center of Greater Phoenix (JCGP) in Phoenix, Arizona.

Americans are the citizens and nationals of the United States of America.

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Race and ethnicity in the United States

The United States of America has a racially and ethnically diverse population.

Plurality ancestry in each state, ranging from 11.8% (FL) to 43.9 % (ND).
Frequency of American ancestry
Density of Asian Americans
Percent of Asian Americans
Density of African Americans
Percent of African Americans
Density of Native Hawaiian Americans
Percent of Native Hawaiian Americans
Density of Native Americans
Percent of Native Americans
Density of White Americans
Percent of White Americans
African ancestry
Arab ancestry
Density of Hispanic ancestry
Percent of Hispanic ancestry
West Indian ancestry
Czech ancestry
Danish ancestry
Dutch ancestry
English ancestry
Finnish ancestry
French ancestry
French Canadian ancestry
German ancestry
Greek ancestry
Hungarian ancestry
Icelandic ancestry
Irish ancestry
Lithuanian ancestry
Norwegian ancestry
Polish ancestry
Portuguese ancestry
Romanian ancestry
Russian ancestry
Scots-Irish ancestry
Scottish ancestry
Slovak ancestry
Swedish ancestry
Ukrainian ancestry
Welsh ancestry

As of 2020, White Americans are the racial and ethnic majority, with non-Hispanic Whites representing 57.8% of the population.

United States Census Bureau

Census headquarters in Suitland, Maryland
U.S. Census Bureau Regions and Divisions
U.S. Census Bureau Regional Office Boundaries
Census Bureau employees tabulate data using one of the agency's UNIVAC computers, c. 1960.

The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.

Hispanic and Latino Americans

Byzantine-Latino Quarter, Los Angeles, California. 
48.5% of the inhabitants of Los Angeles are of Hispanic origin.
Storefronts at Lexington Avenue and 116th Street at East Harlem, Manhattan, also known as Spanish Harlem or "El Barrio"
The Church of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Little Spain, important nucleus for many decades of the Spanish community in New York
San Miguel Chapel, built in 1610 in Santa Fe, is the oldest church structure in the United States.
Castillo de San Marcos in Saint Augustine, Florida. Built in 1672 by the Spanish, it is the oldest masonry fort in the United States.
Dolores Huerta in 2009. Huerta has received numerous awards for her community service and advocacy for workers', and women's rights. She was the first Hispanic inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame, in 1993.
Proportion of Americans who are Hispanic or Latino in each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico as of the 2020 United States Census
Intermediate level international-style Latin dancing at the 2006 MIT ballroom dance competition. A judge stands in the foreground.
Eva Longoria's mtDNA belongs to the Haplogroup A2, possibly making her a direct descendant of a Maya woman from the current territory of Mexico.
Actress Alexis Bledel is a white Latina of Argentine origin and Scottish, German and Scandinavian heritage. Bledel grew up in a Spanish-speaking household and did not learn English until she began school.
Actress Daniella Alonso is of Puerto Rican, Peruvian (Quechua) and Japanese descent.
Zoe Saldaña at the 82nd Academy Awards (2010)
Lauro Cavazos, US Secretary of Education from August 1988 to December 1990
Westlake Theatre building, side wall mural of Jaime Escalante and Edward James Olmos
Spanish speakers in the United States by counties in 2000
In 2007, University of Texas at El Paso was ranked the number one graduate engineering school for Hispanics.
Flyers at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport wearing face masks on March 6, 2020 as the COVID-19 coronavirus spreads throughout the United States. Disproportionate numbers of cases have been observed among black and Latino populations.
Ana Navarro a political strategist and commentator immigrated as a result of the Sandinista revolution.
Rally to end family separation in Cleveland, Ohio
Protesters hold various signs and banners at a Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) rally in San Francisco.
Brazilian-American Luciana Borio infectious disease physician and medical/public health administrator. On November 9, 2020, U.S. president-elect Joe Biden named Borio to be one of the 13 members of his COVID-19 Advisory Board.
Beginning of Calle Ocho (eighth Street) in Little Havana of Miami, Florida, United States.
Museum of Latin American Art
Spanish colonial architecture in Los Angeles
Chicago Picasso as seen at Christkindlmarket
José Horacio Gómez, Archbishop of Los Angeles
Mexican food has become part of the mainstream American market, just as Italian food did so decades before.
Mexican American girls at a Quinceañera celebration in Santa Fe, New Mexico
Mariah Carey's father was of African-American and Afro-Venezuelan descent, while her mother is of Irish descent.
Rosa Salazar is of Peruvian and French descent.
Camila Cabello was born in Cuba. She moved between Havana and Mexico City before locating to Miami at age 5.
Genesis Rodriguez actress and model. Her father, José Luis Rodríguez, actor and singer is known by the nickname "El Puma".
Natalie Morales interviewing Jill Biden at the White House in 2016.
Sunny Hostin American lawyer, columnist, journalist, and television host. Hostin was born to a Puerto Rican mother, and an African-American, her maternal grandfather was of Sephardic Jewish descent
The Congressional Hispanic Caucus, circa 1984
Congressional Hispanic Conference members met with Attorney General Al Gonzales
Delegate Joseph Marion Hernández of the Florida Territory, elected in 1822, the first Hispanic or Latino American to serve in the United States Congress in any capacity
U.S. President George W. Bush announces Alberto Gonzales nomination as the Attorney General
Barbara Vucanovich the first Latina elected to the United States House of Representatives, in which she served representing Nevada
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen became the first Cuban American Latina in congress and first Latina chair of the Congressional Hispanic Conference.
Susana Martinez, first elected Latina Governor in the United States
Debbie Mucarsel-Powell, first South American immigrant member of Congress, elected in 2018
U.S. Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (NY), also known as AOC, representing parts of The Bronx and Queens, became at age 29, the youngest woman ever to be elected to Congress in November 2018.
Maria Salazar, a journalist, broadcast television anchor and Republican House Member from Florida. She is of Cuban heritage.
Julie Chavez Rodriguez the granddaughter of American labor leader, Cesar Chavez and American labor activist Helen Fabela Chávez became the director of the White House Office of Intergovernmental Affairs in 2021.
Desi Arnaz actor, musician, bandleader, comedian and film and television producer and generally credited as the innovators of the syndicated rerun
Jennifer Lopez, a Nuyorican often described as a triple threat entertainer, has extensive discographies performed in both English and Spanish.
Rita de Acosta Lydig
Real estate developer Jorge M. Pérez
Carlos Gutierrez
Sonia Sotomayor, associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
Catherine Cortez Masto, first Latina U.S. Senator
Secretary Julian Castro candidate for US President and his twin brother Representative Joaquin Castro
George Santayana was a philosopher, essayist, poet, and novelist.
Jorge Majfud is a professor, essayist, and novelist
Jorge Ramos has won eight Emmy Awards.
José Díaz-Balart
Major General Luis R. Esteves, the first Hispanic to graduate from the United States Military Academy ("West Point")
David Farragut, first full admiral in the US Navy
Diego Archuleta, first Hispanic to reach the military rank of Brigadier General
Pedro del Valle – first Hispanic to reach the rank of lieutenant general
Carmen Contreras-Bozak – first Hispanic women to serve in the Women's Army Corps
Modesto Cartagena, most decorated Puerto Rican soldier in history
Richard E. Cavazos, first Hispanic four-star general
Antonia Novello, first woman and first Hispanic to serve as Surgeon General
Luis Walter Álvarez was awarded the Nobel Prize of Physics in 1968.
Laser physicist and author Francisco Javier Duarte
Joseph Acaba, Puerto Rican-American astronaut
Ellen Ochoa, first Hispanic woman to go into space
Tony Romo, Mexican American quarterback for the Dallas Cowboys
Alex Rodriguez
Puerto Rican NBA All-star Carmelo Anthony
Bocanegra with the United States national soccer team in 2010
De La Hoya in 2008
President Trump and Senator John Cornyn while they are visiting survivors of the 2019 El Paso shooting in El Paso, Texas, which was a hispanophobic terrorist attack

Hispanic and Latino Americans (Estadounidenses hispanos y latinos) are Americans of full or partial Spanish, and/or Latin American ancestry.

German Americans

John Jacob Astor, in an oil painting by Gilbert Stuart, 1794, was the first of the Astor family dynasty and the first millionaire in the United States, making his fortune in the fur trade and New York City real estate.
Carl Schurz was the first German born US Senator (Missouri, 1868) and later US Secretary of the Interior
German population density in the United States, 1872
"From the Old to the New World" shows German emigrants boarding a steamer in Hamburg, to New York. Harper's Weekly, (New York) November 7, 1874
The Wahrenberger House in Austin served as a German-American school.
Temporary quarters for Volga Germans in central Kansas, 1875
The German vote in 1900 was in doubt; they opposed the "repudiation" policy of Bryan (right poster), but also disliked the overseas expansion McKinley had delivered (left poster)
Hugo Münsterberg, Harvard professor of psychology
Marlene Dietrich signing a soldier's cast (Belgium, 1944)
Parking meter checker stands by his police vehicle which is imprinted with the German word for police (Polizei). It is part of the town's highlighting its German ethnic origins. New Ulm, Minnesota, July 1974.
US Ancestries by County, Germany in light blue, census
Distribution of Americans claiming German Ancestry by county in 2018
The Hermann Heights Monument in New Ulm, Minnesota. Erected by the Sons of Hermann, it is the 3rd largest copper statue in the United States after the Statue of Liberty and Portlandia. Historians have regarded Hermann's victory over Roman troops in 9CE as Rome's greatest defeat, and in the 19th century he became a symbol of unity for German immigrants facing anti-German sentiment in the United States
German newspapers in North America, 1922
This 1850 census map shows the Lutheran population. Nearly all were German, since few Scandinavians had arrived yet.
Anastasy Vonsyatsky marching with the German American Bund in 1939
American wartime propaganda depicted the bloodthirsty German "Hun" soldier as an enemy of civilization, with his eyes on America from across the Atlantic
German-American farmer John Meints of Minnesota was tarred and feathered in August 1918 for allegedly not supporting war bond drives.

German Americans (Deutschamerikaner, ) are Americans who have full or partial German ancestry.

English Americans

England United States. Shows the first permanent English settlement of Jamestown in 1607.
Statue of John Smith for the first English settlement in Historic Jamestowne, Virginia.
The first self-governing document of Plymouth Colony. English Pilgrims signing the Mayflower Compact in 1620.
John Trumbull's famous painting, Declaration of Independence.
English language distribution in the United States.
American cultural icons, apple pie, baseball, and the American flag.
The First Thanksgiving at Plymouth Colony by English Pilgrims in October 1621.
Henry Chadwick’s early contributions to the development of the game is often called the "Father of Baseball".

English Americans, or Anglo-Americans, are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England.

Italian Americans

Landing of Cristopher Columbus (12 October 1492), painting by John Vanderlyn
Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer from whose name the term "America" is derived
Verrazzano's voyage of 1524. The Italian explorer was the first documented European to enter New York Harbor and the Hudson River.
Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge in New York City is named for Giovanni da Verrazzano.
Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and promoter of liberty, whose phrase: "All men are by nature equally free and independent" was incorporated into the United States Declaration of Independence
Statue of Francis Vigo
Review of the Garibaldi Guard by President Abraham Lincoln
The Garibaldi-Meucci Museum on Staten Island
The "Bambinos" of Little Italy - Syracuse, New York in 1899
Mulberry Street, along which New York City's Little Italy is centered. Lower East Side, circa 1900.
Italian immigrants entering the United States via Ellis Island in 1905
The Monongah mining disaster of 1907 described as "the worst mining disaster in American history" the official death toll stood at 362, 171 of them Italian migrants.
Little Italy in Chicago, 1909
Italian-Hawaiian woman with a poi bowl, 1909
Joe Petrosino in 1909
Michael Valente, recipient of the highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during World War I
Fiorello La Guardia with Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1938
Italian American WPA workers doing roadwork in Dorchester, Boston, 1930s
Rudolph Valentino with Alice Terry in The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, 1921
Historical advertisement of an Italian American restaurant, between circa 1930 and 1945
Italian-American veterans of all wars memorial, Southbridge, Massachusetts
Frank Capra receiving the Distinguished Service Medal from General George C. Marshall, 1945
Enrico Fermi, architect of the nuclear age, was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on induced radioactivity.
Dominic Salvatore Don Gentile on the wing of his P-51B, 'Shangri-La'. Also known as "Ace of Aces", he was a World War II USAAF pilot who surpassed Eddie Rickenbacker's World War I record of 26 downed aircraft.
Joe DiMaggio, considered one of the greatest baseball players of all time, in 1951
Frank Sinatra and Dean Martin in 1963
Martin Scorsese and Francis Ford Coppola, filmmakers whose body of work explores themes such as Italian-American identity, here together with Steven Spielberg and George Lucas, are among the greatest modern directors.
Wally Schirra, one of the earliest NASA astronauts to enter into space (1962), taking part in the Mercury Seven program and later Gemini and Apollo programs
Columbus Day in Salem, Massachusetts in 1892
1973 U.S. postage stamp featuring Amadeo Giannini
Enrico Fermi between Franco Rasetti (left) and Emilio Segrè in academic dress
A fourteen year old Italian girl working at a paper-box factory (1913)
The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in 1911. The victims were almost exclusively Jewish and Italian female immigrants.
Mother Cabrini
An Italian immigrant making an American breakfast aided by instructional materials from the YMCA
Lawrence Ferlinghetti
Don DeLillo
Paola Corso
Danielle Trussoni
St. Anthony of Padua Church in New York was established in 1859 as the first parish in the United States formed specifically to serve the Italian immigrant community.
Our Lady of Pompeii Church in New York was founded in 1892 as a national parish to serve Italian-American immigrants who settled in Greenwich Village.
Emilio Segrè, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1959, was among the Italian Jews who emigrated to the United States after Mussolini's regime implemented an anti-semitic legislation.
Italian Cultural and Community Center (Logue House) in the Houston Museum District
A war-time poster
Feast of San Gennaro in New York
President Barack Obama participates in an interview with Jay Leno during a taping of "The Tonight Show with Jay Leno" at the NBC Studios in Burbank, Calif., Oct. 24, 2012.
Italian American Museum of Los Angeles
Sacco and Vanzetti in handcuffs
One of the largest mass lynchings in American history involved eleven Italian immigrants in New Orleans in 1891.
Top ancestry by U.S. county. Dark blue indicates counties where persons of Italian ancestry form a plurality.
Little Italy in Manhattan after Italy won the 2006 FIFA World Cup
Much of Philadelphia's Italian population is in South Philadelphia, and is well known for its Italian Market.
The American and Italian flags in Boston's North End
St. Lucy's Church in Newark
Northside in Syracuse
Feast of the Assumption in Cleveland's Little Italy
Gateway to Ybor City on 7th. Ave near the Nick Nuccio Parkway
Sts. Peter and Paul Church in North Beach, San Francisco

Italian Americans (italoamericani or italo-americani, ) are Americans who have full or partial Italian ancestry.

American ancestry

American westward expansion is idealized in Emanuel Leutze's famous painting Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way (1861). The title of the painting, borrowed from a 1726 poem by Bishop Berkeley, was a phrase often quoted in the era of "manifest destiny."
Flag of the Know Nothing or American Party, c. 1850
Map showing areas in red with high concentration of people who self-report as having "American" ancestry in 2000

American ancestry refers to people in the United States who self-identify their ancestral origin or descent as "American," rather than the more common officially recognized racial and ethnic groups that make up the bulk of the American people.

British Americans

UK United States.
British American plurality in light green. (2010)
John Trumbull's famous painting, Declaration of Independence. Most of the Founding Fathers had British ancestors.
Uncle Sam embracing John Bull, while Britannia and Columbia hold hands and sit together in the background (1898).
Founders of Harley-Davidson, from left: William A. Davidson, Walter Davidson, Sr., Arthur Davidson and William S. Harley.
The "Grand Union Flag" which served as the U.S. national flag from 1776 to 1777; the thirteen stripes represent the original Thirteen colonies.

British American usually refers to Americans whose ancestral origin originates wholly or partly in the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Cornwall, Orkney, and the Isle of Man).

Arab Americans

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The Arab American National Museum in Dearborn, Michigan celebrates the history of Arab Americans.
Paterson, New Jersey has been nicknamed Little Ramallah and contains a neighborhood with the same name, with an Arab American population estimated as high as 20,000 in 2015.
Arab American Festival – Arizona

Arab Americans (عَرَبٌ أَمْرِيكِا or الأمريكيون العرب) are Americans of Arab ancestry.

Immigration to the United States

Immigration has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of United States history.

Naturalization ceremony at Oakton High School in Fairfax County, Virginia, December 2015.
Immigrants to the United States take the Oath of Allegiance at a naturalization ceremony at the Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona, September 2010.
Population growth rate with and without migration in the U.S.
Immigrants on ocean steamer passing the Statue of Liberty, New York City, 1887
Immigrants arriving at Ellis Island, 1902
Polish immigrants working on the farm, 1909. The welfare system was practically non-existent before the 1930s and the economic pressures on the poor were giving rise to child labor.
Immigrant trunks. Left, from Sweden, late 19th century. Right, from Refugee camp in Thailand, 1993.
Boston Chinatown, Massachusetts, 2008.
Operation Allies Refuge: Afghans being evacuated on a US Air Force Boeing C-17 plane during the Fall of Kabul (2021)
Naturalization ceremony, Salem, Massachusetts, 2007
Little Italy in New York, ca.1900
Crowd at the Philippine Independence Day Parade in New York City
Galveston Immigration Stations
Mexican immigrants march for more rights in Northern California's largest city, San Jose (2006).
Garment factories in Manhattan's Chinatown
A U.S. green card, a document confirming permanent resident status for eligible immigrants, including refugees, political asylum seekers, family-sponsored migrants, employment-based workers and diversity immigrants (DV).
A cartoon in Puck from 1888 attacked businessmen for welcoming large numbers of low-paid immigrants, leaving the American men unemployed.
Maggie and Jiggs from Bringing Up Father (January 7, 1940).
The Statue of Liberty was a common sight to many immigrants who entered the United States through Ellis Island

All Americans, except for Native Americans, can trace their ancestry to immigrants from other nations around the world.