Amiga 500

Amiga A500A500A501 RAM/RTC expansionCommodore Amiga 500
The Amiga 500, also known as the A500, is the first low-end Commodore Amiga 16/32-bit multimedia home/personal computer.wikipedia
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Amiga

Commodore AmigaAmiga ComputerAmiga 500/600 (OCS/ECS)
The Amiga 500, also known as the A500, is the first low-end Commodore Amiga 16/32-bit multimedia home/personal computer.
The best selling model, the Amiga 500, was introduced in 1987 and became one of the leading home computers of the late 1980s and early 1990s with four to six million sold.

Amiga 2000

Amiga 25002500A2000
It was announced at the winter Consumer Electronics Show in January 1987 – at the same time as the high-end Amiga 2000 – and competed directly against the Atari 520ST.
It was introduced as a "big box" expandable variant of the Amiga 1000 but quickly redesigned to share most of its electronic components with the contemporary Amiga 500 for cost reduction.

Open architecture

open-architectureclosed architectureOpen
While not the first computer to have an open architecture, the Amiga is considered due to its expandability as one of the early examples.
For example, the IBM PC, Amiga 500 and Apple IIe have an open architecture supporting plug-in cards, whereas the Apple IIc computer has a closed architecture.

Amiga 500 Plus

A500+Amiga 500+500+
In late 1991, an enhanced model known as the Amiga 500 Plus replaced the original 500 in some markets; it was bundled with the Cartoon Classics pack in the United Kingdom at £399, although many stores still advertised it as an 'A500'.
The Commodore Amiga 500 Plus (often A500 Plus or simply A500+) is an enhanced version of the original Amiga 500 computer.

Amiga 1200

A12001200Amiga ''1200
In late 1992, Commodore released the "next-generation" Amiga 1200, a machine closer in concept to the original Amiga 500, but featuring significant technical improvements.
The A1200 was launched a few months after the Amiga 600 using a similar, slimline design that replaced the earlier Amiga 500 Plus and Amiga 500.

Commodore International

CommodoreCommodore Business MachinesCommodore 64
The Amiga 500, also known as the A500, is the first low-end Commodore Amiga 16/32-bit multimedia home/personal computer.
This was reflected in sales numbers for the two platforms until the release of the Amiga 500 in 1987, which led the Amiga sales to exceed the ST by about 1.5 to 1, despite reaching the market later.

The NewZealand Story

The New Zealand StoryNew Zealand StoryNew Zealand Story, The
In October 1989, the Amiga 500 dropped its price from £499 to £399 and was bundled with the Batman Pack in the United Kingdom (from October 1989 to September 1990) which included the games Batman, F/A-18 Interceptor, The New Zealand Story and the bitmap graphics editor, Deluxe Paint 2.
The game received more publicity due to being included in the Amiga 500 Batman Pack, which was launched in September 1989 and sold over 2 million units.

Amiga 1000

A1000Commodore Amiga 10001000
The Amiga 500 represents a return to Commodore's roots by being sold in the same mass retail outlets as the Commodore 64 – to which it was a spiritual successor – as opposed to the computer-store-only Amiga 1000, as well as being another computer whose keyboard is included in the same case. Outwardly resembling the Commodore 128 and codenamed "Rock Lobster" during development, the Amiga 500 houses the keyboard and CPU in one shell, unlike the Amiga 1000.
The Amiga 1000 features an 86-pin expansion port (electrically identical to the later Amiga 500 expansion port, though the A500's connector is inverted).

Batman (1989 Ocean video game)

Batman: The MovieBatmanBatman – The Movie
In October 1989, the Amiga 500 dropped its price from £499 to £399 and was bundled with the Batman Pack in the United Kingdom (from October 1989 to September 1990) which included the games Batman, F/A-18 Interceptor, The New Zealand Story and the bitmap graphics editor, Deluxe Paint 2.
Commodore UK reached an agreement with Ocean Software to bundle the game with Amiga 500 computers.

Amiga Chip RAM

Chip RAMFast RAMChip
The stock system comes with AmigaOS version 1.2 or 1.3 and 512 KiB of chip RAM (150 ns access time), one built-in double-density standard floppy disk drive that is completely programmable and can read 720 KiB IBM PC disks, 880 KiB standard Amiga disks, and up to 984 KiB using custom-formatting drivers.

Original Chip Set

OCSOriginal Amiga chipsetCopper
The earliest Amiga 500 models use nearly the same Original Amiga chipset as the Amiga 1000.
The original chipset appeared in Amiga models built between 1985 and 1990: the Amiga 1000, Amiga 2000, Amiga CDTV, and Amiga 500.

Commodore 128

C128128 / 128
Outwardly resembling the Commodore 128 and codenamed "Rock Lobster" during development, the Amiga 500 houses the keyboard and CPU in one shell, unlike the Amiga 1000.
When the C128(D/DCR) was discontinued in 1989, it was reported to cost nearly as much to manufacture as the Amiga 500, even though the C128D had to sell for several hundred dollars less to keep the Amiga's high-end marketing image intact.

Rock Lobster

B52/Rock Lobsterlobstered
Outwardly resembling the Commodore 128 and codenamed "Rock Lobster" during development, the Amiga 500 houses the keyboard and CPU in one shell, unlike the Amiga 1000.
Early Commodore Amiga 500 units had "B52/ROCK LOBSTER" etched on the main circuit board.

Amiga 600

A600600
The Amiga 500 series was discontinued in June 1992 and replaced by the similarly specified and priced Amiga 600, although this new machine had originally been intended as a much cheaper model, which would have been the A300.

Kickstart (Amiga)

KickstartKickstart ROMAmiga Kickstart
Whenever the computer is powered on a self-diagnostic test is run that will show any failure with a specific colour where medium green means no chip RAM found or is damaged, red means bad kickstart-ROM, yellow means the CPU has crashed (no trap routine or trying to run bad code) or a bad Zorro expansion card.

Amiga Enhanced Chip Set

ECSEnhanced Chip Setenhanced chipset
In fact, all the custom chips can be upgraded to the Amiga Enhanced Chip Set (ECS) versions.
Amigas produced from 1990 onwards featured a mix of OCS and ECS chips, such as later versions of the Amiga 500 and the Commodore CDTV.

EC8OR

The music was in the same vein of Atari Teenage Riot's style of early Breakcore and hardcore techno with a punk edge, which led to EC8OR been overlooked by fans of digital hardcore recordings, but EC8OR employed more low-res ideas as the first album was entirely composed on Amiga 500 and with a microphone.

MOS Technology Agnus

AgnusSuper Agnus8361
All versions of the A500 can have the additional RAM configured as chip RAM by a simple hardware modification, which involves fitting a later model (8372A) Agnus chip.

16-bit

16 bit16-16
The Amiga 500, also known as the A500, is the first low-end Commodore Amiga 16/32-bit multimedia home/personal computer.

32-bit

32-32 bit32
The Amiga 500, also known as the A500, is the first low-end Commodore Amiga 16/32-bit multimedia home/personal computer.

Multimedia

multi-mediamultimedia artistmultimedia art
The Amiga 500, also known as the A500, is the first low-end Commodore Amiga 16/32-bit multimedia home/personal computer.

Personal computer

PCPCspersonal computers
The Amiga 500, also known as the A500, is the first low-end Commodore Amiga 16/32-bit multimedia home/personal computer.

Consumer Electronics Show

CESInternational CESWinter Consumer Electronics Show
It was announced at the winter Consumer Electronics Show in January 1987 – at the same time as the high-end Amiga 2000 – and competed directly against the Atari 520ST.

Atari ST

Atari STESTAtari 1040ST
It was announced at the winter Consumer Electronics Show in January 1987 – at the same time as the high-end Amiga 2000 – and competed directly against the Atari 520ST.

Dutch guilder

guildersguilderƒ
In the Netherlands it was available from April 1987 for a list price of 1499 HFL (US$730 in 1987).