A report on FertilizerAmmonia and Ammonium nitrate

A farmer spreading manure to improve soil fertility
Ball-and-stick model of the diamminesilver(I) cation, [Ag(NH3)2]+
World population supported with and without synthetic nitrogen fertilizers.
Ball-and-stick model of the tetraamminediaquacopper(II) cation, [Cu(NH3)4(H2O)2](2+)
Founded in 1812, Mirat, producer of manures and fertilizers, is claimed to be the oldest industrial business in Salamanca (Spain).
Jabir ibn Hayyan
Six tomato plants grown with and without nitrate fertilizer on nutrient-poor sand/clay soil. One of the plants in the nutrient-poor soil has died.
This high-pressure reactor was built in 1921 by BASF in Ludwigshafen and was re-erected on the premises of the University of Karlsruhe in Germany.
Inorganic fertilizer use by region
A train carrying Anhydrous Ammonia.
Total nitrogenous fertilizer consumption per region, measured in tonnes of total nutrient per year.
Liquid ammonia bottle
An apatite mine in Siilinjärvi, Finland.
Household ammonia
Compost bin for small-scale production of organic fertilizer
Ammoniacal Gas Engine Streetcar in New Orleans drawn by Alfred Waud in 1871.
A large commercial compost operation
The X-15 aircraft used ammonia as one component fuel of its rocket engine
Applying superphosphate fertilizer by hand, New Zealand, 1938
Anti-meth sign on tank of anhydrous ammonia, Otley, Iowa. Anhydrous ammonia is a common farm fertilizer that is also a critical ingredient in making methamphetamine. In 2005, Iowa used grant money to give out thousands of locks to prevent criminals from getting into the tanks.
Fertilizer burn
The world's longest ammonia pipeline (roughly 2400 km long), running from the TogliattiAzot plant in Russia to Odessa in Ukraine
N-Butylthiophosphoryltriamide, an enhanced efficiency fertilizer.
Hydrochloric acid sample releasing HCl fumes, which are reacting with ammonia fumes to produce a white smoke of ammonium chloride.
Fertilizer use (2018). From FAO's World Food and Agriculture – Statistical Yearbook 2020
Production trend of ammonia between 1947 and 2007
The diagram displays the statistics of fertilizer consumption in western and central European counties from data published by The World Bank for 2012.
Main symptoms of hyperammonemia (ammonia reaching toxic concentrations).
Runoff of soil and fertilizer during a rain storm
Ammonia occurs in the atmospheres of the outer giant planets such as Jupiter (0.026% ammonia), Saturn (0.012% ammonia), and in the atmospheres and ices of Uranus and Neptune.
Large pile of phosphogypsum waste near Fort Meade, Florida.
Red circles show the location and size of many dead zones.
Global methane concentrations (surface and atmospheric) for 2005; note distinct plumes

Biologically, it is a common nitrogenous waste, particularly among aquatic organisms, and it contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to 45 percent of the world's food and fertilizers.

- Ammonia

It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer.

- Ammonium nitrate

Ca(NO3)2 + 2 NH3 + CO2 + H2O → 2 NH4NO3 + CaCO3

- Ammonium nitrate

Only some bacteria and their host plants (notably legumes) can fix atmospheric nitrogen (N2) by converting it to ammonia.

- Fertilizer

It combines with acids to form salts; thus with hydrochloric acid it forms ammonium chloride (sal ammoniac); with nitric acid, ammonium nitrate, etc. Perfectly dry ammonia gas will not combine with perfectly dry hydrogen chloride gas; moisture is necessary to bring about the reaction.

- Ammonia

Ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) is also widely used.

- Fertilizer
A farmer spreading manure to improve soil fertility

4 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Fritz Haber, 1918

Haber process

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Artificial nitrogen fixation process and is the main industrial procedure for the production of ammonia today.

Artificial nitrogen fixation process and is the main industrial procedure for the production of ammonia today.

Fritz Haber, 1918
A historical (1921) high-pressure steel reactor for production of ammonia via the Haber process is displayed at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
First reactor at the Oppau plant in 1913
Profiles of the active components of heterogeneous catalysts; the top right figure shows the profile of a shell catalyst.
Modern ammonia reactor with heat exchanger modules: The cold gas mixture is preheated to reaction temperature in heat exchangers by the reaction heat and cools in turn the produced ammonia.
Energy diagram
Industrial fertilizer plant

The process converts atmospheric nitrogen (N2) to ammonia (NH3) by a reaction with hydrogen (H2) using a metal catalyst under high temperatures and pressures:

The ammonia is used mainly as a nitrogen fertilizer as ammonia itself, in the form of ammonium nitrate, and as urea.

Fuming nitric acid contaminated with yellow nitrogen dioxide

Nitric acid

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Inorganic compound with the formula HNO3.

Inorganic compound with the formula HNO3.

Fuming nitric acid contaminated with yellow nitrogen dioxide
Two major resonance representations of HNO3
Nitric acid in a laboratory

Upon adding a base such as ammonia, the color turns orange.

The main industrial use of nitric acid is for the production of fertilizers.

Nitric acid is neutralized with ammonia to give ammonium nitrate.

The nitrate ion with the partial charges shown

Nitrate

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Polyatomic ion with the chemical formula.

Polyatomic ion with the chemical formula.

The nitrate ion with the partial charges shown
Canonical resonance structures for the nitrate ion
Sea surface nitrate from the World Ocean Atlas

Nitrates are produced by a number of species of nitrifying bacteria in the natural environment using ammonia or urea as a source of nitrogen and source of free energy.

Nitrates are used as fertilizers in agriculture because of their high solubility and biodegradability.

The main nitrate fertilizers are ammonium, sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium salts.

A plant in Bangladesh that produces urea fertilizer.

Urea

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Organic compound with chemical formula CO2.

Organic compound with chemical formula CO2.

A plant in Bangladesh that produces urea fertilizer.
Urea plant using ammonium carbamate briquettes, Fixed Nitrogen Research Laboratory, ca. 1930

The liver forms it by combining two ammonia molecules (NH3) with a carbon dioxide (CO2) molecule in the urea cycle.

Urea is widely used in fertilizers as a source of nitrogen (N) and is an important raw material for the chemical industry.

Originally, because it was not economic to recompress the ammonia and carbon dioxide for recycle, the ammonia at least would be used for the manufacture of other products, for example ammonium nitrate or sulfate.