A report on FertilizerAmmonia and Natural gas

A farmer spreading manure to improve soil fertility
Ball-and-stick model of the diamminesilver(I) cation, [Ag(NH3)2]+
Natural gas burner on a natural-gas-burning stove
World population supported with and without synthetic nitrogen fertilizers.
Ball-and-stick model of the tetraamminediaquacopper(II) cation, [Cu(NH3)4(H2O)2](2+)
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Founded in 1812, Mirat, producer of manures and fertilizers, is claimed to be the oldest industrial business in Salamanca (Spain).
Jabir ibn Hayyan
Natural gas drilling rig in Texas, USA
Six tomato plants grown with and without nitrate fertilizer on nutrient-poor sand/clay soil. One of the plants in the nutrient-poor soil has died.
This high-pressure reactor was built in 1921 by BASF in Ludwigshafen and was re-erected on the premises of the University of Karlsruhe in Germany.
Countries by natural gas proven reserves (2014), based on data from The World Factbook
Inorganic fertilizer use by region
A train carrying Anhydrous Ammonia.
The location of shale gas compared to other types of gas deposits
Total nitrogenous fertilizer consumption per region, measured in tonnes of total nutrient per year.
Liquid ammonia bottle
Natural gas processing plant in Aderklaa, Lower Austria
An apatite mine in Siilinjärvi, Finland.
Household ammonia
Schematic flow diagram of a typical natural gas processing plant
Compost bin for small-scale production of organic fertilizer
Ammoniacal Gas Engine Streetcar in New Orleans drawn by Alfred Waud in 1871.
Natural gas extraction by countries in cubic meters per year around 2013
A large commercial compost operation
The X-15 aircraft used ammonia as one component fuel of its rocket engine
Polyethylene plastic main being placed in a trench
Applying superphosphate fertilizer by hand, New Zealand, 1938
Anti-meth sign on tank of anhydrous ammonia, Otley, Iowa. Anhydrous ammonia is a common farm fertilizer that is also a critical ingredient in making methamphetamine. In 2005, Iowa used grant money to give out thousands of locks to prevent criminals from getting into the tanks.
Construction close to high pressure gas transmission pipelines is discouraged, often with standing warning signs.
Fertilizer burn
The world's longest ammonia pipeline (roughly 2400 km long), running from the TogliattiAzot plant in Russia to Odessa in Ukraine
Peoples Gas Manlove Field natural gas storage area in Newcomb Township, Champaign County, Illinois. In the foreground (left) is one of the numerous wells for the underground storage area, with an LNG plant, and above ground storage tanks are in the background (right).
N-Butylthiophosphoryltriamide, an enhanced efficiency fertilizer.
Hydrochloric acid sample releasing HCl fumes, which are reacting with ammonia fumes to produce a white smoke of ammonium chloride.
Manhole for domestic gas supply, London, UK
Fertilizer use (2018). From FAO's World Food and Agriculture – Statistical Yearbook 2020
Production trend of ammonia between 1947 and 2007
A Washington, D.C. Metrobus, which runs on natural gas
The diagram displays the statistics of fertilizer consumption in western and central European counties from data published by The World Bank for 2012.
Main symptoms of hyperammonemia (ammonia reaching toxic concentrations).
The warming influence (called radiative forcing) of long-lived greenhouse gases has nearly doubled in 40 years, with carbon dioxide and methane being the dominant drivers of global warming.
Runoff of soil and fertilizer during a rain storm
Ammonia occurs in the atmospheres of the outer giant planets such as Jupiter (0.026% ammonia), Saturn (0.012% ammonia), and in the atmospheres and ices of Uranus and Neptune.
A pipeline odorant injection station
Large pile of phosphogypsum waste near Fort Meade, Florida.
Gas network emergency vehicle responding to a major fire in Kyiv, Ukraine
Red circles show the location and size of many dead zones.
Natural gas prices at the Henry Hub in US dollars per million BTUs
Global methane concentrations (surface and atmospheric) for 2005; note distinct plumes
Comparison of natural gas prices in Japan, United Kingdom, and United States, 2007–2011
US Natural Gas Marketed Production 1900 to 2012 (US EIA data)
Trends in the top five natural gas-producing countries (US EIA data)

Biologically, it is a common nitrogenous waste, particularly among aquatic organisms, and it contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to 45 percent of the world's food and fertilizers.

- Ammonia

The Haber process produces ammonia (NH3) from methane (CH4) (natural gas) gas and molecular nitrogen (N2) from the air.

- Fertilizer

Only some bacteria and their host plants (notably legumes) can fix atmospheric nitrogen (N2) by converting it to ammonia.

- Fertilizer

Natural gas is a major feedstock for the production of ammonia, via the Haber process, for use in fertilizer production.

- Natural gas

Combined with the energy needed to produce hydrogen and purified atmospheric nitrogen, ammonia production is energy-intensive, accounting for 1 to 2% of global energy consumption, 3% of global carbon emissions, and 3 to 5% of natural gas consumption.

- Ammonia
A farmer spreading manure to improve soil fertility

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Fritz Haber, 1918

Haber process

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Artificial nitrogen fixation process and is the main industrial procedure for the production of ammonia today.

Artificial nitrogen fixation process and is the main industrial procedure for the production of ammonia today.

Fritz Haber, 1918
A historical (1921) high-pressure steel reactor for production of ammonia via the Haber process is displayed at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
First reactor at the Oppau plant in 1913
Profiles of the active components of heterogeneous catalysts; the top right figure shows the profile of a shell catalyst.
Modern ammonia reactor with heat exchanger modules: The cold gas mixture is preheated to reaction temperature in heat exchangers by the reaction heat and cools in turn the produced ammonia.
Energy diagram
Industrial fertilizer plant

The process converts atmospheric nitrogen (N2) to ammonia (NH3) by a reaction with hydrogen (H2) using a metal catalyst under high temperatures and pressures:

The major source of hydrogen is methane from natural gas.

The ammonia is used mainly as a nitrogen fertilizer as ammonia itself, in the form of ammonium nitrate, and as urea.