A report on FertilizerAmmonia and Sulfuric acid

A farmer spreading manure to improve soil fertility
Ball-and-stick model of the diamminesilver(I) cation, [Ag(NH3)2]+
Drops of concentrated sulfuric acid rapidly decompose a piece of cotton towel by dehydration.
World population supported with and without synthetic nitrogen fertilizers.
Ball-and-stick model of the tetraamminediaquacopper(II) cation, [Cu(NH3)4(H2O)2](2+)
Solid state structure of the [D3SO4]+ ion present in [D3SO4]+[SbF6]−, synthesized by using DF in place of HF. (see text)
Founded in 1812, Mirat, producer of manures and fertilizers, is claimed to be the oldest industrial business in Salamanca (Spain).
Jabir ibn Hayyan
Rio Tinto with its highly acidic water
Six tomato plants grown with and without nitrate fertilizer on nutrient-poor sand/clay soil. One of the plants in the nutrient-poor soil has died.
This high-pressure reactor was built in 1921 by BASF in Ludwigshafen and was re-erected on the premises of the University of Karlsruhe in Germany.
Sulfuric acid production in 2000
Inorganic fertilizer use by region
A train carrying Anhydrous Ammonia.
Acidic drain cleaners usually contain sulfuric acid at a high concentration which turns a piece of pH paper red and chars it instantly, demonstrating both the strong acidic nature and dehydrating property.
Total nitrogenous fertilizer consumption per region, measured in tonnes of total nutrient per year.
Liquid ammonia bottle
An acidic drain cleaner can be used to dissolve grease, hair and even tissue paper inside water pipes.
An apatite mine in Siilinjärvi, Finland.
Household ammonia
John Dalton's 1808 sulfuric acid molecule shows a central sulfur atom bonded to three oxygen atoms, or sulfur trioxide, the anhydride of sulfuric acid.
Compost bin for small-scale production of organic fertilizer
Ammoniacal Gas Engine Streetcar in New Orleans drawn by Alfred Waud in 1871.
Drops of 98% sulfuric acid char a piece of tissue paper instantly. Carbon is left after the dehydration reaction staining the paper black.
A large commercial compost operation
The X-15 aircraft used ammonia as one component fuel of its rocket engine
Superficial chemical burn caused by two 98% sulfuric acid splashes (forearm skin)
Applying superphosphate fertilizer by hand, New Zealand, 1938
Anti-meth sign on tank of anhydrous ammonia, Otley, Iowa. Anhydrous ammonia is a common farm fertilizer that is also a critical ingredient in making methamphetamine. In 2005, Iowa used grant money to give out thousands of locks to prevent criminals from getting into the tanks.
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Fertilizer burn
The world's longest ammonia pipeline (roughly 2400 km long), running from the TogliattiAzot plant in Russia to Odessa in Ukraine
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N-Butylthiophosphoryltriamide, an enhanced efficiency fertilizer.
Hydrochloric acid sample releasing HCl fumes, which are reacting with ammonia fumes to produce a white smoke of ammonium chloride.
Fertilizer use (2018). From FAO's World Food and Agriculture – Statistical Yearbook 2020
Production trend of ammonia between 1947 and 2007
The diagram displays the statistics of fertilizer consumption in western and central European counties from data published by The World Bank for 2012.
Main symptoms of hyperammonemia (ammonia reaching toxic concentrations).
Runoff of soil and fertilizer during a rain storm
Ammonia occurs in the atmospheres of the outer giant planets such as Jupiter (0.026% ammonia), Saturn (0.012% ammonia), and in the atmospheres and ices of Uranus and Neptune.
Large pile of phosphogypsum waste near Fort Meade, Florida.
Red circles show the location and size of many dead zones.
Global methane concentrations (surface and atmospheric) for 2005; note distinct plumes

Biologically, it is a common nitrogenous waste, particularly among aquatic organisms, and it contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to 45 percent of the world's food and fertilizers.

- Ammonia

It is most commonly used in fertilizer manufacture, but is also important in mineral processing, oil refining, wastewater processing, and chemical synthesis.

- Sulfuric acid

Only some bacteria and their host plants (notably legumes) can fix atmospheric nitrogen (N2) by converting it to ammonia.

- Fertilizer

These minerals are converted into water-soluble phosphate salts by treatment with sulfuric (H2SO4) or phosphoric acids (H3PO4).

- Fertilizer

The amount of ammonia in ammonium salts can be estimated quantitatively by distillation of the salts with sodium (NaOH) or potassium hydroxide (KOH), the ammonia evolved being absorbed in a known volume of standard sulfuric acid and the excess of acid then determined volumetrically; or the ammonia may be absorbed in hydrochloric acid and the ammonium chloride so formed precipitated as ammonium hexachloroplatinate, [NH4]2[PtCl6].

- Ammonia

Reacting the ammonia produced in the thermal decomposition of coal with waste sulfuric acid allows the ammonia to be crystallized out as a salt (often brown because of iron contamination) and sold into the agro-chemicals industry.

- Sulfuric acid
A farmer spreading manure to improve soil fertility

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Fuming nitric acid contaminated with yellow nitrogen dioxide

Nitric acid

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Inorganic compound with the formula HNO3.

Inorganic compound with the formula HNO3.

Fuming nitric acid contaminated with yellow nitrogen dioxide
Two major resonance representations of HNO3
Nitric acid in a laboratory

Concentrated nitric acid oxidizes I2, P4, and S8 into HIO3, H3PO4, and H2SO4, respectively.

Upon adding a base such as ammonia, the color turns orange.

The main industrial use of nitric acid is for the production of fertilizers.