A report on AmmoniaNucleophile and Water

Ball-and-stick model of the diamminesilver(I) cation, [Ag(NH3)2]+
A hydroxide ion acting as a nucleophile in an SN2 reaction, converting a halogenoalkane into an alcohol
A water molecule consists of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom
Ball-and-stick model of the tetraamminediaquacopper(II) cation, [Cu(NH3)4(H2O)2](2+)
The three common states of matter
Jabir ibn Hayyan
Phase diagram of water (simplified)
This high-pressure reactor was built in 1921 by BASF in Ludwigshafen and was re-erected on the premises of the University of Karlsruhe in Germany.
Tetrahedral structure of water
A train carrying Anhydrous Ammonia.
Model of hydrogen bonds (1) between molecules of water
Liquid ammonia bottle
Water cycle
Household ammonia
Overview of photosynthesis (green) and respiration (red)
Ammoniacal Gas Engine Streetcar in New Orleans drawn by Alfred Waud in 1871.
Water fountain
The X-15 aircraft used ammonia as one component fuel of its rocket engine
An environmental science program – a student from Iowa State University sampling water
Anti-meth sign on tank of anhydrous ammonia, Otley, Iowa. Anhydrous ammonia is a common farm fertilizer that is also a critical ingredient in making methamphetamine. In 2005, Iowa used grant money to give out thousands of locks to prevent criminals from getting into the tanks.
Total water withdrawals for agricultural, industrial and municipal purposes per capita, measured in cubic metres (m³) per year in 2010
The world's longest ammonia pipeline (roughly 2400 km long), running from the TogliattiAzot plant in Russia to Odessa in Ukraine
A young girl drinking bottled water
Hydrochloric acid sample releasing HCl fumes, which are reacting with ammonia fumes to produce a white smoke of ammonium chloride.
Water availability: the fraction of the population using improved water sources by country
Production trend of ammonia between 1947 and 2007
Roadside fresh water outlet from glacier, Nubra
Main symptoms of hyperammonemia (ammonia reaching toxic concentrations).
Hazard symbol for non-potable water
Ammonia occurs in the atmospheres of the outer giant planets such as Jupiter (0.026% ammonia), Saturn (0.012% ammonia), and in the atmospheres and ices of Uranus and Neptune.
Water is used for fighting wildfires.
San Andrés island, Colombia
Water can be used to cook foods such as noodles
Sterile water for injection
Band 5 ALMA receiver is an instrument specifically designed to detect water in the universe.
South polar ice cap of Mars during Martian south summer 2000
An estimate of the proportion of people in developing countries with access to potable water 1970–2000
People come to Inda Abba Hadera spring (Inda Sillasie, Ethiopia) to wash in holy water
Icosahedron as a part of Spinoza monument in Amsterdam.
Water requirement per tonne of food product
Irrigation of field crops
Specific heat capacity of water

Solvent properties: Ammonia readily dissolves in water. In an aqueous solution, it can be expelled by boiling. The aqueous solution of ammonia is basic. The maximum concentration of ammonia in water (a saturated solution) has a density of 0.880 g/cm3 and is often known as '.880 ammonia'.

- Ammonia

Examples of nucleophiles are anions such as Cl−, or a compound with a lone pair of electrons such as NH3 (ammonia), PR3.

- Nucleophile

Examples of oxygen nucleophiles are water (H2O), hydroxide anion, alcohols, alkoxide anions, hydrogen peroxide, and carboxylate anions.

- Nucleophile

In organic chemistry, ammonia can act as a nucleophile in substitution reactions.

- Ammonia

In inorganic reactions, water is a common solvent, dissolving many ionic compounds, as well as other polar compounds such as ammonia and compounds closely related to water.

- Water

In organic reactions, it is not usually used as a reaction solvent, because it does not dissolve the reactants well and is amphoteric (acidic and basic) and nucleophilic.

- Water
Ball-and-stick model of the diamminesilver(I) cation, [Ag(NH3)2]+

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