A report on Ammonia

Ball-and-stick model of the diamminesilver(I) cation, [Ag(NH3)2]+
Ball-and-stick model of the tetraamminediaquacopper(II) cation, [Cu(NH3)4(H2O)2](2+)
Jabir ibn Hayyan
This high-pressure reactor was built in 1921 by BASF in Ludwigshafen and was re-erected on the premises of the University of Karlsruhe in Germany.
A train carrying Anhydrous Ammonia.
Liquid ammonia bottle
Household ammonia
Ammoniacal Gas Engine Streetcar in New Orleans drawn by Alfred Waud in 1871.
The X-15 aircraft used ammonia as one component fuel of its rocket engine
Anti-meth sign on tank of anhydrous ammonia, Otley, Iowa. Anhydrous ammonia is a common farm fertilizer that is also a critical ingredient in making methamphetamine. In 2005, Iowa used grant money to give out thousands of locks to prevent criminals from getting into the tanks.
The world's longest ammonia pipeline (roughly 2400 km long), running from the TogliattiAzot plant in Russia to Odessa in Ukraine
Hydrochloric acid sample releasing HCl fumes, which are reacting with ammonia fumes to produce a white smoke of ammonium chloride.
Production trend of ammonia between 1947 and 2007
Main symptoms of hyperammonemia (ammonia reaching toxic concentrations).
Ammonia occurs in the atmospheres of the outer giant planets such as Jupiter (0.026% ammonia), Saturn (0.012% ammonia), and in the atmospheres and ices of Uranus and Neptune.

Compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.

- Ammonia
Ball-and-stick model of the diamminesilver(I) cation, [Ag(NH3)2]+

159 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Fluconazole, synthesized using hydrazine, is an antifungal medication.

Hydrazine

4 links

Inorganic compound with the chemical formula N2H4.

Inorganic compound with the chemical formula N2H4.

Fluconazole, synthesized using hydrazine, is an antifungal medication.
Anhydrous (pure, not in solution) hydrazine being loaded into the MESSENGER space probe. The technician is wearing a safety suit.

It is a simple pnictogen hydride, and is a colourless flammable liquid with an ammonia-like odour.

Metabolic waste

3 links

Metabolic wastes or excrements are substances left over from metabolic processes (such as cellular respiration) which cannot be used by the organism (they are surplus or toxic), and must therefore be excreted.

Metabolic wastes or excrements are substances left over from metabolic processes (such as cellular respiration) which cannot be used by the organism (they are surplus or toxic), and must therefore be excreted.

They are ammonia, urea, uric acid, and creatinine.

Dimethylamine

3 links

Organic compound with the formula 2NH.

Organic compound with the formula 2NH.

This secondary amine is a colorless, flammable gas with an ammonia-like odor.

Heat of vaporization of water from melting to critical temperature

Properties of water

2 links

Polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tasteless and odorless liquid, which is nearly colorless apart from an inherent hint of blue.

Polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tasteless and odorless liquid, which is nearly colorless apart from an inherent hint of blue.

Heat of vaporization of water from melting to critical temperature
Density of ice and water as a function of temperature
Temperature distribution in a lake in summer and winter
WOA surface density
Red line shows saturation
Vapor pressure diagrams of water
The solid/liquid/vapour triple point of liquid water, ice Ih and water vapor in the lower left portion of a water phase diagram.
A diagram showing the partial charges on the atoms in a water molecule
Dew drops adhering to a spider web
Rain water flux from a canopy. Among the forces that govern drop formation: Surface tension, Cohesion (chemistry), Van der Waals force, Plateau–Rayleigh instability.
This paper clip is under the water level, which has risen gently and smoothly. Surface tension prevents the clip from submerging and the water from overflowing the glass edges.
Temperature dependence of the surface tension of pure water
Presence of colloidal calcium carbonate from high concentrations of dissolved lime turns the water of Havasu Falls turquoise.
Model of hydrogen bonds (1) between molecules of water
Some hydrogen-bonding contacts in FeSO4.7H2O. This metal aquo complex crystallizes with one molecule of "lattice" water, which interacts with the sulfate and with the [Fe(H2O)6]2+ centers.

Water has a very high specific heat capacity of 4184 J/(kg·K) at 20 °C (4182 J/(kg·K) at 25 °C) —the second-highest among all the heteroatomic species (after ammonia), as well as a high heat of vaporization (40.65 kJ/mol or 2257 kJ/kg at the normal boiling point), both of which are a result of the extensive hydrogen bonding between its molecules.

The nest of the Peruvian booby is made of almost pure guano.

Guano

1 links

Accumulated excrement of seabirds and bats.

Accumulated excrement of seabirds and bats.

The nest of the Peruvian booby is made of almost pure guano.
The Guanay cormorant has historically been the most important producer of guano.
Man-made Guano Island near Walvis Bay in Namibia
The mineral whitlockite, which is found in bat guano
Chincha Islands where guano was found in abundance. Mining was done on site and ships transported it to Europe.
Advertisement for guano, 1884
Aerial view of Guano Point. Old tramway headhouse is at the end of dirt road (right). Second tramway tower is more clearly visible, on skyline to right. Bat Cave mine is 2500 ft below, across the canyon.
Workers load guano onto a cart in 1865
A large colony of Guanay cormorants on South Chincha Island of Peru in 1907
A herring gull (Larus argentatus) excreting waste near Île-de-Bréhat.
Chinese laborers stand on a partially extracted guano deposit in the Chincha Islands in 1865
Histoplasmosis endemism map for the U.S.
The Ozark cavefish, a species that depends on bat guano as a source of food.

By mass, it is 8–21% nitrogen; the nitrogen content is about 80% uric acid, 10% protein, 7% ammonia, and 0.5% nitrate.

Methylamine

2 links

Organic compound with a formula of CH3NH2.

Organic compound with a formula of CH3NH2.

This colorless gas is a derivative of ammonia, but with one hydrogen atom being replaced by a methyl group.

Fritz Haber, c. 1919

Fritz Haber

3 links

Fritz Haber, c. 1919
Clara Immerwahr
The grave of Fritz and Clara Haber (née Immerwahr) in the Hörnli graveyard of Basel, Switzerland

Fritz Haber (9 December 1868 – 29 January 1934) was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention of the Haber–Bosch process, a method used in industry to synthesize ammonia from nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas.

Drops of concentrated sulfuric acid rapidly decompose a piece of cotton towel by dehydration.

Sulfuric acid

6 links

Mineral acid composed of the elements sulfur, oxygen and hydrogen, with the molecular formula H2SO4.

Mineral acid composed of the elements sulfur, oxygen and hydrogen, with the molecular formula H2SO4.

Drops of concentrated sulfuric acid rapidly decompose a piece of cotton towel by dehydration.
Solid state structure of the [D3SO4]+ ion present in [D3SO4]+[SbF6]−, synthesized by using DF in place of HF. (see text)
Rio Tinto with its highly acidic water
Sulfuric acid production in 2000
Acidic drain cleaners usually contain sulfuric acid at a high concentration which turns a piece of pH paper red and chars it instantly, demonstrating both the strong acidic nature and dehydrating property.
An acidic drain cleaner can be used to dissolve grease, hair and even tissue paper inside water pipes.
John Dalton's 1808 sulfuric acid molecule shows a central sulfur atom bonded to three oxygen atoms, or sulfur trioxide, the anhydride of sulfuric acid.
Drops of 98% sulfuric acid char a piece of tissue paper instantly. Carbon is left after the dehydration reaction staining the paper black.
Superficial chemical burn caused by two 98% sulfuric acid splashes (forearm skin)
70px
70px

Reacting the ammonia produced in the thermal decomposition of coal with waste sulfuric acid allows the ammonia to be crystallized out as a salt (often brown because of iron contamination) and sold into the agro-chemicals industry.

EPA list of extremely hazardous substances

0 links

List of extremely hazardous substances defined in Section 302 of the U.S. Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act .

List of extremely hazardous substances defined in Section 302 of the U.S. Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act .

Ammonia

The international pictogram for corrosive chemicals.

Corrosive substance

5 links

One that will damage or destroy other substances with which it comes into contact by means of a chemical reaction.

One that will damage or destroy other substances with which it comes into contact by means of a chemical reaction.

The international pictogram for corrosive chemicals.
The international transport pictogram for corrosives.

Some concentrated weak bases, such as ammonia when anhydrous or in a concentrated solution