Amor De Cosmos

Amor De Cosmos (August 20, 1825 – July 4, 1897) was a Canadian journalist, publisher and politician.wikipedia
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King's-Edgehill School

King's Collegiate SchoolKing's CollegeEdgehill School
His education included a stint at King's College in Windsor, following which, around 1840, he became a mercantile clerk in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Windsor, Nova Scotia

WindsorTown of WindsorTownship of Windsor
Amor De Cosmos was born William Alexander Smith in Windsor, Nova Scotia to United Empire Loyalist parents.

Times Colonist

Victoria Times-ColonistTimes-ColonistVictoria Times Colonist
De Cosmos founded a newspaper, The Daily British Colonist, which survives today in its current incarnation as the Victoria Times-Colonist.
It was formed by the merger in 1980 of the Victoria Daily Times, established in 1884, and the British Colonist (later the Daily Colonist), established in 1858 by Amor De Cosmos who was later British Columbia's second Premier.

List of premiers of British Columbia

B.C. Premier36thPremier of British Columbia
He served as the second Premier of British Columbia.

Dalhousie University

DalhousieDalhousie CollegeDalhousie Tigers
There he joined the Dalhousie University debating club, and came under the influence of the Nova Scotia politician and reformer, Joseph Howe.
Twelve graduates have served as provincial premiers: Allan Blakeney, John Buchanan, Alex Campbell, Amor De Cosmos, Darrell Dexter, Joe Ghiz, John Hamm, Angus Lewis Macdonald, Russell MacLellan, Gerald Regan, Robert Stanfield, Clyde Wells, and Danny Williams.

Robert Beaven

Beaven, RobertBeveanRobert
He advanced the second cause through his position as a member of the assembly of the merged, larger British Columbia from 1867–68 and 1870–71, and as the leading force (with Robert Beaven and John Robson) behind the colony's Confederation League.
After the colony's union with British Columbia, Beaven became involved with politics as secretary of Amor De Cosmos' Confederation League which advocated that the colony enter Canadian confederation.

Fraser Canyon Gold Rush

Fraser Gold RushFraser River Gold RushFraser Canyon
The city, since 1843 a quiet village of about 300 until the spring of that year, was just entering an economic boom as it became a jumping-off point for miners headed to the New Caledonia (now mainland British Columbia) to participate in the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush.
Many of those first-arrived of European and British origin were Californian by culture, and this included Maritimers such as Amor De Cosmos and others.

John Robson (politician)

John RobsonRobson
He advanced the second cause through his position as a member of the assembly of the merged, larger British Columbia from 1867–68 and 1870–71, and as the leading force (with Robert Beaven and John Robson) behind the colony's Confederation League.
Robson joined forces with other colonial-era editors such as Amor De Cosmos in railing against the Governor and his officials, including Chief Justice Sir Matthew Baillie Begbie.

Fathers of Confederation

Father of Confederationa Father of ConfederationCanadian Father of Confederation
Through the instrumental role De Cosmos played in realizing these two goals, he earned for himself his reputation as British Columbia's Father of Confederation.
The leadership of Amor De Cosmos was instrumental both in bringing democracy to British Columbia and in bringing the province into Confederation in 1871.

Colony of Vancouver Island

Vancouver IslandColonies of Vancouver IslandVancouver Island (1849)
They also sensed an opportunity in the booming city of Victoria, capital of the Colony of Vancouver Island.
The increased conflicts between Douglas and the reformers, such as Amor De Cosmos, along with the growing desire of colonists in British Columbia to have a resident governor in their capital of New Westminster resulted in the colonial office easing Douglas into retirement in 1864.

Colony of British Columbia (1866–1871)

Colony of British ColumbiaUnited Colonies of Vancouver Island and British ColumbiaBritish Columbia
He advanced the second cause through his position as a member of the assembly of the merged, larger British Columbia from 1867–68 and 1870–71, and as the leading force (with Robert Beaven and John Robson) behind the colony's Confederation League. From such policies, emerged the two great causes of his later career: the union of Vancouver Island and British Columbia, and the merged Colony of British Columbia's entry into Confederation.
Major players in the Confederation League such as Amor De Cosmos, Robert Beaven, and John Robson pushed for union primarily as a way of advancing both the economic health of the region, as well as increased democratic reform through truly representative and responsible government.

Legislative Assembly of Vancouver Island

House of Assembly of Vancouver IslandLegislative AssemblyFirst House of Assembly of Vancouver Island
To advance the first cause, De Cosmos left journalism and entered politics, becoming a member of the Legislative Assembly of Vancouver Island from 1863 until its union with the Colony of British Columbia in 1866.
Despite the protests of newspapermen such as Amor de Cosmos, Douglas appointed the members of his government according to his own agenda, regardless of who dominated the Assembly.

Southern Railway of Vancouver Island

Esquimalt and Nanaimo RailwayE&N RailwayE and N Railway
Consistent with federal promises to place the terminus of the transcontinental railway in Victoria, in Ottawa, De Cosmos pushed for completion, especially the Vancouver Island portion.
Through the influence of then BC Premier Amor de Cosmos, this plan was adopted by Order in Council by the federal government on 7 June 1873.

Texada Island

Texada
He speculated heavily in land and in Texada Island iron mines, which brought further criticism, as he was a public official.
Iron mines were explored and floated in 1876, with Premier Amor de Cosmos being involved in a land and mine scandal.

George Anthony Walkem

George Anthony Boomer WalkemWalkemG.A. Walkem
With the admission of the colony into Canada, Walkem was elected to the provincial legislature from the riding of Cariboo in 1871 and became Attorney General in the cabinet of Premier Amor De Cosmos and succeeded him to become the third Premier of British Columbia.

Canadian Confederation

ConfederationConfederation of CanadaFather of Confederation
From such policies, emerged the two great causes of his later career: the union of Vancouver Island and British Columbia, and the merged Colony of British Columbia's entry into Confederation.
In this way, Amor De Cosmos who was instrumental both in bringing democracy to British Columbia and in bringing his province into Confederation, is considered by many to be a Father of Confederation.

Victoria (British Columbia electoral district)

VictoriaVictoria DistrictVictoria riding
*Amor De Cosmos, 2nd Premier of British Columbia

Victoria District

One was Premier Amor De Cosmos, who held the seat and its successor for three elected terms as of the 1872 general election.

John Foster McCreight

John McCreightMcCreight
Despite his prominence — or perhaps because of it — Lieutenant Governor Sir Joseph Trutch passed over De Cosmos for the job of Premier, instead asking John Foster McCreight to assume the position.

Henry Nathan Jr.

Henry Nathan, Jr.Henry Nathan
The other representative for Victoria was B.C.'s Father of Confederation, Amor De Cosmos who was simultaneously Premier of that province until 1874.

John A. Macdonald

Sir John A. MacdonaldJohn Alexander MacdonaldMacdonald
When Macdonald announced his resignation in the Commons, Conservative and Liberal MPs traded places on the benches of the House of Commons, though one Conservative MP, British Columbia's Amor De Cosmos remained in his place, thereby joining the Liberals.

Francis James Roscoe

He placed second in a close three-way race and was elected along with Liberal incumbent Amor De Cosmos.

Joseph Trutch

Joseph William TrutchSir Joseph TrutchTrutch
Despite his prominence — or perhaps because of it — Lieutenant Governor Sir Joseph Trutch passed over De Cosmos for the job of Premier, instead asking John Foster McCreight to assume the position.

William Archibald Robertson

William Robertson
He was elected to the assembly in an 1874 by-election held after Arthur Bunster and Amor De Cosmos were elected to the Canadian House of Commons.