A report on Amsterdam

The Oude Kerk was consecrated in 1306 AD.
Amsterdam citizens celebrating the Peace of Münster, 30 January 1648. Painting by Bartholomeus van der Helst
Courtyard of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange by Emanuel de Witte, 1653. The Amsterdam Stock Exchange was the first stock exchange to introduce continuous trade in the early 17th century.
View of Vijzelstraat looking towards the Muntplein, 1891
Photochrom of Amsterdam's Dam Square at the beginning of the 20th century
The rebuilt Magere Brug, around 1938.
People celebrating the liberation of the Netherlands at the end of World War II on 8 May 1945
The 17th-century Canals of Amsterdam were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2010, contributing to Amsterdam's fame as the "Venice of the North". Along with De Wallen, the canals are the focal-point for tourists in the city.
Satellite picture of Amsterdam and North Sea Canal
Topographic map of Amsterdam
Large-scale map of the city centre of Amsterdam, including sightseeing markers,.
Nieuwendammerdijk en Buiksloterdijk, Amsterdam-Noord, winter 2010
The Westerkerk in the Centrum borough, one of Amsterdam's best-known churches
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A 1538 painting by Cornelis Anthonisz showing a bird's-eye view of Amsterdam. The famous Grachtengordel had not yet been established.
Rokin – November 1977
Herengracht
Prinsengracht
The Egelantiersgracht lies west of the Grachtengordel, in the Jordaan neighbourhood.
The Scheepvaarthuis, by architects Johan van der Mey, Michel de Klerk, Piet Kramer is characteristic of the architecture of the Amsterdam School.
The Begijnhof is one of the oldest hofjes in Amsterdam.
The Openbare Bibliotheek Amsterdam and Conservatorium van Amsterdam, two examples of 21st-century architecture in the centre of the city
The Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the world
The Zuidas, the city's main business district
Boats give tours of the city, such as this one in front of the EYE Film Institute Netherlands.
Spiegelgracht
De Wallen, Amsterdam's Red-light district, offers activities such as legal prostitution and a number of coffee shops that sell cannabis. It is one of the main tourist attractions.
An Amsterdammer waits for a traffic light to change at the Muntplein in the heart of Amsterdam.
The Rijksmuseum houses Rembrandt's The Night Watch.
The Van Gogh Museum houses the world's largest collection of Van Gogh's paintings and letters.
The Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam is an international museum dedicated to modern and contemporary art and design.
Rembrandt monument on Rembrandtplein
Coldplay performing at the Amsterdam Arena, 2016
The Concertgebouw or Royal Concert Hall houses performances of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra and other musical events.
Stadsschouwburg, Amsterdam's best-known theatre
One of the decorated boats participating in the 2013 Canal Parade of the Amsterdam Gay Pride
AFC Ajax player Johan Cruyff, 1967
Femke Halsema has been the Mayor of Amsterdam since 2018.
Boroughs of Amsterdam
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Police headquarters of Amsterdam
King Willem-Alexander, Princess Beatrix, and Queen Máxima greeting Amsterdammers from the Royal Palace of Amsterdam during Willem-Alexanders inauguration in 2013
A tram crossing the Keizersgracht
The Amsterdam Metro is a mixed subway and above ground rapid transit system consisting of five lines.
Amsterdam Centraal station, the city's main train station
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol ranks as Europe's third-busiest airport for passenger traffic.
Police bicyclist crossing a bridge over the Prinsengracht
Bicyclist at Amsterdam
The Agnietenkapel Gate at the University of Amsterdam, founded in 1632 as the Athenaeum Illustre

Capital and most populous city of the Netherlands; with a population of 907,976 within the city proper, 1,558,755 in the urban area and 2,480,394 in the metropolitan area.

- Amsterdam

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Overall

Netherlands

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Country located in Northwestern Europe with overseas territories in the Caribbean.

Country located in Northwestern Europe with overseas territories in the Caribbean.

The name of the historic County of Holland is currently used as a pars pro toto for the Netherlands.
Oak figurine found in Willemstad (4500 BC)
The Rhine frontier around 70 AD
Franks, Frisians and Saxons (710s AD) with Traiecturm and Dorestad in the middle
Frankish expansion (481 to 870 AD)
Rorik of Dorestad, Viking ruler of Friesland (romantic 1912 depiction)
A Medieval Tombe of the Brabantian knight Arnold van der Sluijs
Map of the Habsburg dominions. From 1556 the dynasty's lands in the Low Countries were retained by the Spanish Habsburgs.
The Spanish Fury at Maastricht, 1579
Dutch East India Company factory in Hugli-Chuchura, Mughal Bengal by Hendrik van Schuylenburgh, 1665
Winter landscape with skaters near the city of Kampen by Hendrick Avercamp (1620s)
Amsterdam's Dam Square in 1656
Map of the Dutch colonial empire. Light green: territories administered by or originating from territories administered by the Dutch East India Company; dark green: the Dutch West India Company. In yellow are the territories occupied later, during the 19th century.
The submission of Diponegoro to General De Kock at the end of the Java War in 1830. Painting by Nicolaas Pieneman
Rotterdam after German air raids in 1940
Former Prime Ministers Wim Kok, Dries van Agt, Piet de Jong, Ruud Lubbers and Jan Peter Balkenende with Prime Minister Mark Rutte, in 2011
Relief map of the European Netherlands
The Christmas flood of 1717 was the result of a northwesterly storm that resulted in the death of thousands.
Map illustrating areas of the Netherlands below sea level
A polder at 5.53 metres below sea level
The Delta Works are located in the provinces of South Holland and Zeeland.
Common seals on Terschelling, a Wadden Sea island
Underwater life of Klein Bonaire
The Binnenhof, where the lower and upper houses of the States General meet
De Wallen, Amsterdam's red-light district, offers activities such as legal prostitution and a number of coffeeshops that sell marijuana, symbolising the Dutch political culture and tradition of tolerance.
The Netherlands has a culture of respectful and friendly debate. From left to right, members of the House of Representatives Sander de Rouwe (CDA), Ineke van Gent (GL), Han ten Broeke (VVD), Kees Verhoeven (D66) and Farshad Bashir (SP), 2010
Provinces and territories of the Netherlands
The Peace Palace (Vredespaleis), in The Hague
General Onno Eichelsheim is the current Chief of Defence.
Zr. Ms. Holland, a Royal Netherlands Navy offshore patrol vessel
Historical GDP per capita development (Our World in Data)
A proportional representation of Netherlands exports, 2019
The Netherlands is part of a monetary union, the Eurozone (dark blue), and the EU single market.
Natural gas concessions in the Netherlands. Today the Netherlands accounts for more than 25% of all natural gas reserves in the EU.
The Groningen gas field whose discovery in 1959 transformed the Dutch economy, generating €159 billion in revenue since the mid-1970s.
Cows near the city of Arnhem
Population of the Netherlands from 1900 to 2000
Population pyramid of the Netherlands in 2017
In Rotterdam almost half the population has an immigrant background.
Population density in the Netherlands by municipality. The largest urban area, the Randstad is clearly visible along the west coast.
Knowledge of foreign languages in the Netherlands, in per cent of the population over the age of 15, in 2006
An international primary school in The Hague
View on the Utrecht Science Park of Utrecht University. The building in the centre is the library.
Portrait of Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632–1723), known as "the father of microbiology"
A public hospital in Amersfoort
A1 motorway, in Gelderland
A regional train operated by Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS)
Bike passage at Rotterdam Centraal station
Some symbols and icons of Dutch culture
Carnival in North Brabant and Limburg
Dutch people in orange celebrating King's Day in Amsterdam, 2017
Pop singer Anouk in 2013
Johan Cruyff Arena, the largest Dutch concert venue
Dutch star football players Arjen Robben and Robin van Persie during a game with the Netherlands against Denmark at Euro 2012
New Amsterdam as it appeared in 1664. Under British rule it became known as New York.
Eustachius De Lannoy of the Dutch East India Company surrenders to Maharaja Marthanda Varma of the Indian Kingdom of Travancore after the Battle of Colachel. (Depiction at Padmanabhapuram Palace)
A Dutch doctor vaccinating Indonesian patients

The four largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht.

North Holland

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Province of the Netherlands in the northwestern part of the country.

Province of the Netherlands in the northwestern part of the country.

National Park Duinen van Texel
Damrak, Amsterdam
Hartekamp, Heemstede
Hoorn
Zandvoort
Government house of North Holland province, Villa Welgelegen, in Haarlem
Broek in Waterland
Satellite image of the North Holland, Friesland and Flevoland
Satellite image of the south of North Holland
Waterland
Map of North Holland (2019)
A Highland in Zuid-Kennemerland National Park

161,265). The province's largest city and also the largest city in the Netherlands is the Dutch capital Amsterdam, with a population of 862,965 as of November 2019.

Amsterdam Metro

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The 1968 plan for the metro
Wall decorations remembering the demolition in the Nieuwmarkt neighbourhood and protests against it
Route network of the Amsterdam Metro with years of opening
Map of current Amsterdam Metro routes
Waterlooplein station, opened in 1980, seen before its 2010s renovation.
A M5 metro at Kraaiennest station
New Bijlmer Arena station (2007)
Route 51 lightrail vehicle at Zuid Station, where it changed from third rail to overhead wire power supply.
Platforms of the North–South Line at Amsterdam Centraal
Ticket barriers for the OV-chipkaart at Venserpolder metro station
1974 original design at Diemen Zuid station, featuring M.O.L. typeface
1991 style sign at Zonnestein station
1995 style sign at Isolatorweg station
2009 style sign at Bijlmer ArenA station
2016 style sign at Amsterdam Centraal station

The Amsterdam Metro (Amsterdamse metro) is a rapid transit system serving Amsterdam, Netherlands, and extending to the surrounding municipalities of Diemen and Ouder-Amstel.

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol

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Main international airport of the Netherlands.

Main international airport of the Netherlands.

A Ford being used to power a winch for towing gliders at Schiphol in 1933
The air traffic control tower at Schiphol in 1960
Airplanes and service vehicles on the apron in 1965
Map showing the six runways of Schiphol
The main entry of Amsterdam Airport Schiphol.
Check-in hall interior at the Amsterdam Airport Schiphol.
KLM Cargo Boeing 747-400ERF on the Taxiway Bridge crossing the Highway A4 E19.
Schiphol Tower
All the airport's 6 runways viewed from an aeroplane taking off at dawn.
Schiphol Group offices
The Convair Building, which houses KLM Cityhopper and KLM offices, and the original Schiphol control tower
The construction of the tunnel and railway station in 1992
The crash site of El Al Flight 1862 in 1992
The crash site of Turkish Airlines Flight 1951 on 25 February 2009
Queues to the security control in June 2022

It is located 9 km southwest of Amsterdam, in the municipality of Haarlemmermeer in the province of North Holland.

Rembrandt The Night Watch (1642)

Dutch Golden Age

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Period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the era from 1588 (the birth of the Dutch Republic) to 1672 (the Rampjaar, "Disaster Year"), in which Dutch trade, science, and art and the Dutch military were among the most acclaimed in Europe.

Period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the era from 1588 (the birth of the Dutch Republic) to 1672 (the Rampjaar, "Disaster Year"), in which Dutch trade, science, and art and the Dutch military were among the most acclaimed in Europe.

Rembrandt The Night Watch (1642)
Fishing for Souls, allegory of the Protestant-Catholic struggle
A river landscape with fishermen in rowing boats, windmills beyond, 1679
Syndics of the Drapers' Guild by Rembrandt, depicting wealthy Amsterdam burghers.
The Dutch had the largest merchant fleet in Europe in the 17th century
The Trip brothers, arms traders, built the Trippenhuis in Amsterdam, currently the seat of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, which is a typical example of 17th-century architecture.
Canal in Leiden
A family portrait, second half of the 17th century
The Dancing Couple, by Jan Steen, 1663
Interior of the Laurenskerk in Rotterdam, c. 1664
Astronomer, by Gerrit Dou, c. 1650
Portrait of Antonie van Leeuwenhoek by Jan Verkolje.
Osias Beert the Elder, Dishes with Oysters, Fruit, Candy and Wine, c. 1620/1625
Johannes Vermeer's Girl with a Pearl Earring
The Kaaswaag (Cheese Weigh House) in Gouda, finished in 1667, was designed by architect Pieter Post (1608–1669), as was the Waag in Leiden.

Many of those moving north settled in Amsterdam, transforming what was a small harbor into one of the most important ports and commercial centres in the world by 1630.

Amstel

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River in the province of North Holland in the Netherlands.

River in the province of North Holland in the Netherlands.

Map of the river Amstel from ca. 1575
Amstel near Nes aan de Amstel, between Uithoorn and Amstelveen
Amstel near the Rembrandt Tower in Amsterdam
17th-century drawing of the river Amstel by Rembrandt

It flows from the Aarkanaal and Drecht in Nieuwveen northwards, passing Uithoorn, Amstelveen, and Ouderkerk aan de Amstel, to the IJ in Amsterdam.

Amstelveen

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Municipality in the province of North Holland, Netherlands with a population of 89,918 It is a suburban part of the Amsterdam metropolitan area.

Municipality in the province of North Holland, Netherlands with a population of 89,918 It is a suburban part of the Amsterdam metropolitan area.

Map of Nieuwer-Amstel, 1865–1870
Topographic map of Amstelveen, September 2014
KLM
KPMG head office
Downtown Amstelveen
Line 25 tram leaving the Amstelveen Poortwachter stop
Jan Peter Balkenende, 2006
Jan Cornelis Hofman, self portrait, 1929
Famke Janssen, 2013
Jolanda de Rover, 1981
Robbert Schilder, 2008
Koningsdag
Brandweer, Amstelveen
Paulus Kerk
Boathouse Bosbaan

The name Amstelveen comes from the Amstel, a local river (as does the name Amsterdam) and veen, meaning fen, peat, or moor.

Utrecht

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Fourth-largest city and a municipality of the Netherlands, capital and most populous city of the province of Utrecht.

Fourth-largest city and a municipality of the Netherlands, capital and most populous city of the province of Utrecht.

Willem Blaeu's 1652 map of Utrecht
The Dom Tower seen from Downtown Utrecht. The remaining section of the Cathedral of Saint Martin is not connected to the tower since the collapse of the nave in 1674 due to a storm.
Lambert de Hondt (II): The Surrender of Utrecht on 30 June 1672 to the French king Louis XIV, 1672, Centraal Museum Utrecht
Prince Maurits in Utrecht, 31 July 1618
People celebrating the liberation of Utrecht at the end of World War II on 7 May 1945
Zadelstraat
Contemporary map of Utrecht
Panorama
Oudegracht (the 'old canal') in central Utrecht
The Oudegracht in the 1890s
View of the Oudegracht from the Dom Tower
Aerial view of Utrecht from the Dom Tower
Utrecht Centraal railway station
'' (The Inkpot) with fake UFO
View on the Science Park campus of Utrecht University. The building in the centre is the library.
Miffy statue at the Nijntjepleintje in Utrecht
The Rietveld Schröder House from 1924
Caryatids at the Winkel van Sinkel
Prins Clausbrug across the Amsterdam-Rhine Canal
team pauses with their coach by the Muntbrug, a rotating bridge built in 1887.
Duitse Huis in April 1982
Birthplace of Pope Adrian VI

It was the most important city in the Netherlands until the Dutch Golden Age, when it was surpassed by Amsterdam as the country's cultural centre and most populous city.

Self-Portrait with Beret and Turned-Up Collar (1659), National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

Rembrandt

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Dutch Golden Age painter, printmaker and draughtsman.

Dutch Golden Age painter, printmaker and draughtsman.

Self-Portrait with Beret and Turned-Up Collar (1659), National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
The Prodigal Son in the Brothel, a self-portrait with Saskia, c. 1635
Portrait of Saskia van Uylenburgh, c. 1635
Rembrandt's son Titus, as a monk, 1660
Rembrandt Memorial Marker Westerkerk Amsterdam
Rembrandt's only known seascape, The Storm on the Sea of Galilee, 1633. The painting is still missing after the robbery from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in 1990.
A Polish Nobleman, 1637
The Abduction of Europa, 1632. Oil on panel. The work has been described as "...a shining example of the 'golden age' of Baroque painting".
A typical portrait from 1634, when Rembrandt was enjoying great commercial success
Self Portrait, 1658, Frick Collection, a masterpiece of the final style, "the calmest and grandest of all his portraits"
The Hundred Guilder Print, c. 1647–49, etching, drypoint and burin on Japan paper, National Museum of Western Art.
The Three Trees, 1643, etching
Rembrandt drawing of an Indian Mughal painting
Role-playing in self-portrait as an oriental potentate with a kris/keris, a Javanese blade weapon from the VOC era (etching, c. 1634)
The Night Watch or The Militia Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq, 1642. Oil on canvas; on display at the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
The Polish Rider – Possibly a Lisowczyk on horseback
The Man with the Golden Helmet, Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, once one of the most famous "Rembrandt" portraits, is no longer attributed to the master.
Saskia as Flora, 1635
Slaughtered Ox (1655), Musée du Louvre, Paris
Rembrandt House Museum
Rembrandt statue and the sculptures of The Night Watch in 3D at the Rembrandtplein in Amsterdam
Rembrandt statue in Leiden
In 1775, a 25-year-old Johann Wolfgang von Goethe wrote in a letter that "I live wholly with Rembrandt" ("...ich zeichne, künstle p. Und lebe ganz mit Rembrandt."). At the age of 81 (1831), Goethe wrote the essay "Rembrandt der Denker" ("Rembrandt the Thinker"), published in the posthumous collection of his works.
The Jewish Bride, c. 1665–9, Rijksmuseum Amsterdam. In Vincent van Gogh's own words (1885), "I should be happy to give 10 years of my life if I could go on sitting here in front of this picture [The Jewish Bride] fortnight, with only a crust of dry bread for food." In a letter to his brother Theo, Vincent wrote, "What an intimate, what an infinitely sympathetic picture it is,"
Rembrandt Laughing, 1628, J. Paul Getty Museum
The Girl in a Picture Frame, 1641, Royal Castle, Warsaw
The evangelist Matthew and the Angel, 1661
Moving Rembrandt's The Night Watch for the 1898 Rembrandt Exhibition
A young Rembrandt, c. 1628, when he was 22. Partly an exercise in chiaroscuro. Rijksmuseum
Self-Portrait in a Gorget, c. 1629; Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
Self-portrait, 1630, Nationalmuseum, Stockholm
Self-Portrait with Velvet Beret and Furred Mantle 1634
Self-portrait at the age of 34, 1640, National Gallery, London
Self-Portrait, oil on canvas, 1652. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Self-portrait, Vienna c. 1655, oil on walnut, cut down in size. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Self-Portrait, 1660
Self Portrait as Zeuxis, c. 1662. One of 2 painted self-portraits in which Rembrandt is turned to the left.<ref name="W1">White, 200</ref> Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne
Self-Portrait with Two Circles, c.1665–1669. Kenwood House, London
Self-portrait, 1669.
Self-portrait at the age of 63, dated 1669, the year he died. National Gallery, London
The Stoning of Saint Stephen, 1625, The first painting by Rembrandt, painted at the age of 19.<ref>{{Cite book |last=Starcky |first=Emmanuel |title=Rembrandt |publisher=Hazan |year=1990 |isbn=978-2-85025-212-9 |page=45}}</ref> It is currently kept in the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon.
Artist in His Studio, 1628, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Bust of an old man with a fur hat, the artist's father, 1630
Jeremiah Lamenting the Destruction of Jerusalem, c. 1630
Andromeda, Circa 1630
The Philosopher in Meditation, 1632
Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, 1632
Portrait of Aeltje Uylenburgh, 1632, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Portrait of Saskia van Uylenburgh, c. 1633–1634
Sacrifice of Isaac, 1635
The Blinding of Samson, 1636, which Rembrandt gave to Huyghens
Susanna, 1636
Belshassar's Feast, 1636-1638
Danaë, 1636 - c. 1643, Hermitage Museum
The Archangel Raphael Leaving Tobias' Family, 1637, Louvre
The Landscape with Good Samaritan, 1638, Czartoryski Museum, Kraków
Scholar at his Writing Table, 1641, Royal Castle, Warsaw
Joseph's Dream, c. 1645
Susanna and the Elders, 1647
The Mill, 1648
An Old Man in Red, 1652–1654
Aristotle with a Bust of Homer, 1653, Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York
Young Girl at the Window, 1654, Nationalmuseum, Stockholm
Portrait of Jan Six, a wealthy friend of Rembrandt, 1654
Bathsheba at Her Bath, modelled by Hendrickje, 1654
A Woman Bathing in a Stream, modelled by Hendrickje, 1654
Pallas Athene, c.1655
The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Deijman, 1656
Jacob Blessing the Sons of Joseph, 1656
Woman in a Doorway, 1657–1658
Ahasuerus and Haman at the Feast of Esther, 1660
Saint Bartholomew, 1661, J. Paul Getty Museum
The Syndics of the Drapers' Guild, 1662
The Conspiracy of Claudius Civilis (cut-down), 1661–62
Lucretia, 1666 (Minneapolis Institute of Art)
The Return of the Prodigal Son, detail, c. 1669 - Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
Self-portrait, c. 1628–29, pen and brush and ink on paper
Self-portrait in a cap, with eyes wide open, 1630, etching and burin
Seated Old Man (c.1630), red and black chalk on paper, Nationalmuseum, Stockholm
Suzannah and the Elders, 1634, drawing in Sanguine on paper, Kupferstichkabinett Berlin
Self-portrait with Saskia, 1636, etching, Rijksmuseum
An elephant, 1637, drawing in black chalk on paper, Albertina, Austria
Self-portrait leaning on a Sill, 1639, etching, National Gallery of Art
Christ and the woman taken in adultery, c. 1639–41, drawing in ink, Louvre
Beggars I., c. 1640–42, ink on paper, Warsaw University Library
The Windmill, 1641, etching
The Diemerdijk at Houtewael (near Amsterdam), 1648–49, pen and brown ink, brown wash, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen
The Three Crosses, 1653, drypoint etching, state III of V, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Virgin and Child with a Cat, 1654, original copper etching plate above (the original copper plate), in Victoria and Albert Museum, example of the print below
Christ presented to the People, drypoint etching, 1655, state I of VIII, Rijksmuseum
Two Old Men in Conversation /Two Jews in Discussion, Walking, year unknown, black chalk and brown ink on paper, Teylers Museum
A a child being taught to walk (c. 1635). David Hockney said: "I think it's the greatest drawing ever done... It's a magnificent drawing, magnificent."<ref name="Hockney2014">{{Cite web |last=Lewis, Tim |date=16 November 2014 |title=David Hockney: 'When I'm working, I feel like Picasso, I feel I'm 30' |url=https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2014/nov/16/david-hockney-interview-i-feel-like-picasso |access-date=16 June 2020 |website=The Guardian |quote=David Hockney (2014): "There's a drawing by Rembrandt, I think it's the greatest drawing ever done. It's in the British Museum and it's of a family teaching a child to walk, so it's a universal thing, everybody has experienced this or seen it happen. Everybody. I used to print out Rembrandt drawings big and give them to people and say: 'If you find a better drawing send it to me. But if you find a better one it will be by Goya or Michelangelo perhaps.' But I don't think there is one actually. It's a magnificent drawing, magnificent." |archive-date=16 May 2020 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200516011950/https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2014/nov/16/david-hockney-interview-i-feel-like-picasso |url-status=live }}</ref>
A young woman sleeping (c. 1654). Shows Rembrandt's calligraphic-style draughtsmanship.

A depiction of a biblical scene was informed by Rembrandt's knowledge of the specific text, his assimilation of classical composition, and his observations of Amsterdam's Jewish population.

Haarlem

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City and municipality in the Netherlands.

City and municipality in the Netherlands.

A topographic map of Haarlem.
The City Hall on the Grote Markt, built in the 14th century, replacing the Count's castle, after this had burnt down partially. The remainders were given to the city.
A sketch of the siege of Haarlem seen from the North, with Het Dolhuys on the right, and the river Spaarne on the left
A map of Haarlem around 1550. The city is completely surrounded by a city wall and defensive moat. In the North (top), at a fork in the road, the complex known as Het Dolhuys can be seen. In the south-west corner on the lower left, the city bleaching grounds can be seen. Notice the near-square shape of the city: this was based on the ancient plan of Jerusalem.
A map of Haarlem after the fire in 1578 by Thomas Thomasz. The damage across the city can still be seen two years later.
The legend of the Haarlem shield, painting (c. 1630) by Pieter de Grebber in the City Hall
A map of Haarlem in 1646, before Salomon de Bray's ambitious northwards expansion plan was executed. North is to the left. The Houtmarkt has been built in the north east, and the Haarlemmerport is visible, as well as the Old Men's Almshouse, which nowadays houses the Frans Hals Museum.
The Amsterdamse Poort, former gateway to the city from Amsterdam, is one of the few visible traces left of the old city wall.
Grote Markt of Haarlem, c. 1670–90, by Cornelis Beelt
The Grote Markt in 1696, painting by Gerrit Adriaensz. Berckheyde
Many government-owned buildings are national heritage sites, such as the local police headquarters located on the Koudenhorn 2. Originally built as the Dutch Reformed "Diaconie" (poor house and orphanage) in 1768, it was built to house up to 900 people, indicating the extent of the economic crisis in Haarlem that had resulted from losing shipping power to Amsterdam.
Windmill De Adriaan
A map of Haarlem in 1827. The city walls have been torn down to use as building materials for city expansion.
The Haarlemmerhout in Haarlem is the oldest park designed for public access in the Netherlands. It is said that Napoleon's army carved their initials in these trees.
The Villa Welgelegen, built in the 18th century, is the current government house of the province of North Holland.
A typesetter at the Joh. Enschedé printing shop (was located behind the St. Bavochurch) in 1884, by the American artist Charles Frederic Ulrich.
Cotton mills in Haarlem in the 19th century
A replica of the Arend, one of two locomotives built by R. B. Longridge and Company for the Haarlem-Amsterdam railway line in the 1830s.
This Gaper is located on the front of "Van der Pigge", a chemist's that declined to move for Vroom & Dreesmann's new department store in 1932.
"Man in front of a firing squad", memorial by Mari Andriessen to commemorate 15 innocent victims chosen at random who were shot there by German occupational forces on 7 March 1945, Dreef, Haarlem
Pipe organ at Haarlem's Sint-Bavokerk. Mozart once played this organ.
Saint Bavo saves Haarlem from the Kennemers. Dated 1673 but showing legend from 1274. In the background the Sint-Bavokerk (Grote Kerk) can be seen.
Cathedral of Saint Bavo
Teylers Museum in Haarlem
Stadsschouwburg, theater on the Wilsonplein
Patronaat pop music hall
Haarlem Baseball Week 2006 at the Pim Mulier Stadium
View of Haarlem with Bleaching Fields by Jacob van Ruisdael (c. undefined 1665)
River Spaarne through Haarlem
The Street of Donkere Spaarne near Spaarne River
Kleine Houtstraat street in summer
Lange Brug (Long Bridge), in popular speech also known as "de verfroller" ("the paint roller").
Haarlem railway station, built in 1906, one of the oldest train stations in the Netherlands. It replaced the original station at the Oude Weg dating from 1839, which was one of the first two stations in the Netherlands as part of the oldest Dutch railway line between Amsterdam and Haarlem.
Street in Haarlem
Satellite image of Haarlem

It is situated about 20 km west of Amsterdam and near the coastal dunes.