A report on Amsterdam and Dam Square

Dam Square with the Royal Palace (center) and the Nieuwe Kerk (right) in 2005
National Monument, with the Hotel Krasnapolsky on the right.
The Oude Kerk was consecrated in 1306 AD.
The Dam in 1544, as an actual dam in the river Amstel. View faces roughly southwest. On the right hand side are the old town hall and the Nieuwe Kerk.
Amsterdam citizens celebrating the Peace of Münster, 30 January 1648. Painting by Bartholomeus van der Helst
The Dam with the weigh house, late 1600s by Gerrit Berckheyde.
Courtyard of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange by Emanuel de Witte, 1653. The Amsterdam Stock Exchange was the first stock exchange to introduce continuous trade in the early 17th century.
Dam Square just after the shooting, 1945.
View of Vijzelstraat looking towards the Muntplein, 1891
The Dam during the 1980 riots.
Photochrom of Amsterdam's Dam Square at the beginning of the 20th century
Several times a year there used to be a large funfair on Dam Square.
The rebuilt Magere Brug, around 1938.
People celebrating the liberation of the Netherlands at the end of World War II on 8 May 1945
The 17th-century Canals of Amsterdam were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2010, contributing to Amsterdam's fame as the "Venice of the North". Along with De Wallen, the canals are the focal-point for tourists in the city.
Satellite picture of Amsterdam and North Sea Canal
Topographic map of Amsterdam
Large-scale map of the city centre of Amsterdam, including sightseeing markers,.
Nieuwendammerdijk en Buiksloterdijk, Amsterdam-Noord, winter 2010
The Westerkerk in the Centrum borough, one of Amsterdam's best-known churches
A 1538 painting by Cornelis Anthonisz showing a bird's-eye view of Amsterdam. The famous Grachtengordel had not yet been established.
Rokin – November 1977
The Egelantiersgracht lies west of the Grachtengordel, in the Jordaan neighbourhood.
The Scheepvaarthuis, by architects Johan van der Mey, Michel de Klerk, Piet Kramer is characteristic of the architecture of the Amsterdam School.
The Begijnhof is one of the oldest hofjes in Amsterdam.
The Openbare Bibliotheek Amsterdam and Conservatorium van Amsterdam, two examples of 21st-century architecture in the centre of the city
The Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the world
The Zuidas, the city's main business district
Boats give tours of the city, such as this one in front of the EYE Film Institute Netherlands.
De Wallen, Amsterdam's Red-light district, offers activities such as legal prostitution and a number of coffee shops that sell cannabis. It is one of the main tourist attractions.
An Amsterdammer waits for a traffic light to change at the Muntplein in the heart of Amsterdam.
The Rijksmuseum houses Rembrandt's The Night Watch.
The Van Gogh Museum houses the world's largest collection of Van Gogh's paintings and letters.
The Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam is an international museum dedicated to modern and contemporary art and design.
Rembrandt monument on Rembrandtplein
Coldplay performing at the Amsterdam Arena, 2016
The Concertgebouw or Royal Concert Hall houses performances of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra and other musical events.
Stadsschouwburg, Amsterdam's best-known theatre
One of the decorated boats participating in the 2013 Canal Parade of the Amsterdam Gay Pride
AFC Ajax player Johan Cruyff, 1967
Femke Halsema has been the Mayor of Amsterdam since 2018.
Boroughs of Amsterdam
Police headquarters of Amsterdam
King Willem-Alexander, Princess Beatrix, and Queen Máxima greeting Amsterdammers from the Royal Palace of Amsterdam during Willem-Alexanders inauguration in 2013
A tram crossing the Keizersgracht
The Amsterdam Metro is a mixed subway and above ground rapid transit system consisting of five lines.
Amsterdam Centraal station, the city's main train station
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol ranks as Europe's third-busiest airport for passenger traffic.
Police bicyclist crossing a bridge over the Prinsengracht
Bicyclist at Amsterdam
The Agnietenkapel Gate at the University of Amsterdam, founded in 1632 as the Athenaeum Illustre

Dam Square or the Dam is a town square in Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands.

- Dam Square

The construction of a dam at the mouth of the Amstel, eponymously named Dam, is historically estimated to have occurred between 1264 and 1275.

- Amsterdam

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River in the province of North Holland in the Netherlands.

River in the province of North Holland in the Netherlands.

Map of the river Amstel from ca. 1575
Amstel near Nes aan de Amstel, between Uithoorn and Amstelveen
Amstel near the Rembrandt Tower in Amsterdam
17th-century drawing of the river Amstel by Rembrandt

It flows from the Aarkanaal and Drecht in Nieuwveen northwards, passing Uithoorn, Amstelveen, and Ouderkerk aan de Amstel, to the IJ in Amsterdam.

The river is interrupted at Rokin that is partly filled up, Dam Square, and Damrak that is partly filled up.

Rokin in 2009


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Rokin in 2009
The Rokin in 2005, with construction on the North-South line underway.
Entrance to Rokin metro station.
Amsterdam in 1544, with Dam square in the centre and the Rokin in the top left. In 1936, the Rokin was filled in from Dam square to Spui square.

The Rokin is a canal and major street in the centre of Amsterdam.

The street runs from Muntplein square to Dam square.

The Damrak in 2005, as viewed from Dam Square.


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The Damrak in 2005, as viewed from Dam Square.
A birdseye view of Amsterdam circa 1544, looking south. The Damrak is the waterway at the center.
The dancing houses at the Damrak.
Typical architecture of the Damrak.

The Damrak is an avenue and partially filled in canal at the centre of Amsterdam, running between Amsterdam Centraal in the north and Dam Square in the south.

The Royal Palace of Amsterdam in 2016

Royal Palace of Amsterdam

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The Royal Palace of Amsterdam in 2016
The central hall of the palace
The then Prince Willem-Alexander and Princess Máxima kiss on the balcony of the Royal Palace on their wedding day in 2002

The Royal Palace of Amsterdam in Amsterdam (Dutch: Koninklijk Paleis van Amsterdam or Paleis op de Dam) is one of three palaces in the Netherlands which are at the disposal of the monarch by Act of Parliament.

It is situated on the west side of Dam Square in the centre of Amsterdam, opposite the War Memorial and next to the Nieuwe Kerk.

The Nieuwe Kerk as seen from Dam Square

Nieuwe Kerk, Amsterdam

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The Nieuwe Kerk as seen from Dam Square
Sun dial on West side
Original entrance (the former stained-glass window was bricked up when the organ was installed)
Houses built up against the church
Choir gate by Johannes Lutma
Pulpit by Albert Jansz Vinckenbrinck
Detail of pulpit sounding board (from above)
Transept organ (Van Hagerbeer 1645/Flentrop 1989)
Stained-glass window of William IV, Count of Holland awarding the coat of arms to Amsterdam in 1342
Stained-glass window
A Garden of Glass
Michiel de Ruyter coffin under the monument
Panel presentation and discussion in front of Michiel de Ruyter memorial monument.
Michiel de Ruyter memorial (detail) by Rombout Verhulst
Coats of arms with the titles of the Dutch head of state

The Nieuwe Kerk (, New Church ) is a 15th-century church in Amsterdam located on Dam Square, next to the Royal Palace.

Kalverstraat, with the main entrance to Kalvertoren shopping centre.


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Kalverstraat, with the main entrance to Kalvertoren shopping centre.

The Kalverstraat is a busy shopping street of Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands.

The street runs roughly North-South for about 750 meters, from Dam Square to Muntplein square.


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Country located in Northwestern Europe with overseas territories in the Caribbean.

Country located in Northwestern Europe with overseas territories in the Caribbean.

The name of the historic County of Holland is currently used as a pars pro toto for the Netherlands.
Oak figurine found in Willemstad (4500 BC)
The Rhine frontier around 70 AD
Franks, Frisians and Saxons (710s AD) with Traiecturm and Dorestad in the middle
Frankish expansion (481 to 870 AD)
Rorik of Dorestad, Viking ruler of Friesland (romantic 1912 depiction)
A Medieval Tombe of the Brabantian knight Arnold van der Sluijs
Map of the Habsburg dominions. From 1556 the dynasty's lands in the Low Countries were retained by the Spanish Habsburgs.
The Spanish Fury at Maastricht, 1579
Dutch East India Company factory in Hugli-Chuchura, Mughal Bengal by Hendrik van Schuylenburgh, 1665
Winter landscape with skaters near the city of Kampen by Hendrick Avercamp (1620s)
Amsterdam's Dam Square in 1656
Map of the Dutch colonial empire. Light green: territories administered by or originating from territories administered by the Dutch East India Company; dark green: the Dutch West India Company. In yellow are the territories occupied later, during the 19th century.
The submission of Diponegoro to General De Kock at the end of the Java War in 1830. Painting by Nicolaas Pieneman
Rotterdam after German air raids in 1940
Former Prime Ministers Wim Kok, Dries van Agt, Piet de Jong, Ruud Lubbers and Jan Peter Balkenende with Prime Minister Mark Rutte, in 2011
Relief map of the European Netherlands
The Christmas flood of 1717 was the result of a northwesterly storm that resulted in the death of thousands.
Map illustrating areas of the Netherlands below sea level
A polder at 5.53 metres below sea level
The Delta Works are located in the provinces of South Holland and Zeeland.
Common seals on Terschelling, a Wadden Sea island
Underwater life of Klein Bonaire
The Binnenhof, where the lower and upper houses of the States General meet
De Wallen, Amsterdam's red-light district, offers activities such as legal prostitution and a number of coffeeshops that sell marijuana, symbolising the Dutch political culture and tradition of tolerance.
The Netherlands has a culture of respectful and friendly debate. From left to right, members of the House of Representatives Sander de Rouwe (CDA), Ineke van Gent (GL), Han ten Broeke (VVD), Kees Verhoeven (D66) and Farshad Bashir (SP), 2010
Provinces and territories of the Netherlands
The Peace Palace (Vredespaleis), in The Hague
General Onno Eichelsheim is the current Chief of Defence.
Zr. Ms. Holland, a Royal Netherlands Navy offshore patrol vessel
Historical GDP per capita development (Our World in Data)
A proportional representation of Netherlands exports, 2019
The Netherlands is part of a monetary union, the Eurozone (dark blue), and the EU single market.
Natural gas concessions in the Netherlands. Today the Netherlands accounts for more than 25% of all natural gas reserves in the EU.
The Groningen gas field whose discovery in 1959 transformed the Dutch economy, generating €159 billion in revenue since the mid-1970s.
Cows near the city of Arnhem
Population of the Netherlands from 1900 to 2000
Population pyramid of the Netherlands in 2017
In Rotterdam almost half the population has an immigrant background.
Population density in the Netherlands by municipality. The largest urban area, the Randstad is clearly visible along the west coast.
Knowledge of foreign languages in the Netherlands, in per cent of the population over the age of 15, in 2006
An international primary school in The Hague
View on the Utrecht Science Park of Utrecht University. The building in the centre is the library.
Portrait of Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632–1723), known as "the father of microbiology"
A public hospital in Amersfoort
A1 motorway, in Gelderland
A regional train operated by Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS)
Bike passage at Rotterdam Centraal station
Some symbols and icons of Dutch culture
Carnival in North Brabant and Limburg
Dutch people in orange celebrating King's Day in Amsterdam, 2017
Pop singer Anouk in 2013
Johan Cruyff Arena, the largest Dutch concert venue
Dutch star football players Arjen Robben and Robin van Persie during a game with the Netherlands against Denmark at Euro 2012
New Amsterdam as it appeared in 1664. Under British rule it became known as New York.
Eustachius De Lannoy of the Dutch East India Company surrenders to Maharaja Marthanda Varma of the Indian Kingdom of Travancore after the Battle of Colachel. (Depiction at Padmanabhapuram Palace)
A Dutch doctor vaccinating Indonesian patients

The four largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht.

It is situated near Dam Square in the city's centre.

De Wallen, Amsterdam's red-light district, offered activities such as legal prostitution and a number of coffee shops that sell cannabis. It was one of the main tourist attractions.

De Wallen

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De Wallen, Amsterdam's red-light district, offered activities such as legal prostitution and a number of coffee shops that sell cannabis. It was one of the main tourist attractions.
Sex theater in De Wallen
Glass doors to rooms rented by prostitutes at De Wallen. The red lights indicate cisgender women sex workers, while those with blue lights indicate trans women sex workers.
A street in De Wallen at night, with window prostitutes and shops.
De Wallen by night.
Bronze relief in the cobblestones near the Oude Kerk. Created and installed by artist Rob Hodgson.
De Wallen, the red-light district in Amsterdam.
Prostitution behind the Oude Kerk.
Prostitution windows near the Oude Kerk.
Locals and tourists visiting De Wallen.
Sex worker at a door
Bronze statue Belle in front of the Oude Kerk by Els Rijerse. The inscription reads "Respect sex workers all over the world."
Sex theater in Amsterdam's De Wallen (Red-light district).
Man negotiating with a sex worker.
Street post and erotic advertising.

De Wallen or De Walletjes is the largest and best known red-light district in Amsterdam.

These two roads meet in Dam Square which marks the spot where a bridge was built across the river in 1270.

The National Monument in 2010

National Monument (Amsterdam)

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The National Monument in 2010
One of the two lion sculptures at the National Monument
The right-hand figure, symbolizing the resistance of the working classes

The National Monument on Dam Square (Dutch: Nationaal Monument op de Dam) is a 1956 cenotaph in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Dam Square is the historic centre of the Dutch national capital of Amsterdam.

De Bijenkorf

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De Bijenkorf flagship store on Dam Square in Amsterdam
Rotterdam store, 1930-1940
De Bijenkorf in The Hague

De Bijenkorf (literally, "the beehive" ) is a chain of high-end department stores in the Netherlands, with its flagship store on Dam Square in Amsterdam.