A report on Netherlands and Amsterdam

The name of the historic County of Holland is currently used as a pars pro toto for the Netherlands.
The Oude Kerk was consecrated in 1306 AD.
Amsterdam citizens celebrating the Peace of Münster, 30 January 1648. Painting by Bartholomeus van der Helst
Oak figurine found in Willemstad (4500 BC)
Courtyard of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange by Emanuel de Witte, 1653. The Amsterdam Stock Exchange was the first stock exchange to introduce continuous trade in the early 17th century.
View of Vijzelstraat looking towards the Muntplein, 1891
Photochrom of Amsterdam's Dam Square at the beginning of the 20th century
The Rhine frontier around 70 AD
The rebuilt Magere Brug, around 1938.
Franks, Frisians and Saxons (710s AD) with Traiecturm and Dorestad in the middle
People celebrating the liberation of the Netherlands at the end of World War II on 8 May 1945
Frankish expansion (481 to 870 AD)
The 17th-century Canals of Amsterdam were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2010, contributing to Amsterdam's fame as the "Venice of the North". Along with De Wallen, the canals are the focal-point for tourists in the city.
Rorik of Dorestad, Viking ruler of Friesland (romantic 1912 depiction)
Satellite picture of Amsterdam and North Sea Canal
A Medieval Tombe of the Brabantian knight Arnold van der Sluijs
Topographic map of Amsterdam
Map of the Habsburg dominions. From 1556 the dynasty's lands in the Low Countries were retained by the Spanish Habsburgs.
Large-scale map of the city centre of Amsterdam, including sightseeing markers,.
The Spanish Fury at Maastricht, 1579
Nieuwendammerdijk en Buiksloterdijk, Amsterdam-Noord, winter 2010
Dutch East India Company factory in Hugli-Chuchura, Mughal Bengal by Hendrik van Schuylenburgh, 1665
The Westerkerk in the Centrum borough, one of Amsterdam's best-known churches
Winter landscape with skaters near the city of Kampen by Hendrick Avercamp (1620s)
Amsterdam's Dam Square in 1656
A 1538 painting by Cornelis Anthonisz showing a bird's-eye view of Amsterdam. The famous Grachtengordel had not yet been established.
Map of the Dutch colonial empire. Light green: territories administered by or originating from territories administered by the Dutch East India Company; dark green: the Dutch West India Company. In yellow are the territories occupied later, during the 19th century.
Rokin – November 1977
The submission of Diponegoro to General De Kock at the end of the Java War in 1830. Painting by Nicolaas Pieneman
Rotterdam after German air raids in 1940
Former Prime Ministers Wim Kok, Dries van Agt, Piet de Jong, Ruud Lubbers and Jan Peter Balkenende with Prime Minister Mark Rutte, in 2011
The Egelantiersgracht lies west of the Grachtengordel, in the Jordaan neighbourhood.
Relief map of the European Netherlands
The Scheepvaarthuis, by architects Johan van der Mey, Michel de Klerk, Piet Kramer is characteristic of the architecture of the Amsterdam School.
The Christmas flood of 1717 was the result of a northwesterly storm that resulted in the death of thousands.
The Begijnhof is one of the oldest hofjes in Amsterdam.
Map illustrating areas of the Netherlands below sea level
The Openbare Bibliotheek Amsterdam and Conservatorium van Amsterdam, two examples of 21st-century architecture in the centre of the city
A polder at 5.53 metres below sea level
The Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the world
The Delta Works are located in the provinces of South Holland and Zeeland.
The Zuidas, the city's main business district
Common seals on Terschelling, a Wadden Sea island
Boats give tours of the city, such as this one in front of the EYE Film Institute Netherlands.
Underwater life of Klein Bonaire
The Binnenhof, where the lower and upper houses of the States General meet
De Wallen, Amsterdam's Red-light district, offers activities such as legal prostitution and a number of coffee shops that sell cannabis. It is one of the main tourist attractions.
De Wallen, Amsterdam's red-light district, offers activities such as legal prostitution and a number of coffeeshops that sell marijuana, symbolising the Dutch political culture and tradition of tolerance.
An Amsterdammer waits for a traffic light to change at the Muntplein in the heart of Amsterdam.
The Netherlands has a culture of respectful and friendly debate. From left to right, members of the House of Representatives Sander de Rouwe (CDA), Ineke van Gent (GL), Han ten Broeke (VVD), Kees Verhoeven (D66) and Farshad Bashir (SP), 2010
The Rijksmuseum houses Rembrandt's The Night Watch.
Provinces and territories of the Netherlands
The Van Gogh Museum houses the world's largest collection of Van Gogh's paintings and letters.
The Peace Palace (Vredespaleis), in The Hague
The Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam is an international museum dedicated to modern and contemporary art and design.
General Onno Eichelsheim is the current Chief of Defence.
Rembrandt monument on Rembrandtplein
Zr. Ms. Holland, a Royal Netherlands Navy offshore patrol vessel
Coldplay performing at the Amsterdam Arena, 2016
Historical GDP per capita development (Our World in Data)
The Concertgebouw or Royal Concert Hall houses performances of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra and other musical events.
A proportional representation of Netherlands exports, 2019
Stadsschouwburg, Amsterdam's best-known theatre
The Netherlands is part of a monetary union, the Eurozone (dark blue), and the EU single market.
One of the decorated boats participating in the 2013 Canal Parade of the Amsterdam Gay Pride
Natural gas concessions in the Netherlands. Today the Netherlands accounts for more than 25% of all natural gas reserves in the EU.
AFC Ajax player Johan Cruyff, 1967
The Groningen gas field whose discovery in 1959 transformed the Dutch economy, generating €159 billion in revenue since the mid-1970s.
Femke Halsema has been the Mayor of Amsterdam since 2018.
Cows near the city of Arnhem
Boroughs of Amsterdam
Population of the Netherlands from 1900 to 2000
Population pyramid of the Netherlands in 2017
Police headquarters of Amsterdam
In Rotterdam almost half the population has an immigrant background.
King Willem-Alexander, Princess Beatrix, and Queen Máxima greeting Amsterdammers from the Royal Palace of Amsterdam during Willem-Alexanders inauguration in 2013
Population density in the Netherlands by municipality. The largest urban area, the Randstad is clearly visible along the west coast.
A tram crossing the Keizersgracht
Knowledge of foreign languages in the Netherlands, in per cent of the population over the age of 15, in 2006
The Amsterdam Metro is a mixed subway and above ground rapid transit system consisting of five lines.
An international primary school in The Hague
Amsterdam Centraal station, the city's main train station
View on the Utrecht Science Park of Utrecht University. The building in the centre is the library.
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol ranks as Europe's third-busiest airport for passenger traffic.
Portrait of Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632–1723), known as "the father of microbiology"
Police bicyclist crossing a bridge over the Prinsengracht
A public hospital in Amersfoort
Bicyclist at Amsterdam
A1 motorway, in Gelderland
The Agnietenkapel Gate at the University of Amsterdam, founded in 1632 as the Athenaeum Illustre
A regional train operated by Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS)
Bike passage at Rotterdam Centraal station
Some symbols and icons of Dutch culture
Carnival in North Brabant and Limburg
Dutch people in orange celebrating King's Day in Amsterdam, 2017
Pop singer Anouk in 2013
Johan Cruyff Arena, the largest Dutch concert venue
Dutch star football players Arjen Robben and Robin van Persie during a game with the Netherlands against Denmark at Euro 2012
New Amsterdam as it appeared in 1664. Under British rule it became known as New York.
Eustachius De Lannoy of the Dutch East India Company surrenders to Maharaja Marthanda Varma of the Indian Kingdom of Travancore after the Battle of Colachel. (Depiction at Padmanabhapuram Palace)
A Dutch doctor vaccinating Indonesian patients

Amsterdam (, , , lit. The Dam on the River Amstel) is the capital and most populous city of the Netherlands; with a population of 907,976 within the city proper, 1,558,755 in the urban area and 2,480,394 in the metropolitan area.

- Amsterdam

The four largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht.

- Netherlands

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Frank in May 1942, two months before her family went into hiding

Anne Frank

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German-Dutch diarist of Jewish heritage.

German-Dutch diarist of Jewish heritage.

Frank in May 1942, two months before her family went into hiding
Anne Frank at the 6th Montessori School, 1940
Anne Frank's birthplace, the Maingau Red Cross Clinic
The apartment block on the Merwedeplein where Anne Frank lived from 1934 until 1942
Photographs of Anne Frank, 1939
Anne Frank in December 1941
Reconstruction of the bookcase that covered the entrance to the Secret Annex, in the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam
The house (left) at the Prinsengracht in Amsterdam
A model of the building where Anne Frank stayed, including the Secret Annex
The Secret Annex with its light-coloured walls and orange roof (bottom) and the Anne Frank tree in the garden behind the house (bottom right), seen from the Westerkerk in 2004
A partial reconstruction of the barracks in the Westerbork transit camp where Anne Frank was housed from August to September 1944
Memorial for Margot and Anne Frank at the former Bergen-Belsen site
Het Achterhuis (literally, "the back house"), the first Dutch edition of Anne Frank's diary, published in 1947, later translated into English as The Diary of a Young Girl
People waiting in line in front of the Anne Frank House entrance in Amsterdam
Statue of Anne Frank, by Mari Andriessen, outside the Westerkerk in Amsterdam
The Anne Frank School in Amsterdam
The Anne Frank tree in the garden behind the Anne Frank House
Anne Frank Children's Human Rights Memorial in Antigua, Guatemala
Anne Frank Center in New York
Byron Gómez Chavarría, Mural of Anne Frank with birds and hand prints of children (2017), Anne Frankschool, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 2020
Anne Frank Children's Human Rights Memorial designed by Sam Philipe, Jerusalem
Statue of Anne Frank made by Pieter d'Hont (1959) in the Janskerkhof, Utrecht

In 1934, when she was four and a half, her family moved to Amsterdam, Netherlands, after Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party gained control over Germany.

100 of them are in Germany, 89 in France, 45 in Italy, 17 in the Netherlands (among them the 6th Montessori School in Amsterdam which Frank herself attended until 1941), 4 in Brazil, 4 in the United States (among them the Anne Frank Inspire Academy), 2 in Bulgaria and one each in Argentina, Belgium, Canada, Colombia, El Salvador, Spain, Hungary, Israel, Nepal, Uruguay and Sweden.

The Tropenmuseum in 2016


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The Tropenmuseum in 2016
The opening of the Colonial Institute by Queen Wilhelmina, 1926.
Interior of the museum.

The Tropenmuseum (Museum of the Tropics) is an ethnographic museum located in Amsterdam, Netherlands, founded in 1864.

Vase in a Japanese style, c. 1680, Delft


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General term now used for Dutch tin-glazed earthenware, a form of faience.

General term now used for Dutch tin-glazed earthenware, a form of faience.

Vase in a Japanese style, c. 1680, Delft
Window display of Delftware in the market place, Delft
"Armorial Dish" (wapenbord) by Willem Jansz. Verstraeten, c. 1645-1655, Haarlem
18th century Delftware, the plate at left with a Japanese scene
Delftware in Pushkin Art Museum, Russia
Two flower vases, early 18th century, Delft
Tulip vase, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen
Charger with Shiba Onko Design, c. 1730, Delft
An imari-styled vase, manufactured in De Griekse A, (ca. 1700–1720), Museum Geelvinck-Hinlopen Huis
Boar's Head Tureen and Stand, c. 1750
A famille rose plate, around 1770, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris
A ceramics workshop in Delftse Pauw
Painting of color Delft pottery
Schoonhoven silver topped scent bottle
Museum of Friesland, Leeuwarden, Netherlands
Biblical tiles, Museum of Gdańsk, Poland
Toilet of Rosenborg Castle, Copenhagen
Farmhouse interior, Hoogland, near Utrecht
Kitchen of the Hospice Comtesse, Lille
Swimming pool of Nymphenburg Palace, Munich
Kitchen of the Amalienburg, Nymphenburg Palace
Reconstitution of the Trianon de Porcelaine, Versailles
Victor Hugo's dining room, Hauteville House, Guernesey, 1860
Château de Groussay, Montfort-l'Amaury near Paris, Tartar tent with 10,000 tiles, 1960
Braemar Castle, Cow & Milkmaid tile by fireplace.
Braemar Castle, Horse & Rider tile by fireplace.
Braemar Castle, Windmill tile by fireplace.

Most of it is blue and white pottery, and the city of Delft in the Netherlands was the major centre of production, but the term covers wares with other colours, and made elsewhere.

Production developed in Middelburg and Haarlem in the 1570s and in Amsterdam in the 1580s.

Van Buuren performing at the Armin Only Embrace show in Kyiv, 2017

Armin van Buuren

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Dutch DJ and record producer from Leiden, South Holland.

Dutch DJ and record producer from Leiden, South Holland.

Van Buuren performing at the Armin Only Embrace show in Kyiv, 2017
Armin van Buuren at Sensation White 2005
Van Buuren broadcasting the milestone 500th episode of his A State of Trance show at the official pre-party, live from Club Trinity in Cape Town on 17 March 2011.
Van Buuren's DJ logo, used in shows as of 2015

On 2 June 2005, he celebrated the 200th episode of A State of Trance at the Museumplein of Amsterdam.

To celebrate the 400th episode of A State of Trance, he performed at three shows with various artists in April, 2009 at Club Butan, Wuppertal, Germany, AIR, Birmingham, United Kingdom and Maassilo, Rotterdam, Netherlands.