A report on Amsterdam

The Oude Kerk was consecrated in 1306 AD.
Amsterdam citizens celebrating the Peace of Münster, 30 January 1648. Painting by Bartholomeus van der Helst
Courtyard of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange by Emanuel de Witte, 1653. The Amsterdam Stock Exchange was the first stock exchange to introduce continuous trade in the early 17th century.
View of Vijzelstraat looking towards the Muntplein, 1891
Photochrom of Amsterdam's Dam Square at the beginning of the 20th century
The rebuilt Magere Brug, around 1938.
People celebrating the liberation of the Netherlands at the end of World War II on 8 May 1945
The 17th-century Canals of Amsterdam were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2010, contributing to Amsterdam's fame as the "Venice of the North". Along with De Wallen, the canals are the focal-point for tourists in the city.
Satellite picture of Amsterdam and North Sea Canal
Topographic map of Amsterdam
Large-scale map of the city centre of Amsterdam, including sightseeing markers,.
Nieuwendammerdijk en Buiksloterdijk, Amsterdam-Noord, winter 2010
The Westerkerk in the Centrum borough, one of Amsterdam's best-known churches
A 1538 painting by Cornelis Anthonisz showing a bird's-eye view of Amsterdam. The famous Grachtengordel had not yet been established.
Rokin – November 1977
The Egelantiersgracht lies west of the Grachtengordel, in the Jordaan neighbourhood.
The Scheepvaarthuis, by architects Johan van der Mey, Michel de Klerk, Piet Kramer is characteristic of the architecture of the Amsterdam School.
The Begijnhof is one of the oldest hofjes in Amsterdam.
The Openbare Bibliotheek Amsterdam and Conservatorium van Amsterdam, two examples of 21st-century architecture in the centre of the city
The Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the world
The Zuidas, the city's main business district
Boats give tours of the city, such as this one in front of the EYE Film Institute Netherlands.
De Wallen, Amsterdam's Red-light district, offers activities such as legal prostitution and a number of coffee shops that sell cannabis. It is one of the main tourist attractions.
An Amsterdammer waits for a traffic light to change at the Muntplein in the heart of Amsterdam.
The Rijksmuseum houses Rembrandt's The Night Watch.
The Van Gogh Museum houses the world's largest collection of Van Gogh's paintings and letters.
The Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam is an international museum dedicated to modern and contemporary art and design.
Rembrandt monument on Rembrandtplein
Coldplay performing at the Amsterdam Arena, 2016
The Concertgebouw or Royal Concert Hall houses performances of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra and other musical events.
Stadsschouwburg, Amsterdam's best-known theatre
One of the decorated boats participating in the 2013 Canal Parade of the Amsterdam Gay Pride
AFC Ajax player Johan Cruyff, 1967
Femke Halsema has been the Mayor of Amsterdam since 2018.
Boroughs of Amsterdam
Police headquarters of Amsterdam
King Willem-Alexander, Princess Beatrix, and Queen Máxima greeting Amsterdammers from the Royal Palace of Amsterdam during Willem-Alexanders inauguration in 2013
A tram crossing the Keizersgracht
The Amsterdam Metro is a mixed subway and above ground rapid transit system consisting of five lines.
Amsterdam Centraal station, the city's main train station
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol ranks as Europe's third-busiest airport for passenger traffic.
Police bicyclist crossing a bridge over the Prinsengracht
Bicyclist at Amsterdam
The Agnietenkapel Gate at the University of Amsterdam, founded in 1632 as the Athenaeum Illustre

Capital and most populous city of the Netherlands; with a population of 907,976 within the city proper, 1,558,755 in the urban area and 2,480,394 in the metropolitan area.

- Amsterdam

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Rijksmuseum at the Museumplein in 2016


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Rijksmuseum at the Museumplein in 2016
Isaac Gogel (1765–1821)
The atrium after the renovation in 2013
Queen Beatrix and museum director Wim Pijbes in 2013
The library in the Rijksmuseum
The Rijksmuseum was located in the Trippenhuis between 1817 and 1885.
Drawing of the design by Pierre Cuypers in 1876.
Front of Cuypers' building, circa 1895.
View of the facade by night.
Portrait of a Young Couple (1622) by Frans Hals
Jeremiah Lamenting the Destruction of Jerusalem (1630) by Rembrandt
The Meagre Company (1633–37) by Frans Hals and Pieter Codde
The Night Watch (1642) by Rembrandt
Banquet at the Crossbowmen’s Guild in Celebration of the Treaty of Münster (1648) by Bartholomeus van der Helst
The Threatened Swan ({{circa}} 1650) by Jan Asselijn
The Milkmaid ({{circa}} 1657–58) by Johannes Vermeer
The Jewish Bride ({{circa}} 1667) by Rembrandt
Girl in a Blue Dress (1641) by Johannes Cornelisz Verspronck
Landscape with Waterfall (1660s) by Jacob van Ruisdael
Shivaji's portrait (1680s) in the Rijksmuseum (1630-80)

The Rijksmuseum is the national museum of the Netherlands dedicated to Dutch arts and history and is located in Amsterdam.

Dam Square with the Royal Palace (center) and the Nieuwe Kerk (right) in 2005

Dam Square

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Dam Square with the Royal Palace (center) and the Nieuwe Kerk (right) in 2005
National Monument, with the Hotel Krasnapolsky on the right.
The Dam in 1544, as an actual dam in the river Amstel. View faces roughly southwest. On the right hand side are the old town hall and the Nieuwe Kerk.
The Dam with the weigh house, late 1600s by Gerrit Berckheyde.
Dam Square just after the shooting, 1945.
The Dam during the 1980 riots.
Several times a year there used to be a large funfair on Dam Square.

Dam Square or the Dam is a town square in Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands.

Amsterdam Centraal station

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Aerial photograph of Amsterdam Central station, 1920–1940.
Amsterdam Centraal station, designed by Pierre Cuypers, c. 1890–1900.
First station roof (1889), designed by L.J. Eijmer, as seen from platform 2.
Amsterdam Centraal station at night, 2001
Amsterdam Centraal station from the side
Metro train at Centraal Station
Amsterdam Metro network
Stationsplein, tram stop for routes 1, 2, 5, 13, 17
A GVB route 33 bus leaves Amsterdam Centraal.
An EBS bus at the new bus station.
IJ lake ferry at Amsterdam Centraal.
EYE Film Institute Netherlands

Amsterdam Centraal Station (Station Amsterdam Centraal ; abbreviation: Asd) is the largest railway station in Amsterdam, North Holland, the Netherlands.

Amsterdam metropolitan area

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The Amsterdam metropolitan area (Metropoolregio Amsterdam) is the city region around the city of Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands.


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Second largest city and municipality in the Netherlands.

Second largest city and municipality in the Netherlands.

Map of Rotterdam by Willem and Joan Blaeu (1652)
The Delftsevaart, c. 1890–1905
Nieuwe Markt, 1915
Rotterdam centre after the 1940 bombing of Rotterdam. The ruined St. Lawrence' Church has been restored
Tower blocks in the Kop van Zuid neighbourhood
Topographic map image of Rotterdam (city), as of September 2014
Satellite image of Rotterdam and its port
The 24 municipalities of the Rotterdam The Hague Metropolitan Area
Gebouw Delftse Poort, one of the tallest office buildings in the Netherlands
Unmanned vehicles handle containers at Europe Container Terminals (ECT), the largest container terminal operator in Europe.
The Waalhaven by night
Bronze statue of Erasmus created by Hendrick de Keyser in 1622
Rotterdam waterfront, with spotlights shining into the air to commemorate the Rotterdam Blitz
City decor for the Eurovision Song Contest 2021
Windmill Kralingse Bos
Dakpark Rotterdam
The Wilhelmina pier at the Kop van Zuid in the distance. A part of Rotterdam with many skyscrapers and high-rises. On the left the Erasmus Bridge can be seen.
The Cube Houses, popularly known as the Blaak-forest in 2014
The Markthal at night as seen from the Binnenrotte, Rotterdam center.
The Euromast in 2005.
The former headquarters of the Holland America Line next to modern residential architecture in 2010
Erasmus Bridge in 2011
Robin van Persie began his career with SBV Excelsior and broke through in Feyenoord.
De Kuip, Feyenoord home stadium.
Runners during the marathon in Rotterdam
Arthur Ashe at the 1975 ABN World Tennis Tournament
Bep van Klaveren
Francisco Elson
Rotterdam's new Central Station reopened in March 2014, designed to handle up to 320,000 passengers daily.
Map of the 2020 Rotterdam Metro
Rotterdam metro
A Citadis tram outside the former Rotterdam Centraal, 2008
Water Taxi in Rotterdam

There is a healthy competition with Amsterdam, which is often viewed as the cultural capital of the Netherlands.

The entrance side of the museum in 2012

Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam

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The entrance side of the museum in 2012
The old building of the Stedelijk Museum was opened in 1895
Temporary location of the Stedelijk Museum in the building Post CS
Logo of the new Stedelijk Museum.
Still life with bottles and apples by Paul Cézanne was stolen in 1988
The façade of the Weissman building
The new wing of the museum in 2012
The enclosed escalator inside the museum leads from the basement directly to the top floor in 2012
The museum logo on the building exterior in 2013

The Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam (Municipal Museum Amsterdam), colloquially known as the Stedelijk, is a museum for modern art, contemporary art, and design located in Amsterdam, Netherlands.


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Flag carrier airline of the Netherlands.

Flag carrier airline of the Netherlands.

KLM poster featuring the airline's first commercial slogan. It is likely dated around the late 1920s, after it started service to Batavia.
KLM Fokker F-XVIII departing from the Dutch East Indies, 1932
KLM Douglas DC-2 aircraft Uiver in transit at Rambang airfield on the east coast of Lombok island following the aircraft being placed second in the MacRobertson Air Race from RAF Mildenhall, England, to Melbourne in 1934
KLM Douglas DC-3 at Manchester Airport in 1947
Lockheed L-749A Constellation of KLM in 1953
KLM Vickers Viscount 803
KLM Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprop airliner in 1965
KLM Boeing 747-206B in 1971
KLM Douglas DC-8-63 at London Heathrow Airport in 1982. The DC-8 was the mainstay of the KLM narrowbody jet fleet.
A KLM Boeing 737-700 with a "100 year" livery taking off from Amsterdam Schiphol Airport
KLM head office in Amstelveen
A Boeing 747-400 Combi in KLM Asia livery. Pictured is PH-BFC, the aircraft involved in the KLM Flight 867 incident. This aircraft served the subsidiary from 1995 to 2012 before being transferred to KLM and repainted in the mainline KLM livery, where it remained in service until its retirement on 14 March 2018.
Evolution of the KLM logo
A current KLM pilot wing
One of KLM's Douglas DC-6s in 1953
A KLM Lockheed L-188 Electra in the airline's 1950s livery
PH-BKA in a special 100 Years livery
PH-BVA painted in a special "Orange Pride" livery
A Business Class seat on board a former refurbished KLM Boeing 747-400
Economy Comfort and Economy Class seats on board a KLM Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner
KLM Delft blue houses
At the time of the accident, the Boeing 747 named Rhine was only six years old.

In 1919, a young aviator lieutenant named Albert Plesman sponsored the ELTA aviation exhibition in Amsterdam.

Dam Square with a view of the City Hall of Amsterdam in the late 17th century. Painting by Gerrit Adriaenszoon Berckheyde (Gemäldegalerie, Dresden).

Capital of the Netherlands

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Dam Square with a view of the City Hall of Amsterdam in the late 17th century. Painting by Gerrit Adriaenszoon Berckheyde (Gemäldegalerie, Dresden).
The Hague has been the seat of government of the Netherlands since 1588. The Binnenhof houses the States General of the Netherlands.

Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands according to the Constitution of the Netherlands, although the States General and the Executive Branch have been situated in The Hague since 1588, along with the Supreme Court and the Council of State.

The Royal Palace of Amsterdam in 2016

Royal Palace of Amsterdam

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The Royal Palace of Amsterdam in 2016
The central hall of the palace
The then Prince Willem-Alexander and Princess Máxima kiss on the balcony of the Royal Palace on their wedding day in 2002

The Royal Palace of Amsterdam in Amsterdam (Dutch: Koninklijk Paleis van Amsterdam or Paleis op de Dam) is one of three palaces in the Netherlands which are at the disposal of the monarch by Act of Parliament.


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Dutch multinational conglomerate corporation that was founded in Eindhoven in 1891.

Dutch multinational conglomerate corporation that was founded in Eindhoven in 1891.

Gerard Philips
The very first Philips factory in Eindhoven, now a public museum
Share of the Philips Gloeilampenfabrieken, issued 14 December 1928
Philips 'Chapel' radio model 930A, 1931
The Philips Light Tower in Eindhoven, originally a light bulb factory and later the company headquarters
The Evoluon in Eindhoven, opened in 1966
An early portable Compact Cassette recorder by Philips (model D6350)
Philips CD-100, the second ever commercially released CD player (after partner Sony's CDP-101)
Kees Schouhamer Immink (with his Emmy award), Philips' greatest inventor in consumer electronics in the late 20th century, invented the coding technologies for CD, DVD, Blu-ray, and DCC.
Philips's 2004 slogan
Philips shield design introduced in November 2013
The Philips building in the Hong Kong Science Park
A part of the former Philips Singapore HQ complex at Toa Payoh in September 2006. The new Philips APAC HQ was opened on the site of this particular building in June 2016
The headquarters of Philips France in Suresnes
Philips headquarters in Markham
Philips' North American headquarters in Andover, Massachusetts
Old Philips x-ray tube
LED bulbs made by Philips.
The Philips A5-PRO headphones
Sonicare electric toothbrush
Philips Semiconductors schmitt trigger
64-slice CT scanner originally developed by Elscint, now a Philips product
PSV's Philips Stadium
Original Philips shield introduced in 1938
Philips shield in use from 1968 until March 2008<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.philips.com/consumerfiles/newscenter/main/standard/resources/corporate/press/2013/Brand/Philips_shield_wordmark_timeline.jpg|format=JPG|title=Philips Shield Wordmark Timeline|website=Philips.com|access-date=7 April 2018}}</ref>
Philips shield in use until November 2013
Philips logo in use until March 2008
The current Philips logo

Since 1997, it has been mostly headquartered in Amsterdam, though the Benelux headquarters is still in Eindhoven.