A report on Amsterdam

The Oude Kerk was consecrated in 1306 AD.
Amsterdam citizens celebrating the Peace of Münster, 30 January 1648. Painting by Bartholomeus van der Helst
Courtyard of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange by Emanuel de Witte, 1653. The Amsterdam Stock Exchange was the first stock exchange to introduce continuous trade in the early 17th century.
View of Vijzelstraat looking towards the Muntplein, 1891
Photochrom of Amsterdam's Dam Square at the beginning of the 20th century
The rebuilt Magere Brug, around 1938.
People celebrating the liberation of the Netherlands at the end of World War II on 8 May 1945
The 17th-century Canals of Amsterdam were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2010, contributing to Amsterdam's fame as the "Venice of the North". Along with De Wallen, the canals are the focal-point for tourists in the city.
Satellite picture of Amsterdam and North Sea Canal
Topographic map of Amsterdam
Large-scale map of the city centre of Amsterdam, including sightseeing markers,.
Nieuwendammerdijk en Buiksloterdijk, Amsterdam-Noord, winter 2010
The Westerkerk in the Centrum borough, one of Amsterdam's best-known churches
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A 1538 painting by Cornelis Anthonisz showing a bird's-eye view of Amsterdam. The famous Grachtengordel had not yet been established.
Rokin – November 1977
Herengracht
Prinsengracht
The Egelantiersgracht lies west of the Grachtengordel, in the Jordaan neighbourhood.
The Scheepvaarthuis, by architects Johan van der Mey, Michel de Klerk, Piet Kramer is characteristic of the architecture of the Amsterdam School.
The Begijnhof is one of the oldest hofjes in Amsterdam.
The Openbare Bibliotheek Amsterdam and Conservatorium van Amsterdam, two examples of 21st-century architecture in the centre of the city
The Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the world
The Zuidas, the city's main business district
Boats give tours of the city, such as this one in front of the EYE Film Institute Netherlands.
Spiegelgracht
De Wallen, Amsterdam's Red-light district, offers activities such as legal prostitution and a number of coffee shops that sell cannabis. It is one of the main tourist attractions.
An Amsterdammer waits for a traffic light to change at the Muntplein in the heart of Amsterdam.
The Rijksmuseum houses Rembrandt's The Night Watch.
The Van Gogh Museum houses the world's largest collection of Van Gogh's paintings and letters.
The Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam is an international museum dedicated to modern and contemporary art and design.
Rembrandt monument on Rembrandtplein
Coldplay performing at the Amsterdam Arena, 2016
The Concertgebouw or Royal Concert Hall houses performances of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra and other musical events.
Stadsschouwburg, Amsterdam's best-known theatre
One of the decorated boats participating in the 2013 Canal Parade of the Amsterdam Gay Pride
AFC Ajax player Johan Cruyff, 1967
Femke Halsema has been the Mayor of Amsterdam since 2018.
Boroughs of Amsterdam
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Police headquarters of Amsterdam
King Willem-Alexander, Princess Beatrix, and Queen Máxima greeting Amsterdammers from the Royal Palace of Amsterdam during Willem-Alexanders inauguration in 2013
A tram crossing the Keizersgracht
The Amsterdam Metro is a mixed subway and above ground rapid transit system consisting of five lines.
Amsterdam Centraal station, the city's main train station
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol ranks as Europe's third-busiest airport for passenger traffic.
Police bicyclist crossing a bridge over the Prinsengracht
Bicyclist at Amsterdam
The Agnietenkapel Gate at the University of Amsterdam, founded in 1632 as the Athenaeum Illustre

Capital and most populous city of the Netherlands; with a population of 907,976 within the city proper, 1,558,755 in the urban area and 2,480,394 in the metropolitan area.

- Amsterdam

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Boats on the Prinsengracht, 2018

Canals of Amsterdam

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Boats on the Prinsengracht, 2018
Numerous tourists view Amsterdam from canal boat tours (2015)
Singel
Herengracht
Keizersgracht
Prinsengracht
Zwanenburgwal
Brouwersgracht
Brantasgracht
A map showing Amsterdam with its canals from 1662 CE.
View of the Westerkerk, c. 1660 CE.
Amsterdam's canal, second half of 17th century.
View of Oudezijds Voorburgwal, c. 1670 CE.
View of the Herengracht, c. 1670 CE.
The Martelaarsgracht, c. 1670 CE.
The Golden Bend, 1685 CE.
Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal, c. 1686 CE.

Amsterdam, capital of the Netherlands, has more than 100 km of grachten (canals), about 90 islands and 1,500 bridges.

Globalization and World Cities Research Network

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Think tank that studies the relationships between world cities in the context of globalization.

Think tank that studies the relationships between world cities in the context of globalization.

🇳🇱 Amsterdam (1)

Port of Amsterdam

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The Harbour in Amsterdam (1630) by Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom
A satellite photo of the port of Amsterdam
North Sea Canal, Afrikahaven, Amerikahaven and Westhaven
Westhaven
Neptunushaven
Houthaven
The Poseidon, tugboat at the port
Alaskahaven (containers)
Zanzibarhaven
Passengers terminal
Heliport in the port

The port of Amsterdam (Haven van Amsterdam) is a seaport in Amsterdam in North Holland, Netherlands.

Baruch Spinoza

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Dutch philosopher of Portuguese Sephardic Jewish origin.

Dutch philosopher of Portuguese Sephardic Jewish origin.

Statue (2008) of Spinoza by Nicolas Dings, Amsterdam, Zwanenburgwal, with inscription "The objective of the state is freedom" (translation, quote from Tractatus Theologico-Politicus, 1677)
Map by Balthasar Florisz van Berckenrode (1625) with the present location of the Moses and Aaron Church in white, but also the spot where Spinoza grew up.
Spinoza lived where the Moses and Aaron Church is located now, and there is strong evidence that he may have been born there.
Ban in Portuguese of Baruch Spinoza by his Portuguese Jewish synagogue community of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, 6 Av 5416 (27 July 1656).
"Baruch Espinosa", son of Michael Espinosa was erased from the list of pupils of the school Ets Haim, Amsterdam, 17th century. His brother "Ishac" is registered just above.
Statue of Spinoza, near the Museum Het Spinozahuis in The Hague by Frédéric Hexamer
Spinoza and the Rabbis by Samuel Hirszenberg (1907)
Spinoza's house in Rijnsburg from 1661 to 1663, now a museum
Study room of Spinoza
Spinoza House in The Hague, where Spinoza lived from 1670 until his death in 1677
The opening page of Spinoza's magnum opus, Ethics
Engraving of Spinoza, captioned in Latin, "A Jew and an atheist"
Tractatus Theologico-Politicus

Spinoza was raised in the Spanish-Portuguese-Jewish community in Amsterdam.

Rokin in 2009

Rokin

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Rokin in 2009
The Rokin in 2005, with construction on the North-South line underway.
Entrance to Rokin metro station.
Amsterdam in 1544, with Dam square in the centre and the Rokin in the top left. In 1936, the Rokin was filled in from Dam square to Spui square.

The Rokin is a canal and major street in the centre of Amsterdam.

Euronext Amsterdam

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Euronext Amsterdam building at Beursplein 5.
Entrance of the stock exchange building and bull.
A bond from the Dutch East India Company, dating from 7 November 1623, for the amount of 2,400 florins.
The city hall of Batavia, during the Dutch East Indies period.
Courtyard of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange, circa 1670.
Engraving depicting the Amsterdam Stock Exchange, built by Hendrik de Keyser c. 1612.

Euronext Amsterdam is a stock exchange based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Amsterdam-Zuidoost

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Original highrise and urban renewal low-rise homes in Bijlmermeer
Amsterdamse Poort shopping centre, Bijlmermeer
Stadsdeelkantoor ('district office') (2006) at Anton de Komplein, Bijlmermeer

Amsterdam-Zuidoost ("Amsterdam-Southeast") is a borough (stadsdeel) of Amsterdam, Netherlands.

History of the Jews in the Netherlands

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Baruch Spinoza a influential dutch Jewish philosopher, known for his radical beliefs in the 17th century.
Interior of the Amsterdam Esnoga, the synagogue for the Portuguese-Israelite (Sephardic) community. It was inaugurated 2 August 1675 and is still in use by the Jewish community.
The synagogue in the town of Veghel. The community in Veghel was a small mediene community, which reached its height around 1900. In the years following, the community shrank to some 30 members as people moved to larger cities. All Jews in the town were killed during the Holocaust.
The Gerard Doustraat Synagogue in Amsterdam, Netherlands
Hirsch & Co. fashion house, Amsterdam

The history of the Jews in the Netherlands began largely in the 16th century when they began to settle in Amsterdam and other cities.

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Municipalities of the Netherlands

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As of 24 March 2022, there are 344 municipalities (gemeenten) and three special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten) in the Netherlands.

As of 24 March 2022, there are 344 municipalities (gemeenten) and three special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten) in the Netherlands.

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Amsterdam has the highest population with 893,783 residents, whereas The Hague is the most densely populated with a density of 6650 /km2.

The IJ in 2017

IJ (Amsterdam)

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Body of water, formerly a bay, in the Dutch province of North Holland.

Body of water, formerly a bay, in the Dutch province of North Holland.

The IJ in 2017
Oranjesluizen in 2007
Map of 1681 showing on the right the extent of the IJ Bay prior to reclamation. Note the map is oriented so that west is at the top.
The IJ on the painting The Return to Amsterdam of the Second Expedition to the East Indies (1599) by Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom
Parade of ships on the IJ during SAIL Amsterdam in 2015

It is known for being Amsterdam's waterfront.