Amt

OberamtÄmterdistrictUnteramtadministrative municipalitydistrictsadministrative communityAmtshauscollective municipalitiesVerwaltungsgemeinschaft
Amt is a type of administrative division governing a group of municipalities, today only in Germany, but formerly also common in other countries of Northern Europe.wikipedia
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Samtgemeinde

collective municipalities
Some states have similar administrative units called Samtgemeinde (Lower Saxony), Verbandsgemeinde (Rhineland-Palatinate) or Verwaltungsgemeinschaft (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia).
Samtgemeinden are local government associations of municipalities, equivalent to the Ämter in Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, and Brandenburg, and the Verbandsgemeinden in Rhineland-Palatinate.

Regions of Denmark

RegionRegionsregional councils
The Danish Municipal Reform of January 1, 2007 abolished the amter and replaced them with five administrative regions, now solely charged with running the national health service.
The five Regions of Denmark were created as administrative entities at a level above the municipalities and below the central government in the public sector as part of the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform, when the 13 counties (amter) were abolished.

States of Germany

stateGerman statefederal state
The Amt (plural: Ämter) is unique to the German Bundesländer (federal states) of Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Brandenburg.
Ämter ("offices" or "bureaus"): In some states there is an administrative unit between the districts and the municipalities, called Ämter (singular Amt), Amtsgemeinden, Gemeindeverwaltungsverbände, Landgemeinden, Verbandsgemeinden, Verwaltungsgemeinschaften, or Kirchspiellandgemeinden.

Verbandsgemeinde

Ortsgemeindecollective municipalityMunicipal Association
Some states have similar administrative units called Samtgemeinde (Lower Saxony), Verbandsgemeinde (Rhineland-Palatinate) or Verwaltungsgemeinschaft (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia).
Formerly the name of the administrative units was Amt.

Municipal association (Germany)

Verwaltungsgemeinschaftmunicipal associationmunicipal administrative association
Some states have similar administrative units called Samtgemeinde (Lower Saxony), Verbandsgemeinde (Rhineland-Palatinate) or Verwaltungsgemeinschaft (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia).

Amtmann

AmtmänneramtmandAmmann
It was headed by an Amtmann, usually a lesser nobleman or cleric, appointed by a territorial lord to administer and dispense justice within the Amt.
He was the most senior retainer (Dienstmann) of an Amt; the administrative office of a territorial lord (Landesherr) created to manage the estates of manors (Gutshöfe), castles and villages.

Counties of Norway

Countycountiesfylke
From 1662 to 1919, the counties of Norway were called amter.
Norway is divided into 18 administrative regions, called counties (singular fylke, plural fylker (Bokmål) / fylke (Nynorsk) from Old Norse: fylki from the word "folk"); until 1918, they were known as amter.

Administrative division

Subdivisionssubdivisionadministrative district
Amt is a type of administrative division governing a group of municipalities, today only in Germany, but formerly also common in other countries of Northern Europe.

Northern Europe

NorthernNorthern EuropeanNorth Europe
Amt is a type of administrative division governing a group of municipalities, today only in Germany, but formerly also common in other countries of Northern Europe.

Township

townshipsmunicipal boardtownship road
Its size and functions differ by country and the term is roughly equivalent to a US township or county or English shire district.

County

countiesparishescomté
Its size and functions differ by country and the term is roughly equivalent to a US township or county or English shire district.

Non-metropolitan district

districtlocal government districtdistrict council
Its size and functions differ by country and the term is roughly equivalent to a US township or county or English shire district.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
The Amt (plural: Ämter) is unique to the German Bundesländer (federal states) of Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Brandenburg.

Schleswig-Holstein

Schleswig HolsteinSchleswigSH
The Amt (plural: Ämter) is unique to the German Bundesländer (federal states) of Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Brandenburg.

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Mecklenburg-Western PomeraniaMecklenburgMecklenburg-West Pomerania
The Amt (plural: Ämter) is unique to the German Bundesländer (federal states) of Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Brandenburg.

Brandenburg

State of BrandenburgBrandenburg, GermanyBB
The Amt (plural: Ämter) is unique to the German Bundesländer (federal states) of Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Brandenburg.

Lower Saxony

NiedersachsenLower SaxonLower-Saxony
Some states have similar administrative units called Samtgemeinde (Lower Saxony), Verbandsgemeinde (Rhineland-Palatinate) or Verwaltungsgemeinschaft (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia).

Rhineland-Palatinate

Rheinland-PfalzRhineland PalatinatePalatinate
Some states have similar administrative units called Samtgemeinde (Lower Saxony), Verbandsgemeinde (Rhineland-Palatinate) or Verwaltungsgemeinschaft (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia).

Baden-Württemberg

Baden-WuerttembergBaden-WurttembergBaden Württemberg
Some states have similar administrative units called Samtgemeinde (Lower Saxony), Verbandsgemeinde (Rhineland-Palatinate) or Verwaltungsgemeinschaft (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia).

Bavaria

BayernFree State of BavariaBavarian
Some states have similar administrative units called Samtgemeinde (Lower Saxony), Verbandsgemeinde (Rhineland-Palatinate) or Verwaltungsgemeinschaft (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia).

Saxony

Free State of SaxonySaxonSachsen
Some states have similar administrative units called Samtgemeinde (Lower Saxony), Verbandsgemeinde (Rhineland-Palatinate) or Verwaltungsgemeinschaft (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia).

Saxony-Anhalt

AnhaltSachsen-AnhaltSaxony Anhalt
Some states have similar administrative units called Samtgemeinde (Lower Saxony), Verbandsgemeinde (Rhineland-Palatinate) or Verwaltungsgemeinschaft (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia).

Thuringia

ThüringenFree State of ThuringiaThuringen
Some states have similar administrative units called Samtgemeinde (Lower Saxony), Verbandsgemeinde (Rhineland-Palatinate) or Verwaltungsgemeinschaft (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia).

District

districtsUrban Districtpublic utility district
An Amt, as well as the other above-mentioned units, is subordinate to a Kreis (district) and is a collection of municipalities.

Municipalities of Germany

municipalityGemeindeGemeinden
Normally, it consists of very small municipalities (Gemeinden, plural of Gemeinde).