Analytical Marxism

September Groupanalytical MarxistAnalytical MarxistsAnalytic MarxismanalyticalNon-Bullshit Marxism Group
Analytical Marxism is an approach to Marxist theory that was prominent amongst English-speaking philosophers and social scientists during the 1980s.wikipedia
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Erik Olin Wright

Erik Wright
Other prominent analytical Marxists include the sociologist Erik Olin Wright and the political scientist Adam Przeworski.
Erik Olin Wright (February 9, 1947 – January 23, 2019) was an American analytical Marxist sociologist and educator, specializing in social stratification, and in egalitarian alternative futures to capitalism.

Jon Elster

ElsterElster, Jon
There is general agreement that the three leading exponents of analytical Marxism were the philosopher G. A. Cohen, the social scientist Jon Elster, and the economist John Roemer.
He is also a notable proponent of analytical Marxism, and a critic of neoclassical economics and public choice theory, largely on behavioral and psychological grounds.

Karl Marx's Theory of History

Karl Marx's Theory of History: A DefenceCohen, 1978
Cohen's book, Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence (1978), is generally regarded as having started the analytical Marxist approach.
The work for which Cohen is best known, Karl Marx's Theory of History helped to establish analytical Marxism and was awarded the Isaac Deutscher memorial prize.

G. A. Cohen

Gerald CohenG.A. CohenCohen, Gerald
There is general agreement that the three leading exponents of analytical Marxism were the philosopher G. A. Cohen, the social scientist Jon Elster, and the economist John Roemer.
Known as a proponent of analytical Marxism and a founding member of the September Group, Cohen's 1978 work Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence defends an interpretation of Karl Marx's historical materialism often referred to as technological determinism by its critics.

Historical materialism

materialist conception of historyhistorical materialistMarx's theory of history
In that book, Cohen attempted to apply the tools of logical and linguistic analysis to the elucidation and defense of Marx's materialist conception of history.
Perhaps the most notable recent exploration of historical materialism is G. A. Cohen's Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence, which inaugurated the school of Analytical Marxism.

Analytic philosophy

Analyticanalytic philosopheranalytical philosophy
Members of this school seek to apply the techniques of analytic philosophy, along with tools of modern social science such as rational choice theory, to the elucidation of the theories of Karl Marx and his successors.
Another development of political philosophy was the emergence of the school of analytical Marxism.

Karl Marx

MarxMarx, KarlMarxist
Members of this school seek to apply the techniques of analytic philosophy, along with tools of modern social science such as rational choice theory, to the elucidation of the theories of Karl Marx and his successors.
Various currents have also developed in academic Marxism, often under influence of other views, resulting in structuralist Marxism, historical Marxism, phenomenological Marxism, analytical Marxism and Hegelian Marxism.

Marxist philosophy

Marxist theoryMarxist philosopherMarxist
Analytical Marxism is an approach to Marxist theory that was prominent amongst English-speaking philosophers and social scientists during the 1980s.

Adam Przeworski

Other prominent analytical Marxists include the sociologist Erik Olin Wright and the political scientist Adam Przeworski.
Przeworski was a member of the September Group of Analytical Marxists, but left the group in 1993.

A General Theory of Exploitation and Class

In his A General Theory of Exploitation and Class (1982), Roemer employed rational choice and game theory to demonstrate how exploitation and class relations may arise in the development of a market for labour.
The political theorist Terrell Carver described A General Theory of Exploitation and Class as the classic reconstruction of theories of exploitation and class within analytical Marxism in an appendix to the 1995 edition of the philosopher Isaiah Berlin's Karl Marx: His Life and Environment.

Neo-Marxism

neo-MarxistNeo-MarxistsMarxist
Examples of neo-Marxism include critical theory, analytical Marxism and French structural Marxism.

Surplus value

surplus-valueexploitationsurplus
Because the worker is paid a wage less than the value he or she creates through work, the capitalist is said to extract a surplus-value from the worker's labour, and thus to steal part of what the worker produces, the time of the worker and the worker's powers.

History, Labour, and Freedom

Cohen recognised and accepted some, though not all, of these criticisms in his History, Labour, and Freedom (1988).
* Analytical Marxism

Western Marxism

Western MarxistWestern Marxist philosophyWestern Marxists

David Miller (political theorist)

David MillerD. Miller
Self-described as "Non-Bullshit Marxism", the group was characterized, in the words of David Miller, by "clear and rigorous thinking about questions that are usually blanketed by ideological fog."

John Roemer

John E. RoemerJ.E. Roemer
There is general agreement that the three leading exponents of analytical Marxism were the philosopher G. A. Cohen, the social scientist Jon Elster, and the economist John Roemer.

Technological determinism

technologically deterministicdetermined by technologydeterministically
For Cohen, Marx's historical materialism is a technologically deterministic theory, in which the economic relations of production are functionally explained by the material forces of production, and in which the political and legal institutions (the "superstructure") are functionally explained by the relations of production (the "base").

Relations of production

social relationssocial relations of productionProduction relations
For Cohen, Marx's historical materialism is a technologically deterministic theory, in which the economic relations of production are functionally explained by the material forces of production, and in which the political and legal institutions (the "superstructure") are functionally explained by the relations of production (the "base").

Productive forces

forces of productionforcesproductive force
For Cohen, Marx's historical materialism is a technologically deterministic theory, in which the economic relations of production are functionally explained by the material forces of production, and in which the political and legal institutions (the "superstructure") are functionally explained by the relations of production (the "base").

Base and superstructure

superstructurebasesuperstructures
For Cohen, Marx's historical materialism is a technologically deterministic theory, in which the economic relations of production are functionally explained by the material forces of production, and in which the political and legal institutions (the "superstructure") are functionally explained by the relations of production (the "base").

Mode of production

modes of productionproductionarticulation
The transition from one mode of production to another is driven by the tendency of the productive forces to develop.

Neoclassical economics

neoclassicalneoclassical economistsneo-classical economics
At the same time as Cohen was working on Karl Marx's Theory of History, American economist John Roemer was employing neoclassical economics to defend the Marxist concepts of exploitation and class.

Exploitation of labour

exploitationexploitation of workersexploit
At the same time as Cohen was working on Karl Marx's Theory of History, American economist John Roemer was employing neoclassical economics to defend the Marxist concepts of exploitation and class.

Marxian class theory

classclass formationClass in Marxist theory
At the same time as Cohen was working on Karl Marx's Theory of History, American economist John Roemer was employing neoclassical economics to defend the Marxist concepts of exploitation and class.

Rational choice theory

rational choicechoice theoryrational
Members of this school seek to apply the techniques of analytic philosophy, along with tools of modern social science such as rational choice theory, to the elucidation of the theories of Karl Marx and his successors. In his A General Theory of Exploitation and Class (1982), Roemer employed rational choice and game theory to demonstrate how exploitation and class relations may arise in the development of a market for labour.