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The field of international relations dates from the time of the Greek historian Thucydides.
The official portraits of King Władysław IV dressed according to French, Spanish and Polish fashion reflects the complex politics of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth during the Thirty Years' War.
Empires of the world in 1910
NATO International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan
The United Nations Secretariat Building at the United Nations headquarters in New York City
The World Bank headquarters in Washington, D.C.
NATO E-3A flying with USAF F-16s in a NATO exercise

In international relations, anarchy is widely accepted as the starting point for international relations theory.

- Anarchy (international relations)

The systemic level concepts are those broad concepts that define and shape an international milieu, characterized by anarchy.

- International relations
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3 related topics with Alpha

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Liberalism (international relations)

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Liberals believe that international institutions play a key role in cooperation among states via interdependence.

Liberals believe that international institutions play a key role in cooperation among states via interdependence.

Rejection of power politics as the only possible outcome of international relations; it questions security/warfare principles of realism

Institutional peace theory, which attempts to demonstrate how cooperation can be sustained in anarchy, how long-term interests can be pursued over short-term interests, and how actors may realize absolute gains instead of seeking relative gains;

Niccolò Machiavelli's work The Prince of 1532 was a major stimulus to realist thinking.

Realism (international relations)

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One of the dominant schools of thought in international relations theory, theoretically formalising the Realpolitik statesmanship of early modern Europe.

One of the dominant schools of thought in international relations theory, theoretically formalising the Realpolitik statesmanship of early modern Europe.

Niccolò Machiavelli's work The Prince of 1532 was a major stimulus to realist thinking.

2) Anarchy: the international political system is anarchic, as there is no supranational authority to enforce rules;

While states remain the principal actors, greater attention is given to the forces above and below the states through levels of analysis or structure and agency debate.

Kenneth Waltz

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Kenneth Neal Waltz (June 8, 1924 – May 12, 2013 ) was an American political scientist who was a member of the faculty at both the University of California, Berkeley and Columbia University and one of the most prominent scholars in the field of international relations.

In that context, "anarchy" was defined not as a condition of chaos or disorder but one in which no sovereign body governs the interactions between autonomous nation-states.