Anastasio Somoza Debayle

Anastasio SomozaSomozaAnastasioAnastasio "Tachito" Somoza DebayleAnastasio DebayleGeneral SomozaOperation ReptilePresident SomozaSomoza dictatorshipSomoza regime
Anastasio "Tachito" Somoza DeBayle (5 December 1925 – 17 September 1980) was a Nicaraguan dictator and officially the President of Nicaragua from 1 May 1967 to 1 May 1972 and from 1 December 1974 to 17 July 1979.wikipedia
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Sandinista National Liberation Front

SandinistaSandinistasFSLN
After being overthrown in an insurrection led by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional; FSLN), he fled Nicaragua and power was ceded to the Junta of National Reconstruction.
The FSLN overthrew Anastasio Somoza DeBayle in 1979, ending the Somoza dynasty, and established a revolutionary government in its place.

Junta of National Reconstruction

juntaNicaraguan governmentGovernment Junta of National Reconstruction
After being overthrown in an insurrection led by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional; FSLN), he fled Nicaragua and power was ceded to the Junta of National Reconstruction.
The Sandinista rebels announced the Junta as its provisional government on June 16, 1979, as the civil war against the Anastasio Somoza Debayle regime entered its final phase.

Anastasio Somoza García

Anastasio SomozaSomozaAnastasio Somoza Garcia
Anastasio Somoza DeBayle, nicknamed "Tachito" (Spanish: Little Tacho) by his father, was the third child of Anastasio Somoza García and Salvadora DeBayle.
In 1967 his younger brother Anastasio Somoza Debayle was elected to serve until 1972.

National Guard (Nicaragua)

National GuardNicaraguan National GuardGuardia Nacional
As head of the National Guard, he was de facto ruler of the country from 1967 to 1979.
In September 1956, Somoza Garcia was fatally shot by a young dissident poet, Rigoberto López Pérez, and was succeeded in the presidency by his elder son, Luis Somoza Debayle, while his youngest son Anastasio Somoza Debayle, a graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point became the Chief Director of the National Guard.

Luis Somoza Debayle

Luis SomozaLuisLuis Anastasio Somoza Debayle
He and older brother Luis Somoza Debayle, both attended St. Leo College Prep (Florida) and La Salle Military Academy (Long Island).
At the age of 14, he and his younger brother Anastasio attended Saint Leo College Prep near Tampa, before transferring to La Salle Military Academy on Long Island.

Hope Portocarrero

Hope Portocarrero Debayle
On 10 December 1950, Somoza and Hope Portocarrero, an American citizen and his first cousin, were married at the Cathedral in Managua by Archbishop Jose Antonio Lezcano.
Hope Portocarrero, also known as Madame Somoza (June 28, 1929 – 5 October 1991) was the First Lady of Nicaragua, the wife of dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle and mother of Anastasio Somoza Portocarrero.

Somoza family

SomozaSomoza regimeSomoza dynasty
He was the last member of the Somoza family to be President, ending a dynasty that had been in power since 1936.

Anastasio Somoza Portocarrero

Anastasio Somoza
His son, Anastasio Somoza Portocarrero, went into exile in Guatemala.
A member of the Somoza family, he is a son of former Nicaraguan president Anastasio Somoza Debayle and Hope Portocarrero; he is also a grandson of Anastasio Somoza García.

President of Nicaragua

PresidentHead of State of NicaraguaNicaraguan President
Anastasio "Tachito" Somoza DeBayle (5 December 1925 – 17 September 1980) was a Nicaraguan dictator and officially the President of Nicaragua from 1 May 1967 to 1 May 1972 and from 1 December 1974 to 17 July 1979.

La Salle Military Academy

Clason Point Military AcademyLaSalle Military Academy
He and older brother Luis Somoza Debayle, both attended St. Leo College Prep (Florida) and La Salle Military Academy (Long Island).
La Salle was the school of numerous famous people, including Hollywood movie director John Frankenheimer, former New Hampshire Governor and White House Chief of Staff John H. Sununu, two Nicaraguan Presidents, Luis Somoza Debayle and his younger brother, the more notorious dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle, and former U.S. Congressman from New York John M. Murphy (1971 graduation speaker), in addition to Bill Donohue, the President of the Catholic League.

United States Military Academy

West PointU.S. Military AcademyArmy
He passed the examination for West Point, entered the United States Military Academy on July 3, 1943, and graduated on June 6, 1946.
The academy has produced just under 65,000 alumni, including two Presidents of the United States: Ulysses S. Grant and Dwight D. Eisenhower; the president of the Confederate States of America, Jefferson Davis; and three foreign heads of state: Anastasio Somoza Debayle of Nicaragua, Fidel V. Ramos of the Philippines, and José María Figueres of Costa Rica.

1972 Nicaragua earthquake

1972 earthquakeearthquake1972 Managua earthquake
On 23 December 1972, an earthquake struck the nation's capital, Managua, killing about 5,000 people and virtually destroying the city.
Despite this and the magnitude of the devastation, the aid was not distributed well and the ruling Liberal-Conservative Junta, led by President Anastasio Somoza Debayle, was the target of criticism and was accused of stockpiling foreign aid which never reached the victims of the earthquake.

Alfredo Stroessner

StroessnerAlfredo Stroessner MattiaudaAlfredo Strossner
He later took refuge in Paraguay, then under the dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner.
Stroessner provided exile for Argentina's Juan Perón and Nicaragua's Anastasio Somoza Debayle (later assassinated in Paraguay).

Ernesto Cardenal

ErnestoErnesto Cardinal
By this time, the Catholic Church had begun to speak against his government (indeed, one of his fiercest critics was Ernesto Cardenal, a leftist Nicaraguan priest who preached liberation theology and would become the Sandinista government's Minister of Culture).
Cardenal collaborated closely with the leftist Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (Sandinista National Liberation Front, or FSLN) in working to overthrow Anastasio Somoza Debayle's regime.

Henry H. Minskoff

His son, James, (who changed his last name to Sterling) is married to Carolina Somoza, daughter of former Nicaraguan president Anastasio Somoza Debayle and Hope Portocarrero; and granddaughter of Anastasio Somoza Garcia.

Under Fire (1983 film)

Under Fire1983Under Fire (film)
The same year, he was depicted in Under Fire, set during the 1979 Nicaraguan Revolution, this time portrayed by actor René Enriquez.
Under Fire is a 1983 American political thriller film set during the last days of the Nicaraguan Revolution that ended the Somoza regime in 1979 Nicaragua.

Fidel Castro

CastroFidelFidel Castro Ruz
The Front, named after Augusto César Sandino (a Nicaraguan rebel leader in the 1920s), began its guerrilla war against the Somozas in 1963 and was funded by the Soviet Union and Cuba under Fidel Castro.
Castro extended support to Latin American revolutionary movements, namely the Sandinista National Liberation Front in its overthrow of the Nicaraguan rightist government of Anastasio Somoza Debayle in July 1979.

Augusto César Sandino

Augusto SandinoSandinoSandinista
The Front, named after Augusto César Sandino (a Nicaraguan rebel leader in the 1920s), began its guerrilla war against the Somozas in 1963 and was funded by the Soviet Union and Cuba under Fidel Castro.
In 1979 Somoza's son, Anastasio Somoza Debayle, was overthrown by the Sandinistas, political descendants of Sandino.

Enrique Gorriarán Merlo

Enrique Haroldo Gorriarán Merlo
The leader was Argentinian Marxist revolutionary Enrique Gorriarán Merlo (code named "Ramon"), an ex-Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo member.
Gorriarán Merlo moved to Nicaragua to collaborate with the Sandinistas, and in 1980 he was involved in the assassination of the deposed Nicaraguan President, Anastasio Somoza Debayle, who was living in exile in Asunción, Paraguay.

People's Revolutionary Army (Argentina)

ERPPeople's Revolutionary ArmyEjército Revolucionario del Pueblo
The leader was Argentinian Marxist revolutionary Enrique Gorriarán Merlo (code named "Ramon"), an ex-Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo member.
An ERP commando team comprising veterans of the "Dirty War" under Gorriarán Merlo, for example, demonstrated their active involvement in the revolutionary struggle by killing ex-dictator Anastasio Somoza in 1980.

Lorenzo Guerrero

Lorenzo Guerrero GutiérrezLorenzo Guerrero Gutierrez
Guerrero served the remainder of Schick's term and handed over the presidency to Anastasio Somoza Debayle on 1 May 1967, who in turn appointed Guerrero as his Foreign Minister.

Caballero Rivero Woodlawn Park North Cemetery and Mausoleum

Caballero Rivero Woodlawn North Park Cemetery and MausoleumWoodlawn Park CemeteryWoodlawn Park Cemetery and Mausoleum
Somoza was buried in Miami, at Woodlawn Park Cemetery and Mausoleum.

Paraguay

ParaguayanRepublic of ParaguayEstablished
He later took refuge in Paraguay, then under the dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner. He was eventually assassinated while in exile in Paraguay.

Spanish naming customs

Spanish surnameSpanishSpanish surnames
As is customary in most Spanish-speaking countries, he was given both his parents' last names, Somoza being his father's last name and DeBayle being his mother's last name.